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Essay on Increased Population of Prisons

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Essay on Increased Population of Prisons

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Bravery in #8220;The Things They Carried#8221; “Success is not final, failure is Essay on Increased of Prisons not fatal: it is the courage to what are the computer continue that counts. ”- Winston Churchill (Churchill) Without being courageous, you cannot be brave. According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary, courage is “a mental or moral strength to venture, preserve, and Essay on Increased Population of Prisons, withstand danger, fear, or difficulty. What Is The Hamlet Presents To King? ” Everyday people show bravery. Every great thing we set out to do, whether its raise children, start a business, study for a degree, or change the Essay, world, takes bravery. All through history, there have been men or women who have been called brave, but their deeds have been vastly different. Neither their lives nor their goals have been the same, so we cannot define how brave a person is by their achievements alone. Martin Luther King was seen as courageous, for his commitment to ending the oppression of what are the, his people. Helen Keller was brave as well, for having the on Increased Population of Prisons, courage to live her life, in spite of what is moral, being blind and deaf.

Businessmen have been courageous, as have soldiers on the field of Essay Population of Prisons, battle. The soldiers in The Things They Carried showed bravery every single day and in every single thing that they did during their time before, during, and after the Vietnam War. Need essay sample on what is moral, Bravery in #8220;The Things They Carried#8221; ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for of Prisons, you for only $12.90/page. First, the Olympic, protagonist in the novel, Tim O’Brien, shows bravery in several ways. Before the war O’Brien shows bravery. Entering the war, alone, was an act of bravery that O’Brien performed. In 1968, Tim was “drafted to fight a war [that he] hated (38). ” He did not believe in what the war stood for, because he did not understand it. He believed that he was “too smart, too compassionate, too everything (39)” to be in the war.

O’Brien hated war, and he did not think he could stand it being on the front lines of it. He “was no soldier. [He] hated Boy Scouts. [He] hated dirt and tents and mosquitoes. The sight of blood made [him] queasy, and [he] couldn’t tolerate authority, and on Increased of Prisons, [he] didn’t know a rifle from a slingshot (39-40). ” O’Brien had the choice to run away to Canada. He thought long and hard about it, too. “The border lay a few hundred miles north. Both [his] conscience and what is moral, [his] instincts were telling [him] to on Increased Population make a break for lai de marie de france, it, just take off and run like hell and never stop (40). Essay On Increased Population? ” Then he thought about fear. What he feared to lose, and what he feared others would say about him if he did run and never look back. Olympic? He showed his bravery though and went to Vietnam. He “was a coward (58),” who went to the war.

As well, O’Brien showed bravery going back to Vietnam after the Essay on Increased Population, war was over. Tim took his daughter Kathleen to Vietnam with him for a trip. He returned to the “site of Kiowa’s death, and [he] looked for signs of forgiveness or personal grace or whatever else the Games, land might offer (173). ” He goes back to Essay on Increased Population memorialize his friend Kiowa. His daughter does not understand why he is wading through a pond of muck, but he went into the “shit pond” and took Kiowa’s “moccasins and wedged them into the soft bottom (178)” of the hole. He was brave to go back to the place where his best friend from the war had died. The place where his life had changed forever, and the place he blamed for taking away the person he once was. He went back to the “field [that] had embodied all the waste that was Vietnam, all the vulgarity and of the play that to king, horror (176)” that changed his life forever. Norman Bowker’s life revolves around whether or not he was brave enough. Norman’s father told him, before he left for war, that he would not be proud of him if he did not bring home any and all awards.

Bowker was very brave. He won many medal while he was in the war. That is all he really cared about, because he knew that was what his father cared about. “[I]f his father were to ask, he would’ve explained what each signified and how he was proud of Essay on Increased Population of Prisons, all of them, especially the Combat Infantryman’s Badge, because it meant he had been there as a real soldier and a Cure through Medicine: Cell, had done all the Population, things soldiers do, and therefore it wasn’t such a big deal that he would not bring himself to Regenerative Medicine: Government-Funded Cell be uncommonly brave (135). Essay On Increased Of Prisons? ” The one thing that he would have to tell his father, however, was that he did not receive the Games, Silver Star. He would have to tell his father how he tried to save his friend Kiowa, but after a brutal attempt “all he could do was watch (142). ” Even though his father told him that by having seven ribbons he was very brave, Norman did not care. On Increased Population Of Prisons? His whole life was being consumed by the thought that he was not brave enough. He was not brave enough to save his friend. Olympic Games Essay? He was only brave enough to get seven ribbons. Essay On Increased? He was brave in the war, but he was not brave after. He was too cowardly to face his problems and ended up taking his own life.

Several characters in the story were defined by how brave they were. Lee Strunk and Dave Jensen are two other soldiers that show bravery in psychology science The Things They Carried. Strunk and Jensen “made a pact that if one of them should every get totally fucked up- a wheelchair wound- the other guy would automatically find a way to end it (62). On Increased Population Of Prisons? ” By not wanting to relativism face what would be ahead of them if one of Essay on Increased Population, them did have a horrible injury, they are showing cowardice. They are not being brave and facing life head on. Psychology As A? However, when Lee Strunk stepped on a rigged mortar round it took off his right leg at the knee (62),” he begged Jensen to not shoot him and let him live. He could be considered a coward for being afraid of death, but he could also be considered brave because he was not afraid to live the life that he would have to live because of his injury. On Increased Population Of Prisons? He was ready to face the relativism, hardships that a life in on Increased a wheelchair would throw at lai de de france him. Population? Another character that wanted to show how brave he was was Curt Lemon.

Lemon “had a tendency to lai de de france play the of Prisons, tough soldier role (82). He never let his guard down, and marie de france, always took things a little too far. One day the soldiers had to on Increased of Prisons have dental exams and Lemon began to seem nervous. Is The Name Of The Play Hamlet Presents? He confessed, “there was something about Population, a dentist that just gave him the creeps (83). ” When he went into the tent he fainted right away. The exam had barely begun. He had to be hoisted up by his fellow soldiers and what is the name hamlet claudius?, taken somewhere to rest. When he woke he was very embarrassed, so he woke up the dentist and had him yank “out a perfectly good tooth (84). ” Lemon did this to prove to himself that he was brave. Courgae was not always a matter of yes or no.

Sometimes it came in degrees, like the Essay on Increased, cold; sometimes you were very brave up to as a science debate a point and then beyond that point you were not so brave. Essay Of Prisons? In certain situations you would do incredible things, you could advance toward enemy fire, but in other situations, which were not nearly so bad, you had trouble keeping your eyes open (141). ” Bravery is shown in different degrees and in different situations, but every man, woman, and child will be brave or show bravery at some point in their lives, just like the soldiers did in Cell Research The Things They Carried.

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Health Issues in the Aborigines Culture. Indigenous health problems are also noted to be a combination of third world-associated quandaries such as high rates of maternal and infant mortality as well as low life expectancy, malnutrition and other communicable diseases; as well as more ‘Western lifestyle’ health problems such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, drug and alcohol abuse, mental illness, and many others (Lewis, 2003). This paper therefore looks at the epidemiology of the state of health for Essay on Increased Population of Prisons, the Aboriginal community, delving into the possible sociological reasons behind this increasingly deplorable condition. We will write a custom essay sample. on Health Issues in the Aborigines Culture or any similar. topic specifically for Olympic, you. At the same time, a clearer perspective will be offered into the widening gap that is noted between the state of health for Aboriginal communities and that of other Australians further putting this into a social context. The effect of a modern society on health care provision to indigenous communities is also discussed, as well as the health issues facing these people such as high blood pressure, stress, drugs, alcohol and poor children’s health. According to the Australian Bureau of Essay on Increased of Prisons, Statistics (2008), the lai de de france, Aboriginal community faces higher rates of ill health than any other group in Australia.

From the estimate of an average of 450,000 Aborigines in Australia, it is observed that when compared to other communities, this community faces enhanced problems of chronic illness and problems from cigarette smoking in addition to Essay on Increased other health issues. Regenerative Government-Funded Embryonic Research. Among the various problems faced by the Aboriginal people include children’s health issues. These include low birth weight accompanied by an infant mortality rate that is almost three times that of the national average; such a figure results to 15. 2 deaths of Aborigine infants as compared to Essay Population of Prisons 5 from psychology as a debate, other communities per Essay, 1,000 births (Thomas, 2003). Other factors connected to low birth weight include that of an enhanced risk for consequent diseases during puberty and adulthood that may lead to neonatal death. Is Moral. Low birth weight of the infant is associated with a slow growth rate and short pregnancy length, with Aboriginal women noted to have a 12. 4% chance to have a low birth weight baby as compared to 6. 2% for anon-Aboriginal woman (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2008). Other issues noted in Aboriginal children include the prevalence of on Increased of Prisons, poverty among the what are the, members of this group thereby leading to ill-health and on Increased Population of Prisons, poor benefits especially for the young. Page 2 Health Issues in the Aborigines Culture Essay. In addition to a higher rate of low birth weight in Aboriginal women, theirchildren also face a greater risk of malnutrition. The advantage of breastfeeding is noted during the lai de de france, early months, with this offering an additional defense against common infant diseases.

However, after weaning, the lack of nutritious foods increases the likelihood of children to contract infectious diseases further enhancing the children’s malnutrition. Other health problems faced by children include the prevalence of middle ear infection, consequently affecting the learning abilities of the child that may have speech and hearing problems. At the same time, the high rate of smoking among the Aboriginal community leads to a high exposure of the children to tobacco smoke during pregnancy and even after birth. This then leads to the noted increase in the prevalence of Essay Population, respiratory disorders including asthma and other related ailments. Other diseases faced by pre-pubescent Aborigines include chest and throat infections as well as injuries from accidents. Adult male Aborigines also face higher risks of accidental injuries as compared to non-aboriginal adult males. This increases their chances for hospitalization which is also enhanced by heart and what is the play presents to king claudius?, chest diseases as well as digestive tract ailments. Aboriginal women similarly have higher rates of urinary and reproductive complications as compared to non-aboriginal women with the latter complications leading to of Prisons strained pregnancy and births. On an overall basis, members of the Aboriginal communities are twice as likely to be hospitalized as compared their non-aboriginal counterparts (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2008).

These results from an enhanced susceptibility to injuries sustained during accidents as well as the aforementioned causes. It is also noted that Aboriginal people usually have a higher vulnerability to infectious diseases such as sexually transmitted infections including HIV/AIDS, Gonorrhea, Syphilis, as well as other potentially fatal conditions such as Tuberculosis and Haemophilus influenza type b (Lutschini, 2005). Diet and nutrition plays a major role in the state of health of the is moral relativism, Aboriginal people. Essay Of Prisons. Before the influence of settlers who arrived in Australia, Aboriginal people were used to their hunter-gatherer lifestyles that incorporated the consumption of wild meats and what is the hamlet presents to king, fallow plants. These customary foods were rich in nutrients, protein and carbohydrates, while also having limited supplies of sugars and fat. As a result, the Aboriginal people were healthy and did not face diet-related ailments. Essay Population. With the introduction of Westernized foods, which contain higher levels of sugars and fat, while being low on essential nutrients, the Aboriginal people have become more vulnerable to diet disorders such as diabetes, obesity and cardiovascular disease. This increased rate is also noted to be higher in Aborigines than in non-aborigines who are considered to be used to these ‘modern’ foods. Aboriginal people have also been noted to have a shorter life expectancy than that of non-indigenous communities with Aboriginal males expected to live for around 57 years as compared to 62 years for Finding Medicine: Government-Funded Embryonic Cell Research, their female counterparts; this translates to a shortfall of around 18 to 20 years when compared to non-aborigines (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2008).

There are diverse causes of Essay on Increased, this early death amongst the aborigines that include twice the rate of as a debate, cardiovascular disorders that include strokes and heart failures as compared to on Increased non-aborigines. At the same time, aborigines are three times as likely to succumb to injuries sustained from what are the, accidents as well as other causes such as homicide and even suicide. When seeking an explanation as to these health profiles, it is important to take into Essay on Increased Population consideration the historical context of the changing environment that the Aborigines have had to contend with. Prior to Finding Regenerative Cell European colonization, these individuals were used to a supportive environment as well as a multifaceted social support network. They also had an advanced comprehension of their ecology which was advantageous in providing all their nutritional and health requirements.

This was also enhanced by an active lifestyle whose foundation was a community that promoted a family culture that exhibited psychosocial veracity (White, 2002). The advent of colonization brought with it a change in lifestyle making the Aborigines more inactive and dependent on the European settlers. Essay On Increased Of Prisons. This resulted in their acquisition of undesirable products and infectious diseases that their health systems were not equipped to handle. At the same time, a societal shift was noted that clashed with the culture, heritage as well as the concept of family that the as a science, Aborigines were used to. In recent years, there has been an effort at social integration coupled with dealing with public health issues at all facets of the community (Carson, Dunbar amp; Chenhall, 2007). However, even with an overall reduction in the mortality and death rates of all Australians, it is noted that the Aboriginal community still records significantly higher rates of the same. Due to the overall effect that historical events have had on Essay on Increased, the Aboriginal community including lack of education, poor employment opportunities, elevated drug and psychology science debate, alcohol abuse, the improvement of health amongst this community continues to be an uphill battle. Other problems are as a result of the lack of access to health services by some Aboriginal communities. This is credited to both the physical distance to such amenities as well as various aspects of cultural insensitivity.

Due to the occupation of rural areas by the Aboriginal people, they accessibility to healthcare is hampered by the lack of transport usually resulting in less frequent visits to health professionals. Population Of Prisons. The cultural perception about health and what components, quality of health services also plays a major role in healthcare service provision (Germov, 2004). Indeed, it is Population noted that the Aborigines are more likely to be influenced by science debate, spiritual beliefs such as curses and punishment from alleged transgression than biomedical views on health. As a result, Aboriginal people are more likely to accept the views of traditional healers as opposed to opinions offered by Western health professionals. Other conflicts between traditional Aboriginal views and those provided under the constructs of biomedical provisions include the notion of Population, informed consent especially when an approval is what computer sought to proceed with a medical procedure. For instance traditional applications of the Essay on Increased of Prisons, role of kinship as well as community relationships will take precedence, in the minds of the Aborigines, over that of the sole consent of a patient (McGrath amp; Phillips, 2008). These cultural differences also expand into the concepts of immediacy and time, the comprehension of health and illness, as well as information on is the of the that presents to king, the potential benefits, and harms of treatment especially when a language barrier is present thereby hindering the patient-doctor interaction. In precis of the epidemiological aspects of Aboriginal health, it is noted that the advent of European colonization brought with it the change in the community’s health structure. This was either due to an alteration of the epidemiological dynamics of diseases that were already present including an induction of novel and contagious diseases, or by a change in lifestyle increasing the vulnerability of the indigenous people to Essay on Increased of Prisons such ailments. Irrespective of the components computer, sources of the problem, it is noted that the prevalence of health problems is higher in Aborigines than in on Increased Population, non-aborigines with inequities arising due to inadequate healthcare for the former, as well as cultural disparities that exist between the two societies and that promote the further segregation of health services among them.

When making considerations into the various views held by social theorists to the situations faced by Aborigines, a further analysis can be drawn into as a science debate the health situation and the disparities faced by Population of Prisons, this community in relation to that of non-aborigines. Marx’s view of class, work and alienation, is such a theory. This theory has been utilized by many ideologists who have affirmed the what is the play hamlet presents claudius?, presence of an oppressive structure in any society that is maintained by on Increased of Prisons, the dominant culture, language or social position (Western amp; Najman, 2000). The lesser group therefore undergoes manipulation and control at the will of the more ascendant group. This phenomenon is also noted to traverse generations, cultures and time therefore being present in all societies. To further its causes, the dominant culture promotes its ideologies through education as well as other services provisions which favor the ruling class and debate, keep the lesser group unaware of their rights. Thus the on Increased, ownership of power of capital maintain structures that provide for lai de marie, the maintenance and concentration of this power among the elite thereby ensuring that it is not lost or watered down with the effects of time. Such structures, according to various social theorists, extend past the constructs of schools and education and even go as far as health provisions such as the case under study (McGrath amp; Phillips, 2008). In the societal and cultural context of the Essay on Increased Population of Prisons, state of Aboriginal health in Finding a Cure Regenerative Medicine: Government-Funded Embryonic, Australia, it can be argued that its structure over time has been altered to serve the best interests of the Population, more dominant non-aboriginal communities.

As a result, the Aboriginal people have received constant interference, oppression and misinterpretation as to the rights that are provided to them in healthcare as well as other community services that they are entitled to. There are also similarities noted between this form domination and the colonialist tyranny by Europeans over other societies in Africa, South American and is moral, parts of East Asia. The main effect of such oppression was the changing of the mindset or perceptions of the indigenous communities as to their rights and the changes they had to make to their traditions (Grbich, 2004). Proponents of this view argue of its accurate assertion on Essay, the negative Western attitudes towards cultural aspects and lai de marie de france, the wellbeing of Essay Population, Aboriginal people and how these have been propagated in all aspects of the society, including healthcare provision. This can therefore be construed as the actions of lai de, a dominant culture that reserves its gains in of Prisons, science to not only promote the agenda of lai de marie de france, this ‘stronger’ community but to also portray the Aborigines as being crushed and submissive.

This further alienates the two societies further alienating the Aboriginal people and resulting in cultural insensitivity. Indeed, this has been noted as one of the reasons behind why the Aborigines do not advocate for the use of biomedical options of treatment but opt to of Prisons stick to traditional forms of healing based more on psychology as a, their spiritual beliefs. The sociological change in relation to on Increased this theory can be observed with the Aboriginal approach at self-empowerment in which they aim at gaining the necessary skills to Games seek their rights thereby gaining security from current and future forms of oppression. This is evident with the acceptance by the Aboriginal communities to not only seek biomedical approaches to treatment but to also comprehend the underlying aspects of on Increased Population, science and language that the non-aboriginal communities had used to lai de oppress them in the past. By taking a proactive approach at undertaking research into Essay on Increased Population the health issues affecting them as well as the possible application of what is moral, their findings into their communities, the Aboriginal people are gaining assurance and assertion from the knowledge of medicine and other forms of science through. Population. As a result, the possibility of improving their health and psychology, wellbeing becomes an ever-closer reality (White, 2002). Population Of Prisons. Another perspective that can be adopted scrutinize issues based on Aboriginal health are those proposed by Erving Goffman. This theorist discussed various notions such as stigma, passing, deviance and social control and how these affected social structures and the manner in which individual members of a community interacted with each other. For instance, Goffman affirmed that the prevalence of stigma resulted from the lack of Olympic Essay, comprehension of an Essay on Increased of Prisons unknown, with this perspective leading to a change of attitude or behavior towards the object under scrutiny.

This theorist further described three forms of stigma including physical abominations, imperfections of character, and tribal stigma (Lewis, 2003). Aspects of the a Cure Regenerative Embryonic Stem Cell, latter form can therefore be observed in the provision of healthcare to Aboriginal communities being neglected by the mainstream communities that are predominantly non-aboriginal. This is due to on Increased Population a lack of understanding of the Games Essay, Aboriginal customs and beliefs especially regarding health and illness and the associated forms of treatment. Similarly proponents of the theorist’s views assert the clear observations of aspects of social control against Aboriginal communities in all aspects of the Essay, society, and including the healthcare system. In the past, some form of segregation has been observed amongst healthcare providers when offering their services to Aborigines and non-aborigines (Carson et al. , 2007). Games Essay. The poor delivery of health services the former leads to Population the deplorable health state of what of the that hamlet presents to king claudius?, this particular community and can be further attributed to of Prisons the widening gap between the states of Finding a Cure Regenerative Medicine:, health on Essay on Increased of Prisons, a community level. Providing primary health care to meet specific Aboriginal needs has not been put under consideration with this being a major indicator of the flaws of the system. Various other social theorists have added their diverse views about the state of health of the Aboriginal community in Australia. According to McGrath amp; Phillips (2008), research into the effects of de france, public health system and Essay on Increased Population of Prisons, especially on the response by Finding a Cure through Government-Funded Stem Cell Research, various institutions to indigenous public health needs is lacking.

At the same time, healthcare provision for aboriginal communities is Essay Population not directed by the needs of the indigenous people, as it should be, thereby demonstrating a flaw in the power structure between non-aboriginal health experts and Aboriginal health workers. As a result, provision of indigenous health care takes a back seat thereby promoting the already deplorable state of affairs. Such a notion is further promoted by the sociological view that the what is the that to king claudius?, flaws in the public healthcare systems that are not in the favor of the Aboriginal community, stem from the unbalanced nature of the political economy. According to this perspective, the political and economic relations that exist promote the negative effects noted in the public healthcare system. The asymmetrical access that the Aboriginal people have to the political and economic resources in Australia is therefore translated into various structural and situational disadvantages such as the on Increased Population, lack of access to health services by Aboriginal communities. At the same time, the public health system is flawed for dealing with population-based aspects of healthcare in which the population is considered to be asocial. The resultant notion therefore asserts that the public health system assumes that the needs of various communities are similar and Olympic Games Essay, that no underlying societal disparities exist (Western amp; Najman, 2000). The resultant situation is that of a system that deals with the Essay on Increased of Prisons, needs of the predominant culture or community which in this case is that of the Games, non-aborigines and neglects the needs of the lesser communities. Essay Population. This leads to the lack of appropriate health care for the needs of the Aboriginal people further adding to the poor state of health affairs faced by the indigenous societies. In retrospect, the sociological explanations behind the state of Aboriginal health are noted to be based on flaws in the political and economic structures that provide the basis of public health.

As a result, a relation can be further made between the psychology as a debate, social and political influences and the provision of public healthcare to Indigenous communities. Essay Population Of Prisons. Such flawed structures can therefore be blamed for the poor state of affairs in a situation that can be controlled by an emphasis for health services that cater for the needs of the Aboriginal community. Such systems should also not offer any room to any form of segregation whether as a result of stigma or as a result of forms of oppression by a dominant culture over another that it deems as inferior. Aboriginal health is indeed an important aspect of health, illness and name play that presents, well-being in of Prisons, Australia that needs consideration. The increasing disparities that are noted between the states of health of Aborigines and non-aborigines provide a sufficient need to worry especially with the as a science, differences being added by of Prisons, sociological boundaries that exist in the healthcare system.

The changes in social, political and economic attitudes should provide a foundation to improve health services and awareness of the Aboriginal community in order to increase life expectancy, decrease mortality rates at all stages of life, reduce the impact of diseases and enhance the social and emotional well being of members of this and all communities, thereby leading to a unified healthy nation. Works Cited.

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resume writing forum Upon several occasions throughout your career you will need to provide your potential employer with important information about your background and Population of Prisons, your qualifications. Marie? The most common method to Essay Population of Prisons provide information to potential employers is to create a resume. Lai De Marie De France? A resume can create a vivid word picture of yourself. The World Wide Web (WWW) has recently became more popular, and is often considered the Essay on Increased Population newest form of popular media by many people.

In fact, making your resume available on the World Wide Web is comparable to what is moral relativism broadcasting it on national television during prime time hours. The most obvious benefit you will immediately receive by making your resume available on the Web is that you will reach an unlimited number of people and of Prisons, have opened new doors to as a debate audiences you would otherwise probably have never reached before. Many companies will visit college resume lists searching for potential employees. If you have your resume on paper but not on the Web, they will undoubtedly never see it. Another benefit of on Increased Population, creating an electronic resume is of a cost. Many colleges provide space on their web server for their students' resumes free of charge. Using college web servers, students can practically eliminate paper and printing costs. Rather than performing mass mailings of your resume, you can reduce the number of printed copies you will need and reserve these for companies you are particularly interested in. Other benefits you will receive by creating an HTML resume include: the ability to provide electronic links to your reference and Essay of Prisons, previous employers as well as providing links to previous jobs or projects you have been involved with the ability to make updates immediately available ease of maintainability the through Stem ability to show that you can adapt to, and use new technology as it becomes available (a plus to many employers) simply making your resume look more professional. By creating your resume using HTML and making it available on Essay on Increased Population the World Wide Web, you will improve your chances of Games Essay, getting a job that best suits your interests as well as your employer's interests.

Writing Your Resume in Population HTML Format. CREATE YOUR RESUME ON A WORD PROCESSOR AND PRINT IT. When writing your resume, consult English books, writing guides, or take advantage of career services provided by many universities. Be sure to have someone proofread and review your resume. Many instructors in a Cure Medicine: Government-Funded Embryonic Stem the English department of a University will gladly proofread your resume, but be sure to give it to him/her enough in advance to provide enough time to Population review it and science, so that it will not be an inconvenience to him/her. Remember to be courteous and thank them; after all, they are doing you a big favor. It is Population of Prisons much better to what have a professor see your mistakes while you have the chance to correct them than for a potential employer to see them. It is important that your resume be grammatically correct as well as in the correct format. Your resume is often the first impression an employer will receive. It will be easier to htmlify your resume if you have already created it. By creating your resume first you can focus on Essay formatting it rather than trying to create it and of a, format it at the same time.

SAVE YOUR WORD-PROCESSED RESUME IN TEXT (.txt) FORMAT. This can usually be done by Essay Population, using the save as option found under the file utilities of your favorite word processor. If you are unable to locate a save as feature for your word processor consult your user's manual or contact customer support. After selecting save as choose text or Ascii text from the available list of formats. Lai De Marie? By saving your resume in text form, you will be able to add HTML formatting tags more easily.

Although you could save your file in other formats, saving in text format will make it easier to edit because text file format does not save any formatting information. Other file formats embed formatting information like boldface, italics, and indentations as part of the file. When you view or edit word processor formatted files you will see formatting information that is unreadable by HTML browsers, thus you will need to Population delete it before you will be able to proceed. Editors allow you to change files without embedding formatting options such as boldface, italics and underscoring into the file. Many editors are available to use. Some of the most common are: edit on DOS machines and PCs; emacs and vi on UNIX workstations; and edit on Olympic Essay VAX/VMS machines. You can also use your favorite word processor to open a text file. For more information on the editor you will use, consult your system administrator or read your user's manual. Which editor you should use depends upon Essay on Increased of Prisons, the type of debate, system you are using and your preference between the editors on your system.

Make sure you use an Population editor that you are familiar with. By using an unfamiliar editor you will find yourself spending most of your time trying to what that hamlet claudius? learn to Essay of Prisons use the editor rather than actually creating your resume. Throughout the remainder of this document I will base the steps on the DOS editor and de france, a generic word processor. To open your resume, first open the editor by typing edit at a DOS prompt, or the appropriate command for the editor you intend to use. Next, choose the Open File option from the FILE menu. Fill in the filename you choose earlier or use the browse feature to Essay on Increased locate the file. Elements of an HTML document are denoted using HTML tags. Lai De Marie? An HTML tag usually consists of a left angle bracket ( ). Tags are also usually paired (e.g. Essay Population Of Prisons? ltP and lt/P), the components of a first is used to identify the beginning of the element and the second (usually lt/tagname) identifies the end of the element. Some tags may also contain additional information.

This information should be placed inside the angle brackets. For example, to display a paragraph using full justification use ltP ALIGN=justifygt. On Increased Population Of Prisons? HTML documents have a minimum requirement of tags. These tags are required by HTML browsers in Olympic Games Essay order to Essay on Increased of Prisons recognize a file as a HTML file. The following is a summary of the required HTML tags: The required HTML tags must be placed in the appropriate order inside and HTML file. The following HTML is a simple example of the minimum HTML document. Using indentation can greatly improve the Finding a Cure through Regenerative Medicine: Cell looks of your HTML, make it easier to Essay on Increased Population of Prisons read, and make it much easier to maintain. Although indentation is not required, you should always use it to improve your HTML. The benefits greatly outweigh the Olympic extra time it takes to Essay of Prisons write your HTML. Finding Regenerative Cell? HTML browsers ignore extra white-space therefore the indentation will not be visible when the document is viewed using a HTML browser.

Here is the previous example written using indentation to make it easier to Essay Population read. ADD ADDITIONAL HTML FORMATTING TAGS AS NECESSARY. The use of additional HTML tags will greatly enhance the appearance of your resume. HTML contains numerous tags to use, in addition many new tags will be added in the future. I could not possibly cover every tag here. However, I will briefly describe some of the commonly used and most useful tags. For advanced options, or a more detailed list you should obtain a copy of the latest HTML reference manual.

This manual can be found on the world wide web at http://www.sandia.gov/sci_compute/html_ref.html. The following table contains many of the most common and most useful HTML tags. You can use any of these tags by simply placing the begin tag, the text to format, and Finding a Cure Medicine: Government-Funded Embryonic Stem Cell Research, the end tag directly in your HTML document. On Increased Of Prisons? You will find it useful to view your document as you make changes. See step 9 for instructions on how to view your current HTML document. By doing this, you will become familiar with the effects of the tags.

In order to ensure no word processor formatting options are saved into your file you should save your resume as a text file. However, when you choose your filename you should give it the .html or .htm extension. To do this choose save as from the file menu. Next you should choose the what relativism text or ASCII text format from the available format list. Finally, type your filename in the filename input box as filename.html or filename.htm where filename is the name you wish to Essay on Increased Population call your file (e.g. Of The Play? resume.html). CREATE AND/OR ACQUIRE ANY IMAGES YOU WANT TO USE IN YOUR RESUME.

While creating images can be very fun and exciting, it is also very time consuming. Essay Population Of Prisons? There are many tools available to help you create your custom images such as Paint Shop Pro, Photoshop, Corel Draw, and MsPaint. For information on how to use these tools you should consult your user's manual. An alternative to creating custom images is to find a non-copyrighted image on the world wide web and copy it. As A Science? One method of Population of Prisons, locating useful and free images is to view clipart collections available on the web such as Caboodles of lai de, Clipart. Essay Of Prisons? Another method of locating useful images is to use the Yahoo search engine and search for Olympic Games, the image. To do this simply type image:keyword in the Yahoo's search box and click on the search button. This type of Essay of Prisons, searching is very time consuming and often does not result in any useful images. If you are unable to create or locate the image you desire and feel that your resume would be incomplete without it, you should consider hiring a Graphics Artist to what play hamlet to king claudius? create the on Increased Population image for you. Although images can improve the appearance of your resume, you should use them sparingly. Often the quality of your resume decreases proportionally with an increase in the number of images you add.

Any graphics you use (except for a background) should be relatively small in lai de de france size. Most web developers agree that large images take longer to load and will in turn drive impatient viewers away from your page. Essay Population Of Prisons? In addition, you should keep the content of your images on a professional level unless the image directly relates to your job qualification. For example it is acceptable to have cartoons you've created on your resume if you're applying as a cartoonist. However, you should consider placing any such images on a second page and creating a link to it. ADD HTML IMAGE TAGS AS NECESSARY FOR EACH OF THE IMAGES YOU PLAN TO USE IN YOUR RESUME, AND SAVE YOUR RESUME (SEE STEP 6). To insert an image into your HTML resume open your resume in your editor, then use the ltIMG SRCgt tag to Olympic Games Essay specify the on Increased Population location and are the computer, filename of your image. For example, to on Increased of Prisons display an image called computer.gif that is 32x45 in size, use the following tag: ltIMG SRC=directory/computer.gif ALT=Computer WIDTH=32 HEIGHT=45 BORDER=0gt. All images should be in as a science debate the .GIF or .JPG file format. If you see a gray box with three small dots in it rather than your image, then the browser was unable to Essay on Increased Population of Prisons load your image. Possible causes of this problem are: you used an incompatible file format, the image does not exist, you did not specify the correct filename or had a typographical error in marie de france the directory/filename, or the file permissions were set incorrectly (UNIX workstations require that you set the file permissions of an image to 770.

See your system administrator or consult a UNIX reference manual for help with setting file permissions). Be sure to save your resume after you make any changes. OPEN YOUR HTML RESUME IN A HTML BROWSER. Open your HTML browser by clicking on its Windows Icon, or by typing its execution command at the command prompt. There are many browsers available for use such as Netscape, Microsoft Explorer, and of Prisons, ICOMM. Consult your user's manual for help with using your HTML browser. Open your resume by clicking on the Open File option on the File menu.

Next, type the filename you choose earlier in the filename input box or using the browse feature to locate the file, then click on the ok button. Your resume should be displayed in the browser window. Viewing your resume in an HTML browser is an excellent way to debate ensure the content of Essay on Increased of Prisons, your resume. REPEAT STEPS 5 THROUGH 9 UNTIL YOU ARE SATISFIED WITH THE APPEARANCE OF YOUR RESUME. After reviewing your resume in an HTML browser, you should revisit steps 5 through 9 above and make any necessary changes. Once you are familiar with the process of creating a HTML document, most of through Medicine: Embryonic Research, these steps can be performed as necessary in on Increased of Prisons any order. You should get your resume to a point that you are satisfied with before preceding. In order to lai de de france ensure that you have not made any mistakes in the uniform resource locator (URL) addresses, you should click on each of the Population of Prisons links you've created using your HTML browser.

Links that do not work are nicknamed broken links. Broken links are highly unprofessional and will affect the impression a potential employer has on your resume. Broken links are usually the result of a typographical error or a link to a web site that no longer exists. Because the web is constantly changing, you should only create hypertext links to what is moral sites that are relatively stable. In order for your resume to be visible to Population the rest of the world, you must have current internet provider. Many universities provide the resources for students to as a debate install their resumes. Contact your University Webmaster to obtain information. You can often locate the Population Webmaster through an email address on the universities main web page. Psychology? After you have completed your HTML resume, copy it and all of the images you have used to the directory your web provider specifies.

After installing your HTML resume you should always test it. Visit the on Increased Population URL your web provider supplies to insure it was installed properly. You should always respond to Finding a Cure Regenerative Medicine: Embryonic Stem Cell Research potential employers that contact you as soon as possible. In addition you should always mail a paper copy of your resume to on Increased Population any potential employers. By showing sincere interest, you will increase an employer's impression. The Source For Java Development. Java Report . March/April 1996. Java Report is a relatively new magazine for software developers using the Java environment. Java is a relatively new software developing environment that allows software developers to implement more complex features such as Net-based electronic transactions and delivering interactive content across the Web. Java Report combines programming tips, new technology, application trends and corporate issues to bring the reader a broader range of information. In one of the what articles Philip David Meese does an of Prisons excellent job of explaining to Games the reader how to Essay Population of Prisons create his/her first Java application.

His article was well written and was equivalent in content to a small course. The article The Java Tutor provides clear and concise information as well as easy to understand example code. I strongly agree with Mr. Meese's confidant statement by the time you finish reading this article, you'll be able to develop a Java application. An entire section of Java Report is devoted to Product Review. De France? In this section the on Increased Population of Prisons authors review Java related products and provide information to the reader. This information was the equivalent of a Consumer Reports article. This section is a great source of what are the components, information about Population individual products.

In general, Java Report is a great source of information relating to the use and development of Java applications for any software developer. However, some of the Olympic Games Essay technical articles may be beyond the scope of the average reader. Rampe, David. Cyberspace Resumes Fit the Modern Job Hunt. The New York Times . Essay On Increased? 3 February 1997, sec. C6. In his article Cyberspace Resumes Fit the Modern Job Hunt David Rampe discusses the advantages and disadvantages of an HTML resume. The article, which appeared in The New York Times' Taking In the Sites section provides some very useful information regarding resumes.

Some of the topics Mr. Rampe discusses includes the searchability of de france, HTML resumes, electronic filling, industry jargon, and the dehumanization of the process. Population Of Prisons? Mr. Rampe also discusses the importance of writing your HTML resume in what is moral the proper fashion, to Essay on Increased of Prisons the computer. He states that you must resolve mentally to address your resume to 'Dear Computer. ' and just ignore the psychology as a science dehumanization of Population, it all. In addition, the article provides the what name play that presents URLs for eleven electronic sources to help the reader get started. Population Of Prisons? Each of the sources listed are excellent sources of information and should be reviewed by anyone who decides to create and HTML resume. Science? Rampe also discusses cookie-cutter forms available on the World Wide Web to help the least experienced computer user create his/her HTML resume.

In general, Mr. Rampe provides an ample amount of information and Population of Prisons, resources necessary to create an HTML resume. Rampe provides both the pros and the cons of an HTML resume in an unbiased fashion, leaving the reader to decide the necessity of an HTML resume. Sandia National Laboratories. HTML Reference Manual , 2 January 1996. Sandia National Laboratories' HTML Reference Manual is, in my opinion, the most complete and useful source of HTML information. Finding A Cure Through Embryonic? Although the on Increased Population manual is currently over a year old, the information it contains is accurate, precise and what name of the play hamlet presents claudius?, very helpful. The HTML Reference Manual begins with and introduction to HTML in general, then lists important terms and definitions.

Next the authors validate the Population of Prisons document's content by discussing the Regenerative Medicine: Government-Funded conformance guideline RFC 1866, commonly referred to as HTML Version 2. The authors also discuss the on Increased Population importance of Sandia requirements for specific HTML elements. Next the authors discuss the general breakdown of Games Essay, HTML into: General HTML syntax, HTML Comments, HTML Elements, Uniform Resource Locators (URL), Special Characters, and Internal Icons. Finally, the Essay on Increased Population of Prisons authors break down over one hundred HTML elements into a description, minimum attributes, all possible attributes, elements allowed within, allowed in content of, and variations. In addition the document contains an easy to Olympic Games use index which allows the reader to jump directly to any element of interest. The HTML Reference Manual provides the most complete reference manual available. In addition it is well written, well organized and very easy to use. On Increased Population Of Prisons? This document is an excellent source of information for both the novice and expert HTML programmers.

Authors Note: Windows, DOS, Paint Shop Pro, MsPaint, Yahoo, Café, Netscape, ICOMM and Microsoft Internet Explorer are copyrighted by Olympic Essay, their respective owners.

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5 Tips for Writing a Concise B-School Admissions Essay. On Increased Population! By Delece Smith-Barrow, Reporter | June 25, 2013, at lai de de france, 9:00 a.m. Of Prisons! It can be tempting to use a dramatic intro in an essay, but a more direct opening can lower an applicant's word count. iSTOCKPHOTO. Business school admissions officers are sending a message to aspiring MBAs: write less, say more. A number of schools have recently trimmed the length of essays.

For future applicants, the University of Michigan's Ross School of Business lowered the total maximum word count for psychology as a science debate essays by 450 words. The Business School at Columbia University slashed one essay from 500 words to 250. Essay On Increased Population! The admissions team at Ross made the change in part to indicate how much – or little – time applicants should spend on essays. What Name Of The Play That Claudius?! So many people were spending a lot of time on the essays and probably not as much time thinking about the other things, like their interviews or talking to their recommenders or even studying for the GMAT, says Soojin Kwon, the school's director of admissions. The whole purpose of the essay and Essay on Increased Population the interview is to just get a better understanding of where they're coming from and where they want to go to. And I don't need to read a thousand words, 2,000 words, to understand that, she says.

Crisp writing is a shared attribute among incoming students at Columbia. Many of our successful applicants have benefited from really being succinct and Games Essay direct in writing their essays, says Amanda Carlson, assistant dean of admissions at the business school. It's also a skill that can have long-term benefits for business school students. If you're called on in class it's going to be really important for Population the students to be able to answer in kind of a clear, direct, succinct way. And that's going to happen in the real world, too, she says. Aspiring MBAs can use a number of strategies to write a clear and concise essay, experts say. Here are five of their suggestions. 1. Finding A Cure Through Medicine: Government-Funded Cell Research! Write as much as you can: If prospective students think they should start by writing as few words as possible, they should think again, says Dave Bolick, creator of the site MBA-admissions.net. For 20 years, Bolick has been helping applicants improve their MBA application essays. Starting with more is definitely better than trying to fill space, says the graduate of the Haas School of Business at on Increased of Prisons, University of California—Berkeley. If a candidate is asked to discuss leadership experience, it's best to come up with five or six examples instead of committing to what is the play that claudius? two or three, says Bolick.

Then, an applicant can review the examples with others and evaluate which sound best. If you started out with less material, you never would have gotten to the one that you're really excited about, he says. Essay On Increased Population Of Prisons! 2. Keep the intro simple and sharp: A lot of Finding a Cure Regenerative Cell Research people make the mistake of using a dramatic introduction, says Bolick. They think they have to say something gripping, he says. Like I used to be a sky diver or I climbed Mount Everest. He encourages MBA applicants to Population be more direct, as a sensational introduction can inadvertently lead students to ramble and through Medicine: Stem Research not answer the question. 3. Avoid flattery: A great school already knows it's great, says Bolick. It's a waste of space to tell them otherwise, and Population it can hurt a candidate's chances of admission. Flattery tells the Olympic admissions committee this person has nothing to say, he says. This person hasn't investigated the program to any significant extent. 4. Allot time for rewriting: Writing the Essay on Increased of Prisons essay can take as few as two hours, says Brandon Royal, author of Secrets to Getting Into Business School: 100 Proven Admissions Strategies to Get You Accepted at the MBA Program of Your Dreams.

It's improving it that takes time. Your first draft, you try to psychology get the information out. Population! Your second draft, you refine it. Lai De Marie De France! You let it sit for Population of Prisons a day at the least, maybe a couple of days, and then you go back and refine it again, says Royal. 5. Learn to edit yourself: It's pretty much a line exercise, says Royal, who graduated from the Booth School of Business at University of what is moral Chicago. He encourages applicants to take a pen and check off all-star sentences that are necessary for the essay. Anything without a check mark can go. Most MBA programs are looking for candidates to answer four basic questions, he says. Essay On Increased Population! It all boils down to Olympic Games Essay have you told the admissions committee who you are, where you're going, what have you done and why our particular school is the right fit for you?

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Don't sacrifice quality by rushing to apply to business school. Choose a B-School for Finance, Banking. Look for on Increased Population a quantitatively rigorous curriculum and a variety of Finding a Cure Medicine: Government-Funded Stem Cell Research finance courses, experts suggest. Prep for Med School as a College Student. Use statistics and available resources to ensure you are ready to apply to Essay Population of Prisons medical school. Strategies to Improve a College GPA. What Relativism! A low freshman GPA won't prevent students from getting accepted into graduate school.

When applying, consider the Essay on Increased of Prisons environment you desire and whether a joint recommendation letter is as a science, helpful. On Increased Of Prisons! College Programs Offer a Path to Grad Degrees. Students interested in fields like law and medicine may want to consider accelerated degree programs. Accelerated B.A./J.D. Programs: 5 Facts. Are The Components Computer! These 3+3 programs enable undergraduates to earn both a bachelor's degree and Juris Doctor in six years. Assess Goals as an Online Student. Those who want to eventually attend graduate school should ensure that universities will accept their online coursework. Essay Population! The POWERPREP ™ Online is FREE and Regenerative Medicine: Stem Cell Research features two full-length practice tests. You can even choose to practice in timed mode.

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Dissertation on Human Resource Management. Effective Strategy for Creating Harmonious Working Relationship among Culturally Diverse Employees. There are various factors that contribute to the rising workplace diversity. These include increasing numbers of Essay on Increased of Prisons immigrants, company mergers and joint ventures in different countries, increased engagement of business consultants and what name play hamlet presents to king temporary employees, international competition and the phenomenon of globalization, which has transformed the world into a global village. Of Prisons! Globalization has occurred because of a combination of factors such as improved infrastructure, advancements in technology. Infrastructure and Essay technology have not only provided cheaper means of Population communication and travel, but have revolutionized the Finding a Cure through Embryonic Stem speed at which individuals and businesses communicate with each other. Domestic companies are also spreading their operations to new territories across the Essay on Increased of Prisons globe in Olympic Games Essay, search of new markets or outsourcing some aspects of their production process.

Management of employee cultural diversity, through the integration of Essay Population suitable strategies plays a key role in improving the competitive advantage of the business, especially on the global platform. Globalization calls for specific approaches that promote harmonious working relationships within increasingly culturally diverse workplaces. Hansen (2002) observes that workplace diversity is critical to the existence of businesses and identifying key strategies to ensure harmonious working relationships among culturally diverse employees is integral to the survival of any business. Name Of The To King Claudius?! Diversity in this case means the differences between individuals based on their culture, which influences their perceptions, values and Population beliefs. There is increased pressure on Medicine: Embryonic Stem Cell Research, human resource departments to integrate culturally diverse employees, while at the same time maintaining high levels of motivation among the divergent groups. The main issue in a culturally diverse workforce is creating synergy, teamwork and one cohesive culture made up of the various cultural groups within the workplace (Hansen, 2002). A key aspect of creating a cohesive workplace culture is how individual employees perceive that they are receiving fair and equal treatment. Identifying employee perception of Essay on Increased Population fairness begins by what evaluating current employee benefits and assessing specific suggestions that are appealing to Essay on Increased of Prisons, a diverse workforce. Identifying such strategies is critical as it plays a role in employee retention output and overall success of a business. Dissatisfied employees who feel they are not being treated fairly especially pertaining to their culture, will have low levels of motivation and their output may not meaningfully impact the overall successful performance of the business. This paper will look at various options that are available in what are the, diversity management in order to identify the on Increased Population most suitable and effective strategy in managing a culturally diverse workforce in a manner the will create cohesiveness and harmony, increase employee satisfaction and lai de de france maximize their output.

There are various traditional approaches that corporations adopt in order to motivate their culturally diverse workforce. Essay Of Prisons! These are such as benefit plans insurance and retirement programs. However, with cultural diversity expanding more than before, traditional approaches are no longer sufficient in promoting harmony in a culturally diverse workforce. There is need for a Cure through Medicine: Cell Research groundbreaking strategies that will not only ensure that each employee feels valued at the workplace, but will create employee loyalty to on Increased Population, the company and motivate them to increase their output. These strategies should have the ability to retain employees; companies loose their experienced employees to corporations that have better strategies in handling cultural diversity and ensuring employee satisfaction. To accommodate the various needs of culturally diverse employees, companies may choose to offer them benefits that are flexible according to the specific needs of a Cure through Regenerative Embryonic Cell individual employees. A company may come up with a range of offers which employees can pick from, depending on how best they suit their needs.

This strategy has the advantage of minimizing wastage, as benefits will not be wasted on the employees who do not need. Giving employees benefits that they do not need has no additional value to the company as the benefits will have no motivational effect (Bohlander Snell, 2007). Traditionally, employees are presented with a benefits package that consists of Essay on Increased of Prisons vacation, health insurance and sick leave. This benefits package also ensures that the employees have minimum level coverage against unexpected financial hardships. In this strategy, employees are offered a predetermined number of credits, which they may use to purchase additional benefits that they deem suitable to their needs. Components Computer! However, this strategy bears a disadvantage to the corporation in the case of poor selection of employees. In this case, the company would bear the burden of employees who have many financial costs. In addition, employees may select high cost benefits which are of use to them, but ultimately present a financial burden to on Increased of Prisons, the corporation. Such complexities must be analyzed by a Cure through Regenerative Cell the company before settling on a particular approach. The strategy that is selected should be beneficial to the company as well as to the employees.

The strategy should be comprehensive enough that it addresses most, if not all issues pertaining to cultural diversity, and at on Increased Population the same time protects the interests of the name of the play presents to king claudius? company and Population overall profitability. What Components! The overall diversity management strategy should give the Essay on Increased company a competitive edge on the global scale and boost its ability to recruit and retain employees, in addition to attaining the ability to adjust to the evolving and increasingly culturally diverse workforce. There are many examples of strategies that companies have used in the past, to manage a culturally diverse workforce, which have proved to be redundant, if not ultimately disastrous in terms of maintaining harmonious working relationship with employees and overall company performance. A good illustration of this is when a leading insurance company in Finding Medicine: Government-Funded Cell, California US, gave its leading salespersons tickets to a Christmas event being held in a local church. This decision proved to of Prisons, be disastrous as more than a third of the company’s sales people were Jewish. Such as strategy, though aimed at rewarding hardworking employees, was not culturally sensitive, which lead to what components computer, boycotts and resignations of employees and within six months, this mistake had cost the company more than one million dollars (Tahmincioglu, 2004). The scenario demonstrates the importance of on Increased Population of Prisons careful evaluation before deciding on a specific strategy that creates harmony in a culturally diverse workforce. The selected benefits and approaches should match the needs of the various cultures represented in the workforce as the lai de marie case scenario illustrates how catastrophic it would be for the company in the event of a mismatch.

In a bid to arrive at the most suitable and comprehensive strategy for dealing with cultural diversity at the workforce, the paper will look at selected specific groups that should be targeted to boost their motivation and ensure that they experience fair treatment in their specific workstations. One target group that forms part of a culturally diverse workforce is the immigrant workforce. Hammers (2003) observes that, one way of enhancing the on Increased Population working experience of immigrant employees, especially those whom English is a second language, is by developing their language and lai de communicative skills through English as a second language (ESL) classes. Additionally companies may consider readjusting their training structure for new employees in a way that mirrors how individuals from different cultures learn. This is Essay on Increased particularly important as studies have revealed that people from different cultures and backgrounds have different ways of acquiring knowledge, and if this factor is not integrated in the new-employee training manuals, then the immigrants will not gain what was intended, and their work experience and output may become redundant. Companies should consider that conventional approaches to employee training may not be suitable for the a workforce that is culturally diverse, and the knowledge and information deemed as crucial for the traditional employee may not be so for immigrant workers. In addition, the training of new-employees should include topics that educate the workforce about the specific cultures, particularly those that to which the new employees belong. Additional presentations should be prepared for the existing workforce, which encourage empathy, understanding and tolerance of all cultural groups within the workforce.

The training should aim at ensuring that all employees have cultural competence and are able to relate with colleagues from other cultures, with a sufficient amount of respect and what are the components empathy. Essay Population Of Prisons! Being culturally competent will ensure that employees understand how to communicate with individuals from different cultures, as some cultures are regarded as high context cultures while others are low context cultures. Having this knowledge is especially critical as it addresses how people from different cultures communicate, and how their way of communication is bound to influence the communicative process within the workplace. Individuals from high context cultures are often misunderstood by those from low context cultures. Low-context culture individuals perceive their counterparts from high context cultures as ambiguous, deceitful, convoluted and indirect. Science Debate! However, people from high context culture appear to communicate indirectly as their culture lays greater emphasis on their ability to retain cohesiveness with others and not say anything that may be deemed as offensive or upsetting to the other party.

In this context, high context culture will not say anything that appears offensive, making low context colleagues perceive their indirectness as deceit. On their part, high context employees perceive their low context colleagues as insensitive as they tend to communicate more directly. Essay Of Prisons! This may aggravate employee relationships when some individual feel that their colleagues are not treating them fairly or they are being insensitive to their feelings. Lai De De France! Training in cultural competence will ensure that the workforce has the basic idea of how individuals from Essay on Increased Population different cultures perceive situations and their ways of communicating and acquiring meaning from communication. This will ultimately lead to increased harmony, cohesiveness and what is the that hamlet presents claudius? employee satisfaction at Essay of Prisons the work place. The paper will also look at strategies that multinational corporations operating in various parts of the world use to accommodate the culture of the what local workforce, and how to integrate it with the wider operation of the whole company. When companies venture into new territories to expand their businesses in the spirit of globalization, they encounter diverse cultures and cultural practices that may not be particularly suited to on Increased Population of Prisons, the overall operational model of the business. However, these cultural aspects must be accommodated and what presents integrated into on Increased company employee-cohesion strategy if it hopes to make any meaningful impact and realize its goals within that particular cultural setting. As A! Aspects of culture that multinationals are faced with include employee work ethics based on culture, religion, among other factors.

The psychological definition of prejudice is, attitudes that have value content and of Prisons weight that are not based on any practical reality or whose objective reality has not been examined (Gilbert Ivancevich, 2001). Is The Name Of The That Hamlet To King! The characteristics of prejudice are usually negative feelings and actions that are stigmatizing towards others. Ethnic prejudices are characterized by the negative perceptions and attitudes that individuals or groups harbor against individuals or groups of a different ethnicity or group. Furthermore, it is important that prejudices not only Population of Prisons, exist within the attitudes of people but are also institutional such as in laws, literature or school syllabuses. They also exist at psychology science debate the social level such as social discussions.

There are also many prejudices that are present in procedures for categorizing people and social groups, and even act as rational understanding for dividing and rejecting specific groups. Bruner (2003), the image of how we frame about people is connected to the social power they may posses. Differences in social positions, power and wealth are significant factors that influence the way in which people perceive others. Consequently, prejudices are not the casual inventions of people, but are directly linked to prevailing social structures, which are intervened socially in social discussion or institution level through the media and the education system (Govaris 2004). Robertson, Kulik and Pepper (2003) state that there are a number of approaches that a company can use in establishing a diversity program, and it is not likely for there to be an Essay Population exclusive way that is guaranteed to be the Olympic Essay most successful. Essay Of Prisons! They further observe that the de france likelihood of such a success is dependent on situational dynamics such as the Essay on Increased Population strategies of the organization, environment, the people as well as organizational culture. Organizations in this case, range from monolithic kind, meaning the number of minority employees is relatively low (Cox, 1991). Cox goes on to observe that in through Medicine: Stem Research, such a case, efforts towards diversifying the workplace are likely to be met with hostility and resistance. The multicultural kinds are organizations where employees from minority groups work in Population, all levels of the enterprise. In this case, diversity operates as a principle, which is incorporated in the value system and strategies of the Essay corporate culture.

In such organizations, diversity programs are not met with resistance since the climate is already diverse, (Richard, 2000). Furthermore, Elsass and Graves (1997) note that the acceptance of diversity of programs by the employees also depend on how the on Increased Population organization is performing at the time. Firms that are downsizing will have their attempts to introduce diversity programs met with considerable hostility, while those, which are growing and expanding will experience minimal hostility against name that claudius? new diversity programs. Richardson (2000) observes that being aware of the situation is of Prisons crucial in an organization’s bid to implement a diversity program, since situational factors are determinant of how a diversity program will be received by the employees. Zahavy and Erez (2002) are of the opinion that the success of a diversity program depends on the goals that the company has set when undertaking such a measure. A Cure Embryonic! In addition, the goals should be constantly reviewed, based on the feedback that is Essay on Increased Population of Prisons received on the performance of such objectives.

According to Locke and marie Latham, (1990), the goal setting theory is based on the notion that precise goals that are both tasking and Essay acceptable stimulate performance on a range of duties than goals, which are easy, ambiguous and unreal. In this context, goals and objectives are referent to what the diversity program intends to accomplish. The diversity program should also clearly distinguish goals from quotas or proportions since they are not similar and will impact the diversity program in different ways. Increasing the number of what culturally diverse employees may be one of the goals, but using quotas when giving promotions or hiring new employees may possibly be perceived as reverse discrimination (Zahavy Erez, 2002). Therefore, when an Population of Prisons organization is preparing a diversity program, goals other than proportions or quotas should be considered. Such goals may include mentoring of employees from minority groups, improving the relationship with employees from minority groups, increasing cross-cultural knowledge and what is the of the to king cultural competence of employees within the organization (Richard, 2002).

These goals may be complemented with specific objects such as increasing the numbers of women and other minority employees being hired as well as those receiving promotions. Zahavy and Erez (2002) suggest that when developing a diversity program, an on Increased organization should engage legal counsel to makes sure that the Government-Funded Cell Research objectives and the approaches proposed are in line with employment laws as well as ethical standards. The goals should not only be specific in on Increased Population, nature, but also realistic. This should be ascertained by thorough examination of the prevailing strategies in use, which should then be transformed into the definite objectives that will subsequently be used to evaluate the effectiveness of the program. In order to optimize the benefits of setting specific goals for the diversity program, it is psychology science necessary that the Population organization engage in evaluation procedures at specific stages. The progress and impact of such a program must be accessed and the obtained feedback integrated in lai de marie, the ensuing implementation process.

Feedback in this case is very crucial as it provides insight on how well the goals of the Essay Population of Prisons diversity program are being met and factors that need to be changed to streamline the process. Bowen and Blackmon (2003) observe that goals should give priority to the what needs to be accomplished, enhance creation of efficient strategies as well as stimulate the efforts need in attaining the goals. Goals should be specific enough for lai de marie the participants because more benefits are associated with having specific goals and specific procedures for attaining them. Hoffman (2003) adds that ambiguous goals such as those that seemingly encompass all the objectives, detracts attention and does not stimulate action from the participants. In this case, Hoffman emphasizes that; an organization should break down its overall objective for on Increased Population diversity management, into specific goals that are comprehensible and applicable by the workforce. According to Howard, Hoffman and Wintenberg (2003) add that framing of a diversity program has a great influence on its overall success. This is based on psychological research that has proven that psychological framing of messages is instrumental in how they are perceived and interpreted by the recipients. In this case, Zahavy and Erez (2002) state that well framed diversity programs are not perceived as threats that need to be overcome, but rather as opportunities or challenges.

There are a number of frames that are can be used in strategies, which include, assimilation/learning approach which views diversity as a tool for reorganizing the organization’s basic tasks and procedures. Another frame proposed by Ely and Thomas (2001) is the access and Finding a Cure Government-Funded Embryonic legitimacy view, which approaches diversity programs as a strategy that will give the organization legitimacy in the market. This is accomplished by hiring employees who have fundamental similarities with the targeted clientele. The other frame is the discrimination versus fairness that views diversity programs as a means through which the organization can get rid of discrimination and provide equal opportunities to its employees. Ely and Thomas (2003) note that the above three framing process will be successful to some degree. However, they emphasize that the framing method, which is Essay Population of Prisons most likely to motivate employees, to be actively involved and committed to the realization of the goals of the diversity program, is integration and learning. This is because it is based on a Cure Medicine: Cell Research, the underlying principle that motivates the workforce for long-term success of the program. Management also plays an important role. Research indicates that diversity programs which received enthusiastic endorsement and support from the top levels of management were the most successful (Bowen and Blackmon, 2003).

When employees perceive that the management is deeply committed to the diversity program, then they are more likely to emulate them. Additionally, putting the strategy into practice, by having a culturally diverse management team is also a great motivating factor for a successful diversity program. Adding to the framing of diversity programs strategy, Kravitz and Klineberg (2002) state that when creating affirmative actions aimed at Population increasing the number of women and other minorities in is the of the play, the workforce, it is important to put into consideration a number of important factors. Mostly, affirmative action may have the negative effect of stigmatizing the beneficiary, instead of Essay Population of Prisons affirming them. Regenerative! This is because affirmative actions is construed as supporting individuals based on either gender or their minority status and not on their competence to perform their duties, leading to a misconception that they are incompetent, (Heilman Stathatos, 2007). Social identity theory is another theory relevant to the formulation of diversity programs (Tajfel Turner, 1986). On Increased! This theory applies to diversity programs and management because when the workforce identifies with the organization, the chances for the success of the diversity program are much higher.

The premise of this theory is that individuals desire to perceive themselves in the most positive light, and one way of lai de marie doing so is being identified with individuals who are like themselves. In the same way, groups are likely to gravitate towards insiders and outsiders, where outsiders are usually considered negatively. Essay Population! When this happens at the workplace, diversity strategies are less likely to be successful. When such in-groupings occur, workmates become prejudiced against lai de each other, stereotypes prevail triggering conflicts (Bowen and of Prisons Blackmon, 2003). Lefkowitz (1994) observes that there are various factors that exist within the working environment that will cause the employees to Olympic Games Essay, gravitate towards those who are most similar to them. A research conducted by Harrison and Bell, (1998) suggests that individual employees need to be encouraged to know themselves, in order to counteract the tendency of workmates to associate themselves with only those they perceive to be like them.

This requires a lot of Population time, and various strategies. Is Moral! Brickson (2000) in his study, established that having a reward structure within the organization is Essay of Prisons likely to stimulate employees to Olympic Games Essay, collaborate and cooperate but there is need for specific goals that are geared towards enhancing teamwork and forming of mutual relationships by the workforce. Specifically, when the reward being giving makes it a requirement for the employees to cooperate or collaborate with each other, then the institution as well as the teams become precedent as opposed to the individual differences that separate the Essay Population workforce. In the same way, Chatman, Polzer and Barsade (1998) add that tasks that are more individually based and rewards for such will only motivate the workers to become more individualistic and will not encourage teamwork and cooperation. This will result to the ineffectiveness of the diversity programs. Enhancing a culture of cooperation within the organization will require management to take a leadership position that emphasizes on Games Essay, common good and basing some performance of tasks on overall group performance and not on individuals and rewarding such group achievements often (Brickson 2003). Brickson (2003) observes that the success of a diversity program largely depends on how well it is managed.

Various steps are key to Essay Population of Prisons, having a successful diversity management plan. According to Lyness (2006), diversity management includes enhancing the commitment of senior management to the diversity program, as well as making the answerable to issues arising in its implementation and overall success. Lyness is also of the opinion that human resources should not be charged with managing the diversity program but the Finding a Cure through Government-Funded Embryonic Stem responsibility should be placed upon Population, line management. Management at all levels should also be held accountable for the program. Page (2007) notes that that diversity management should constitute a council made up of all line management who are charged with ensuring that the diversity program is well instituted and that any arising issues are amicably addressed. Diversity, within the context of employee management, means all the considerable differences that exist between people, and include the perceptions of differences, which need to what, be put under consideration in specific circumstances. In most cases, the Essay on Increased most significant differences are usually those, which are not very obvious, such as belief and value systems and thought processes.

Scott (2007) cites some basic sources of diversity that impact businesses in one way or another to be, age, ethnicity, culture, gender, religion, language, economic status, regional culture, sexual orientation, working experience, personality, learning style, ideology, e.t..c. Diversity management is what therefore a continuous process that incorporates the recognition of differences within the workforce, within all fundament functions of the business, communication and services with the intention of creating a harmonious, fair, inclusive and Essay effective organization. Diversity management encourages participation, inclusion, and the full contribution of all members of start towards the of a goals and objectives of the organization. Diversity also cultivates a good reputation for the organization among various groups in Essay Population of Prisons, the society and the global market (Scott 2007). Diversity and diversity management at the workplace has undergone major revolution in the last 30 years in what components, both UK and major economies on the globe. This is particularly so because of increased immigration, ease in transport as well as the emergence of on Increased globalization and the global market. Especially in the early seventies to the mid nineties, there have been various laws, which have been instituted against sexual and psychology as a science debate racial discrimination (West Frances, 2007). In addition, extensive legislation has been formulated that shields that emphasize on equal opportunities for Population all, human rights, health and safety at as a science the workplace as well as the rights that protect the disabled. These laws made it imperative for businesses and Essay on Increased Population institutions to comply in order to mitigate the risks of expensive penalties, legal action, injuries, reduced motivation and damage to the organizations reputation among other factors (Scott, 2007). This factor have continued to motivate businesses to have comprehensive and effective diversity programs to are the, the present date.

Managers are held responsible to ensure tolerance and Essay Population of Prisons fairness at the workplace, which according to West and Frances (2007), is Olympic Games achieved through staff training, control systems and other compliance policies. In the past decade, the globalized economy has created a marked increase in workforce diversity, and more competition for experienced and talented employee (Ely Thomas, 2001). Additionally, the expectations of employees regarding the balance in work and life, has risen. Workers have also come to expect more flexibility, increased opportunities both to showcase their talents and benefit for their efforts, recognition and respect (HR Focus, 2008).. In this respect, businesses have found it of utmost importance to reorganize their business model to focus on competitiveness and benefits that will ensure that they are in Essay of Prisons, compliance of employment laws and regulations. This in turn reduces the business risks as well as responding to the changes in the economy and are the components of a computer society, thereby ensuring overall business viability and success. Hostager and De Meuse (2003) observe that managers are charged with the responsibility of enhancing workforce diversity and its advantages to create social cohesiveness and inclusiveness, which are significant elements that determine the effectiveness and success of the organization. According to West and Frances (2007), some businesses manage issues arising from diversity as they occur, or will simply ignore them. However, as Childers (2005) has proved that, only of Prisons, businesses and organizations that have cultural diversity management strategies, which are ultimately successful and effective and are likely to remain competitive over a long period. Grimes (2008) adds that, the key to coming up with a good strategy for managing cultural diversity is understanding, what factors that motivate and satisfy the employees regardless of their backgrounds. One of the most composite elements of diversity is cultural background that plays a big role in employee expectations, motivation and overall satisfaction (West and Frances 2007).

Age, education, gender, mental and physical ability are some other diversity factors that greatly impact the working environment. Olympic Essay! Presence of people from different nationalities, cultures and social backgrounds makes the current state of workplaces very complex and delicate. Gilbert and Ivancevich (2000) state that human beings are more alike than they are different, and perceived differences are rooted in upbringing, and acquired viewpoints about the world and the manner in which things are done. Childers (2005) adds that the most significant of these differences are those that are based in our belief systems, our values and on Increased Population of Prisons our attitudes. In this case, the management of diversity should be connected to the both the performance of the organization as well as that of the individual.

This is based on the notion that performance is largely dependent on the quality of ones thinking, which is based on the quality of information that an individual has (Bowen and marie Blackmon, 2003) Without the right kind of information, especially that, which concerns others, misperceptions and miscommunication will be inevitable. Essay On Increased! Having the knowledge about differences, and how they are likely to impact relationships, actions and decisions within the composite diverse working environment enables managers and the business at large to enhance performance at the individual and team levels (HR Focus, 2008). Lyness (2006) states that a sound diversity management strategy makes it imperative for businesses to gain new knowledge, information and skills that are geared towards the development of cultural competence. Managing people who are from diverse cultural backgrounds calls for a combined knowledge and skills, which can be acquired, and that will lead to the acquisition of cultural knowledge and competence. According to Brickson (2003), cultural competence is is the name hamlet to king claudius? awareness, practices, knowledge, skills and procedures that are required in for the appropriated and efficient functioning within situations and Essay on Increased of Prisons circumstances that are generally culturally diverse and interaction of individuals coming from diverse cultures. In order to so, it is paramount to have a comprehensive understanding of what culture is as well as the meaning of cultural diversity (Lynes, 2006). It is also of great importance, when seeking to become culturally competent, to have frameworks and concepts that are comprehensive enough to facilitate the play that to king claudius? ability to on Increased Population of Prisons, manage and analyze culture and psychology as a science debate cultural diversity in Population, ways that are practical and applicable. According to HR Focus, (2008) groups desire to work harmoniously and with cooperation without disagreements and conflicts. It is common practice for organizations to ignore discussion of differences, which exist between members of a Cure through Medicine: Embryonic Cell a group.

This is because there are many complex issues that are associated with diversity. Cultural competence involves having the knowledge that people may be inherently different, but these differences should not inhibit the good performance (Zahavy Erez, 2002). A sound diversity management plan therefore involves the assessment and discussion of these differences, how they impact working relationships and how they should be addressed (Brickson, 2003). West and Frances (2007)observe that there are various challenges that related to cultural diversity and which business, both macro and micro have to contend with. i.Complying with regulations on safety, equal opportunities and Essay Population anti discrimination.

ii.Responding to Regenerative Medicine: Cell Research, a increased diversity in on Increased Population, the labor market. iii.Competing for the talent available in the labor force. iv.Managing innovation and as a knowledge in the workplace. v.Sustainable relationships with the community. vi.Serving a market that is culturally diverse, both locally and internationally. vii.Meeting the needs and of Prisons expectations of the workforce. viii.Meeting all ethical standards and Games social responsibility. ix.Remaining competitive in culturally diverse global market. Each of the above elements bears great significance of the Essay on Increased performance and presents to king viability of a business. On Increased Of Prisons! According to Watson (2002) the what is the of the play top 100 companies in diversity management, based on equal pay and opportunities, motivation and of employees and had a 10.7% increase on returns on investment.

This has motivated many global companies to be actively engaged in on Increased, competing for a position in the best companies in terms of diversity management (Diversity Inc, 2009). There is sufficient evidence that proves that companies benefit when they incorporate diversity in their operations, planning and decision-making. Lynes (2007)observes that some of this benefits can be observed and measured within the short term. What Is Moral Relativism! These include reduction of employee complaints and increase in output of employee. However, as (Zahavy Erez, 2002). adds, the major and most significant benefits are those that are ingrained into Essay on Increased of Prisons the organizations culture and is the name play that hamlet presents to king have long term effects. This will ensure sustainable cohesion, inclusion and overall productivity. Undertaking a management approach, that enhances on Essay of Prisons, compliance, organization and market growth factors into everyday business operations will present immense benefits, reduce costs and increase profitability, (Rosenfeld, Landis Dalsky, 2003) add that it is imperative that, while undertaking diversity program implementation, business and organizations specific issues should be considered, as well as specific aims and objectives. In order to do so, the case for what are the components of a computer action should be analyzed in on Increased Population of Prisons, detail. Sacco and Schmitt (2003).notes that, the pertinent issues related to the organization and business case strategy include: i.Development of the organization. ii.Management of knowledge and skills.

v.Development of products and services. Rosenfeld, Landis and Dalsky, (2003) further observes that the business case for cultural diversity management is based on the proven fact that businesses gain competitive advantage whey they have sound diversity management strategies and lai de de france polices. This is primarily because sustainable competitive edge is obtained from Essay on Increased Population resources, which includes human resources, which are not easily replicable but go a long way into adding value to Olympic, products and services. This facilitates the growth and on Increased Population of Prisons development of the organization in what components of a computer, a number of Population ways, which Sacco and Schmitt (2003) cites as: enhanced team and management functions. better long term strategies and planning, which factor in demographic trends.

Better response and flexibility to is the play that hamlet presents to king, changing markets. Better mechanisms for resolving employee conflicts and Essay on Increased Population improved decision making. Improved chances of attracting better talent and employee retention. In terms of talent attraction and retention, Richard (2000) notes that organizations that have sound strategies in diversity management, and that address the what is the play that hamlet claudius? issues of minority employees greatly cut down on on Increased Population of Prisons, employee turnover, which saves them money, retains skills and Olympic Games boosts the reputation of the organization within the global market. Businesses that are known to be fair, give equal opportunities to their employees and have respect for all minority groups will be greatly preferred by all potential employees. Such organizations will always attract the best talent in the industry.

In addition, a good working environment that is not discriminative increases labor turnover as well as reducing employee absenteeism. Richard (2000) adds that a sound diversity management program reduces employee groupings in terms of insiders and outsiders, stimulates motivation, creates flexibility and enhances the productivity of Essay of Prisons employees. West and Frances (2007) goes on to say that when teams and team leaders are increasingly aware of cultural factors that exist within teams, then members will be better positioned to make meaningful contributions to the team. There is also reduction of the negative influence and teams are able to is the of the play hamlet presents claudius?, integrate for better outcomes. Specifically pertaining to global businesses, Wintenberg (2003) notes that linguistic diversity within the Essay on Increased workforce will enable the organization to communicate easily with an international market. The business will also have more choices when considering international markets because they have become more culturally competent (Scott, 2007). Moreover, the organization will be more effective when recruiting and retaining of Finding a Cure Medicine: Government-Funded Stem Research qualified personnel from oversees. Wintenberg (2003) adds that the company will also have more flexibility when going into the global market, whether through merging, joint ventures, franchising, acquisitions or exportation. Businesses will also be able to easily adopt to expatriate professionals and Essay Population of Prisons technicians. Ely and Thomas (2003) add that a company will be less likely to fail in what are the components of a computer, their global ventures and assignments.

According to Sacco and on Increased Population of Prisons Schmitt (2003), sustainable competitive edge is gained from the knowledge and skills among the employees, which other competitors cannot be able to duplicate or obtain from the what is the play hamlet presents claudius? labor market. In this sense, knowledge is considered diverse and businesses should s t rive to create a knowledge based culture within its operation (Sinclair 2000) notes that the management of knowledge within an enterprise involves recognizing, formulating, ongoing expansion and improvement and sharing of the Essay on Increased Population of Prisons knowledge, insights and what is moral experiences of the organizations members. An organization that is knowledge based will find new and more effectives means of Essay on Increased Population knowledge sharing among the employees to ensure that the its knowledge has strategic value (HR Focus, 2007). In this sense, global businesses have come to understand that diversity in cognition and information gives them competitive advantage within the Olympic global market. According to Kravitz and Klineberg (2002) training, professional development and Essay Population learning enhance to the above processes.

A culturally diverse environment presents numerous learning and what name of the play that hamlet presents growth opportunities to all employees. The employees have the opportunities to share their knowledge as well as their diverse experiences. By facilitating ongoing learning opportunities for personal or professional development makes the workforce more loyal and more willing to share their knowledge and experiences with their colleagues. HR Focus (2007) adds that when the diverse backgrounds of the employees are acknowledged, then their unique abilities and knowledge will be brought in Essay on Increased of Prisons, performing some specific tasks or solving specific problems. Cultural diversity and competence training is also key in the management of a culturally diverse workforce and enhances the knowledge base of the business (Grimes, 2002). Training in cross cultural issues enhances how employees relate with each other and therefore boosts effectiveness of teams. What Of The That Presents To King Claudius?! Cross-cultural training also enhances customer service, as well as improving customer relationships. Cross cultural training of utmost importance as recent studies indicate that culturally different individuals perceive circumstances and on Increased Population situations differently as well as having very different ways of de france learning (Thalheimer, 2009). Grimes (2002) has identified a number factors that should be considered when creating a diversity programs strategy or program. These factors include pertinent questions that should be asked before deciding on the most suitable approach a particular company’s diversity program.

These questions are: i.What are the key aspects of cultural diversity among employees that need to be incorporated when making business plans and delivering services? ii.What are the factors related to the cultural diversity of the on Increased of Prisons workforce influence planning, assigning duties and delivery of products and services. iii.What are the conflicts and misunderstandings that occur among the are the components of a employees that are related to language or cultural differences? iv.How does cultural diversity impact performance of teams and on Increased Population management within the as a science business. v.Does the prevailing working atmosphere proved an atmosphere that encourages individuals to speak up about issues of cultural diversity.

vi.What are the key skills that team leaders and managers should posses to manage and work with cultural diversity. vii.What is the on Increased of Prisons current diversity management scenario within the company? Kravitz and Klineberg (2002) points out psychology as a debate that, for an enterprise to develop a business case geared toward management of diversity, some crucial factors that impact business operations should be identified. The strategy should also determine the specific benefits, which will be accrued from investing time and other resources into a sound cultural diversity program. Communicating across cultures. Cultural differences affect how individuals communicate across cultures (Hostager De Meuse, 2003). In most cases of cross-cultural communication, information is often misconceived and misinterpreted due to the fundamental differences perceiving things. Childers (2005) adds that elements of cross cultural communication are fundamental when formulating a diversity program. On Increased Population! The strategy should factor in key issues such as how cross-cultural communication affects team dynamics, resolution of what is moral conflicts, cooperation, innovativeness and other factors in the business.

In order to be fully cultural competent, it is important for the workforce to on Increased Population of Prisons, have effective skills that will enable them to communicate across cultures effectively. This calls for a comprehensive understanding of culture, and relativism the role it plays in people’s perceptions, attitudes, values and beliefs (Hostager De Meuse, 2003) O’ Sullivan (1994) defines culture as a system of shared beliefs and values shared among members of a particular group. Hosfede (1984) adds that culture is a collective mind programming that differentiates members of one group from another. Hall (1989) added that communication is Essay Population of Prisons a form of culture and that culture is communication. He went on to say that meaningful interaction would not be possible other than through culture, as the medium of communication. According to components of a computer, Schein (1985), culture is a pattern of Essay on Increased Population of Prisons unconsciously held automatic assumptions that are often taken for granted. Hostager and De Meuse (2003) observes that there are various levels at which culture operates.

This include National, regional, occupational, organizational and team levels of culture. He goes on to point out several areas at Finding a Cure Medicine: Stem which culture functions on Essay on Increased of Prisons, the personal level. These include upbringing, ideology and personality. West and Frances (2007) points out what are the of a computer that, to understand and compare cultures, there is Essay on Increased of Prisons need to generalize, but at the same time clarify the Games Essay difference between stereotyping and generalizing. Grouping of factors in logical categories that are coherent is what generalizing pertains.

Brickson (2003) notes that it is not possible to isolate all factors that are at play within interactions of culturally diverse individuals or groups. When observing various cultures, it is possible to on Increased Population of Prisons, generalize based on experience or knowledge. Some generalizations include: i.Western cultures are individualistic. ii.Asian cultures value politeness and discretions. Stereotyping, on the hand, is taking such generalizations and is the that claudius? applying them to groups of people, without considering the inherent individual differences. This means that everyone within such a group has been stereotyped.

Cornes, (1998) notes that when thinking about workforce diversity, generalizations may occur at on Increased of Prisons the initial stages, but there should be openness and modification of these perceptions and generalizations as we gain more knowledge and information regarding the cultures we are dealing with. In addition, stereotypical views and opinions must be constantly challenged for as a science debate the effective management of Population a culturally diverse workforce. It is of great importance for diversity management strategies to understand the demographic factors of the team or workforce to be attuned to trends and changes in population and its cultural composition Wintenberg (2003) According to HR Focus (2008), there are four basic factors that underlie cross cultural communication. Olympic Games! Verbal behavior is the first factor and entails how individuals say and the way in which it is said. Here, tone, volume, rate and accents are involved. The second factor is non-verbal behavior, which entails what is Population of Prisons said without speech or talking. Olympic Games! Non-verbal communicative behavior consists of body language, e.g. body movements and eye contact. …. Essay On Increased Population! adds that there is are the of a computer also object language that involves ornamentation, dress codes, and the environment within which the communication is being carried out such as the design of an office and on Increased of Prisons the decor. The third element in cross cultural communication involve communication style. This is the preferred way of self expression and includes assumptions held regarding how to interact and is moral communicate with others, and on Increased how we choose to convey what we wish to communicate.

The fourth factor is what we believe to be right. This is largely influenced by Olympic Games Essay prejudices, values and attitudes. Of all the three elements of cross-cultural communication, this is regarded as composite and involves ingrained feelings and beliefs regarding personal identity. This element also influences how we view the word, perceive and make judgment of others. In this chapter, the purpose of the study and the methods used to conduct the research will be addressed. It will also discuss the population and specific sample that was studied and how the data was acquired. On Increased Population! The chapter will finally discuss the procedures used to is the name presents to king, analyzed archival data used for the study. Of Prisons! A fundamental question that has guided past researches in cultural diversity at the workplace is whether it enables corporations to perform better and what of the that realize more growth and Essay on Increased profitability. The studies had have established that indeed, the role of culturally diversity at the workplace is is moral relativism important and does enable companies to become more competitive, both domestically and at the international platform. Essay Of Prisons! This is primarily so, especially for what is moral relativism multinationals, because it gives them an international and inclusive appearance, making its activities and products more desirable and acceptable to an international market. It has also been established that cultural diversity in a company is of great value because it demonstrates that the company’s employment policies is in line with international standards and offers equal opportunities to Essay on Increased of Prisons, all regardless of cultural, racial or religious background.

Such policies give the clientele confidence in the company, and with prevailing awareness by consumers regarding ethical standards of companies where they procure their goods or services, the company stands to benefit from cultural diversity in are the of a computer, its workforce. Initially, cultural diversity only began as an Essay on Increased attempt to what, meet legal and government requirements but has eventually come to be recognized as a strategic precedence that can position a company more competitively on the global market. Companies are increasingly dedicating a lot of on Increased time and resources in training on diversity, creating benefits program for a culturally diverse workforce, and what is moral relativism other such plans, all geared towards increasing and fortify cultural diversity within the workforce (Konrad, 2003). Corporations have come to appreciate the importance of Essay Population of Prisons diversity and consider it as a business imperative. As A Science Debate! Demographic shifts within the labor market, both domestically and Essay of Prisons internationally, particularly the rapid increase of as a science debate minority labor over the last decade has affected companies and businesses in various ways. Diversity at the workplace is driven by three distinct factors, which are. i.Competition for the best employees: This drives companies to reach out to the diverse labor pool in search for Essay on Increased of Prisons the best talents suited for the organizations goals. ii.Globalization: Having a diversified workforce on the global platform is what is moral good business strategy as it enables the company handle effectively a diverse customer base.

This implies that the diversified workforce will ultimately increase the market share of the Population of Prisons company. iii.Increased innovation and creativity: This implies that the diversified workforce have more innovative and creative resources that are availed by the diversified demographics. De France! The culturally diverse workforce has better group problem resolution ultimately leading to a competitive environment within the organization. With this in mind, the current research aims at exploring, evaluating and Essay ultimately coming up with a suitably comprehensive strategy that will enable companies maintain optimum levels of employee harmony, cohesion and name play hamlet presents to king motivation. The study will do so by using qualitative research to gather, evaluate and draw conclusions. The research design used for this study will be in the form of: i.Extensive literature review. This study aimed at identifying key strategies that will enhance harmonious working relationships among culturally diverse employees. In so doing, it is imperative that the on Increased of Prisons study establishes key gaps and problems that inhibit harmonious working relationships among employees who are culturally diverse.

The primary source for this information was gathered from the human resource departments of seven multinational companies. The information was obtained by accessing the company websites and other relevant reports. Looking at the recent new-employee training manuals enabled the research to identify the latest training trends and what relativism the elements that received more emphasis in the training. The elements that were most emphasized in Essay on Increased of Prisons, training by all seven companies reflected the areas that were deemed critical in enhancing the relationship between a culturally diverse workforce. They were also useful in recognizing possible problems that the what name of the that presents to king claudius? companies had identified in Essay of Prisons, employee relationships and had undertaken corrective measures to be covered in the training. Such strategies that were identified in six out of the seven companies that were evaluated included, ESL training for the immigrant workforce, and in four out of the seven companies, there was ESL training for new-employees in oversees companies, who were hired from the local labor force. In addition, three of the seven companies, which operated in Asian countries, enrolled their employees in components of a computer, intensive language training programs to learn the local language. This was particular for Essay of Prisons companies in of the play hamlet to king claudius?, Japan, India and China.

Extensive literature review. Numerous studies have been conducted that address the question of diversity at the workplace and specifically cultural diversity at the workplace in Population, the context of globalization. The qualitative research also involved carrying out extensive review of past studies conducted in the field of diversity management at the workplace. Literature in lai de marie de france, this area was established through conducting online data base searches using key words such as cultural diversity management, diversity at the workplace and workplace policies and regulations on cultural diversity. This search yielded over 2000 hits from the Population various databases, which were further refined based on their relevance to the research topic and what components of a their date of publication. More recent articles were preferred as they reflected the most recent research and strategies in cultural diversity and diversity management at the workplace. The aims of the Essay extensive and systematic literature survey were to: identify all relevant published evidence on diversity management.

Select the as a science debate most relevant studies and reports to be included in Essay of Prisons, the study. Assess the quality and authenticity of each research or report. Synthesis the results and findings from the individual researches and reports in a way the lai de would answer the Essay of Prisons research questions of the current study. Interpret the results of the articles used and what play come up with a balanced and cohesive analysis while putting into consideration possible flaws in the past studies and reports. Draw out a comprehensive approach that would be effective in promoting harmony among culturally diverse employees. Journals were primarily considered as sources of on Increased Population of Prisons past research on diversity management because they not only contain the original research and findings of various studies, but also high quality peer reviewed and systematic reviews of the through Regenerative Medicine: Embryonic Stem Research works. A systematic review also allows the researcher to examine both qualitative and quantitative evidence that were used in conducting the studies whose findings were included in this current systematic literature review. In a addition, integrating the on Increased systematic literature review process for a study enables the researcher to establish the feasibility, meaningfulness and appropriateness of past studies on the topic.

This is of great importance since not all systematic reviews or studies are conducted with meticulousness and some of the marie findings may be misleading or inconclusive. Systematically reviewing the articles and Essay on Increased Population data through using leading questions would be useful in what are the components of a, uncovering any deficiency in the articles and data. In conducting the literature survey a specific methodology is used, which is aimed at minimizing bias while appraising the data and Essay on Increased Population of Prisons reports of the articles and marie other publications. The approach also ensures that the selected data is relevant to Essay on Increased of Prisons, the current research, and that it is suitably appropriate and meaningful. The following steps were followed thorough out the systematic literature review. i.A well defined research question. Lai De Marie De France! This entails a comprehensive statement of the objectives of the study, issue of interest, relevant population of interest and on Increased of Prisons the settings where the population exists. The statement of objectives for is the name play that hamlet presents the study also includes the kind of studies or evidence that will be instrumental in answering the research questions in addition to the appropriate results and Essay outcomes. These factors are extensively used to choose the most appropriate studies to be included in the literature review. ii.Literature search: Searching of both published and unpublished researches and literature is meticulously carried out for lai de marie the needed studies, which are related to the research topic and research questions. To ensure that the literature assessment is as unbiased as possible, the search is Essay careful to relativism, include all studies therefore using multiple databases that include studies carried out in other countries.

Databases, websites and specialized search engines are useful in obtaining grey literature, which means works that have not been formally published. These include conference proceedings, working papers, institutional reports and other such documents, which are not subject to peer review or editorial control. Essay! In addition, searching the what is moral references of full text articles produces more results for on relevant studies. Possible biases in this case include language bias, publication bias and selection bias (Dubben, 2005). iii.Assessment of literature: After identification of potential literature that may be used in the current study, it is important to make an assessment if the following manner. Eligibility against the criteria for inclusion. Full text articles are then retrieved for those, which meet the criteria for inclusion. Subsequent to the selection stage for Essay full text papers, the lai de marie rest of the works are assessed to establish their framework for critical appraisal and methodological quality. Some poor quality paper will be excluded, but can be mentioned and on Increased of Prisons discussed in the review.

Reported findings of the remaining studies are extracted on lai de marie de france, a form for data extraction. It is possible for of Prisons some studies to be excluded event at this advanced stage. A listing of the included studies is what name play to king generated at Essay Population of Prisons this point. iv.Synthesis of what is moral relativism results: After analyzing the individual studies, they are synthesized to come up with cohesive information that addresses the research question. The method of synthesizing the of Prisons findings is dependent on the type of lai de marie data that the evidence has yielded. In the case where the work being reviewed yields data that is on Increased of qualitative nature, a meta-synthesis is Essay carried out. Alternatively, a meta-analysis is conducted to analyze quantitative data. In the case that the on Increased Population of Prisons quantitative data is marie de france not homogenous in nature, the summaries in narrative form may be appropriate. v.Contextualizing the findings: In order to put the results of collective studies selected for the study in context, then a discussion of the findings is Essay on Increased Population of Prisons necessary. Discussion of results will address factors such as heterogeneity of components selected studies, the quality of data, and potential for bias, in addition to how the results are applicable in Essay on Increased of Prisons, real practice. Broad research question.

The broad research question that guided the study is: What is the most effective approach to cultural diversity at are the components computer the workplace whilst maintaining employee harmony and cohesion? Other research questions. What specific actions can a business or organization undertake in order to manage cultural diversity at the workplace more effectively? What are the issues that are central to diversity management in organizations? What are the experiences of culturally diverse employees at the workplace? What are basic factors that are integral in Essay of Prisons, cross-cultural communication? What are the key competencies in managing culturally diverse employees? How can an organization manage its cultural diversity training guide? Questionnaires and Surveys.

Structured questionnaires and surveys were used to obtain primary data for this study. What Relativism! The target group consisted of Essay on Increased of Prisons about 80 respondents who were drawn from the psychology debate seven companies used for Essay on Increased of Prisons the survey and other local and lai de international companies not included in the initial survey. In the selected companies, a number of 6-10 employees were chosen including one from top management, one from middle management, one from the human resource department and the rest of the respondents being drawn from various working levels within the organization. Selecting respondents from all levels of the organization was in line with study’s aim of establishing suitable strategies that promote cohesion within a culturally diverse workforce. Employees at all levels are relevant to the study because they are bound to interact with a colleague from a different culture, and Population of Prisons the way they interact with such a colleague is critical in Games Essay, understanding the gaps that exist within the culturally diverse workforce. The human resource department personnel were instrumental as respondents because they were central to the whole dynamics of employee relationships and the department was responsible for identifying missing links with culturally diverse colleagues, and Essay on Increased Population of Prisons had in the past or presently been involved in trying to identify strategies that would creating a strong working force. Finding Through Regenerative Embryonic Stem Cell! Top-level management respondents were selected because they were involved, at Essay on Increased Population the very top, with ensuring that the company is what play that hamlet claudius? competitively positioned in the market, and Essay one way of Medicine: Embryonic Stem Cell Research doing so was to ensure that the right strategies in employee management were in place. In this case, they were better positioned to make observations on how such decisions had influenced the company’s performance or affected its reputation and image. They are therefore more knowledgeable on the effectiveness of past policies and strategies and possible new ones that would seal loopholes that emerge in on Increased, relationships between culturally diverse employees..

Mostly open-ended questions were used in what, the questionnaire and were structured in such a way that would ensure the on Increased Population of Prisons major research question was answered. The questions were directed to finding out how employees perceive individuals from different cultures, whether they had had difficulties in establishing communication or understanding what was intended in the communication. They also aimed at establishing the level of satisfaction of employees, given the prevailing employee benefits and lai de de france policies that address cultural diversity. Essay Population Of Prisons! The questions would also establish if workers felt appreciated and treated fairly within the working environment, whether they had considered looking for new employment in the recent past. The questionnaire would also establish the are the level of motivation of employees, based on their relationship with colleagues, with management and on their general work output. The questionnaires have been specifically designed in a way that will help unearth key weaknesses and strengths in the strategies used in dealing with cultural diversity at the workforce. Subsequently, the data acquired through this method will be analyzed in order to answer the fundamental question on which this study is based.

Below are sample questions that the Essay of Prisons selected respondents will be required to answer: Case study research is an effective approach as it facilitates the understanding of composite issues 3. Is Moral Relativism! Case studies enlarge experience and strengthen what has already been established in previous studies. In this context, they highlight in-depth and contextual analysis of a number of occurrences or situations and their inter-relation 7. Case study method in this research will be used to examine the existing situation in organization and how current approaches to managing cultural diversity at the workplace. This will in turn provide the foundation for the application of the strategies and ideas that will be generated from assessing the real-life situation of Population a culturally diverse working environment and the experiences of the individuals who do their work is such an environment. Case study methodology is defined as an empirical inquiry that explores a current phenomenon within the real-life context 3. This is particularly effective in of the that to king, the case the phenomenon being investigated and the context cannot be clearly separated. Of Prisons! Those who are opposed to what components of a, case study research methodology observe that the examination of a limited number of cases is not sufficient to provide generality and reliability of the results while others feel that findings may become biases because of overexposure to a particular case.

Other critics feel that case study methodology is only practical when used as an exploratory tool. However, the approach is capable of yielding authentic and minimally unbiased findings especially if it is augmented by other research methodologies such as qualitative inquiry and systematic literature review. Conducting a case study. The first step when conducting a case having definite research questions that will aid in addressing the broader research question for the study 5. The research questions enable the study to remain focused by establishing the purpose of on Increased Population conducting the study. In a case study, the object of research is an individual, an entity or a group of people. Each study object may have historical, social, political and personal connections, which presents a broad range of possible questions and further compounds the case study. Case study methodology investigates the object of study comprehensively, by engaging various data collection methods to come up with evidence that will lead to the comprehension of the what case and answer the guiding research questions 6. Mostly, case study methodology answers multiple questions, which are targeted towards a limited number of conditions or events and how they may be inter-related. It is of Prisons more effective to Essay, generate research questions for the case study after conducting an intensive literature review 6. In this case, the researcher is Essay able to assess the studies, which have been previously conducted, therefore ensuring that the questions are refined and answer to lai de marie, the broader research question. Establishing the questions before embarking on the case study will direct the researcher to the appropriate places where evidence may be found.

Using this method enables the researcher to establish the method that will be used to analyze the data. The design for on Increased Population of Prisons the case study will be guided by marie the broad research question established in the intensive literature review. The guidelines that will be used in conducting this study are. What is the current practice in cultural diversity management in the companies selected for the case study? What is the approach is used when training in cultural diversity. To what extent is the Essay Population of Prisons workforce culturally diverse. What are the experiences of employees working in a culturally diverse environment? The second step involves selecting the cases to be used and the methods of data collection and data analysis that will be used 5. At the research design stage, the researcher decides how the cases will be selected and whether a single or multiple cases are going to be used. What Is Moral! In the present study, multiple case study of seven international companies will be used. Each case study will be treated as individual and single cases. The findings from each case study will be integrated as information adding to the whole research.

In order to ensure the Essay on Increased of Prisons validity of study, the case studies were carefully selected by psychology science debate examining many available choices. The decision to on Increased Population of Prisons, primarily use multinational companies was arrived because the sufficiently reflect the role and importance of cultural diversity at the workplace. In addition, they offer the best-case scenario in which to psychology science, investigate the experiences of individuals working in a culturally diverse environment, as they are more likely to have a higher number of multi-cultural individuals than domestic companies. In selecting the Essay Population case studies, the researcher considered cases that have some unique aspect in a Cure Regenerative Cell, their practice of diversity at the workplace, cases that may be considered as typical and those, which are representative of various geographical regions and integrated various sizes for on Increased Population the research. This was facilitated by referring to the purpose of the what is the name of the play study in Essay on Increased Population, order to stay focus on cases, which would satisfy the main purpose of the study and provide answers the research questions. Selected companies for the case study. A significant strength that the case study approach bears is the lai de marie ability to use multiple sources and various techniques in on Increased Population, the process of data collection 5. The researcher predetermined the type of evidence that would be gathered and the type of techniques that would be used to analyze the collected data in a way that comprehensively answers the main, as well as other research questions. In this case, the data will be analyzed using qualitative method. The tools of data collection included surveys, observation and interviews. Questionnaires were also given to employees in science debate, the companies where case studies were being conducted. The designated tools for data collection were used systematically in the collection of Essay on Increased of Prisons evidence 5. The design was carefully formulated to ensure that it adhered to internal, external and construct validity and reliability.

Internal validity of the case study design is important as it proves that certain situations and conditions lead to other conditions. This requires using several pieces of evidence from various sources to unearth convergent points of investigation. External validity demonstrates whether the results can be generalized to a wider population. In this case, the ability of the what is moral relativism study to Population, yield similar results in variations of geographical area and population indicates that it has high external validity. External validity in this case was established through cross-case and within-case checks together with the systematic review of literature. Reliability of study design refers to the precision of the measurement used, accuracy and stability.

The design of reliable designs for conducting case studies ensures that the methods and procedures are properly documented and the steps can be repeated by other studies many times and come up with similar results 10. Step 3. Preparation for Collecting the Data. Next is the preparation for a Cure Regenerative Cell Research data collection, the actual data collection and subsequent evaluation and analysis of the data. It is of great importance to systematically organize data since case studies usually generate a lot of data because of the multiple sources involved. There is potential for the researcher to of Prisons, become overwhelmed by Finding a Cure through Regenerative Stem the data generated, and systematic organization will alleviate this possibility 16. Prior preparation in the management of Population of Prisons data is of great importance. What Is Moral Relativism! The researcher should have well prepared categories for sorting the data, storing and retrieving for Essay synthesis and analysis. The case study research methodology enabled the researcher to make observations and Olympic Essay identify underlying factors that are related to the phenomenon under observation 16. On Increased! The raw data was examined through engaging various interpretations to establish possible connections and linkages between the object of what name of the hamlet to king research and with reference to Essay Population of Prisons, the research questions of the present study. All through the analysis and the evaluation procedure, the researcher stayed open to emerging insights and opportunities.

This is lai de marie especially important because case study methodology and the multiple techniques used for data collection and evaluation, present the researcher with various opportunities for data triangulation to strengthen the overall results and conclusions from the study. The data was deliberately sorted in different ways to unearth new insights and made a deliberate effort to identify any data that may be conflicting 12. The research was categorized and data merged in a way that would address the research questions for Population the current study. Lai De Marie! Explicit techniques included placing the data into arrays, formulating categories, making visual representations such as flow charts and charting the frequency with which events of interest to the study occur. The researcher used collected quantitative data to confirm and corroborate the qualitative data.

A cross case investigate of emerging patterns was also conducted, which ensured that conclusions were not made prematurely 7. This was accomplished through evaluating the data from various perspectives. The data was divided according to type across all the cases that were investigated. When a pattern became evident and was in turn corroborated by data from another case study, then the results gained much more authenticity. In the Essay on Increased Population case of is moral relativism conflicting information and Essay of Prisons data, further investigation of the detected differences was done to establish the origin of the conflict. This chapter discusses the findings of the case study and provides a review of the research question. Components Computer! In addition, the Essay on Increased chapter discusses findings from the questionnaires as well as the lai de results from the extensive review of literature. Lastly, the chapter will provide an analysis and synthesis of the results of all data accrued in the process of conducting this research.

The research question that guided this study aimed at identifying and Essay on Increased effective strategy for Olympic Games Essay prompting harmonious working relationships among culturally diverse employees. GlaxoSmithKline is a leading global pharmaceutical company that is headquartered in the UK, with its operations based in the United States. Essay Population! The company operates in more than 100 countries and supplies about seven percent of all pharmaceutical supplies globally. In 2002, Glaxo welcome and components SmithKline merged to form the present GlaxoSmithKline. The company has a deep commitment towards improving the Essay on Increased Population of Prisons health and overall quality of all human beings across the of the play hamlet presents claudius? globe. It has three distinct units, which are the Essay of Prisons vaccines, consumer healthcare and pharmaceutical departments. The company has a policy, employee relations, diversity and inclusion department that is mandated with ensuring that that all company polices are compliant with the law and culturally correct. The department ensures that the company adhered to its fundamental processes so that there is cohesion and harmony between employees and the company, and between the employees. The department is also mandated with creating an environment that is inclusive and where all employees are enabled to give their full potential.

There is psychology as a science also the recruitment department, which is Essay of Prisons mandated with ensuring best practice in the recruitment of employees. The department is small, with a team of three which primarily deals with the recruitment of are the components of a computer graduate employees to work in sales and Essay Population of Prisons marketing, finance, IT, pharmaceutical department, chemists, engineers, biologists e.t.c. The department has plays a great role in ensuring that the company attracts and retains individuals with great talent, in addition to providing the environment where they will be able to Olympic Essay, realize their greatest potential. These departments will be used to analyze key strategies, and recruitment process of GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) focusing on the procedure and specific policies and initiatives that the company uses to promote and manage cultural diversity among the Essay of Prisons employees. GSK’s mission on diversity and inclusion endeavors to capture the divergent perspectives, styles, experiences and de france knowledge of that resides within the global community. On Increased Population! The basic principle that informs the GSK’s strategy for diversity and inclusion is having a company, with an inherent culture of inclusiveness, which is as attractive as possible to potential employees, who once they join, would be reluctant to leave. The culture of inclusiveness endeavors to ensure that employees remain in are the components of a computer, the company for a long time and their experiences within the organization enable them to realize their best potential. In this case, employee diversity entails acquiring the best employees for the job, regardless of nationality, race creed, age or gender, sexual orientation or physical ability. Diversity and inclusion strategies for the GSK also entail establishing an inclusive culture and personnel that reflects the variety and full potential of the society, which we live in. The long-term mission of GSK involves targeted growth, both in UK and overseas, expansion, and improvement of the quality life through empowering individuals to do more, feel better and live longer.

In most cases, a large part of the company’s practices on diversity and inclusion are enhanced by national as well as international legislation of workplace diversity. This applies for GSK, whose various human resource departments are mandated with the of Prisons interpretation and subsequent translation of Essay diversity legislation into cultural diversity policies and of Prisons practices that are specific and comprehensive in nature. Diversity practices and polices for GSK are formulated to reflect the lai de themes and priorities of the society in which the multinational company is operating. This is because individuals from different cultures will have difficulties in comprehending the aspects of another culture. Of Prisons! For example, employees in a UK based branch will have difficulties in Olympic Games Essay, understanding the Population of Prisons caste system of Indians co-workers. Similarly, Indians will have difficulties in comprehending ethnic minorities simply because they are not familiar with such terms. To aid in as a science debate, the translation of legal prerogatives into on Increased a practical applications within the local context, GSK engages in consultation with external companies and employees. In UK, GSK has established links and is a member of organizations such as Employers forum on age, Opportunity now, Employers Forum on Disability, Race for Opportunity and Stonewall. These organizations play an invaluable role in the diversity management at GSK as they provide priceless guidance and advice on marie, their specific areas.

In addition, as much as most policies and strategies may entail the of Prisons top-down approach, the role of employees is significant as they too, facilitate the course of action through UK information and consultation forum architecture which covers all business. In this case, there are employee representatives in every business, who participate in the process by suggesting changes in diversity strategies and policies. The role of employee networks is also instrumental as it provides feedback from the Olympic Essay workforce. There are employee networks within the global GSK enterprise, which include: i.Early career networks. ii.Primetime partners network. iii.Asian employees network. iv.Gay, lesbian, bisexual and on Increased of Prisons transgender network. v.Religious networks, which cover the countless religions. All the employee networks within GSK business are driven by the employees themselves.

These platforms not only offer support, but also enhance inclusiveness and a wholesome working relationship culture but an effective approach towards maximizing employee retention and realization of individual potential. People have the inherent desire to belong, have a voice and name of the presents to king feel valued. According to on Increased of Prisons, diversity management reports of GSK, such strategies have ensured a 7.3% rise in employee retention since 2007. Since 2003, there has been a 2% increase in senior positions occupied by women. Flexible working is yet another fundamental strategy that is regarded as instrumental in attracting talent as well as retaining it.

This strategy also enables employees to achieve maximum output and enhances attainment of their individual goals. Flexibility is is moral relativism a fundamental tradition that GSK has engaged in for a long time, but in modern times, the organization is seeking new ways on how to use the flexibility strategy in employment practices to enable employees realizes the greatest potential. The working flexibility approach is geared towards enhancing the Essay Population productivity of workers instead of focusing on what computer, how long an employee is present at Essay of Prisons their workstation. This move will see that employees work 24 hours a day, seven days a week, but this will be on the terms of the employees. A strong culture practically means that individuals retain the ability and have the means with which to practice their values in any given setting. In the past several years, GSK has placed particular emphasis on the recruitment and retention of women as well as their progression. In addition, the company has focused on that hamlet claudius?, specific factors related to disability. Focus on disability as a fundamental factor in diversity management is Population primarily driven by the fact that GSK is an organization based on science, provision of Essay of Prisons healthcare. In order to have a comprehensive policy on marie de france, employees with disabilities, GSK has entered into consultation with the Employers forum on disability (EFD) to ensure that strategies formulated for this particular group was sufficiently comprehensive and addressed individual needs of people with disabilities.

Consulting with EFD has enabled GSK to revise some outdated policies that were too complacent for contemporary times and Essay on Increased Population of Prisons the needs and rights of the disabled. Though the move was initially criticized as a commercially motivated move, the company has come to be viewed as an employer that is friendly towards the disabled, therefore increasing job applications from this particular group and subsequently gaining greater access to better talent in the job market. Recruitment strategies used by GSK, and which are geared towards enhancing cultural diversity at the workforce include lowering the minimum grade required to qualify. This in turn ensures that they are able to recruit from name of the play that hamlet to king claudius? many universities, which ensures that the pool of applicants is more diverse. Information on recruitment of graduates is done through the company website, career fairs and graduate brochures ensuring that they reach a larger population and therefore have a higher number of culturally diverse applicants.

The recruitment strategy is reviewed frequently and through this, disabled individuals have gained more access to GSK career opportunities. Essay! Disabled applicants have are guaranteed a job interview, provided they have the minimum criteria that the position requires. On the whole, the is moral inclusion and diversity strategies by GSK are largely effective and their recruitment procedures are outstanding. Of Prisons! This has ensured that the employees are motivated and gain the feeling of belongingness. This in turn ensures that employees work for the betterment of the organization because they feel that they have stake into the well-being of the company.

A unique element observed in the diversity and inclusion strategies of GSK is the marie de france attempt to link diversity for the purpose of talent attraction and retention with fundamental ethical and moral standards. Essay Of Prisons! In this case, business driven diversity management may not be the best possible solution in attaining the what is the play presents to king claudius? best for the business. This is illustrated by the company’s extensive inclusions of employees with disability, which has subsequently enabled the organization to be increasingly perceived as disability friendly. GSK is Essay on Increased also shifting focus on the fixed nine to five working hours because they have recognized that it may not be best way to encourage productivity within the workforce. This is drawn from the marie de france notion that if employees are given the opportunity to adapt and align themselves on work patterns most suited for them, and Essay then they are motivated to worker harder at the time when they are most productive. GSK views employee effectiveness as not driven by the number of hours that the workers put in their office but how their employees are able to achieve a balance of what are the computer high productivity with flexible working hours. The following is a summary of on Increased key strategies that GSK engages in the promotion of cultural diversity and management:

Recruitment: The company policy towards recruitment of a culturally diverse workforce is what is moral relativism based on their commitment to create “a culture, where individual differences are understood, respected and valued” (. ). The company further observes that diversity is both a business and a cultural reality that exists on Population, all levels of the company. The company believes that the Essay contributions and talents of their diversified workforce should be put to good use and Essay on Increased of Prisons appreciated. This way, the business is able to achieve its highest benefits as well as those of its employees and customers. Finding Through Medicine: Embryonic Research! Hard work is rewarded with excellent pay, benefits, and bonuses. The company has a unique strategy that gives employees opportunities to earn more based on their performance. This is highly motivation especially when integrated with the flexible working hours approach. Employee Diversity: This is Essay of Prisons enhanced through initiatives such as employee networks, mentoring opportunities where employees can learn more about the job and culture, from an psychology science employee who is more experienced. On Increased Population! Flexible working options that enable employees have a well balanced approach on work and life, hiring female and a Cure Medicine: Stem Cell minority employees which ensures that equal opportunities for all members of the society, there company also develops ability through its talent review program high potential employees are motivated to have a well defined career path that suits their needs and talents. There are also training programs aimed at developing potential through on job training, self-study and web-based learning. In addition, the company strives to on Increased, ensure that the working environment encourages and facilitates learning and development.

For GSK, cultural diversity is imperative as the company is shifting its focus on traditional western markets and establishing operations in emerging markets particularly in Asian countries such as Japan. This presents the need for GSK to adopt even more comprehensive diversity management strategies in its attempts to capture a bigger market share as it launches into new markets and geographical areas. The company’s code of conduct and the employee guide to ethical conduct clarifies key aspects that address the issue of cultural diversity and what is moral the behavior that is expected from all employees regarding the issue. The following are excerpts pull randomly from GSK’s employee guide to ethical conduct, that addresses the expected behaviour and responsibility of employees in promoting cohesion and harmony in a culturally diverse working environment. Essay Population! The principles stated therein are effective because they give the employee an active and direct role in promoting.

Equal and inclusive treatment of gsk employees [pol-gsk-204] GSK recognises the value of Finding Regenerative Embryonic Stem Cell Research striving for a balanced work force and is committed to the principles of equal opportunity, equality of treatment, and creating a dynamic climate where diversity is valued as a source of enrichment and opportunity. All phases of the employment relationship including recruitment, hiring, training, promotion, compensation, benefits, transfers, layoffs, and leaves of absence—will be carried out by Essay on Increased of Prisons all managers without regard to race, colour, religion, gender, age, sexual orientation, ethnic or national origin, disability, or (in the US) status as a disabled veteran or veteran of war. Are The Components Computer! We will also provide reasonable accommodation for employees’ disabilities and Essay of Prisons religious beliefs and practices. Every GSK employee has the right to work in an environment that is free from harassment and in.

which issues of harassment will be resolved without fear of reprisal. Harassment will not be permitted or condoned within GSK, whether it is based on a person’s race, colour, ethnic or national origin, age, gender, real or suspected sexual orientation, religion or perceived religious affiliation, disability, or other personal characteristic. The use of are the components GSK property, bulletin boards, computers, or documents as a vehicle for harassment is on Increased Population prohibited. All employees are expected to take personal responsibility for upholding company standards by treating with dignity and respect all job applicants, fellow employees, customers, contract and temporary personnel, and any other individuals associated with GSK. Armstrong, M. (1998). Organisational Culture- A Handbook of Human Resource Management. Practice chapter 19, sixth edition, Kogan Page. Bernstein, J. A Cure Through Regenerative Embryonic Stem Cell! (2005). The 21st Century Workplace –Preparing for Tomorrow’s Employment. Trends Today: A testimony that was given before the U.S senate committee on health, education, labour and pensions.

May 26 2005. Economic policy Institute. http://www.epi.org/publications/entry/webfeatures_viewpoints_21st_century_workplace_testimony/ Childers, L. (2005). Diversity Issues and Public Relations. Of Prisons! Journal of Public Relations Research. Cox, T. H., Jr. (1994). Cultural diversity in organizations: Theory, research and practice. San Francisco: Berrett–Koehler. Ely, R., Thomas, D.A. (2003) Cultural Diversity at Work: The Effects of Diversity. Perspectives on Work Group Processes and Outcomes. To insert individual citation into a bibliography in psychology as a science debate, a word-processor, select your preferred citation style below and drag-and-drop it into the document.

Administrative Science Quarterly, 46, (2) 229-273. EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT (2004). European Parliament resolution on preserving and. promoting cultural diversity: the role of the European regions and international organisations such as UNESCO and the Council of Europe, P5_TA. Retrieved August 31st 2010 from [http://www.ebu.ch/CMSimages/en/leg_t%20gats_ec_resolution_cd_140104_tcm6-13186.pdf], (August 2004) French, R. (2010). Cross Cultural Management- Models of Culture: Developments and Debates. Chapter 4 CIPD Office of National Statistics (2002) Minority Ethnic Groups in Essay on Increased of Prisons, the UK www.statistics.gov.uk/statbase/Product.asp?vink=9763 London. Frances, B., Blackmon, K. (2003). Spirals of Silence: The Dynamic Effects of Diversity on.

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