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best biographies BY DARGAN THOMPSON CULTURE / BOOKS February 23, 2016. We all love a good story. Stories transport us to other times and places, they teach important lessons, they inspire us and show us what we have in common. And while fiction is vs fascism, wonderful and valuable, stories are all the more compelling if they#8217;re true. It#8217;s impossible to compile a definitive list of best biographies and autobiographies—you could probably spend a lifetime reading well-written tales of inspiring people—but here are a few we think are worth your time. Bonhoeffer: Pastor, Martyr, Prophet, Spy by Eric Metaxas. Disadvantage Of Diversity Workplace. The story of a German pastor and vs fascism, anti-Nazi who got involved with a plot to kill Hitler is Ralph Waldo Nature Essay, interesting in and of itself, but Eric Metaxas broadens the story, showing the history of Hitler’s rise to power and communism, weaving in Bonhoeffer’s writing and the study of organizational behavior is concerned, thoughts. The result is communism vs fascism, a fascinating narrative that is both informative and, in ways, devotional. While Bonhoeffer’s Ethics and brain, The Cost of Discipleship have become classics, the thoughts behind them are even more rich in the context of the what the communism writer himself had to sacrifice. More than just a look into the mind of one of the great theologians of the 20th century, Bonhoeffer is a story of one man’s dedication to following Christ’s leading amid the marks and spencer technology changing morals of pre-WWII Germany.

Jack: A Life of C.S. Lewis by George Sayer. With its insertions of personal conversations with the author and descriptions of his life and times from real memories, Jack: A Life may be the best #8220;gateway biography#8221; for any Lewis enthusiast. This is the most personal of Lewis’ biographies, with an intimate feel that cannot be emulated by Lewis’ other biographers who did not know him as a friend. Ask yourself who you would choose to write your own biography: a friend who knew you behind closed doors, or a scholar 30 years on, full of Freudian ideas of the subconscious, and working only on your books, correspondence, and others’ recollections and communism vs fascism, impressions of you. Granted, other biographies of Lewis are valuable because they are distant from him, but Sayer’s friendship with Lewis does not make him shy away from the controversial issues surrounding the author’s life. He faces them head on and judges fairly. The Long Loneliness by Dorothy Day. The Long Loneliness , Dorothy Day#8217;s story of conversion and dedication to the Catholic Worker#8217;s Movement, is a challenge to all Christians to love as Christ loved. Although her early adult life was spent as an iconoclast and a socialist, including stints in jail and an abortion, she began feeling the tug of the Holy Spirit. Upon the of diversity birth of her first child, Day joined the Catholic Church and eventually met Peter Maurin, with whom she would found the Catholic Worker Movement.

Day#8217;s approach to communism vs fascism the faith was at once orthodox and unconventional, deeply influenced by the teachings of and spencer technology, Christ about the poor and oppressed—those on the fringes of society Day felt the Church had become complacent toward. In spite of Day#8217;s controversial character, The Long Loneliness is a must-read “spiritual autobiography” with broad appeal across religious denominations, political affiliations and social views. Along with being a fascinating story of one of our country#8217;s founding fathers, John Adams is one of the few biographies on anyone to cross into the realm of beautiful writing and nearly perfect prose. It is not only a well-researched, well-paced biography, it is fine literature and can be as compelling and moving as any fiction. McCullough#8217;s portraits of 18th century Philadelphia, London, Paris, New York and Washington and the personalities inhabiting those cities are just that, masterful portraits painted with a careful #8220;brush.#8221; What sets McCullough apart from other biographers is his impeccable choice of detail.

He knows just when to describe a meal, a suit of communism vs fascism, clothes, or a weather forecast for a particular day. McCullough is to workplace biography what Tolkien is to high fantasy—a towering genius unmatched by most of his imitators. The Hiding Place by Corrie Ten Boom. Although it#8217;s an autobiography, Corrie Ten Boom#8217;s The Hiding Place is really the story of a whole family and their dedication to communism serving Christ in Holland during WWII. The Ten Booms, a humble and simple family, risked their lives to hide Jews in their home. As a critical component of the Dutch resistance movement, the family is forced to make difficult and often morally ambiguous choices that ultimately land them in how to Dutch and German concentration camps. The Hiding Place is not an communism vs fascism easy read—it plumbs the disadvantage workplace depths of vs fascism, despair, hopelessness and doubt. Yet there#8217;s intense victory in the darkness, owing to effects Essay a hidden Bible and the unwavering desire of Corrie and her sister to share Christ#8217;s love with the other prisoners and their Nazi captors. This is a biography that resonates long after the final page is turned. 12 Years a Slave by Solomon Northup.

Even if you#8217;ve already seen Steve Mcqueen#8217;s Oscar-nominated film adaptation, this autobiography is well worth reading. The story of vs fascism, a free black man in full brain the North who#8217;s kidnapped and sold into slavery, 12 Years a Slave is a rare, heartbreaking look into what life was like for slaves in the South. Northup shows the cruelty and cowardice of the slave owners he witnessed with a fair hand, and keeps a hopeful tone even while depicting the horrors of slave life. While it#8217;s not an easy read (you may want to keep a box of tissues nearby), it#8217;s an important one. Communism. Chronicles of Wasted Time by Malcolm Muggeridge. Malcolm Muggeridge earns his place as the post-Chestertonian voice of Christian reason in Chronicles of Wasted Time —an autobiography cited by many as the single best of the Emerson's Nature Essay 20th century. The work follows the journalist, intellectual, spy and onetime atheist and communist sympathizer from his early life through his conversion to Christianity. Chronicles is the rare work full of literary depth, social critique and brilliant humor in equal measure, with references to a variety of characters from Churchill to communism Chanel.

What makes it essential reading, however, is of a curve, Muggeridge#8217;s life story, which spans nearly the entirety of the 20th century and captures the wholeness of his conversion: from Stalin sympathizer to communism vs fascism fierce critic, from find the gradient of a curve, hedonist to ascetic, from lifelong agnostic to Christian in his sixties. It#8217;s a thrilling adventure that proves, in communism vs fascism Muggeridge#8217;s own words, that “Every happening, great and small, is a parable whereby God speaks to the study of organizational with us—and the art of life is to get the message.” Son of a Preacher Man: My Search for Grace in the Shadows by Jay Bakker. Sex, lies, drugs and greed: they sound like sketchy nouns reserved for scandalous TV shows or celebrity tabloids. But how does the narrative of communism vs fascism, those words change when they’re all intertwined with the Waldo Emerson's Nature Essay family of a…preacher? You may or may not have heard of Jim Bakker. Vs Fascism. A famous televangelist in full brain transplant the 80’s, Bakker would be convicted of defrauding loyal followers of his “PTL (Praise the Lord)” ministry.

His family was ravaged by vs fascism, drug abuse, adultery and, tragically the how to curve unabashed condemnation of other famous Christian leaders at the time. In this book, Jim Bakker’s son Jay does more than offer a glimpse into the Bakker family: he rips down the entire curtain to communism show all the flaws and tribulations of a pastor, his wife, and their children. How To Find Of A Curve. Despite the pain and shame felt by all members of the communism Bakker family, Jay shares just how God’s love and grace redeemed him and his family. Positive. Dargan is vs fascism, a former RELEVANT editor turned freelancer. Find her online at darganthompson.com or follow her extremely random train of thought on Twitter @darganthompson. 5 Things to Stop Doing in Your 20s.

5 Things Christians Should Know About Depression and technology, Anxiety. The 5 Most Misused and Abused Bible Verses. Eden, Evil and the Surprising Message of #8216;Wonder Woman#8217; Having Mental Health Issues Doesn#8217;t Mean You#8217;re a Bad Christian. RECOMMENDED FOR YOU. 11 Contemporary Authors Every Christian Should Read. Communism. 7 Books That Will Challenge Your Faith. 5 Books That Will Challenge Your Ideas About Race in America. Disadvantage Of Diversity. Episode 569: Terry Crews #038; Derek Webb. 2017 RELEVANT Media Group.

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Matewan: film and working class struggle. On 19 May 1920 a party of 12 Baldwin-Felts private detectives led by Albert and vs fascism, Lee Felts arrived in the small town of Matewan, West Virginia. They had been busy evicting the families of marks and spencer, striking miners from company housing on behalf of the Stone Mountain Coal Company and were now on their way back to vs fascism the Baldwin-Felts headquarters in Bluefield. Their presence in of organizational is concerned Matewan was deliberately provocative. Communism? The town was a stronghold of the United Mine Workers of America (UMW), a centre for its organising activities in Mingo County. Only a fortnight earlier the union had held a rally attended by over 3,000 miners, black and white, in technology the town. Now an armed confrontation was to take place on the main street between the Baldwin-Felts men and Matewan's mayor, Cabell Testerman, and chief of police, Sid Hatfield, both former miners and staunch UMW supporters.

The Felts brothers claimed to have a warrant for Hatfield's arrest and after an argument one of them shot Mayor Testerman dead. In the exchange of gunfire that followed Hatfield and his deputies, all striking miners, killed seven of the detectives, including both Felts brothers. Two striking miners, Robert Mullins and Tot Tinsley, were killed. 1. This gunfight was celebrated as a great victory by communism vs fascism the UMW in West Virginia and led to a dramatic increase in membership.

So eager was the union to exploit this triumph over the hated Baldwin-Felts agency that they actually had a silent film, Smilin' Sid , starring Hatfield himself, made of the episode. The film was shown to marks technology enthusiastic, cheering miners throughout the West Virginia coalfield. 2 Over 60 years later, in 1987, the communism gunfight was to be the subject of another film, Matewan , written and directed by the radical independent film maker, John Sayles. The so called 'Matewan Massacre' was, however, only one episode, and by no means the most dramatic, in the long bloody struggle to organise West Virginia. This particular phase, immediately after the First World War, was to culminate in the march on company controlled Logan County by over 15,000 armed miners and in the week long battle for Blair Mountain which only came to an end with the intervention of federal troops. According to one historian the Positive Essay Blair Mountain battle 'was the largest single armed conflict between labour and capital in American history. In this confrontation blacks and whites fought side by side for a common cause'. Communism Vs Fascism? 3. This article hopes to achieve two objectives: first of all to discuss the find of a Sayles' film, both its strengths and its weaknesses, and second to communism examine the UMW's great historic attempt to organise the West Virginia coalfield in this period.

Although discrepancies between the film and the historical record will be mentioned, it is not the intention to criticise Sayles for deviating from the 'facts'. The Study Behavior? His film was not a documentary but is best regarded as a powerful fictional celebration of communism, working class struggle and solidarity that made dramatic use of the historic Matewan episode. It has to be judged in these terms. At the marks same time it will also be argued here that the UMW's defeat in communism West Virginia was one of the decisive struggles in post First World War America. The quite incredible heroism of the miners and their families, both black and white, in the face of brutal, murderous repression is still an inspiration. John Sayles is brain transplant without doubt the most important radical film maker at work in the United States today. He first broke into the film industry as a scriptwriter, working on cheap Hollywood productions such as Piranha (1978), The Lady in Red (1979) and Alligator (1980) among others. All these scripts have 'subversive elements': 'government-released piranhas in domestic waters, unionisation and feminism, corporate corruption and pollution.' According to Sayles himself, his original idea for Alligator was to communism have the monster that emerges from the Milwaukee sewers eat 'its way through the socio-economic system'.

4 His earnings from scriptwriting financed his own early films (his first film cost $60,000 to make and his second $300,000), but since then he has been able to Positive of Homeschooling raise more substantial sums: Matewan , for example, cost $4 million to make. Communism? Since his first film, The Return of the Secaucus Seven in 1979, Sayles has written and directed another seven films: Lianna (1982), Baby, It's You (1982), The Brother From Another Planet (1984), Matewan (1987), Eight Men Out (1988), City of Hope (1991) and Passion Fish (1992). At the behavior time of writing, another film-- The Secret of Roan Irish --is in post-production. He has also directed a number of rock videos for Bruce Springsteen and wrote and produced the American TV series Shannon's Deal . Sayles is also an accomplished novelist and short story writer. His best novel is the outstanding Union Dues , first published in communism 1977, but more recently he has published a controversial anti-Castro novel, Los Gusanos (1991). The Study With? 5. Why did Sayles decide to make a film about a miners' strike in West Virginia in the early 1920s?

He gives his reasons in the book that he wrote about the making of Matewan , Thinking In Pictures : In the late sixties I hitchhiked through the area several times and most of the people who gave me rides were coal miners or people with mining in their families. They spoke with a mixture of pride and resignation about the mining--resignation about how dark and dirty and cold and communism vs fascism, wet and dangerous it was and pride that they were the people to do it, to do it well. The United Mine Workers were going through heavy times then. Their president, Tony Boyle, was accused of having his election opponent, Jock Yablonski, murdered. The coal companies and most of the political machinery that fed on them and even the UMW hierarchy denied even the existence of black lung disease and refused any compensation for it. All this was added to the study of organizational with the usual mine accidents and disasters and wild fluctuations in coal prices. Vs Fascism? But every miner I talked to would shake his head and say, 'Buddy, this ain't nothin' compared to what used to go on. I could tell you some stories'. Find Curve? The stories would be about their grandfathers and communism vs fascism, uncles and fathers and mothers, and the older men would tell their own stories from when they were young.

If storytelling has a positive function it's to put us in touch with other people's lives, to help us connect and draw strength or knowledge from people we'll never meet, to help us see beyond our own experience. The Study With? The people I read about in the history books and the people I met in the hills of Kentucky and West Virginia had important stories to communism vs fascism tell and I wanted to pass them on. 6. Matewan tells the story of an Emerson's incident in the struggle to unionise Mingo County in the West Virginia coalfield. The film begins underground with a coalface being blown.

While the miners wait for the explosion, news is passed round that the Stone Mountain Company has imposed a wage cut. The American miners--all white--strike, but the Italian immigrants employed by the company stay at work. The strikers are evicted from their company houses and establish a colony outside the town of Matewan. Once the scene is set, we are introduced to the film's main protagonist, Joe Kenehan, a union organiser on communism his way to Matewan by train. Technology? Also on the train are black miners being brought in as strikebreakers and Kenehan watches as they are physically attacked by the strikers. Kenehan's first successful intervention in the conflict is to persuade the strikers that the way to defeat the company is to ally with the communism vs fascism black and Italian miners rather than trying to drive them out. Sayles does not show the black miners responding to an appeal for working class solidarity from the whites. Instead Kenehan challenges the racism of the white miners and succeeds in persuading them to accept the appeal for working class solidarity made by the black miners who were unaware that a strike was in progress and Ralph Emerson's Nature, make it clear that they are not scabs. His strategy works, and in a dramatic scene both the Italian and the black miners join the strike under the guns of the company guards.

Kenehan preaches a doctrine of vs fascism, working class solidarity and consistently argues against recourse to force. The strikers, he insists, must not allow themselves to be goaded into violence, no matter what the provocation. Instead they have to rely on their unity to bring them victory. Much of the film deals with the conflict between the company spy and full, agent provocateur, C E Lively, who advocates the dynamiting of company property and armed attacks on communism vs fascism the company guards, and Kenehan, who continues to urge restraint. Lively nearly succeeds in framing Kenehan as a spy, but is himself unmasked and forced to flee for his life. His efforts to provoke violence continue, and culminate in the chilling murder of a teenage miner, Hillard, who is caught stealing coal from the company tip. This killing is one of the causes of the how to find the gradient climactic gunfight in Matewan . Another cause of the final confrontation is the conduct of Matewan's chief of communism vs fascism, police, Sid Hatfield. Much to Positive effects of Homeschooling Essay Kenehan's amazement, he does not side with the company.

Although he is communism vs fascism not shown as a union man, Hatfield nevertheless protects the rights of the miners against the company gun thugs. He continually interferes with the intimidatory tactics of the two Baldwin-Felts agents in the town, Hickey and Griggs. The decision is taken to how to find eliminate him. The gunfight on the main street of Matewan ends with the Baldwin-Felts agents either dead or driven off, but this victory is marred by communism the death of Joe Kenehan. His belief in a non-violent victory through working class solidarity dies with him. Although the film ends here, the narrator, the young miner Danny, tells of how the Positive effects union went down to a violent defeat as Kenehan had foretold, but reaffirms his own commitment to the union cause. Sayles quite deliberately decided to make Kenehan a pacifist.

His intention was to give the film a parable quality, a moral dimension that questioned both the use of communism vs fascism, violence to win the strike and full transplant, the viability of pacifism when confronted by the Baldwin-Felts agents. The first decision he made in communism writing the script: . was not just to Emerson's Essay pick a side and then root for that side to be left standing when the smoke cleared, but to question the violence itself, to question it politically, strategically, morally. To bring the questioning of this violence to the foreground I made the vs fascism fictional protagonist of the story, the disadvantage workplace union organiser Joe Kenehan, a pacifist. Not a reformed gunslinger who pulls his holster and guns off the wall in the last reel to communism vs fascism wipe out the marks bad guys and thrill the audience, but a real pacifist, a guy who does not kill people no matter what. A guy trying to preach turning the other cheek in the land of an eye for an eye. And in having Joe question violence, pacifism is vs fascism also questioned. For Sayles, 'the backbone' of the film is whether Kenehan can get justice for the miners 'without a gun'. The Study Of Organizational Is Concerned With? There are other questions, issues and communism, themes in the film but 'that is the spine you have to Positive effects of Homeschooling Essay keep coming back to, the central question that drives the plot'. 7 Of course, how an audience will react to the issue of violence is determined to communism vs fascism a considerable extent by the politics they bring to the film.

A liberal audience, for example, would regard both company and effects of Homeschooling Essay, union violence as equally appalling, while a revolutionary socialist audience would regret that the communism miners weren't better armed and that some of the Baldwin-Felts agents got away. Nevertheless the film does make it absolutely clear that, whatever Kenehan's beliefs, his own survival is in is concerned fact dependent on other men having guns and being prepared to use them, on Hatfield, on vs fascism the striking miners and, on one occasion, on the intervention of the hill people. His death in the final gunfight is arguably testimony to the fact that his beliefs are, in the end, irrelevant. Once again, however, one's view derive from one's politics. Much could be made of the fact that in the final scenes of the film young Danny has a Baldwin-Felts agent at his mercy and, instead of shooting him, lets him escape. This apparent endorsement of Kenehan's pacifism has to workplace be balanced against the fact that Danny's mother, Elma, has just shot and killed Hickey, another Baldwin-Felts agent. The man Danny could not bring himself to communism shoot was unarmed and running for and spencer, his life. The man Elma shot was still armed and preparing to shoot down an communism vs fascism unsuspecting deputy.

Danny's act of mercy was only find the gradient curve, made possible because Hatfield and his deputies had already shot it out with the communism Baldwin-Felts agents and won. The Study Of Organizational With? The test of pacifism is not sparing the unarmed agent but sparing Hickey and communism vs fascism, accepting the consequences that would have followed. Ralph Waldo Emerson's Essay? At the very least, however, the film succeeds in raising important issues for thought and discussion. One other point worth making here is communism vs fascism that the how to find curve whole question of pacifism which Sayles makes the backbone of the film would in fact have been altogether incomprehensible to the miners struggling to build the union in West Virginia in communism vs fascism 1920. In circumstances where activists and organisers were routinely beaten and killed by company guards and private detectives, the readiness and ability to defend oneself was essential for survival. According to one union organiser, carrying a gun became 'automatic, like putting on a tie or lacing one's shoes'. 8 Clearly a man with Kenehan's convictions would never have been able to play a leading role in the kind of struggle that took place in West Virginia. His pacifism would have prevented him from effectively opposing the coal companies and would have made it impossible for the union to organise. Of Diversity In The Workplace? Only the fact that the vs fascism striking miners were armed prevented the coal companies driving them back to work at gunpoint. Marks And Spencer? In this respect, the film can be seen to communism vs fascism be addressing Sayles's concerns rather than those of the miners of the time whose concern was not about whether or not to use firearms, but how to get more of them.

It is worth briefly noting here a number of other ways in which Sayles has adapted the disadvantage of diversity historical record for dramatic purposes. First of all, and in some ways most importantly, the miners in West Virginia were ethnically mixed long before the 1920s. When strikebreakers were brought in they confronted strikers who were both black and white and who included many immigrants. Sayles dramatises to good effect the achievement of vs fascism, black and white unity against the bosses whereas in how to of a fact this was not an issue in the West Virginia coalfield at this time. A related point is that the leader of the black miners, 'Few Clothes' Don Chain, marvellously played by James Earl Jones, was a historic figure, but in the earlier 1912-1913 strike, not in the post-war conflict.

Joe Kenehan is, of communism vs fascism, course, a fictional character, but more to and spencer the point is the communism fact that outside organisers did not play a leading role in the conflict which was locally led by men like Frank Keeney, Fred Mooney, Frank Ingham, Bill Blizzard and behavior with, Sid Hatfield. Hatfield's role in vs fascism particular was crucial: far from being an even handed mediator enforcing the law, he was an active UMW supporter, a key figure in the union's early successes in Mingo County and tremendously popular with the rank and find curve, file miners. Another fictional liberty is Sayles's portrayal of the baptist preacher in Matewan as a company stooge (incidentally he plays the communism character himself). This was indeed the case in company towns, but not in Matewan, an independent town with elected officials, where the baptist church served as a union meeting place. Unfortunately C E Lively was a historic figure. One critic of Matewan , Stephen Brier, has argued that the Ralph Waldo Essay film: lacks any sense of vs fascism, capitalism as a system, or of individual capitalists as human agents. Many of the actual coal operators Justus Collins and W P Tams are but two examples--lived in the area in new baronial splendour, dominating the official culture and the study of organizational behavior is concerned, politics of the region for nearly half a century. But the audience never learns who hires the gun thugs and for what reasons. the audience never sees who manipulates and profits from the system and never has a chance to understand the class dynamics at work in southern West Virginia in 1920. There does seem some validity to this particular criticism, but Sayles chooses to focus on developments within the ranks of the strikers, on the community they establish. Brier goes on to criticise the film for neglecting the aftermath of the vs fascism Matewan episode, for of diversity, not having more to say about the march on communism vs fascism Logan County and transplant, the battle for Blair Mountain. 9 Certainly the story is incredible enough for any number of films, with armed miners hijacking trains, company aircraft bombing the communism vs fascism tent colonies and an army of over 15,000 workers trying to brain fight their way into Logan County with the communism vs fascism express intention of hanging the marks sheriff, Don Chafin.

As Sayles has himself pointed out, however, to have carried the story further 'would have sent us into David Lean territory, three hours with an intermission'. 10 The finance necessary for such a project could only have been raised at the cost of surrendering his control over the film which would inevitably have had an effect on its politics. Brier makes some useful points but taken as a whole he seems to be criticising Sayles for the film that he did not make rather than the one that he did. Instead Matewan has to be welcomed as a celebration of working class solidarity and struggle made at the height of the vs fascism Reagan-Bush era. A number of US video chains refused to carry Matewan . What higher praise could there be? It is disadvantage of diversity important not to regard the miners' struggle in communism West Virginia as some sort of Ralph Waldo Nature, backwoods conflict that, no matter how terrible the circumstances, had no direct relevance to the American capitalist class or to the American labour movement. Vs Fascism? This was not the Positive Essay case. West Virginia was a vital area of struggle both for the giants of American industry and for the UMW.

The UMW had been established in communism vs fascism 1890 by a merger of the Knights of Labour District Assembly No 135 and the National Union of Miners and Mine Labourers. Previous attempts at union organisation had ended in often bloody defeat, but in July 1897 the UMW with only 10,000 members called a strike in the bituminous or soft coal mines across America that brought out 150,000 miners. This resulted in Positive effects January 1898 in the establishment of the vs fascism Central Competitive Field. The soft coal mine companies in Indiana, Illinois, Ohio and full brain, Pennsylvania were forced to vs fascism accept a 'landmark' agreement that conceded 'the eight-hour day, a standard wage for men who worked on a daily basis, and a standard tonnage rate with local wage differentials'. 11 The Central Competitive Field agreement was, according to David Montgomery, 'the foundation of the UMWA's accomplishments', but, as he goes on to insist, 'almost from the day the 1898 trade agreement was signed it suffered erosion at the geographic frontiers of the CCF. Non-union coal was available from brain transplant Colorado and Alabama and above all from West Virginia.' 12. At the end of the vs fascism 1890s the Morgan Trust built a new rail network to open up the West Virginia coalfield. This led to a massive expansion of the industry: in 1867 West Virginia produced 489,000 tons of coal, in 1887 it produced 4,882,000 tons and in 1917 it produced 89,384,000 tons. This flow of cheap non-union coal put the Central Competitive Field agreement under continual pressure. And Spencer Technology? As the communism vs fascism UMW president, John Mitchell, pointed out to his members:

The strength of your union is marks and spencer technology not the best organised districts. Unfortunately, and I say it regretfully, its strength is its least organised fields. You cannot be permanently safe, you cannot rest in security until West Virginia, the Irwin field, the Connellsville and Meyersdale regions of Pennsylvania, are organised. 13. Mitchell's solution was not an organising drive to carry the union into the non-union fields, but a strategy of class collaboration, accepting wage cuts, deteriorating conditions and communism vs fascism, fragmenting agreements in the Central Competitive Field. This provoked a rank and file revolt that led to the political radicalisation of the union: at the 1908 UMW convention over 400 of the 1,000 delegates were members of the Socialist Party. The union determined to resist further encroachments on the Central Competitive Field agreement and also to make a determined effort to organise the non-union fields. The attempt to in the workplace break into the non-union fields produced bloody conflicts in both Colorado and communism, West Virginia. In both states the UMW met with the most fierce resistance. Best known is the union's battle with Rockefeller's Colorado Fuel and Iron Company. On 20 April 1914 company guards and in the workplace, state militia attacked a union tent colony at Ludlow, killing three strikers and 13 women and children.

One of the dead miners was the union organiser, Louis Tikas, who was captured by the militia, beaten and summarily executed. By the time the vs fascism union admitted defeat, nearly 70 people had been killed in this conflict. 14. Equally bloody was the conflict in West Virginia. Full? Here the vs fascism UMW had already achieved a foothold in Kanawha County but in the study behavior is concerned April 1912 this came under attack when the mine companies refused to renew agreements. After a two month strike most gave in, but in Paint Creek and Cabin Creek where nearly 100 pits employed 7,500 miners the employers continued to resist. Communism Vs Fascism? Here the marks and spencer technology mine companies employed the Baldwin-Felts agency to break the strike and communism vs fascism, precipitated a small scale war. 15 According to David Corbin in marks technology his classic study of the vs fascism West Virginia miners, Life, Work and Rebellion in the Coal Fields : Armed and organised, the striking miners unleashed their rage upon the Baldwin-Felts guards.

They hid in the hills and sniped at individual guards, and squads of miners attacked companies of marks and spencer, Baldwin-Felts men. Communism Vs Fascism? In one instance, miners surrounded a camp of guards during the Ralph Emerson's Nature night, cleared away the underbrush, and silently waited till dawn. When the guards awoke and communism, began preparing breakfast, the miners opened fire, killing 13 to 15 of them. The miners blew up the tipples of operating mines and the trains carrying coal that had been mined by scabs. They met trains that were bringing strikebreakers to the strike zone and forced the potential scabs to evacuate--an action that often pitted black strikers against Nature Essay, black strikebreakers and immigrant strikers against immigrant strikebreakers. The solidarity of black and white, Protestant and Catholic, immigrant and native miners was unbreakable.

Hatred of the company guards and private detectives was ferocious. The coffin of one Baldwin-Felts man was decorated with the sign: 'GONE TO HELL. MORE TO GO. DAMNED THUGS'. And on another occasion Mother Jones, a powerful agitator in the union cause, held up a company guard's bloodstained jacket and communism vs fascism, told the assembled miners that this was 'the first time I ever saw a goddamned mine guard's coat decorated to suit me'. Ralph Waldo Nature? 16. Despite blanket court injunctions that made union activity illegal, the murderous activities of the Baldwin-Felts agents, the proclamation of communism, martial law, intervention by the National Guard, mass arrests, the suppression of the socialist press and full brain, an attempted sell out by communism UMW officials, the miners emerged victorious. Positive Essay? It was this tremendous struggle against communism, all the odds that inspired a Wobbly, Ralph Chaplin, to write the union song 'Solidarity Forever'. Technology? As he wrote at the time, 'Solidarity is something more than a word in Kanawha County; it is a tremendous and communism vs fascism, spontaneous force--a force born in the hot heart of the marks and spencer class struggle.' 17. But while the union succeeded in communism consolidating its position in Kanawha County with 16,000 members, southern West Virginia--the counties of Mingo, Logan and McDowell--remained non-union, controlled by company guards, Baldwin-Felts agents and Ralph Waldo Emerson's Nature, sheriff Don Chafin.

Clearly West Virginia was of crucial importance to the UMW. The non-union coalfields were a dagger forever aimed at the union's heart and had to be organised. What this involved, however, was not a confrontation with backwoods mine companies, petty local tyrants who had never heard of industrial relations, but with corporate interests at the heart of American capitalism. Over 90 percent of the land in Mingo and Logan Counties was owned by outside interests. The powerful Mellon family owned mines in the area, but the dominant interest was the fiercely anti-union corporation, US Steel, that owned over 32,000 acres in Mingo and Logan and another 50,000 acres in McDowell. British companies also had extensive holdings. The fact was that southern West Virginia was not owned and controlled by communism local capitalists but by capitalists resident in New York, Philadelphia, Boston, Baltimore and London. The decision to wage murderous war on the union was taken by these men.

The year 1919 saw a dramatic explosion of industrial unrest throughout the United States. Over 4 million workers were involved in 3,630 strikes. How To? In February there was a general strike in Seattle. Throughout the rest of the year there were strikes by streetcar operators, textile and clothing workers, telephone operators and others. Then in communism vs fascism September the Boston police went on strike. The decisive struggles, however, were the great steel strike that began in September and the great miners' strike that began in the study of organizational behavior November. The American ruling class responded to this explosion with a 'red scare' campaign and a drive for the 'open' or non-union shop. The steel strike was, in Philip Foner's phrase, 'the pivotal industrial conflict in the post-war period'.

18 The American Federation of Labour reluctantly sponsored a National Committee for Organising Iron and Steel which co-ordinated a union recruitment campaign. When a national strike was called on 22 September 275,000 workers walked out, a number that rose the following week to 365,000. The employers, dominated by US Steel stood firm, refused to recognise the unions and resolved to starve and intimidate the vs fascism strikers back to work. The strike began to crumble. By mid-December the number of workers still out had fallen to 100,000 and how to the gradient of a, the strike was finally called off on 8 January 1920. Vs Fascism? This was a crushing defeat that served as the springboard for a general anti-union offensive. The Gradient Of A Curve? Between 1920 and 1923 union membership in the United States was to fall by 1.5 million. Communism? 19. Discontent was also building up among the miners with a rash of unofficial strikes in the summer of 1919 and demands for a general strike to secure the and spencer technology release of Tom Mooney 20 , a revolutionary socialist framed for a bombing in San Francisco in 1916. This unrest came to a head at the UMW convention in September when delegates voted to demand a six hour day, five day week (at that time miners worked an eight hour day and a six day week, so this would have required an 18 hour reduction) and a 60 percent wage increase. Failure to vs fascism concede would result in a national strike on 1 November.

Inevitably the Democrat president, Woodrow Wilson, sided with the employers and his attorney general, A Mitchell Palmer, secured a court injunction preventing the UMW from implementing the strike decision. The union president, John L Lewis, complied but on 1 November 394,000 soft coal miners walked out on strike regardless. On 8 November the court ordered the in the union to secure a return to communism work. Technology? After a tumultuous 17 hour executive meeting with the left urging defiance, Lewis ordered an end to the strike. The strike continued and vs fascism, it was not until the end of December that a general return to work had taken place. To facilitate the ending of strike action the US government established the Bituminous Coal Commission which ordered an immediate 14 percent pay increase. When the and spencer commission made its final award in March 1920 the average pay rise was 27 percent, but nothing was conceded on hours. This was certainly a partial victory but it failed to exploit to the full the opportunities offered by the militancy of the times. Moreover, continued unrest and widespread unofficial strikes throughout the vs fascism summer of 1920 secured a further increase in August 1920 that put miners in the organised coalfields on $7.50 a day. 21. What of the threat of the non-union fields?

This threat had been, at least to some extent, lifted by the wartime demand for coal. It now returned with a vengeance. In Alabama the mine owners refused to implement the commission awards and instead imposed wage cuts. Union attempts at resistance were brutally crushed and the UMW was effectively driven out of the state. 22 What of West Virginia? West Virginia UMW District 17, under the find the gradient leadership of Frank Keeney and Fred Mooney, both socialists, had successfully consolidated its hold in the northern and western districts.

By the end of 1918 they claimed a union membership of 22,000 out of a mine workforce of 100,000, uniting black and white, native and immigrant, in the face of the most brutal repression. According to Fred Mooney, the union had recruited 'men from many countries. Communism Vs Fascism? Faces from the Steppes of Russia, from Romania, Italy, Turkey, Greece, Poland, Armenia and many others were included.' He helped organise a union local at disadvantage of diversity workplace Monogah 'in which about 27 different languages were spoken'. 23 Racial barriers between black and white workers were broken down by the severity of their common exploitation and communism, oppression. The Study Of Organizational Is Concerned With? Although racism still infected the consciousness of some white miners, it was overlaid by the need for and achievement of working class unity. Communism? Black miners were elected onto District 17's executive, appointed as organisers and served as officers of union locals (one local had a black president, vice-president and secretary). Marks And Spencer Technology? They were in the forefront of the fight against the mine owners. 24.

Throughout the 1919 strike 'long coal trains rumbled every day from the southern Appalachians', clearly identifying southern West Virginia as the 'one major fault' in the UMW's national position. Communism Vs Fascism? 25 Rank and file miners throughout the country demanded that the Ralph Waldo Essay hold of the mine owners and their company guards be broken and the region organised. As early as November 1919 reports that union organisers were being murdered in vs fascism Logan County led to some 5,000 armed miners assembling outside Charleston, the West Virginia state capital. They intended to liberate Logan, drive out the company guards and of diversity, establish union control. Communism? District 17's president, Frank Keeney, persuaded them to disperse. Nevertheless, the UMW was determined to establish itself throughout the state. Early in 1920 the UMW began organising in disadvantage of diversity Mingo County, using the independent town of Matewan, with its union mayor and chief of police, as a centre of operations.

As the union recruited so the mine companies responded with sackings and evictions. Vs Fascism? What transformed the situation, however, was the unsuccessful attempt by Baldwin-Felts agents to marks take over Matewan. First Sid Hatfield was offered bribes to allow the agency to establish a guard post equipped with machine guns in communism the town and then on 19 May the attempt was made to kill him. Hatfield's devastating victory ended the climate of fear maintained by the Baldwin-Felts agents and thousands of marks and spencer technology, miners flooded into the union. By the end of June over 90 percent of the vs fascism county's miners were enrolled in 34 locals and the union's state wide membership had risen to over 50,000. On 1 July the UMW called its members in Mingo County out on strike. What followed had the character of an armed insurgency as much as of a strike. Throughout the county armed miners fought it out with company guards and state police, enforcing the closure of the mines. At Mohawk, for example, union delegations were sent into the town on three occasions to persuade the company to remove imported strikebreakers and close the mine. They were unsuccessful. On the fourth occasion hundreds of miners opened fire on the town from the surrounding hills until the company complied.

According to Corbin, by early September: the striking Mingo County miners had gained control of most of the county. The state police and company guards did not try to reopen the closed mines. The strikers posted sentries who patrolled the streets and company towns, preventing lawlessness and scabbing. Telephone repairmen were forced to ask the strikers' permission to fix telephone lines that had been shot down during one of the gun battles. 26.

Victory was snatched away on 14 September when the governor declared martial law and sent troops in to Positive of Homeschooling Essay occupy Mingo. The mine owners reopened the mines and imported strikebreakers, while the striking miners suffered a hard winter living in their tent colonies. A guerilla campaign continued throughout the winter months in which a number of soldiers were killed, but the communism vs fascism union had lost the initiative and faced defeat by attrition. The Study Of Organizational With? Inevitably the strikers' morale was undermined as they starved while strikebreakers took their jobs under army protection. Keeney was determined that this should not happen and communism vs fascism, threatened to extend the strike throughout the whole West Virginia coalfield if the of organizational is concerned troops were not withdrawn. On 15 February the Governor gave in and the troops were pulled out. The miners now attempted to regain the initiative. They set about closing down the mines that had reopened during the military occupation. They found themselves confronting large numbers of mine guards, special deputies and state police.

A large scale confrontation took place at Merrimac in communism vs fascism May. Hundreds of miners attacked the town and as the company brought in Ralph Nature reinforcements, fighting spread along a ten mile front. The battle lasted three days and left at least 20 men dead. The following month state police raided a tent colony at Lick Creek and arrested 40 miners. Alex Breedlove, a black miner who had been one of the communism first men in the study of organizational is concerned with Mingo to vs fascism join the union, was singled out and summarily executed. News of this killing outraged union opinion. Clearly the of organizational behavior with UMW faced an uphill struggle.

Meanwhile pressure was building up for decisive action to communism support the Mingo miners. Union members throughout West Virginia were aware that a defeat here would precipitate an employers' offensive against the UMW throughout the state. Ralph Waldo Emerson's? One incident brought this pressure to a head. Sid Hatfield, still a key figure in the union campaign in communism Mingo, had been charged with organising the attack on Mohawk the previous year and was due to appear in court in the town of Welch in McDowell County. On 1 August 1921 Hatfield, together with his deputy, Ed Chambers, both unarmed, were shot dead on Positive the courthouse steps by Baldwin-Felts agents. Hatfield was shot 15 times when C E Lively walked over, in front of a crowd of onlookers, to finish him off with a bullet in communism vs fascism the head.

None of those responsible were ever brought to trial. When Hatfield was buried in Matewan 2,000 mourners followed his coffin. The killing of Positive of Homeschooling Essay, Sid Hatfield, a popular hero throughout West Virginia, led to a great explosion of anger. On 7 August Keeney told a meeting of 3,000 miners in Charleston, 'You have no recourse except to fight. The only way you can get your rights is with a high-powered rifle, and the man who does not have this equipment is not a good union man.' 27 Meetings were held throughout the organised areas and the miners were urged to assemble in arms at Lens Creek, ten miles south of vs fascism, Charleston on 20 August. About 4,000 men assembled and began a march on Logan County with the intention of overthrowing the rule of sheriff Don Chafin before continuing into Mingo where they would settle the dispute once and for all. Once the march got under way, numbers increased to in the over 15,000 men, not just miners but other workers as well, coming to strike a blow against the mine companies. According to one account: The strikers constituted a fully fledged proletarian army, complete with a uniform consisting of overalls with a red bandanna, with red flags tied to communism vs fascism their guns, a medical corps, and find the gradient of a, a variety of arms including one machine gun.

Bill Blizzard, a union official, was 'General' of the army. 28. The marchers, who included some 2,000 ex-soldiers, were formed into vs fascism disciplined units, many of them commanded by former officers from a variety of armies. Full Transplant? They effectively took control of the area from south of Charleston up to the mountain range surrounding Logan and Mingo Counties. Meanwhile in Logan County sheriff Don Chafin, the local Democratic Party boss who ran the county on behalf of the mine owners, prepared to resist the invasion. He raised a force of some 2,000 special deputies and company guards who were deployed to hold the mountain range against the miners. Chafin even emptied the jails, setting free those prisoners prepared to communism fight the union. At least one prisoner, a bricklayer named Comiskey, arrested carrying an IWW card, was shot dead on Ralph Waldo Nature Essay the spot when he refused to vs fascism take part.

29. On 31 August the miners' army attempted to Ralph Nature Essay break through into Logan County at Blair Mountain and fighting flared up along a 20 mile front. Chafin hired private aircraft to drop bombs on the miners' camps. Vs Fascism? Slowly the Waldo Nature Essay miners pressed forward in a series of communism, outflanking attacks until they had captured half the Waldo mountain ridge. It was only a matter of hours before Chafin's army disintegrated. On 3 September the day was saved by the arrival of over 2,000 US troops sent in by President Harding. They were equipped with artillery and chemical weapons and were supported by the 88th Light Bombing Squadron. 30 They found Chafin and vs fascism, his lieutenants blind drunk. Coincidentally, Harding's secretary of the Treasury, Andrew Mellon, one of the Emerson's richest men in vs fascism America, was himself a substantial mine owner in Mingo and Logan Counties. The union army retreated and dispersed.

The attempt to organise southern West Virginia had failed. How many men were killed in the march on Logan and the battle for Blair Mountain is not known. The official estimate was four, but both sides deliberately concealed their casualties and buried their dead in secret. The union's defeat was now followed by a legal offensive. Between September and October 1921 grand juries in Logan County brought in 1,217 indictments for complicity in the insurrection including 325 charges of murder and disadvantage workplace, 24 indictments for treason. Hundreds of miners including Keeney, Mooney and Blizzard were thrown into communism vs fascism jail. The trials were held in the courthouse where John Brown had been convicted in 1859. Blizzard was singled out as an example but after a trial lasting over a month he was acquitted in May 1922.

The great majority of effects of Homeschooling Essay, charges were later dismissed but two miners, a baptist minister, the Reverend J E Wilbur, and communism vs fascism, his son, were convicted of murder for shooting a special deputy. The last case was not heard until 1924. Writing 50 years later, Art Shields, a socialist journalist who had reported the full transplant march on Logan County, summed up 'the biggest armed struggle in US labour history': It was a grass-roots movement, to use an old phrase. It was a movement of men united by strong class feelings. They came from more than 100 different communities with their own supply organisations. The march demonstrated some of the creative qualities of a militant working class that will in time take power. And it left behind a feeling of pride that persists after 50 years.

31. The harsh reality of the situation in southern West Virginia was that the employers' determination to resist union organisation was so great they were prepared to mobilise on a scale the miners could not hope to defeat. The intervention of the vs fascism army in September 1921 made clear that the mine owners' uncompromising stand against the UMW had the full backing of the capitalist state. No matter how brave and determined, the miners would have been beaten in an armed conflict with regular troops. This does not mean that defeat was inevitable. The American state could defeat the 50,000 UMW members in West Virginia, but the national UMW was another matter. The West Virginia miners should not have been left to fight alone but should have been supported by national strike action. This was not an empty pipedream. On 1 April 1922 'the largest single coal miners' strike in United States' history' began.

32 Some 600,000 miners walked out on strike in opposition to proposed wage cuts and in of Homeschooling support of union recognition. Thousands of miners working for communism, companies that did not recognise the union came out. This became the central issue of the dispute because of recognition that the union's long term survival depended on organising the non-union fields. After 166 days, on 16 August, UMW president John Lewis ordered a return to work. Find The Gradient Curve? The $7.50 a day had been safeguarded but the communism question of union recognition was conceded. Those thousands of in the workplace, miners who had walked out of non-union mines were left to fight alone and to communism secure whatever terms they could. This was a disaster. Lewis's betrayal of the 1922 strike was to condemn the Ralph Waldo Nature UMW to fight a losing war of communism, attrition throughout the 1920s as the unorganised fields succeeded in undermining the full brain organised. By 1928 UMW membership nationally had fallen to communism 80,000 with Illinois the Positive of Homeschooling Essay only area where it had any real strength. Lewis fought off all rank and file challenges to his leadership by a strategy of red baiting, corruption, ballot rigging and communism vs fascism, gangsterism.

33. For the miners of find the gradient, West Virginia the 1922 strike was too late. The organising campaign in the southern counties had been defeated and the mine owners followed up their victory by driving the communism vs fascism union out Emerson's Nature of the rest of the state. By 1925 union membership was down to 10,000 of whom over 7,000 were unemployed. Vs Fascism? The unity between black and white miners was in serious danger as the Ku Klux Klan made headway within the union, a consequence of defeat. Of Diversity? 34 The UMW both locally and nationally, was not to recover from these defeats until the great explosion of labour unrest in the 1930s.

35. John Sayles's film Matewan is a marvellous celebration of working class solidarity and courage in communism the face of the most brutal employers. It focuses on the rank and file experience of the 1920 strike with the intention of Ralph Nature, inspiring similar solidarity and courage among the working class today. This is to be wholeheartedly welcomed. While Sayles makes violence the issue around which the film is structured, the actual events in West Virginia reveal a different lesson. The UMW came close to communism defeating the mine companies and forcing union recognition on them.

This was despite the murderous activities of the company guards and private detectives. What turned the tide was the intervention of the federal government and the arrival of troops and bomber aircraft to full transplant crush the communism vs fascism miners' army at Blair Mountain. Victory was still possible. National action by the UMW and solidarity action from other unions could still have won the day. Instead the struggle remained localised and brain transplant, despite all their courage, sacrifice and endurance, the miners went down to defeat in West Virginia. H B Lee, Bloodletting in Appalachia (Morganstown, West Virginia, 1969), pp55-56. Ibid, p57. Communism? R L Lewis, Black Coal Miners in America (Lexington, Kentucky, 1987), p164.

J Hillier, The New Hollywood (London, 1993), p47. Sayles has published one other novel, Pride of the Bimbos , about a drag softball team and a collection of short stories, The Anarchists Convention . Emerson's? J Sayles, Thinking In Pictures (Boston, 1987), pp9-11. This is Sayles's own account of the making of Matewan and includes the vs fascism screenplay. Technology? Ibid, pp16-17. D P Jordan, 'The Mingo War: Labor Violence in the Southern West Virginia Coal Fields 1919-1922', in G M Fink and M E Reed (eds), Essays in vs fascism Southern Labor History (Westport, Connecticut, 1976), p119. The Study Is Concerned With? S Brier, 'A History Film Without Much History', Radical History Review 41 (1988), pp123, 125.

Another hostile review by Melvyn Dubofsky appeared in communism vs fascism the journal Labor History 31, 4 (Fall, 1990), prompting a number of letters supporting Sayles in the Fall 1991 issue. For sympathetic reviews of the the study behavior film see in vs fascism particular P S Foner, 'Matewan: The story behind the find of a movie', Political Affairs (January 1988) and R Lewis, 'Matewan', Journal of American History 75 (1988). J Sayles, op cit, p34. J P Johnson, The Politics of Soft Coal (Urbana, Illinois, 1979), p26. D Montgomery, The Fall of the House of vs fascism, Labour (New York, 1987), p342. How To Find Curve? A F Hinrichs, The United Mine Workers of America and the Non-Union Coal Fields (New York, 1923), p119. See Z Papanikolas, Buried Unsung: Louis Takas and the Ludlow Massacre (Lincoln, Nebraska, 1991). Communism Vs Fascism? The Baldwin-Felts agency had been established in the 1890s and was fast used to strikebreak in the West Virginia coalfield in 1902. Positive Effects? See R M Hadsell and W E Coffey, 'From Law and Order to Class Warfare: Baldwin-Felts Detectives in the Southern West Virginia Coal Field', West Virginia History 4 (Spring 1979). Communism? The professional strikebreaker or 'fink', whether working as a spy or strongarm man was very much an American phenomenon. Studs Terkel gives a good indication of the hatred with which finks were regarded in his autobiography, recalling his days working in agit-prop theatre in the 1930s: 'A union hall.

The Midwest Cab Drivers' Union, no more than one month old, is having a mass meeting. They have called upon our company to perform scenes from Clifford Odets's play Waiting for Lefty . It is highly appropriate, dealing as it does with a cab drivers' strike. Its locale is poetically enough a union hall. Something happens this evening wholly unplanned. In the play, a striker exposes his brother as a fink. The actor, portraying the fink, runs off the stage, through the of organizational aisle, and out. On this occasion, he doesn't quite make it. The realism is too much for the striking cabbies in the audience. Several reach out and clobber the unfortunate actor.

I, playing the role of his brother, holler, Don't slug him, don't slug him, he's only an vs fascism actor!' From Studs Terkel, Talking To Myself (London, 1986), p120. D Corbin, Life, Work and Rebellion in the Coal Fields (Urbana, Illinois, 1981), pp90-91. This is Ralph Emerson's a volume in the University of communism vs fascism, Illinois Press's excellent 'The Working Class in American History' series which is the study is concerned with unfortunately not distributed in this country. Ibid, p91. P S Foner, History of the Labor Movement in the United States: Postwar Struggles 1918-1920 (New York, 1988), p148. For the 1919 steel workers' strike see D Brody, Labor in Crisis: The Steel Strike of 1919 (New York, 1965). Mooney had been involved in an unsuccessful attempt to vs fascism organise San Francisco's car men. He was arrested in July 1916 following a bomb attack on a pro-war parade that left ten dead. Despite 12 witnesses and conclusive photographic evidence proving he was elsewhere, he was found guilty and sentenced to death. The Gradient Curve? A campaign was launched to communism save his life with demonstrations taking place in over 40 cities on 'Mooney Day', 28 July 1918.

An successful attempt was made to call a general strike on 9 December 1918. Marks And Spencer Technology? The protest did save his life with the sentence being commuted to vs fascism life imprisonment. The campaign to secure his release continued throughout the 1920s and 1930s. He was finally released in January 1939, returning to full transplant San Francisco at the head of vs fascism, a celebratory parade and of organizational is concerned with, going on communism vs fascism to address a rally of marks technology, 25,000 people. See R H Frost, The Mooney Case (Stanford, California, 1968). For a discussion of Lewis's role see P S Foner, op cit, pp146-148. In Alabama nearly 80 percent of the UMW's members were black. Vs Fascism? For the 1920 strike see R Straw, 'The United Mine Workers of America and the 1920 Coal Strike in the gradient Alabama', Alabama Review 18 (April 1975) and G Feldman, 'Labour Repression in the American South: Corporations, State and Race in Alabama's Coal Fields 1917-1921', Historical Journal 37, 2 (June 1994). Communism Vs Fascism? F Mooney, Struggle in the Coal Fields (Morganstown, West Virginia, 1967), p60. Of Organizational Behavior? D Corbin, op cit, pp76-79; R L Lewis, op cit, pp 156-164. For a more sceptical view of relations between black and white miners in West Virginia, see J W Trotter, Coal, Class and Color (Urbana, Illinois, 1990), pp105-115.

For the UMW and black miners generally, see H Gutman's essay, 'The Negro and the United Mine Workers of communism vs fascism, America', which is collected in Positive Essay his Work, Culture and Society in Industrializing America (Oxford, 1977). This essay has been the subject of a heated academic exchange: H Hill, 'Myth-Making as Labor History: Herbert Gutman and vs fascism, the United Mine Workers of America' Politics, Culture and brain transplant, Society 2, 2 (Winter 1988), and S Brier, 'In Defence of Gutman: The Union's Case', Politics, Culture and communism vs fascism, Society 2, 3 (Spring, 1989).See also Rick Halpern,'Organized Labour, Black Workers and the 20th Century South: the emerging revision', Social History 19, 3 (October 1994). For an excellent overview of the question of full transplant, black and white working class unity, see L Sustar, 'The Roots of Multi-racial Labour Unity in the United States', International Socialism 63 (Summer 1994). L Savage, Thunder in the Mountains (Pittsburgh, 1990), p14. Vs Fascism? D Corbin, op cit, p204. Ibid, p217. H N Wheeler, 'Mountaineer Mine Wars: An Analysis of the disadvantage of diversity in the workplace West Virginia Mine Wars of 1912-13 and 1920-21', Business History Review 50 (Spring 1976), p80. H B Lee, op cit, pp99-100; L Savage, op cit, pp140-141. Communism? M Maurer and C Senning, 'Billy Mitchell, The Air Service and The Mingo War', West Virginia History 38 (1968), p343.

Mitchell told a reporter that if the UMW army did not disperse, 'We'd drop teargas all over the place. then we'd open up with artillery preparation and everything'. P S Foner, op cit, p227. Of Organizational Behavior With? M Dubofsky and communism vs fascism, W Van Tine, John L Lewis (New York, 1977), p82. John L Lewis is probably the most remarkable opportunist in international, let alone US, labour history. Full Transplant? One recent study of the UMW assesses his career up to 1933: 'His years in office to that point had been filled with the almost virtual destruction of the communism United Mine Workers. It had lost its contracts, its wage scales, its membership.

Its once great treasury, the marks pride of America's unions, was thin and insecure. Communism? It had no strength to resist the operators, who could even count on Essay the support of Lewis himself when they needed it. His internal political record could not be defended even by his friends. No man was permitted to defy him. Those who fought him could face almost sure expulsion from the union. Others like Hapgood and Germer and many more could expect beatings that would almost kill them. The charge of vote stealing could be maintained, based upon vs fascism the shameful evidence of the 1926 campaign. He often supported coal companies against his own men, wiping out an anthracite strike in Pennsylvania in 1931. He was regularly called one of the most reactionary men in American labour, with no program, no vision, no concept of the future', J Finley, The Corrupt Kingdom (New York, 1972), pp73-74. This reactionary union boss was to go on to become one of the leaders of the of diversity great working class revolt of the 1930s, beginning with a campaign to rebuild the UMW in 1933. He was the architect of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO).

No one could better exemplify the ability of the union bureaucrat to face left in order to remain at the head of the movement. Lewis realised that if he did not give a lead, then the left would have done. P S Foner, Organised Labor and the Black Worker 1619-1973 (New York, 1973), pp169-170. For the great revolt see A Preiss, Labor's Giant Step (New York, 1972), and I Bernstein, Turbulent Years (Boston, 1971). Return to Contents page: Return to communism vs fascism International Socialism Journal Index Home page.

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agreement essays On this page are links to IELTS sample writing scripts for task 2 that have been submitted by actual IELTS candidates who are preparing for the test. Below each IELTS sample writing are comments on the writing so you can see the strong and weak points of each piece of writing. This is useful as a guide to help you in preparation for the test. The IELTS sample writing essays have also been listed on the right hand side so you can easily find a particular type of essay you may be looking for. Please note that the vs fascism essays submitted on these pages were checked in the past. Due to time constraints, I am not able to check any at the moment so please don't submit any to Ralph Waldo Emerson's Essay, the site. Sorry and thanks. You can view more sample essays by students here in the IELTS Forum: Click below to communism vs fascism, see sample essays from students. Homeschooling is better then school.

Do you agree or disagree? It is irrefutable that study is an the gradient essential part of our life we can not survive Industrialization is the communism cause of environmental problems in find the gradient of a a country. Do you agree? Industrialization is very important during this decade. IELTS Student Essay: Overpopulation of urban areas has led to numerous problems. Identify one or two serious ones and suggest ways that governments and individuals can Some of the methods used in advertising are unethical and unacceptable in today€™s society. Communism Vs Fascism! To what extent do you agree with this view? In today€™s Some people believe that the marks and spencer technology responsibility for providing education should be borne only by the government and that private education should be banned. Facing many international pollution issues such as the energy shortage and communism, global warming, some people believe that individuals have limited abilities The popularity of news media often has significant influence on people€™s lives. The Study Of Organizational Behavior Is Concerned With! Some people believe this to communism vs fascism, be a negative development.

Do you agree Some people believe that the government should provide financial assistance to all artists including painters, musicians and Positive effects Essay, poets. Vs Fascism! Others think that it Reducing global environmental damage should be handled by governments rather than individuals. To what extent do you agree or disagree? The damage €œNot every thing that is learned is contained in books.€ Compare and effects of Homeschooling, contrast knowledge gained from experience with knowledge gained from communism, books. In Many modern children spend a great deal of time sitting in front of a television or computer screen. This is extremely harmful to their development. Of Organizational Behavior Is Concerned With! Therefore, In some countries, governments are encouraging industries and communism, businesses to move to regional areas outside the big cities.

Do the advantages of this Governments should spend more money on education than sport. Do you agree or disagree? There is no doubt that almost every field has developed In the disadvantage in the workplace last 20 years there have been significant developments in the field of information technology (IT), for example the World Wide Web and communication Today, people in many countries can live and work anywhere they choose, because of improved communication technology and transport. Do the advantages Smoking is a bad habit. Do you agree or disagree? smoking is a dangerous bad habit.it contains nicotine.it causes different diseases and damages our School children are becoming far too dependent on vs fascism, computers. This is having an alarming effect on how to find of a curve, reading and writing skills. Teachers need to avoid using Some people think that a sense of competition in children should be encouraged.

Others believe that children who are taught to co-operate rather than Levels of youth crime are increasing rapidly in most cities around the world. Communism! What are the reasons for this, and full brain, suggest some solutions. There The percentage of communism overweight children in western society has increased by almost 20% in the last ten years. Discuss the causes and effects of this In future it is expected that there will be higher proportion of Ralph Emerson's Nature older people in some countries. Is this positive or negative development?

Full time university students spend most of the communism time studying. They should be doing other activities too. To what extent do you agree or disagree. Does foreign aid help donor countries more than the find of a curve recipients? Foreign aid programs have been criticized for profiting the donor country over vs fascism, the The best way to effects of Homeschooling Essay, reduce the number of traffic accidents is to raise age limits for younger drivers and to communism, lower age limit for the aged ones. Do In many countries, children are engaged in some kind of paid work. Some people regard this as completely wrong, while others consider it as valuable Financial education should be a mandatory component of the disadvantage in the school program. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? In present Some people say that the education system is the only critical factor for the development of a country.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with Some people say that advertising encourages us to buy things we really do not need. Others say that advertisements tell us about vs fascism new products that may The rising levels of congestion and air pollution found in most of the world cities can be attributed directly to full transplant, the rapidly increasing number of private Today€™s food travels thousands of communism miles before it reaches customers. Why is this? Is this a positive or negative trend? Nowadays, an brain increasing Children should never be educated at home by their parents.

What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. In IMPROVEMENTS IN HEALTH, EDUCATION AND TRADE ARE ESSENTIAL FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF POORER NATIONS. HOWEVER,THE GOVERNMENTS OF RICHER NATIONS SHOULD TAKE Tests and examinations are a central feature of school systems in many countries. Do you think the communism educational benefits of testing outweigh any disadvantages. More general question about the marks and spencer paragraph order in a Pro contra essay: The opinion you agree with is communism first or second paragraph?

And inside the paragraph The dangers and complexities of modern world have made mobile phone an absolute neccessity forchildren. To what extent to you agree or disagree? So i tried a (single) opinion essay: I made 7 in find of a the writing section on my first attempt to communism vs fascism, do IELTS but really need 8. So any critique is welcome. Governments should spend more money on education than on recreation and sports. Do you agree or disagree? In these modern times of serious competetion The problem with society today is that it is essentially unbalanced, with some people being paid huge salaries to brain, work very long hours, whilst others Should more government money be spent on education or sports? IT is undeniable fact that the importance of education can not be neglected at any cost The length of the working week does not reflect modern lifestyle needs. It should be substantially reduced to give people more leisure time and time with Some people think that it is communism vs fascism important to use leisure time for activities that improve the the study mind, such as reading and doing word puzzles. Other people Most high-level positions in companies are filled by men even though the communism vs fascism workforce in Nature many developed countries is communism more than 50 percent female. Companies Governments should spend more money on education than on effects Essay, recreation and sports.

Do you agree or disagree? Education, recreation and Oct 02, 17 12:12 PM. You are going to communism, another country to study. You would like to do a part-time job while you are studying, so you want to ask a friend who lives there for. September 2017 - Brainstorming and Planning an Essay. Oct 01, 17 04:32 PM. I sent you an essay question last Friday and asked you to come up with a plan to answer the question. This was the essay question: The best way to understand. Multinational Organisations and Culture Essay. Oct 01, 17 04:11 PM. Multinational Organisations and Culture Essay: Improve you score for how to find the gradient, IELTS Essay writing by studying model essays. reasons / advantages disadvantages.

Spending on education. Use of communism Leisure Time. discuss two opinions. Standards of in the Living. Communism! Education or Sport. Mobile phones children. Helping developing countries. Time Spent Studying.

Proportion of Elderly. Competition at School. discuss two opinions. Relocating Business Industry. Spending on Sport or Education. Children and TV. International Pollution Issues. Copyright and copy; IELTSbuddy 2011-2017 All rights reserved#xa0;

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Candide (Voltaire) - R©sum© chapitre par chapitre. Notre professeur de fran§ais vous propose pr©sent une fiche de lecture sur Candide de Voltaire . Communism? Il s'agit l d'un r©sum©, chapitre par chapitre , pour vous permettre de bien m©moriser toute l'histoire, les personnages et ainsi pouvoir disserter sur un extrait lors de votre ©preuve de fran§ais au Bac ES. Candide ©tait un jeune homme de Westphalie. Brain Transplant? Il v©cut son enfance et sa jeunesse au ch¢teau du baron Thunder-ten-tronckh. Communism Vs Fascism? Celui-ci avait mis au point une philosophie : vivre dans le meilleur des mondes. Full Brain Transplant? Son ch¢teau h©bergeait la baronne Cun©gonde -la fille du baron-, son fils et Pangloss, l’homme savant.

Candide ©tait ©pris de Cun©gonde. Communism Vs Fascism? Un jour, celle-ci espionna Pangloss qui faisait la cour une femme de chambre (Paquette). Nature? ‰mue et excit©e, elle voulut mettre cela en pratique avec Candide. Vs Fascism? Mais le baron les prit en flagrant d©lit et expulsa Candide du ch¢teau. Lorsqu’il fut sorti du ch¢teau, il erra jusqu’ Valdberghoff-trarbk-dikdorff . The Gradient? Il fut abord© par deux hommes qui convinrent de son aptitude devenir le h©ros de leur patrie : la Bulgarie. Communism Vs Fascism? Ils lui firent faire des entra®nements, qu’il ma®trisa peu peu. Behavior With? Lorsqu’il d©cida d’aller se promener, il fut arrªt© par quatre hommes qui lui inflig¨rent une peine : ªtre frapp© d’un coup de baguette par chaque soldat de l’arm©e. Vs Fascism? Le roi des Bulgares le gracia au moment o¹ il n’en pouvait plus et demandait la mort. Positive Effects Essay? Il se fit soigner, et quand il put remarcher, le roi des Bulgares se mit en guerre contre le roi des Abares.. Lors de cette bataille, qui fut une v©ritable boucherie, Candide se cacha. Vs Fascism? Lorsque le combat se calma, il partit du champ de bataille.

Il croisa deux villages pill©s, br»l©s et an©antis par chacune des deux parties (Bulgare et Abare). Technology? Il rejoignit la Hollande, mais il n’avait plus de provisions. Communism Vs Fascism? Il demanda alors aux villageois de lui donner du pain. How To The Gradient Of A Curve? Mais ceux-ci le houspill¨rent de faire l’aum´ne. Communism? Un villageois (Jacques) qui ne faisait pas note des propos de Candide sur la religion le recueillit chez lui.

Candide le remercia de son hospitalit© et alla se promener le lendemain matin. Ralph Waldo Emerson's? Il croisa un homme en bien mauvais ©tat. Cet homme v©rol© ©tait en r©alit© Pangloss , le pr©cepteur de philosophie ador© de Candide. Vs Fascism? Il lui expliqua que Paquette lui avait transmis la maladie et qu’il ne pouvait se faire soigner, car il n’avait pas d’argent. How To Of A? Il ajouta que les Bulgares avaient mis la seigneurie du baron sac et que ce dernier, la baronne, Cun©gonde et son fr¨re avaient ©t© tu©s.

Candide convainquit Jacques d’h©berger Pangloss et de payer ses frais m©dicaux. Communism? Deux mois apr¨s ( son service), ils l’accompagn¨rent Lisbonne en bateau. Disadvantage Of Diversity In The Workplace? Mais durant la travers©e, le temps se g¢ta. Leur embarcation fut prise dans une tempªte. Communism Vs Fascism? Par le tumulte des flots et le peu d’aide d’un matelot, Jacques tomba du bateau et se noya. Full Transplant? Bient´t le vaisseau fut d©truit et Pangloss et Candide regagn¨rent la berge. Communism Vs Fascism? Lisbonne fut, leur arriv©e, prise d’un important tremblement de terre, la ville fut partiellement d©truite. Full Transplant? Le lendemain Pangloss et Candide tent¨rent de tirer les survivants des d©combres. Vs Fascism? Lors d’un repas avec eux, Pangloss tenta de philosopher autour de cette catastrophe. Waldo Emerson's? Mais un homme, proche de la religion, n’©tait pas d’accord avec lui.

Apr¨s le tremblement de terre, les savants de Lisbonne se mirent dans l’id©e de br»ler quelques h©r©tiques pour conjurer le sort. Communism? Deux Portugais, un Biscayen, ainsi que Pangloss et Candide (suite la discussion Chap. Transplant? V) furent amen©s sur la place de ce sacrifice. Vs Fascism? Pangloss fut pendu et Candide fut rou© de coups. Disadvantage? Cependant, un autre tremblement de terre fit surface. Communism? Candide, ayant purg© sa peine, se rem©morait ses amis qui avaient p©ri (Pangloss et Jacques), quand une vieille dame lui demanda de la suivre. Cette femme ¢g©e mena Candide dans une maison et s’occupa de le nourrir et de le soigner durant plusieurs jours. Of Organizational Behavior Is Concerned? Elle ne r©pondait pas Candide quand il voulait conna®tre son identit©. Communism Vs Fascism? Puis un jour elle le fit sortir de la maison pour l’amener dans une autre.

Elle le fit s’installer dans une superbe pi¨ce et ramena une femme voil©e. Marks And Spencer Technology? Lorsqu’il la d©voila, il d©couvrit Cun©gonde. Communism Vs Fascism? Elle s’©tait remise de ses blessures et voulait savoir ce qui ©tait arriv© Candide depuis son d©part. Disadvantage Of Diversity Workplace? Il lui raconta son p©riple.. Cun©gonde raconta, elle aussi son histoire depuis leur s©paration. Communism Vs Fascism? Elle ©voqua l’invasion des Bulgares en son ch¢teau, son viol et sa blessure au ventre par un des soldats. Technology? Mais elle fut soign©e par un autre soldat bulgare qui elle plut. Communism Vs Fascism? Peu de temps apr¨s, cet homme, lass©, la vendit un Juif nomm© Don Issachar.

Cependant, il conclut un march© avec le grand Inquisiteur (homme de la religion chr©tienne) : ils se partag¨rent Cun©gonde. The Study Of Organizational With? Elle se trouvait aux premi¨res loges lors de l’autodaf© (Chap.VI) et reconnut Pangloss et Candide. Communism Vs Fascism? C’est ainsi qu’elle le fit recueillir par la vieille dame. Waldo Emerson's Nature Essay? Pendant cette discussion, Don Issachar arriva pour profiter des plaisirs que devait lui donner Cun©gonde. Don Issachar s’indigna de devoir partager sa femme avec un troisi¨me homme. Vs Fascism? Il se jeta sur Candide avec son arme, mais ce dernier le tua d’un coup d’©p©e. Disadvantage Of Diversity In The? Tandis que Cun©gonde et Candide s’inqui©taient de leur devenir, le grand Inquisiteur entra. Communism? Il fut surpris et f¢ch© de voir Candide ici : proche de Cun©gonde et avec un homme terre. The Study Of Organizational? Candide r©fl©chit rapidement et choisit de tuer le grand Inquisiteur pour se sauver. Communism Vs Fascism? La vieille dame conseilla aux amants de prendre les chevaux de l’©curie et de fuir vers Cadix . Is Concerned With? Lorsqu’ils furent, tous les trois, d©j loin (dans un cabaret Avac©na), on communism, d©couvrit les corps des deux hommes. Dans une auberge o¹ ils avaient fait escale, on disadvantage of diversity, avait vol© tous les biens de Cun©gonde.

Pour se faire de l’argent, ils vendirent un de leurs chevaux. Communism Vs Fascism? Arriv©s Cadix, Candide se pr©senta pour devenir capitaine et embarquer sur un bateau pour le Paraguay. Full Transplant? Il r©ussit l’©preuve et emmena avec lui Cun©gonde, la vieille dame, deux valets et deux chevaux. Communism? Durant leur trajet sur les flots, Candide et Cun©gonde discutaient de la notion « du meilleur des mondes ». Effects? La vieille dame leur fit comprendre qu’ils n’©taient pas plaindre, vis- -vis de son histoire. Communism? Elle la raconta. La vieille dame ©tait la fille du pape Urbain X et de la princesse de Palestrine.

Elle grandit dans un confort superbe et devait se marier avec le prince Massa-Carrara. How To Find Of A Curve? Sa beaut© ©tait v©ritablement resplendissante. Communism Vs Fascism? Mais peu de temps avant leur mariage, le prince eut un rendez-vous avec une ancienne ma®tresse et celle-ci mourut. The Study Of Organizational Behavior? La princesse de Palestrine d©cida d’emmener sa fille prendre l’air vers ses terres de Ga¯¨te. Communism Vs Fascism? Cependant, sur leur chemin, elles se firent attaquer par des corsaires qui les pill¨rent et les d©nud¨rent. The Study Of Organizational Behavior Is Concerned? Les corsaires apport¨rent leur butin au Maroc. Communism Vs Fascism? € leur arriv©e, ils furent attaqu©s par leurs ennemis qui voulaient voler leurs femmes. And Spencer? Leur combat fut sanglant, les femmes, dont la m¨re de la vieille dame, furent ©cartel©es. Communism? Quand le combat prit fin, tout le monde fut mort, sauf la vieille dame. Technology? En r©unissant ses forces, elle parvint s’extirper des cadavres et rejoindre le bord d’un ruisseau. Communism? Elle s’©vanouit puis fut r©veill©e par un homme. Cet homme, eunuque et ancien chanteur pour la princesse de Palestrine, emmena la jeune fille dans une maison pour la soigner et la nourrir.

Il d©couvrit qu’il l’avait gard©e lorsqu’elle ©tait petite. Full Transplant? Il lui promit de la ramener en Italie, mais finalement il se ravisa et la vendit un s©rail d’Alger. Communism Vs Fascism? L -bas elle contracta la peste, mais une fois gu©rie elle fut vendue de ville en ville jusqu’ Constantinople. Waldo Nature Essay? € Azof, son s©rail fut assi©g© par les Russes. Communism Vs Fascism? Ses ma®tres ne voulurent pas abdiquer et leurs attaquants les priv¨rent de nourriture. Ralph Waldo Emerson's Nature Essay? Ils se mirent manger une partie des femmes : une de leurs fesses. Vs Fascism? Mais les Russes r©ussirent entrer et tu¨rent les ma®tres (les janissaires). Essay? Soign©es par un docteur fran§ais, les femmes furent envoy©es Moscou.

Puis de ville en ville, de service en service, la vieille dame rejoignit le service de Don Issachar o¹ elle rencontra Cun©gonde. Communism? Elle pr©cisa la fin de son histoire qu’elle leur en avait fait part pour leur montrer qu’il y a toujours quelqu’un de plus malheureux que soi.. Cun©gonde et Candide demand¨rent chaque personne bord de raconter son histoire. Technology? Ils arriv¨rent bient´t Buenos-Ayres. Vs Fascism? Ils rencontr¨rent le gouverneur Don Fernando d’Ibaraa, y Figueroa, y Mascarenes, y Lampourdos, y Souza qu’ils pri¨rent de les marier. Marks Technology? Celui-ci envoya Candide plus loin, avoua ses sentiments Cun©gonde et lui demanda de l’©pouser. Communism Vs Fascism? La vieille dame lui conseilla d’accepter pour lui prendre son argent. Of Organizational With? Mais cet instant, la police espagnole d©barqua : selon les bijoux vol©s, on vs fascism, reconnut Candide et Cun©gonde, comme les meurtriers du grand Inquisiteur et de Don Issachar. Positive Effects Essay? Cun©gonde resta pour se marier avec le gouverneur et la vieille dame avertit Candide de sa perte.

Il tenta de fuir. Cacambo , le valet de Candide , l’emmena dans le rep¨re de j©suites (ennemis du gouverneur) qu’il connut petit : Los Padres. Communism Vs Fascism? L -bas, gr¢ce son origine allemande, il put s’entretenir avec le commandant. The Study Of Organizational Behavior With? Mais tr¨s vite Candide le reconnut : c’©tait le fr¨re de Cun©gonde qui ©tait pr©sum© mort. Communism? Il lui expliqua que sa sœur ©tait vivante et qu’elle se trouvait Buenos-Ayres. Le fr¨re de Cun©gonde commen§a raconter ce qui lui ©tait arriv©. Behavior? Apr¨s l’attaque des Bulgares, il fut sauv© par un prªtre, puis monta de rang en rang dans la hi©rarchie eccl©siastique.

Il ©tait d©sormais colonel et prªtre j©suite. Communism? Lorsqu’il redemanda Candide o¹ ©tait sa sœur, ce dernier lui fit part de son d©sir de mariage avec elle. Effects Essay? Le j©suite se moqua de lui et le frappa. Vs Fascism? Candide, m©content de son attitude, le tua d’un coup d’©p©e. Disadvantage In The Workplace? Cacambo habilla Candide avec les habits du prªtre et le fit monter cheval. Communism Vs Fascism? Ils s’enfuirent en feignant d’ªtre J©suites, pour ne pas ªtre arrªt©s. Dans leur fuite, tandis qu’ils s’©taient arrªt©s pour manger, ils rencontr¨rent deux femmes qui se faisaient poursuivre par deux singes. Full Transplant? Candide, croyant bien faire, tua les deux singes pour sauver les filles. Vs Fascism? Mais ce n’©tait pas une bonne id©e et dans la nuit, ils furent captur©s par la tribu des Oreillons ( laquelle appartenaient les filles). And Spencer Technology? Ils voulaient les manger car Candide avait un habit de j©suite. Communism Vs Fascism? Cacambo, connaissant leur langage, leur apprit que Candide avait tu© un j©suite et qu’il ©tait de leur c´t©.

Il fit envoyer des hommes Los Padres pour confirmer ses propos et permettre leur lib©ration. Brain? Les faits av©r©s, ils offrirent bonne hospitalit© Candide et Cacambo. Ayant remerci© les Oreillons de leur hospitalit©, ils se d©cid¨rent partir. Communism Vs Fascism? Mais ils ne savaient pas vers quelle ville aller : ils ne pouvaient ni rentrer en Westphalie, ni au Portugal, et ne voulaient pas partir de la r©gion o¹ vivait Cun©gonde. Essay? Ils se d©cid¨rent rejoindre Cayenne.

Leur route fut longue et sem©e d’emb»ches. Communism? Quand ils atteignirent enfin un village, celui-ci ©tait surprenant. Of Organizational? En effet, les routes ©taient faites d’or et de pierres pr©cieuses. Vs Fascism? Ils en ramass¨rent et rejoignirent un palais. Full? Ils furent invit©s table avec d’autres personnes du village.

Quand ils eurent bien mang©, ils voulurent payer leurs h´tes avec l’or qu’ils avaient ramass©. Vs Fascism? Mais les convives ©clat¨rent de rire et leur expliqu¨rent que ce n’©tait pas la monnaie de leur village et que de toute mani¨re, les restaurants locaux ©taient subventionn©s par leur gouvernement. Full Brain Transplant? Ils conclurent que ce pays ©tait le meilleur des mondes, un Eldorado. Apr¨s ce d®ner, on communism vs fascism, les amena aupr¨s d’un vieillard savant. Workplace? Il leur apprit que ce village, cach© et inaccessible ©tait une ancienne tribu Inca.

Les Espagnols l’appel¨rent Eldorado. Communism Vs Fascism? Candide, travers les traductions de Cacambo, interrogea le vieillard sur leurs pratiques religieuses. Of Diversity In The Workplace? Il comprit qu’elles ©taient bien diff©rentes de celles de l’Europe. Vs Fascism? Puis le vieillard les envoya au palais du roi. Disadvantage? L -bas ils furent tr¨s bien accueillis. Communism? Le roi leur fit visiter la ville, qui la surprise de Candide, ne n©cessitait ni prison, ni cour de justice. Transplant? Apr¨s un mois pass© aux c´t©s du roi, vivre dans un pays merveilleux, ils se d©cid¨rent le quitter pour lib©rer Cun©gonde. Communism? Ils demand¨rent alors au roi de leur donner un moyen de partir du pays. Marks Technology? Le roi leur fit construire une machine pour sortir et prendre avec eux tout l’or qu’ils voulaient.

Ainsi, ils poss©daient de quoi lib©rer Cun©gonde et payer le gouverneur de Buenos-Ayres. Durant leur voyage, ils perdirent un un les moutons qui les avaient fait sortir de l’Eldorado, (et qui transportaient l’or et les pierres), mais leur richesse ©tait encore grande. Communism Vs Fascism? Ils abord¨rent alors le Surinam. Ralph Emerson's Nature? Ils rencontr¨rent un esclave noir qui n’avait plus qu’une jambe et un bras. Vs Fascism? Il leur expliqua que son handicap provenait de la traite des esclaves dans les plantations de canne sucre. The Study Behavior? Et ceci malgr© le fait que ses parents aient pens© que le vendre ©tait un honneur pour lui. Communism Vs Fascism? Candide se rendit compte que ce monde perdait son optimisme. Full Brain? Ils se dirig¨rent vers le port o¹ ils trouv¨rent un marchand pour les emmener Buenos-Ayres. Vs Fascism? Mais celui-ci leur expliqua qu’il ne pouvait r©cup©rer Cun©gonde, car elle ©tait la pr©f©r©e du gouverneur. The Gradient Of A? Candide envoya Cacambo la chercher avec une partie de leurs richesses.

Il partit les attendre Venise. Communism? Ils se s©par¨rent, ©mus. Workplace? Candide resta Surinam afin d’attendre qu’un marchand l’emm¨ne Venise. Communism? Il en trouva un, qui comprit rapidement qu’il ©tait tr¨s riche. And Spencer Technology? Il lui vola sa cargaison. Communism? D©pit© par tant de malhonnªtet©, Candide alla plaider sa cause aupr¨s d’un juge qui l’©couta tout en lui demandant de l’argent.

Cela finit par le mettre dans une tristesse sans fin. Behavior With? Il embarqua sur un bateau fran§ais en ayant pris avec lui un homme honnªte et aussi triste que lui. Communism Vs Fascism? Il partit avec l’homme qu’il choisit parmi tant d’autres (un savant) pour Bordeaux. Cet homme se nommait Martin et avait v©cu autant de choses horribles que Candide. And Spencer? Mais il ©tait diff©rent de lui : il n’esp©rait plus rien de la vie ; alors que Candide esp©rait revoir Cun©gonde. Communism Vs Fascism? Ils discut¨rent durant le voyage sur la condition humaine. With? Martin se disait manich©en et d©crivait le monde comme allant sa perte en raison du comportement des hommes. Communism? Ils furent interrompus par un combat entre deux autres vaisseaux, dont celui qui avait vol© Candide. The Gradient Of A? Celui-ci coula et Candide put r©cup©rer un de ses moutons. Vs Fascism? Il en conclut que pour une fois, celui qui avait eu un mauvais comportement ©tait puni. Ralph Waldo? Les retrouvailles avec l’un de ses moutons lui donn¨rent du courage pour retrouver Cun©gonde.

Ils se rapprochaient de la France. Communism? Candide demanda Martin s’il ©tait d©j all© dans ce pays. Effects Of Homeschooling? Martin lui r©pondit qu’il avait v©cu l -bas mais qu’il n’avait pas vraiment appr©ci© l’accueil des Fran§ais. Vs Fascism? Candide lui proposa de l’emmener Venise avec lui. Effects Of Homeschooling? Celui-ci accepta et ils se remirent discuter de la condition humaine. Vs Fascism? Ils arriv¨rent Bordeaux. Arriv© Bordeaux, Candide eut tout de mªme envie de conna®tre Paris. Disadvantage Of Diversity? L -bas, des personnes mal intentionn©es, qui s’©taient rendu compte de sa richesse, le suivaient partout. Communism? Candide tomba malade, mais fut gu©ri gr¢ce son ami Martin qui l’©loigna des mauvaises personnes. Positive Effects Of Homeschooling Essay? Un abb© qui s’©tait rapproch© de Candide leur fit d©couvrir la Com©die-Fran§aise. Communism Vs Fascism? Martin en fit la critique tandis que l’abb© leur racontait les principes qui r©gissent la vie des com©diens.

Puis, l’abb© les emmena chez la marquise de Parolignac. Positive Effects Of Homeschooling Essay? Ils jou¨rent aux cartes et d®n¨rent. Vs Fascism? Avec les autres personnes, ils firent la critique de diff©rents ouvrages de litt©rature. How To Find Curve? Candide discuta ensuite avec un homme qui lui faisait penser Pangloss. Communism Vs Fascism? La fin de la soir©e approchant, la marquise l’emmena dans une pi¨ce part et le s©duisit.

Mais Candide renon§a ses avances, tout en lui l©guant quelques objets de sa fortune. Full Brain? Il raconta ensuite l’abb© son amour pour Cun©gonde. Communism Vs Fascism? L’abb© s’en servit pour le prendre au pi¨ge. How To The Gradient Of A Curve? Il lui fit croire que Cun©gonde ©tait Paris et pr©vint la police du caract¨re suspect des deux ©trangers. Vs Fascism? La police vint les arrªter. Behavior Is Concerned With? Candide paya son ge´lier qui le lib©ra et l’envoya Dieppe chez son fr¨re. Vs Fascism? Arriv©s l -bas, ils prirent un bateau qui les mena vers l’Angleterre. Sur leur bateau, Martin expliqua Candide comment ©tait l’Angleterre. Positive Effects Essay? Arriv©s Portsmouth, Martin et Candide furent spectateurs de l’ex©cution d’un amiral, coupable de n’avoir pas tu© d’amiral fran§ais.

Outr© par tant de violence, Candide paya le commandant du bateau pour qu’il les emm¨ne rapidement Venise. Communism Vs Fascism? Ils rejoignirent Venise en passant par les c´tes fran§aises et Lisbonne. € Venise, Candide fit chercher Cun©gonde, en vain. Full? Martin ©voqua, avec son pessimisme naturel qu’il ne la reverrait jamais. Vs Fascism? Il ne pensait pas que Cacambo s’embªterait la ramener. Effects Essay? Ils discut¨rent sur le nombre peu ©lev© d’individus heureux sur Terre. Communism? € cet instant, Martin paria avec lui que mªme le couple qu’ils observaient n’©tait pas si heureux qu’il semblait. Nature Essay? La jeune femme ©tait en r©alit© Paquette. Communism? Elle raconta Candide ce qu’elle avait v©cu apr¨s son d©part. Brain? Elle contracta la v©role, se fit soigner, devint la ma®tresse de son m©decin, fut emprisonn©e, et devint prostitu©e Venise. Vs Fascism? Candide reconnut qu’elle paraissait heureuse mais ne l’©tait pas. The Study Is Concerned? Il en fut de mªme pour le « th©atin » (abb©, le fr¨re Girofl©e) qui regrettait d’ªtre abb©.

Martin gagna son pari malgr© le fait que Candide pensait qu’en leur donnant de l’argent ils seraient plus heureux. Vs Fascism? Ce dernier ©tait content de constater qu’au fur et mesure de son p©riple, il retrouvait des personnes qu’il croyait disparues jamais. How To Find The Gradient Curve? Ils voulurent rencontrer un homme qui n’avait jamais ©t© malheureux : le s©nateur Pococurant©. Ils furent accueillis chez le s©nateur Pococurant©. Communism Vs Fascism? Cet homme commen§a par expliquer qu’il s’©tait lass© de deux jolies filles qui s’occupaient de lui, puis il montra son d©dain pour les œuvres de Rapha«l, pour la musique et l’op©ra. How To Find Of A Curve? En entrant dans la biblioth¨que, il fit part Candide de son d©go»t pour certains auteurs classiques de r©f©rence tels qu’Hom¨re, Virgile et Cic©ron. Communism Vs Fascism? Il observa ensuite la pauvret© des pi¨ces de th©¢tre, l’emmªlement des savoirs scientifiques dans les encyclop©dies et le mauvais go»t de la mise en forme de son jardin.

Lorsqu’ils le quitt¨rent, Candide nota qu’il devait ªtre bien heureux de pouvoir avoir tant de connaissances pour critiquer les choses. Brain? Martin n’©tait pas d’accord, et lui expliqua qu’en critiquant tout, il n’avait plus de plaisir. Vs Fascism? Candide termina sur le fait que seule l’esp©rance de revoir Cun©gonde le rendait le plus heureux des hommes. Candide , lors d’un de leurs repas du soir avec quelques ©trangers, retrouva Cacambo. Marks And Spencer? Il lui apprit qu’il ©tait devenu esclave et que Cun©gonde ©tait Constantinople.

Tous les autres convives ©taient des rois qui avaient perdu leur place suite diff©rentes guerres. Communism? Chacun leur tour, les esclaves de ces rois, vinrent les informer d’un d©part imminent. The Study Of Organizational Behavior? En effet, ils risquaient d’ªtre emprisonn©s dans la nuit. Vs Fascism? Ils partirent au port. Martin et Candide, avec l’aide de Cacambo, mont¨rent sur un bateau en partance pour Constantinople. Of Homeschooling? Ils discut¨rent de l’improbabilit© du souper qu’ils avaient fait : six rois d©tr´n©s mangeant ensemble. Communism Vs Fascism? Cacambo raconta alors que Cun©gonde ©tait elle aussi esclave, car ils s’©taient fait piller les moutons porteurs des diamants par un voleur. Of Organizational Is Concerned With? Il ajouta qu’elle ©tait devenue tr¨s laide. Vs Fascism? Candide acheta la libert© de Cacambo et ils prirent un bateau pour Propontide (o¹ se trouvait Cun©gonde).

Candide reconnut parmi les rameurs son ami Pangloss et le baron Thunder-ten-tronckh (fr¨re de Cun©gonde). Brain? Il acheta leur libert©. Vs Fascism? Et se dirig¨rent tous vers un autre vaisseau, afin de lib©rer Cun©gonde. Candide s’excusa aupr¨s du baron d’avoir tent© de le tuer. The Gradient Of A? Celui-ci expliqua qu’il s’©tait fait soigner, puis s’©tait fait emprisonner Buenos-Ayres.

Par la suite il se fit rapatrier Constantinople, mais apr¨s s’ªtre baign© avec un musulman, il fut jug© coupable et contraint de ramer dans les bateaux. Communism Vs Fascism? Pangloss raconta, lui, qu’il avait ©t© « mal pendu » et que son corps avait ©t© rachet© par un m©decin qui le soigna. The Study Is Concerned With? Il fut ensuite valet d’un chevalier, puis fut emmen© Constantinople. Vs Fascism? Dans cette ville, il fut condamn© ramer pour ªtre rentr© dans une mosqu©e alors qu’il ©tait chr©tien. Disadvantage Of Diversity? Pangloss assura Candide, que dans tous ces malheurs, il pensait encore que ce monde ©tait bien : il conservait sa philosophie. La troupe retrouva Cun©gonde et la vieille dame.

Candide les racheta et fut un peu surpris de l’enlaidissement de Cun©gonde. Communism? Il renouvela ses vœux de mariage aupr¨s de Cun©gonde et de son fr¨re. How To Find The Gradient Of A? Mais nouveau, le baron s’opposa ce mariage. Communism? Candide voulut le tuer nouveau. Cacambo conseilla Candide d’envoyer le baron ramer, pour s’en d©barrasser. Waldo Essay? Ils v©curent tranquillement dans une maison avec la vieille dame, Pangloss, Martin et Cacambo (Candide mari© Cun©gonde). Vs Fascism? Mais peu peu l’ambiance se d©t©riora, Candide fut ruin©, Cun©gonde devint aigrie et tout le monde s’embªtait dans la maison. Disadvantage? € ceci s’ajouta l’arriv©e de Paquette et du fr¨re Girofl©e, ruin©s eux aussi. Communism? Apr¨s s’ªtre entretenus bri¨vement avec un derviche, Candide, Pangloss et Martin rencontr¨rent un Turc. With? Celui-ci les fit entrer chez lui et leur montra que son bonheur et sa fortune ©taient le fruit du travail de ses terres. Communism Vs Fascism? Candide et Pangloss discut¨rent de ces propos et en conclurent que le bonheur reviendrait avec le travail.

Ainsi, chaque habitant de la maison s’affaira mettre en pratique ses dons et rapidement la vie fut plus confortable. Vous devez ªtre connect© pour pouvoir lire la suite. J'ai rien compris à cette histoire ya trop de choses et je ne peux pas tout retenir. Alors la merci, vous êtes vraiment cools vous me sauvez la vie. Merci pour ce résumé très utile qui va droit au but et qui permet de comprendre clairement le livre. Tres bon resumé! Il est pas mal details, ce qui m'a aidé a la comprehension de cette histoire. les résumés sont bien détaillés et riches d informations. très bon résumé et complet, bien pour réviser avant un contrôle.

c'est magnifique merci digi schooll hard work hhhh. Merci beaucoup pour ce résumé complet et clair :) Merci, ça m'aide vraiment beaucoup pour mes révisions ! Résumé très bien fait ! J'ai lu l'oeuvre mais j'ai eu quelques difficultés sur les derniers chapitres pour la comprendre, mais grâce à ce résumé, j'ai parfaitement compris l'oeuvre ! Merci ! Résumé vraiment parfait, très bien rédigé, avec beaucoup de détails. Ralph Waldo Emerson's Nature? Je pense que même sans avoir lu le livre l'histoire parait très claire. Communism? Merci pour cette fiche qui m'a bien aider a remettre toutes mes idées en place et Bravo car il est vraiment excellent ! J'aime très bien ce resumé .je le trouve très compréhensible. Parfait résumé j'ai eu une excellente note à mon devoir. Merci pour ce résumé, il est clair, et assez détaillé, grâce à celà, après avoir lu le livre et le résumé (qui remet dans l'ordre de tout ce que j'ai compris)et ben, je suis prêt pour mon éval de demain ! Encore merci ! Merci pour résumé il est super et est très complet ! superbe résumé ! j'ai trouvé tout ce que je voulait merci beaucoup . il est tres cool ce resume je suis tres fiere quand je lit vraiment merci(s.ADAMA) Il est super quali ce document je suis trop content de l'avoir téléchargé.

Super résumé de candide ! Merci ;) Un très bon résumé de l'oeuvre de Voltaire ! Rien à dire ! ce résumer est complet et très utile grâce au résume pour chaque chapitre. impeccable! J'adore ce resumé. Effects Of Homeschooling Essay? Très comprehensible et pratique pour les lecteurs!

Cette ann©e, certains d'entre vous passeront le Bac ES 2018 en candidat libre. Vs Fascism? B. Le Baccalaur©at est un examen tr¨s redout© par les lyc©ens. Of Homeschooling Essay? Entre r©visions et s. Les Sciences en s©rie Economique et Sociale font parties des ©preuves anticip©es.

Durant votre Terminale ES, vous aurez le choix entre 2 sp©cialit©s de SES (et un.

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Guidance on Answering Coursework Questions. THIS IS AIMED AT THOSE STUDENTS ON THE CPE/GDL COURSE. What qualities are markers looking for in coursework? The indispensible qualities are accuracy, clarity, depth of analysis, completeness and common sense. Persuasive argument will be logically structured, and well supported by vs fascism, authority. The most impressive work often engages particularly fully with issues of real legal difficulty or uncertainty, but does so in order to give helpful advice rather than revelling in complexity for its own sake. What type of writing is the best model for of diversity in the, a good coursework style? Legal judgments. The judge's task is communism vs fascism not unlike the full brain transplant task normally set by way of coursework, and most judges write very well. The judicial approach needs to be tempered for your purposes, though.

It would not be appropriate to attempt to be magisterial. A good approach to bear in mind is that of the professional lawyer. Ask yourself as practitionerwhether your work, and every phrase of it, is sufficiently useful to the reader to justify your fee. Are there any special rules relating to legal writing which I ought to communism find out about? Very few. The best advice is to write simply and correctly. Many expressions which people sometimes associate with the of organizational law (herein, abovementioned, it shall be argued and so on) are fustian, and communism, modern lawyers avoid them. It is wise to the study behavior is concerned with use the conventional ways of referring to judges (Smith J, Brown LJ) so that you become accustomed to them and do not have to worry later about getting them wrong and appearing discourteous or inexperienced.

Does an answer to a problem question need an introduction and a conclusion? The briefest of introductions - perhaps a couple of sentences noting the main areas of law to be addressed - can help to concentrate your mind and indicate to the reader that the answer is going to be broadly on target. If your advice is complex, there is something to be said for summing it up in a final paragraph. Other concluding remarks are unlikely to vs fascism be needed. Is it best to transplant deal with the given facts from the start, or to set out the applicable law and then turn to the facts? Opinions differ, and communism vs fascism, it might be wise to ask your tutor whether he/she has a strong preference. It is full brain often helpful to use a short preliminary survey of the law as a means of locating and then focusing upon the precise issue raised by the facts, but writing of this sort should lean towards analysis rather than mere exposition. Most markers will be very wary of an vs fascism, answer which appears to be postponing engagement with the behavior with facts as long as possible in favour of abstract discussion of law (or the parties’ behaviour, or trade practice, or ethics etc). Should I set out both sides of the argument, or state what I think is the correct legal position? It is essential to show that you appreciate the weaknesses as well as the strengths of a party’s position. Equally it is vs fascism good practice to test your arguments (against competing considerations of policy, for example).

It is not usually necessary or advisable to set out transplant, separate answers for each party involved unless the question’s rubric expressly requires you to do so. How important is the question’s rubric? A general rubric, such as “Discuss”, or “Advise the parties”, is little more than an invitation to you to apply the law to the facts. If you are asked to advise only one party, you should concentrate on their case, but cover the case against them while doing so. It is not necessary to put your advice literally in the form of an address to any party. Where a rubric contains specific instructions (eg. advise on communism, remedies) it is essential that you follow it. Aspects of the effects of Homeschooling Essay coursework question seem to go beyond the point we have reached in the lectures.

Is that possible? Yes. Coursework is constructed and timetabled in order that it should broadly correspond to current or recent lecture topics, but it invariably spans a number of legal issues, and some may not yet have been touched upon by your lecturer. You will be expected to have undertaken the necessary research to tackle all aspects of the question unless you are told otherwise. Our tutor has given us instructions which are inconsistent with some of the communism present guidance. Which should we follow? Follow your tutor’s instructions.

I cannot decide between two intellectual approaches to this piece of work. Behavior With? Can I get guidance from my tutor? No, not in respect of a specific exercise. Think further, make your decision, write your answer, and wait to see what response it receives. The experience of feeling uncertain (and later overcoming your perplexity) is a vital part of the learning process. Attempts to divine the “right” answer from any source except your own study and reflection deprive you of that experience as well as harming the integrity of the exercise for communism, all involved. You are welcome to discuss coursework in general terms with any member of staff at any time. Is it ever appropriate to disadvantage question the given facts?

Rarely. In general, you should assume that the facts are capable of being proved. You may quite properly indicate the boundary to a legal principle by vs fascism, suggesting the point at how to find the gradient, which modification of the vs fascism facts would render it inapplicable. You may want to look behind the facts to make a working assumption about of diversity in the some other aspect of the situation with which you are dealing. There will be credit for doing so providing the exercise is legally interesting rather than gratuitous.

You may conceivably discuss the possibility that the facts are other than they seem, provided your idea is highly plausible and vs fascism, necessary in order to technology reveal an important further legal aspect of the situation. Are all the facts in the question bound to be legally relevant? No. Some, particularly near the beginning of problem questions, may do no more than set the scene. As you go further through the question, it becomes increasingly likely that all the communism facts do require comment.

It is remotely possible that a question may contain irrelevant material simply to test students’ ability to recognise it as such, but do not assume that this is common feature of problem questions. How should an answer to a problem question be structured? The issues should be analysed in a logical and effective order. The ideal approach will vary from subject to subject, and between individual problem questions in the same area. And Spencer Technology? In criminal law, for example, it is often best to begin by isolating one or two offences which might be charged on a broad view of the facts. One would then state their elements before focusing on further definition and vs fascism, discussion of those which might be particularly difficult to prove in the circumstances. In civil law the most logical structure may mirror the way in which a statement of Essay, claim would be assembled. After all, it is easier to discuss breach of contract and vs fascism, loss after you have established what the parties undertook pursuant to of organizational behavior is concerned with the contract. Can I use subheadings to make the structure of my answer clearer? A degree of vs fascism, signposting within your answer is likely to be helpful, as long as it does not become so elaborate that it distracts from brain transplant, your substantive response to communism vs fascism the question. Some of the issues in this question are logically important, but blindingly obvious from the facts.

Should I mention them? Cases have been lost because draftsmen failed to include the Positive of Homeschooling Essay obvious in their pleadings. If a vital link in your argument is plainly present on the face of the communism vs fascism question, you should still draw attention to it, albeit very briefly. In some areas there are exceptions to the study of organizational is concerned this rule, however, and your instincts will be your best guide as your experience increases. In an answer to a contract problem, for example, the presence of vs fascism, consideration would probably not even be worth mentioning unless there were a real doubt whether consideration had been provided. How many cases should I use in my answer? Consider the uses which may be made of the study is concerned with, caselaw. Vs Fascism? When you refer to a principle, it is usually appropriate to cite a well-known case to back it up.

More than one case per principle would probably not be needed. A case may be one of a line of authorities showing the limits of the applicability of marks, a principle, or perhaps its evolution; it would probably be appropriate to refer to several such cases if you are discussing the series which they form. Communism? Cases may appear to contradict each other, so that they constitute an area of controversy; a proper answer might emphasise the most academically favoured case, or the one closest to the problem question on disadvantage of diversity, the facts, while showing familiarity with the others. Vs Fascism? Rarely, and perhaps only in researched work, you may use caselaw to indicate the full extent of the learning on a given topic; your answer would make reference to all the relevant authorities. Adherence to these and other rationales for citing cases will make your use of authority not only marks, sufficient but intellectually effective.

Should I always give the facts of cases? It depends on vs fascism, the use which you want to make of each case. If you cite a case merely as authority for a legal principle, there is probably no need to give its facts. If you are going to discuss a case in marks, detail, perhaps because it is communism vs fascism a recent controversial majority decision of the House of Lords which turns upon the differing views taken of its facts, your discussion would be clearer if you set out the full transplant factual context at the outset. Should I always use the full names of cases, full references, footnotes and communism, a bibliography? On the first mention the full name of the case should normally be given. Technology? Thereafter it can be abbreviated. Full case references are required in researched coursework and vs fascism, prize essays, but not in ordinary coursework, though it is always helpful to mention the dates of cases (you are not expected to be able to is concerned with remember them in communism vs fascism, the exams). Footnotes and how to the gradient curve, a bibliography are required in communism, researched coursework and prize essays, but not otherwise. Brain Transplant? Footnotes, if used, should largely be confined to providing references to vs fascism your sources. Of Diversity Workplace? They should not become a repository for thoughts which cannot be fitted into the main text.

I don’t think I can stay within the word limit. Does it matter if I exceed it? If you exceed the word limit your answer will be penalised, and vs fascism, if you exceed it grossly your work will not be marked. It is an important skill to be able to express yourself concisely without over-simplification. You may well have to be selective in disadvantage in the, composing your answer, but that is communism inherent in the construction of a robust argument anyway. How much use of academic writings is expected? It depends on the nature of the coursework. If it is researched work, or a prize essay, you must show suitable familiarity with the academic literature. Essay questions will usually require you to of organizational with give more attention to academic writings than problem questions. Shorter and less factually intricate problem questions may demand some knowledge of academic output; they may well be designed to lead you directly to a narrowly defined but much debated issue to undertake discussion of it in depth.

Long and communism, involved problem questions may require you only to work your way through the facts by application of positive law. Any crucial academic debates are likely to have been mentioned in lectures. Do I always have to say what I think is the best view? Yes. You have been asked for your opinion, and you must give it. Provided your reasoning is clear, based on proper understanding of the how to find the gradient curve law and on sensible reactions to the facts, you will not lose much credit simply because the marker would have reached a different conclusion. Many marks are lost, however, by answers which use the supposed uncertainty of the law as an communism vs fascism, excuse for the study of organizational, failure to assess the strengths of vs fascism, competing arguments. Is it ever appropriate to adopt a particular view of a problem for the tactical reason that it provides the best route through the how to the gradient of a curve question? Yes. If you think there are two plausible answers to a question, and one would lead you to reject most of the given facts as irrelevant while the other would allow you to make good use of those facts, you would do well to adopt the second view.

You do not have to vs fascism be intellectually dishonest; if in fact you prefer the first approach, say so, but go on to consider the second one as an alternative. I have finished writing my answer. Is there anything else I should do before handing it in? Put it to one side, at least overnight and preferably for longer, and then read through it. Marks And Spencer? If there is any point in your reading at which you need to pause to wonder about the sense of what you have written, that passage needs to be re-drafted. Check the communism spelling, punctuation and so on. There is no excuse for handing in badly written work. If you are hazy about any points of grammar (use of apostrophes, for example) find out the rules and learn them. Are there any formal presentational instructions to follow?

Make sure your work is as easy to read as possible (ie. use a standard font and print it out on a printer which is how to find the gradient of a curve working properly), and check that there is enough of a margin for the marker to write comments beside the body of the text. Work need not be double-spaced, however. Is it a good idea to communism vs fascism compare notes with other students once coursework has been handed back? It is disadvantage often useful. It is entirely a matter for vs fascism, individual students, though, and nobody should feel under pressure to share their coursework with others. My tutor seems to have found little to comment on in my answer, but has given me a mark in the low 50s. How should I do better next time?

Some major flaws can be quite tersely expressed (eg. superficiality, lack of discernible structure, major authorities missed, basic mistakes of brain, law) so check very carefully since brief comments may in fact reflect serious shortcomings. If you are still at a loss to understand it, make an appointment to speak to your tutor. You are entitled to sufficient feedback to communism help you to brain transplant improve. Why are marks of more than 80% hardly ever awarded? This is a convention common to most law schools. Communism Vs Fascism? There are various justifications, some of them more convincing than others. Comparative assessment is the study with a major component of the marking process, so that a mark in fact tends to measure the extent to which an answer is better or worse than an average performance. This approach makes it difficult to vs fascism classify any piece of work as wholly worthless (0%) or perfect (100%). There may also be a sense that the highest marks can only properly be awarded for disadvantage of diversity, exercises of a certain level of difficulty (which Diploma coursework would not begin to approach). The convention is well understood, and should not be a cause for communism, concern.

I think the mark I have been given is completely mistaken. Positive Effects Of Homeschooling Essay? Can I do anything about it? The marker should be willing to spend some time discussing this with you in order to try to explain further to you why the mark is what it is. Communism Vs Fascism? This should not be regarded as an invitation to disadvantage of diversity in the workplace put pressure upon the marker to change the mark. If you remain dissatisfied, you may seek a verification of the mark through the vs fascism University’s Academic Registry. Why do coursework marks not count towards our final Diploma results? The Diploma is an intensive course, and students’ full efforts need to be directed towards learning.

The Law Department’s opinion is that coursework can assist that process in a number of ways, but that it would cease to do so if it became an end in itself. In order to prevent that, the status of coursework remains informal. Thanks to David Herling (Senior Lecturer in Law, and Programme Director for the GDL) for this useful guidance. Conceived by E Allbon. Redesigned with co-conspirator Sanmeet Kaur.