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Transgress definition and meaning | Ö

Transgress meaning

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Quick Guide Breast Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment. Transgress Meaning? With the use of screening mammograms, more and more breast cancers are being detected at an early and curable stage. Mammograms and undergraduate, breast examinations are the most important screening tests for breast cancer. Mammograms can identify many tumors that are too small to be felt by the patient; up to 90% of transgress breast cancers can be found by mammography. Guidelines for mammography. Experts are not in what is barrier nursing full agreement about when a woman should begin having mammograms. The American Cancer Society (ACS) recommends a first mammogram for all women by age 40, and transgress meaning, annual mammograms for women 40 and older. The U.S.

Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against Reaction Rising routine mammography for women before 50 years of age. However, women at high risk for transgress, breast cancer may need to Reaction to a begin having mammograms earlier in transgress life, and is barrier nursing, may undergo screening recommended for their individual situation. What are the biological causes of breast cancer? Breast cancer cells, like all cancers, initially develop because of defects in the genetic material deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) of a single cell. The human body is composed of trillions of cells. Inside the inner core (nucleus) of each cell is our DNA, located on chromosomes. Meaning? Every human cell has two sets of 23 chromosomes. Each set is inherited from one parent. DNA exists as long, spiraled strands on these chromosomes. Different segments along the DNA strands contain information for various genes. Genes are blueprints that provide genetic instructions for the growth, development, and behavior of every cell.

Most genes carry instructions for the types and the amount of proteins, enzymes, and mrs faust poem, other substances produced by the cells. Genes also govern the sizes and the shapes of the organs by controlling the rate of division of the cells within these organs. (During cell division, a cell makes a duplicate copy of its chromosomes and then divides into two cells.) Some genes restrict cell division and limit tissue growth. Defects on the DNA strands can lead to transgress gene coding errors, which in turn can cause diseases. When genes that normally restrict cell growth and divisions are absent or defective, the affected cells can divide and what, multiply without restraint. The cells that divide and multiply without restraint enlarge (forming a tumor) and can also invade adjacent tissues and organs. Sometimes these cells can further break away and transgress, migrate to distant parts of the nursing, body in a process called metastasis.

The ability to multiply without restraint, the tendency to invade other organs, and the ability to metastasize to other parts of the body are the key characteristics of cancers -- characteristics that are due to DNA defects. Meaning? The cancer-causing DNA defects can be acquired at birth (inherited) or may develop during adult life. The inherited DNA defects are present in undergraduate dissertation structure every cell of the body. On the other hand, DNA defects that develop during adult life are confined to the descendants (products of cell divisions) of the single affected cell. Generally, inherited DNA defects have a greater tendency to cause cancers and cancers that occur earlier in life than DNA defects that develop during adult life. Research has shown that 5% to 10% of breast cancers are associated with mutations (defects) in two genes known as breast cancer-associated (BRCA) genes, BRCA1 and BRCA2. These genes function to prevent abnormal cell growth that could lead to cancer. Every cell in the body has two BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes, one inherited from each parent. A woman who has received one defective BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene from one parent and a healthy gene from the other is called a carrier of the defective BRCA gene. Even though only one healthy BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene is needed to help prevent cancerous growth of transgress meaning cells, the one remaining healthy BRCA gene is Ontario’s Bill Essay vulnerable to transgress meaning damage during adult life by environmental factors such as toxins, radiation, and other chemicals such as free radicals.

Therefore, women bearing a defective BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene are at an increased risk of developing breast and ovarian cancers. Women carrying defective BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes also tend to mrs faust poem develop these cancers earlier in life. Other rare genetic mutations are also associated with an increased risk for the development of breast cancer, including mutations of the transgress, tumor suppressor gene p53, the PTEN gene, and the ATM (ataxia-telangiectasia mutation) gene. Since inherited DNA defects account for only 5% to 10% of breast cancers, the majority of breast cancers are due to DNA damage that develops during adult life. Environmental factors that can cause DNA damage include free radicals, chemicals, radiation, and certain toxins. But even among individuals without inherited cancer-causing DNA defects, their vulnerability to DNA damage, their ability to repair DNA damage, and their ability to destroy cells with DNA damage, are likely to be genetically inherited. This is probably why the risk of of Rights cancer is higher among first-degree relatives of breast cancer patients, even among families that do not carry the defective BRCA1 and BRCA2 tumor-suppressing genes. Transgress Meaning? Some of the errors in the normal control mechanisms allow the accumulation of additional errors in other parts of the nursing, system. These errors may lead to gene silencing of critical control genes or the over transgress meaning activity of other growth-stimulating genes by activation of promoter sites adjacent to these otherwise normal genes. Disobedience? Other substances such as estrogen (a female hormone) and certain fatty acids may also increase the risk of breast cancer by meaning stimulating the growth and division of Bill of Rights cells of the breast tissue.

What are the risk factors for transgress meaning, developing breast cancer? The most significant risk factors for breast cancer are gender and age . Men can develop breast cancer, but women are 100 times more likely to develop breast cancer than men. The risk of breast cancer also increases with age. Breast cancer is 400 times more common in Essay women who are 50 years old as compared to those who are 20 years old. Transgress? Another important risk factor is having first-degree relatives (mother, sister, or daughter) with breast cancer or male relatives with prostate cancer. The risk is especially higher if both the mother and sister have had breast cancers, if the cancers in first-degree relatives occurred early in life (before age 50), or if the cancers in these relatives were found in of Rights both breasts.

Having a male relative with breast cancer and having both relatives with breast and transgress, ovarian cancers also increase a woman#39;s risk of Environmental developing breast cancer. Families with multiple members with other cancers may have a genetic defect leading to meaning a higher risk of structure breast cancer. Women who have inherited defective BRCA1, BRCA2, p53, and other DNA repair genes have an increased risk of developing breast cancer, sometimes at transgress meaning, early ages, as discussed previously. But even in the absence of Rising Essay one of the known predisposing genetic defects, a strong family history may signify an increased risk because of genetic or environmental factors that are specific to that particular family. For example, increased risk in families could be due to exposure to similar environmental toxins in some cases. A woman with a history of breast cancer can develop a recurrence of the meaning, same breast cancer years later if the cancer cells had already spread to the lymph nodes or other parts of the body or if cancer cells were not all eliminated during treatment. Civil Thoreau? A woman with previous breast cancer also has a three- to fourfold greater chance of developing another breast cancer in the opposite transgress meaning breast. In women who have been treated for breast cancer with breast conservation therapy (BCT), recurrence of cancer within the treated breast may also occur.

Even though most women with fibrocystic breasts and its related breast symptoms do not have increased risk of developing breast cancer, the civil thoreau, lumpy texture and meaning, density of the breasts may hamper early cancer detection by breast examination or by mammography. Sometimes, women with fibrocystic breast changes have to undergo breast biopsies (obtaining small tissue samples from the breast for examination under a microscope) to disobedience thoreau make certain that palpable lumps are not cancerous. Breast biopsies sometimes may reveal abnormal, though not yet cancerous, cell changes (called atypical hyperplasia). Women with atypical hyperplasia of the breast tissue have about a four- to five-fold enhanced likelihood of developing breast cancer. Some other benign cell changes in breast tissue are also associated with a slight increase (one and a half to two times normal) in risk. These are termed hyperplasia of breast tissue without atypia, sclerosing adenosis, fibroadenoma with complex features, and solitary papilloma. The common benign breast tumor known as a fibroadenoma, unless it has unusual features under the microscope, does not confer an increased cancer risk. Breast cancer risks can be additive. For example, women who have first-degree relatives with breast cancer and who also have atypical hyperplasia of the breast tissue have a much higher risk of developing breast cancer than women without these risk factors. Women with a history of radiation therapy to the chest area as treatment for another cancer (such as Hodgkin#39;s disease or non-Hodgkin#39;s lymphoma) have a significantly increased risk for breast cancer, particularly if the radiation treatment was received at a young age. Women who started their menstrual periods before age 12, those who have late menopause (after age 55), and those who had their first pregnancy after age 30, or who have never had children have a mildly increased risk of developing breast cancer (less than two times the normal risk).

Early onset of menses, late arrival of menopause, and late or no pregnancies are all factors that increase a woman#39;s lifetime level of estrogen exposure. The use of meaning hormone therapy (HT) after menopause, particularly estrogens and progesterone combined, leads to Environmental an increase in risk for development of breast cancer in women who are taking HT or who have recently used HT. This risk appears to return to normal if a woman has not used hormone therapy for 5 years or more. Similarly, some studies show birth control pills cause a small increased risk of breast cancer, but this risk also returns to transgress normal after 10 years of nonuse. Environmental Bill? The decision whether to use hormone therapy or birth control pills involves weighing the risks versus the benefits and should be individualized after consulting one#39;s doctor. Dietary factors such as high-fat diets and alcohol consumption have also been implicated as factors that increase the risk for breast cancer. Despite rumors to transgress the contrary, caffeine intake, antiperspirant use, bras, breast implants, miscarriages or abortions, and stress do not appear to increase the risk of breast cancer. It is important to remember that 75% of is barrier women who develop breast cancer have no risk factors other than age. Transgress Meaning? Thus, screening and early detection are important to every woman regardless of the mrs faust poem, presence of meaning risk factors. Undergraduate Dissertation Structure? The consumption of meaning alcohol is associated with an increased risk of undergraduate dissertation developing breast cancer, and this risk increases with the transgress meaning, amount of alcohol consumed.

Compared with nondrinkers, women who consume one alcoholic drink a day have a very small increase in risk. Civil? However, those who have two to five drinks daily have about one and meaning, a half times the risk of women who drink no alcohol. Quick Guide Breast Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment. What is the importance of early breast cancer detection? The various types of cancers behave differently, with distinct rates of growth and patterns of structure spreading (metastasis) to other areas of the body. Some cancers are favorable and treatable, while others are highly aggressive. Compared to other cancers, breast cancer is on the more treatable end of the spectrum if diagnosed early. Transgress? It is considered a favorable cancer because it can be detected early by breast examination or by mammography.

Pancreatic cancer, for example, is on the lethal end of the spectrum of cancers. Pancreatic cancer is what is barrier often difficult to detect until it is very far advanced. Studies have clearly shown that the smaller the size of the breast cancer when detected, the better the chance of a surgical cure and long-term survival. The likelihood of transgress a cure is also higher if the cancer is removed before it has spread to lymph nodes and other organs such as the lungs, liver, bones, and brain. Currently, mammography and breast examinations serve as the foundation for screening for breast cancer. It is thoreau extremely important for a woman to have regular breast examinations as well as mammograms to detect early breast cancer. What are the advantages and limitations of mammography? Mammography is an X-ray examination of the breast that has the ability to detect a cancer in meaning the breast when it is quite small, long before it may be felt by breast examination. Approximately 85% to 90% of all breast cancers are detectable by mammography. Early detection by of Frito-Lay mammography has reduced the transgress, mortality rate from breast cancer by 20% to 30% in women over 50 years of age. However, some 10% to 15% of breast cancers are not visible on mammography but can be felt on physical examination of the breast.

Therefore, a normal mammogram does not exclude the possibility of breast cancer. Breast examination by a health-care professional by palpation and visual inspection is also important. During a routine physical checkup, a doctor can conduct an examination of the breast. Mrs Faust Poem? How frequently should women undergo mammography and breast examinations? The American Cancer Society (ACS) recommends a baseline mammogram for all women by age 40 and annual mammograms for women 40 and older for as long as they are in good health. In women with lumpy breasts or breast symptoms, and also in meaning women with a high risk of developing breast cancer, sometimes a baseline mammogram at 35 years of age is recommended. This recommendation is somewhat controversial, and there are other viewpoints. However, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against The Success Essay routine mammography screening for women before 50 years of age and suggests that screening end at 74 years of age.

The USPSTF recommendations are in opposition to other existing breast cancer screening guidelines from meaning organizations such as the Japan's Reaction Rising, American Cancer Society as described above. The USPSTF guidelines also recommend a screening interval of 2 years and transgress meaning, suggest that women 40 to 49 years old who are at high risk for of Frito-Lay Essay, breast cancer consult with their doctor regarding the time to transgress meaning begin regular screening mammography. It is important for women who are concerned about when to Japan's Reaction to a Rising China begin mammography to discuss the situation with their health-care professional. He or she can help their patient make an informed decision about breast cancer screening that is appropriate for their individual situation. Mammograms and young women. There is transgress a special issue regarding mammograms in young women. Since young women have dense glandular breast tissue, routine mammograms have difficulty seeing through the dense breast tissue. Therefore mammograms may not be able to detect cancer in mrs faust poem the breast because the dense breast tissue around the cancer obscures it. However, this problem can be partly offset by the use of special breast ultrasound, which is meaning now an extremely important additional imaging technique used to supplement mammography in difficult cases. To A Rising? Ultrasound can make visible a lump hidden within dense breast tissue.

It may also detect lumps and early breast cancers when mammograms fail to transgress meaning identify a problem. Ultrasound can also help doctors locate specific areas in mrs faust poem the breast for biopsy (obtain small samples of tissue to study under a microscope). Transgress? Sometimes doctors also suggest the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) screening (see below) in younger women with dense breast tissue. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning. Recent research has shown that MRI scanning may be a useful screening tool for breast cancer in certain high-risk populations. Is Barrier Nursing? In 2004, a team of Dutch researchers published a study of over transgress meaning 1,900 women at high risk for breast cancer in the New England Journal of what is barrier Medicine . These women underwent breast cancer screening that included physical exams every 6 months along with yearly mammograms and MRI scans of the transgress, breasts. Ontario’s Bill Of Rights Essay? While conventional mammography did detect many cancers at an early stage, some tumors were identified by MRI that were not detected by mammography. Overall, MRI led to the identification of 32 tumors, of which 22 were not seen on the corresponding mammogram. Likewise, some tumors appeared on mammograms that were not visible on the MRI scan. Mammography detected a total of 18 tumors, of which eight were not identified by MRI. The routine use of MRI, however, has many limitations.

While it enabled the detection of transgress some tumors in high-risk women, it also detected more noncancerous lesions (false-positives), which lead to many more follow-up examinations and potentially unnecessary surgeries. In fact, MRI led to twice as many unnecessary examinations and three times as many unneeded surgical biopsies of the undergraduate dissertation, breast than screening by mammography alone. MRI is also approximately 10 times more costly (average cost $1,000 to $1,500) than mammography. Because of these limitations, experts believe that screening with MRI is transgress impractical for women who do not have an elevated risk of developing breast cancer. However, its benefits appear to is barrier outweigh its limitations in certain high-risk populations. The American Cancer Society recommends that women at transgress, high risk for breast cancer (greater than 20% lifetime risk) should get an MRI and a mammogram every year. Women at moderately increased risk (15% to 20% lifetime risk) should talk with their doctors about the is barrier, benefits and limitations of adding MRI screening. Women at high risk for developing breast cancer include those who. have a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation, indicative of a strong inherited risk of breast cancer; have a first-degree relative with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation but have not been tested for the mutation; received chest radiation -- to treat Hodgkin#39;s disease or other cancers, for example -- between 10 and 30 years of age; or have Li-Fraumeni syndrome, Cowden syndrome, or Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome, or have first-degree relatives with one of these syndromes.

Women with significant risk factors may want to discuss their screening program with their physician to meaning better determine whether MRI may be useful in their own case. Of Frito-Lay? It is important to note that MRI should not be considered a substitute for transgress meaning, regular mammography, and mammography is the only screening tool for which a reduction in mortality (death rate) from civil breast cancer has been proven. Breast self-examination and breast examinations by a doctor. Both the American Cancer Society and the USPSTF do not call for regular self-examination of the breasts in transgress their guidelines. What Is Barrier? The ACS states that breast self-exam is optional, while the USPSTF states that doctors should not teach women to do breast self-examination. The ACS further recommends a clinical breast exam (CBE) by transgress a health-care professional about Japan's China, every 3 years for women in their 20s and 30s and every year for women 40 years of transgress meaning age and over. Quick Guide Breast Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment.

What is the civil disobedience thoreau, risk of transgress meaning radiation with repeated mammography screening over the years? With modern mammography equipment, the amount of radiation exposure is civil disobedience thoreau extremely small. Although there is no level of meaning radiation without some theoretical risk, there is no evidence of structure increased breast cancer risks from mammography performed in the recommended manner. Furthermore, the benefits of early detection far outweigh these theoretical concerns. How helpful are BRCA1 and BRCA2 genetic tests in identifying women at risk? In special circumstances, genetic tests can be very helpful both in identifying exceptionally high-risk patients and transgress meaning, reducing the level of concern for others. We also now know that the presence of one of these genetic defects does not cause cancer in every patient. Before genetic tests are conducted, individuals being tested must have thorough counseling. The Success Of Frito-Lay Essay? A clear understanding of the transgress meaning, limitations of the tests and the problems they may pose must precede the testing. The patient must know the disobedience thoreau, meaning of the possible results, whichever way they may turn out, before testing. They should also have settled on meaning, a plan for each possible outcome of the test results.

Often, the best way to evaluate a potential genetic risk is to test a relative who has already been diagnosed with breast cancer. If the relative#39;s genetic testing (which must cover a large number of possible mutations) proves negative, then there is no need to perform genetic testing on the concerned individual. Dissertation? But the concerned individual should still undergo close monitoring with breast examinations and mammograms. If the transgress, test is positive on the relative, then that specific mutation is the only one that needs to mrs faust poem be checked in the concerned individual and the other family members. What is the link between estrogen and breast cancer? Estrogen is a female hormone that is produced by the ovaries.

During the reproductive years, a woman#39;s body is exposed to high levels of estrogen. After menopause, the production of meaning estrogen by the ovaries decreases. Estrogen is sometimes prescribed to treat some of the problems often associated with menopause, such as hot flashes, night sweats, sleeplessness, and Japan's Reaction Essay, vaginal dryness. Estrogen has the additional benefit of prevention of bone thinning (osteoporosis). However, results from a large clinical trial of postmenopausal women receiving hormone therapy (HT) released in 2002 showed that the overall risks of estrogen plus progestin therapy outweighed the benefits of hormone therapy. Combined hormone therapy with estrogen and progestin was shown to increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, and blood clots. High levels of estrogen over long periods also increase the transgress, risk of developing breast and uterine cancer. Estrogen stimulates the cells of the breast and the uterine lining to grow and divide.

Breast cells that are actively dividing are believed to have a greater chance of DNA damage as well as a higher number of The Success cells that already have DNA damage. A higher number of cells with DNA damage elevate the risk of cancer development. Meaning? Women who have an early onset of their menstrual period (or menses) and late menopause are more likely to develop breast cancer than women with late menses onset and Reaction Rising Essay, early menopause. This difference is believed to be attributable to the longer period of transgress estrogen exposure in the first group. What are breast cancer prevention treatments? Selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) and its effect of estrogen on breast cell growth. The Success? A selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) is a chemical that is designed to transgress meaning act like estrogen in certain tissue such as the bones and not like estrogen in other tissue such as the breast. The use of SERMs takes advantage of the benefits of estrogen while trying to avoid the civil disobedience, risks associated with estrogen. Meaning? Two SERMs, tamoxifen (Nolvadex) and raloxifene (Evista), have been used as preventive treatment. The advantages and disadvantages of each are discussed in more detail below. Tamoxifen is the The Success of Frito-Lay Essay, first SERM to receive approval by transgress the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the treatment of The Success breast cancer.

Some breast cancer cells are estrogen sensitive, meaning they possess so-called estrogen receptors and need estrogen to grow and divide. Transgress? But estrogen has to what nursing bind to transgress the receptors of these cancer cells in undergraduate structure order to stimulate them. Binding of estrogen to the receptors is analogous to transgress fitting a key into a lock. Tamoxifen blocks the action of what nursing estrogen on the cancer cells by occupying the receptors (the locks), thus preventing estrogen (the keys) from fitting into the receptors. Blocking estrogen from the estrogen-sensitive cancer cells stops the growth and multiplication of these cells.

Tamoxifen (in higher than usual doses) may also possess other properties that cause the death of breast cancer cells that are not estrogen sensitive. Tamoxifen has been used to treat both advanced and early stage breast cancers. This drug has also proven valuable to women who have had cancer in one breast in transgress meaning reducing the chances of developing cancer in the second breast. Even though tamoxifen behaves like an anti-estrogen agent in mrs faust poem breast tissue, it acts like a weak estrogen in the bones. Thus, tamoxifen may have some benefit in meaning preventing osteoporosis fractures in postmenopausal women. Tamoxifen also decreases cysts and lumps in the breasts, especially among younger women. Fewer cysts and lumps make early detection by breast examinations and mammograms easier. This use of the Ontario’s Bill of Rights Essay, drug would only be in extreme situations and is not an approved use. Primary prevention of breast cancer with tamoxifen. The term primary prevention means trying to reduce the risks of developing breast cancer in women without a prior history of breast cancer. Transgress? Tamoxifen not only blocks the action of estrogen on mrs faust poem, estrogen-sensitive cancer cells, but it also blocks estrogen from acting on meaning, cells that are not cancerous.

Therefore, by reducing the growth and division of normal breast cells, tamoxifen decreases the population of cells that can develop cancer-causing DNA damage. In the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP) P-1, more than 13,000 women considered at high risk for developing breast cancer were given either tamoxifen or a placebo for 5 years. The women receiving tamoxifen developed 49% fewer breast cancers than women receiving the placebo. A further study, the mrs faust poem, International Breast Cancer Intervention Study (IBIS-I) in Europe, also confirmed a reduction in the rate of breast cancer development in transgress high-risk women. The United States FDA has approved the use of tamoxifen for primary prevention in Reaction Rising women at high risk for developing breast cancer.

There is no evidence to suggest that tamoxifen can reduce breast cancer incidence in women considered to have a normal risk for the development of breast cancer. Risks and side effects of tamoxifen. Meaning? The risk of The Success of Frito-Lay tamoxifen is the transgress meaning, development of uterine cancer. Although the overall risk of developing uterine cancer is small (probably less than 1%), in the NSABP-P1 trial, more women on tamoxifen developed uterine cancer than women taking the Ontario’s Bill of Rights Essay, placebo. Transgress? Additionally, women over Japan's Rising China 50 years of transgress meaning age on Ontario’s Environmental Bill Essay, tamoxifen have a slightly heightened chance of developing blood clots in transgress meaning the veins of the lower extremities. Is Barrier Nursing? These blood clots can occasionally break off and travel to meaning cause blockage of blood vessels in the lungs (a process called pulmonary embolism). Symptoms of civil thoreau pulmonary embolism include shortness of breath, chest pain, and sometimes shock.

Some studies have also reported an increased risk of stroke in patients taking tamoxifen. The other side effects of tamoxifen include weight gain, hot flashes, irregular periods, vaginal dryness or discharge, and a slightly enhanced risk of transgress cataracts. Many of these side effects also depend on the age group being studied. Raloxifene (Evista) is the second SERM to be approved by the FDA. It has been approved for treating and preventing osteoporosis in postmenopausal women.

Data suggest that raloxifene, like tamoxifen, can reduce the chance of developing breast cancer in high-risk postmenopausal women. Unlike tamoxifen, raloxifene does not stimulate cells of the uterus and is not believed to The Success Essay increase the meaning, risk of uterine cancer. Studies that examined the effects of both tamoxifen and raloxifene (including the STAR trial, which studied over 19,000 postmenopausal women at high risk for developing breast cancer) showed that both drugs lowered the incidence of breast cancer in a similar manner. While both tamoxifen and raloxifene increased a woman#39;s risk of blood clots, the what is barrier nursing, observed increase was smaller with raloxifene. Raloxifene was also associated with a lower risk of uterine cancer and hysterectomy for noncancerous reasons than tamoxifen.

However, data suggest that raloxifene is as effective in preventing the development of early, noninvasive cancers as tamoxifen. Meaning? Data are not available on the effects of raloxifene in premenopausal women, and it is a potential teratogen, meaning that it may cause harm to the developing fetus. Therefore, raloxifene is limited to use by postmenopausal women and not used in women of childbearing age. Other medications, known collectively as aromatase inhibitors, are also used to block the effects of estrogen. Examples of aromatase inhibitors include anastrozole (Arimidex), and exemestane (Aromasin). Their main activity is to Ontario’s Bill inhibit (block) the transgress meaning, action of Japan's Reaction China a particular enzyme (aromatase) that creates estrogen from other normally circulating hormones.

Tamoxifen and aromatase inhibitors, therefore, act differently and have different side effects. Aromatase inhibitor medications are an option for postmenopausal women at high risk of developing breast cancer. Surgical measures to prevent breast cancer. Preventive or prophylactic mastectomy is the surgical removal of transgress one or both breasts in women who have moderate to disobedience thoreau high risk of developing breast cancer. Studies have shown that this technique reduces a woman#39;s chance of developing breast cancer by up to 90%. Since small amounts of breast tissue can remain on transgress, the chest wall, in disobedience thoreau the underarm, or even in the abdomen following a mastectomy, it is impossible to completely prevent development of breast cancer by prophylactic mastectomy.

Women often choose to have surgical reconstruction of the breasts at transgress meaning, the time of Japan's Rising surgery. It is very important for a woman considering preventive mastectomy to have a frank discussion with her physician concerning her cancer risk, other available treatments, and the potential complications and implications of the surgery before making a decision. Prophylactic or preventive oophorectomy, or removal of the ovaries, has also been performed in women receiving preventive mastectomies in order to reduce estrogen levels. Are there other breast cancer prevention measures? Antioxidants are chemicals that prevent a type of chemical reaction called oxidation. Oxidation is a major source of transgress free radical formation. Antioxidants also mop up the free radicals that are formed.

Free radicals are electrically charged chemicals that can attack and civil thoreau, damage proteins and DNA, thereby altering genetic information. If enough damage occurs to the DNA segments of a cell that controls cell division and growth, cancer can develop from that single cell. Free radicals can be formed by the normal metabolic activity in the body. However, there is no evidence that dietary intake of antioxidants affects breast cancer risk. Early epidemiological studies suggested that high-fat diets might be associated with increased risks of breast cancer. But this relationship has not been confirmed, and meaning, results of studies have been mixed. Furthermore, it is clear that some fats may be protective rather than harmful.

There are, however, some theoretical concerns about eating overcooked meats and fats. Diet and lifestyle measures to reduce breast cancer risk. The Success Essay? Theoretically, there are dietary and lifestyle measures that can decrease free-radical formation and reduce the risk of developing breast and transgress, other types of cancer. These measures include. diets rich in vegetables and fruits; diets low in fats, and red and Bill, overcooked meats; reasonable intake of antioxidants, such as vitamins E and C; and regular exercise and weight control. Evidence that these measures reduce the transgress, chances of developing breast cancer is largely based on epidemiological data. Epidemiological evidence is derived from comparing two large populations with similar characteristics that have different diets or levels of exercise.

Epidemiological evidence can only be suggestive, not conclusive. In fact, concrete proof that diet and exercise actually reduce the risk of thoreau developing breast cancer will be difficult to transgress attain, and there is no evidence that any breast cancer prevention diet exists. Dissertation Structure? When firm scientific data is lacking and is unlikely to be available for the foreseeable future, the doctor has to weigh the risks of his/her recommendations against the potential benefits. Long-term risk and benefit considerations are especially important in advising young, healthy women about preventing a disease that they may or may not develop. In the case of diets low in fat and transgress, overcooked meats, diets high in vegetables and of Frito-Lay, fruits, avoiding smoking, and regular exercise, there is enough known benefit and very little known risk, which makes it easy for doctors to recommend them to meaning their patients. Doctors are also comfortable with recommending one multivitamin a day. However, there is no clinical evidence that taking megadoses of vitamins are of any benefit. Megadoses of certain vitamins can have adverse side effects. There is epidemiological data which show that women who exercise regularly have a lower incidence of mrs faust poem breast cancer than women who do not exercise.

The reason for such a benefit is meaning unknown, but it may be related to the fact that obese individuals have higher levels of estrogen in the body than people who are not obese. The higher levels of estrogen may increase the risk of breast cancer in obese women. Japan's To A Rising China Essay? There are two important aspects in breast cancer prevention: early detection and risk reduction. Screening may identify early noninvasive cancers and allow treatment before they become invasive or identify invasive cancers at an early treatable stage. But screening does not, per se, prevent cancer. Breast cancer prevention really must be understood as risk reduction.

In extremely high-risk patients, such as those who have BRCA mutations, risk reduction may involve prophylactic surgical removal of the breasts and ovaries. For the average patient, lifestyle modifications (diet, exercise, weight loss) may be easily recommended and have many other benefits. For patients who have an increased risk based on other factors, the use of hormone-blocking agents, in addition to the usual lifestyle recommendations, may also be considered. Meaning? There is no absolute or definitive way to prevent breast cancer. Routine screening and early detection remain the most effective ways to reduce breast cancer deaths. But screening does not prevent breast cancer from occurring. Medications are an option for decreasing the likelihood of breast cancer in some women at disobedience thoreau, high risk for developing breast cancer. There is no evidence to transgress meaning suggest that these medications should be used in women withat average risk. Reduction of Japan's Reaction China risk factors can help reduce the risk of developing breast cancer: Maintain a healthy weight.

Consume alcohol only in moderation. Get regular exercise. Subscribe to MedicineNet's Cancer Report Newsletter. By clicking Submit, I agree to transgress the MedicineNet's Terms Conditions Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of MedicineNet's subscriptions at any time. Breast Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment.

Learn about mrs faust poem, breast cancer causes, symptoms, tests, recovery, and prevention. Meaning? Discover the types of treatments such as surgery and drug therapies as well as the survival rate for breast cancer. Read more: Breast Cancer Diagnosis and mrs faust poem, Treatment. Breast Cancer Prevention - Mammograms. How often do you get a mammogram? How old were you when you received your first screening? Does your family have a history of breast or other cancers? Have any relatives been tested for the BRCA1 and transgress, BRCA2 genes? PostView 1 Comment Breast Cancer Prevention - Early Detection.

Were you diagnosed with early stage breast cancer? If so, what was the treatment? Post Breast Cancer Prevention - Foods. Ontario’s Bill Essay? Are you eating certain foods to reduce your risk of breast cancer? Top Breast Cancer Prevention Related Articles. Meaning? Protect Your Eyesight Warning Signs of mrs faust poem Common Eye Conditions. Migraine or Headache What's the Difference? Psoriasis See What It Looks Like and meaning, How to mrs faust poem Treat It. Health Solutions From Our Sponsors.

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Transgressing - definition of Ö

How to Write an Exceptional New-Grad Nursing Resume. Writing a new-grad nursing resume is a daunting task for most new-grads. The fear of having no experience and being unqualified leaves many wondering what details to include. Moreover, many new-grads wonder how to meaning, structure their nursing resume in a way that best conveys their current skill-set and value to Japan's Reaction to a Rising, prospective employers. As former recruiters, we reviewed thousands of new-grad resumes.

In this blog post, weíll draw on that experience to provide a comprehensive guide to meaning, creating an amazing nursing resume for what is barrier nursing new-grads. How to transgress, Structure Your New-Grad Nursing Resume. How you structure your resume has an The Success of Frito-Lay, impact on its effectiveness. Letís first consider which headings to include on your resume. There are certain headings that every new-grad should include and other headings that will depend on whether or not you have any applicable details to include under those headings.

Headings that every new-grad nursing resume should include (Required) Every new-grad resume should include the following headings (weíll discuss why we recommend these headings and meaning provide tips for each below): Summary Licenses and Certifications Education Clinical Rotations. Optional headings for your new-grad nursing resume. Each of the Ontario‚Äôs Environmental Bill of Rights following headings should be considered and included based on meaning, whether or not you have relevant details to include: Work History Affiliations Volunteer Activities Honors and Awards Skills Summary Languages. Now letís take a look at the ordering of the headings. Of course, your contact information should be at of Frito-Lay Essay, the top of your resume. As usual, you should place the Summary as first heading on your resume.

Next, include your Licenses and Certifications if you have already obtained them. Transgress. However, if you have not already obtained them, then you may want to push this heading farther down the list under your Clinical Rotations. Next, include your Education followed by nursing, your Clinical Rotations. You will undoubtedly find many who recommend that you place your Work History first. Moreover, placing Work History before Education is the conventional standard. As a result, itís difficult for transgress some to trust advice that recommends placing Education first. So, hereís our supporting argumentÖ As a new-grad, you may not even have work experience. If you do, itís most likely that you donít have applicable work experience and even if you do have applicable experience, itís most certainly not Registered Nursing work experience. Ontario‚Äôs Bill Essay. You canít obtain RN work experience without an transgress meaning, RN license and you canít get an RN license without first graduating from an accredited nursing program and passing the NCLEX. Moreover, your new-grad nursing resume should quickly convey that you are a new-grad.

There is no point in trying to Ontario‚Äôs of Rights Essay, hide this fact. If employers are considering new-grads for an open position, then recruiters and hiring managers are going to be receptive to your situation. If theyíre not considering new-grads for the opening and are instead requiring experience for the position, then theyíre not going to be receptive to your situation. Youíre not going to meaning, trick them by Japan's Reaction Rising China Essay, putting your CNA or EMT work experience ahead of your education. Meaning. In fact, doing this could make your resume even less effective as reviewers receptive to new-grads may never even get to your new-grad status before passing on the resume. Perhaps more importantly, our recommendation is based on what was desired by the hiring managers we worked with. You will find corroboration for this recommendation from reputable sources all over the internet. For example, the sample new-grad resumes from California State University Chico and University of civil disobedience, Texas San Antonio both have the headings listed in the order we recommend. Additionally, UC Davis Medical Center requires Education, Senior Preceptorship and meaning Clinical Rotations on the resumes of all applicants to their nursing residency program. For further proof, letís take a look at what a hiring manager had to of Frito-Lay, say about new-grad resumes.

As the Director of Workforce Development for Orange County Memorial Care University and a Board Member of the transgress meaning Association of California Nurse Leaders, Maria-Jean Caterinicchio, RN, MS said, ďIt (your resume) should state where you have done your clinicals and any certifications such as EKG and Reaction Rising Essay ACLS. You can also include any conferences you have attended beyond the classroom.Ē Your Clinical Rotations and Education are key components of your new-grad resume! That takes care of the 4 required headings. The 6 optional headings can be ranked as you see fit. Transgress. Remember, you should only include these headings if you have substantial details to convey. Is Barrier Nursing. And you may want to rank them in order of strength as they relate to transgress meaning, the job in question. For example, if you have experience working as a CNA in a hospital setting, then your Work History should be given a higher ranking because it highly relates to of Frito-Lay Essay, the job youíre applying for. Specific Details to Include on transgress meaning, Your New-grad Nursing Resume. Youíll undoubtedly come across many people who recommend that new-grads use an Objective instead of a Summary on their resumes. The argument is that you really have nothing to summarize as a new-grad.

However, we think that Objectives are an outdated resume heading that do nothing to of Frito-Lay, advance your main objective of transgress meaning, conveying why youíre the right person for the job. Moreover, you can include an objective within a summary if youíre intent on having one. Here are three articles from major publications that support summaries over disobedience thoreau objectives: Now, you may have heard that recruiters spend 6 seconds reviewing your resume. While we doubt that they really spend that little time reviewing each resume, we certainly believe that the time they spend is very limited. Meaning. Therefore, your goal is to make sure your resume can be easily scanned, starting with your Summary. Reaction To A Rising China. You do not want recruiters getting stuck on your Summary by writing a big paragraph. Instead, use bullet points and try to keep each point at 1 to 2 lines . As for what to include in your SummaryÖItís a good idea to state that youíre a new-grad. You might summarize your clinical rotations. You may point out any special skills that you have, like second languages or computer skills. And, as mentioned previously, you may include an meaning, objective.

We recommend listing each license and certification with the mrs faust poem following information: Full name of the license or certification. Full name of the issuing body of the license or certification. Transgress Meaning. Expiration date of the license or certification if applicable. License or certification number if applicable. If your license is part of the Nursing Licensure Compact, then it should be indicated. Many nurses express privacy concerns over including their license numbers. Your nursing license number is made public through the state licensing board. It can easily be obtained using the to a Rising China basic information you provide on your resume. Transgress Meaning. Adding it simply assists those recruiters and hiring managers who need to undergraduate, look it up for verification as a result of hospital/employer policy.

Education for Your New-Grad Nursing Resume. You should display all of your relevant college education. So if you attended 2 colleges to attain your degree, then you should include them both. Please do not include your high school education. We recommend including the following information for each pertinent education institution you attended: Full official name of the education institution. Transgress Meaning. City and State Dates attended. Degree achieved. Nursing. GPA if it was good.

There are several other details in addition to these that you may want to include regarding your education. Weíve had many new-grads inform us that in their area, employers were interested in transgress knowing their HESI or ATI scores. Undergraduate Structure. We recommend checking with your Nurse Educators or your schoolís Career Guide to see what they recommend. You may also wish to transgress meaning, include relevant coursework and corresponding grades if you got an A. Ontario‚Äôs Bill Essay. However, keep this brief and transgress relevant to the job youíre applying for. Finally, you may wish to include any honors and awards you achieved if you would rather not place these items under their own heading. Clinical Rotations on what, Your New-Grad Nursing Resume. Clinical Rotations are an transgress meaning, extremely important part of The Success of Frito-Lay, your new-grad nursing resume. Transgress Meaning. As illustrated above, hiring managers indicate that they want to see these details. Nursing. Major teaching universities require that they be included on resumes submitted for their residency programs. We consider them the crux of your new-grad resume. At a minimum, you should include the following:

Details to include about transgress, your clinical rotations. Type of experience (Clinical Rotation, Senior Preceptorship, other). Start and end dates. Total number of hours worked. Mrs Faust Poem. Name of the hospital or institution. City and State. Name of the unit/department (examples: Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Medical Surgical Unit (MS), Labor and Delivery Unit (LD)). One common mistake to transgress, avoid when listing the name of the unit is listing the hospital specific unit name.

For example, the hospital specific unit name might be 3-West, but nobody outside the hospital knows what that means. Japan's China Essay. Instead, list the type of unit it was as designated by the type of patients the unit took. In addition to transgress, the details above, we also recommend including the Ontario‚Äôs Bill of Rights Essay following information: Optional details to include about your clinical rotations. Facility type: Every facility has a technical designation. For example, most hospitals are ďAcute Care HospitalsĒ. Other designations include Long Term Care Facility, Long Term Acute Care Facility, Childrenís Hospital, etc. Listing the meaning facility type lets the reader know without a doubt what the setting was. Number of Ontario‚Äôs Bill of Rights, beds in the facility. List the facilityís trauma designation if applicable. If the facility was a teaching hospital, then include that information.

Number of beds on the unit you were assigned to. Trauma designation of the unit you were assigned to if applicable. Age range of the patients the unit cared for transgress if applicable. Nurse to patient ratio on the unit. Type of charting system used at Rising China Essay, the facility and transgress meaning name of any EMR/EHR you gained experience with. The grade you received if it was an A.

As you may have noticed, many of the details we recommend are technical details pertaining to the facility and unit. Structure. These details convey so much about the meaning setting you were in and the thoreau experiences you were exposed to with very few words. Meaning. So including them provides the reader with a ton of useful information. Additionally, it demonstrates that you understand how import these details are to any healthcare organization, otherwise, you wouldnít have listed them. Additional options for Environmental Essay highlighting your clinical rotations. Finally, you may also wish to include specific details about the experience you gained while engaged with your clinical rotations. For example, did you have any experiences that might make you a more attractive candidate to the prospective employer? Did you learn anything specific about compassion for patients, team work, the importance of learning and transgress growth as a new-grad RN?

If you did, then try to offer the specifics to illustrate exactly what happened. You may also be able to relate your clinical rotation experience to specific goals or problems of the Ontario‚Äôs Environmental Bill of Rights employer youíre applying to. For example, maybe your research on the prospective employer turns up the meaning fact that theyíre seeking Magnet Status. If one of the facilities that you worked at during your rotations was seeking to achieve the same goal, then you may be able to mrs faust poem, find some way to relate your experience to it. Transgress. Or, perhaps the prospective employer is trying to improve their HCAHPS score and one of the facilities you worked at just achieved success with a similar endeavor. There are limitless possibilities with this option.

The main idea is to try and relate your experience during clinical rotations to a real problem or goal faced by the prospective employer. At this point, weíve covered each of our recommended required headings. As you may have noticed, weíve offered tons of options. So many that if you were to incorporate them all, then your resume would either be too crowded or too many pages. However, many of the details we offer are simply for what nursing your consideration. Itís not required to include them all.

So pick and choose the ones that work best for you by researching the job in question and determining which details will be of most value to the prospective employer. Optional Details for Your New-grad Nursing Resume. As indicated above, each of the following headings are optional for your new-grad resume. Meaning. You should decide whether or not to use them based on whether or not you have applicable details to provide for them. Letís take a brief look at each of Ontario‚Äôs Environmental Bill, them. If you have work history, which most college students these days do, then you should probably include some reference to it on your resume. Try your best to convey how the transgress meaning experience relates to nursing. This will be a lot easier to do if the Environmental Bill of Rights Essay experience was healthcare related. If all else fails, offer concrete examples of how you excelled at time management, team work, compassion, service, collaboration, or communication. One important issue to consider regarding work history is stability. Many college students work several jobs during their college career for any number of reasons.

Too many short term stints may exhibit instability to transgress meaning, prospective employers who are about to devote a large amount of resources to you. So you may want to explain short-term work stints or leave them off of your resume. You should definitely use the Affiliations heading if you are already a member of mrs faust poem, a professional organization related to transgress meaning, nursing. For example, if youíre a member of the American Association of Critical Care Nurses, then prospective employers will want to know. You may also include relevant college organizations such as Sigma Theta Tau, or the Student Nurses Association. Of course, if the only organizations you belong to undergraduate dissertation structure, are scholastic, then you may choose to include them under your Education heading to save space. When listing your affiliations, consider including the following details: Full name of the organization.

Date joined. Your designation within the organization. Any special duties. Transgress. Organization conferences attended. Including Volunteer Activities is a great way to demonstrate compassion. You may have volunteered for charity or at a healthcare facility. Consider including the following details: Full name of the Reaction Rising China Essay organization. Dates of engagement.

Quantify the number of transgress meaning, hours volunteered. Civil Thoreau. Description of meaning, duties and results you achieved if applicable. Any awards or recognition you received. If you have received many honors and awards, then giving them a special place on your resume may be warranted. The other option is to mix them in throughout your resume where applicable. Consider including the following details: Name or title of the award. Reaction To A Rising Essay. Date received.

Organization received from. Significance of the award, or reason it was received. For most new-grads, a Skills Summary heading may not be warranted. Skills summaries are intended to meaning, convey proficiency with specific skills. Undergraduate Dissertation Structure. As a new-grad, you most likely havenít achieved proficiency with any aspect of nursing.

However, if you have experience in a healthcare setting, then you may indeed be proficient with relevant skills. For example, you may be certified in transgress meaning phlebotomy or Crisis Prevention. In any case, if you havenít achieved proficiency, then you may be better served by listing skills as details under the heading that pertains to where the skills were practiced. Additionally, you might consider utilizing a Skills Checklist during your job search. Mrs Faust Poem. In case youíre not familiar, Skills Checklists are documents that allow healthcare professionals to self-assess their skills pertaining to a specific profession or specialty within a profession. Meaning. They are commonly used by healthcare employers of all types to dissertation structure, gauge their employeesí skill sets. BluePipes has over 100 comprehensive skills checklists that you can complete, save and transgress download at what is barrier, your convenience. You can print them out and take them to job interviews in order to meaning, easily convey your level of expertise with hundreds of skills. Again, as a new-grad, itís not advised to utilize a checklist for a nursing specialty like Intensive Care Unit because you most likely wonít have the required expertise. The Success Essay. However, if you have experience as a CNA, Phlebotomist, or LPN, then you could use one of those checklists as a way to stand out from the crowd.

These checklists are free to meaning, use on structure, BluePipes. So, join today to take advantage! A recent study by Wanted Analytics found that ďbilingualĒ was the second most common skill listed on nursing job postings in the United States. If you speak multiple languages, then itís definitely recommended that you include them under their own special heading! What Hiring Managers and Job Postings are Looking for in New-Grad RNs. Itís important to remember that experience, temperament, talents, and meaning convictions vary from person to person. Undergraduate Dissertation. While all new-grads may share certain commonalities, they are all unique in meaning their own ways. Similarly, itís fine for new-grad resumes to mrs faust poem, share certain commonalities, but each should be unique in itís own way. As youíve seen, we have strong opinions on the structure of meaning, your resume and we provide many recommendations on various details to include.

However, weíre not writing the resume for you. In fact, we strongly recommend against the boiler-plate phrases that have become so common as a result of online resume builders. So, when it comes to the meat of your resume, let the Japan's China words of hiring managers and job postings guide your efforts. Transgress. In other words, find ways to relate your unique experiences to what hiring managers and job postings are looking for. Environmental. And always strive to provide concrete examples as opposed to generalizations. Assuming that youíre applying for transgress meaning a job through a job posting (as opposed to networking for a job), you should do your best to optimize your resume for the Applicant Tracking System (ATS). Weíve covered how to do this in a previous blog post, so we wonít rehash it here. The bottom line is civil disobedience thoreau that you want to naturally include the key buzzwords and meaning phrases used in the job posting in your resume.

This way, youíre ranked higher by the ATS. Of course, youíre probably wondering what hiring managers are looking for! Weíve provided some examples above, but below are some direct quotes we found from mrs faust poem interviews posted online. These quotes validate what our own experience as recruiters taught us. ďKnowing that new nurses are very green in regards to transgress meaning, their technical skills, we look to Japan's Reaction to a, whether a nurse is really ready to step into transgress meaning, the profession. Ontario‚Äôs Bill Of Rights. We are looking for transgress those who are really interested in what is barrier making life better for people who are suffering.Ē Kimberly Horton, MSN, RN, FNP, DHA, Vice President and Chief Nursing Officer at meaning, Mercy Hospital and Mercy Southwest Hospital in Bakersfield, California. ďWe expect our new nurse graduates to have the basic fundamental nursing knowledge and we are also looking for compassion, a sense of teamwork, accountability and dissertation communication. We look for an attitude of collaboration and meaning communication.Ē Maria-Jean Caterinicchio, RN, MS, Director of Workforce Development for Orange County Memorial Care University and civil Board Member of the Association of California Nurse Leaders (ACNL)

Always side on patient safety first. Be open to feedback. Use your resources, such as more experienced nurses, physicians and other members of your team. This will also help you build a support system. Always ask questions when you are unsure or donít know something. Transgress. Discuss your feelings and/or concerns with your unit leadership. From the first day on the job, be a team player. Greg Kingsley, RN, New Grad Nurse Recruiter, Emory Healthcare. With all of this in mind, itís important to remember that there is no one correct way to create your resume.

We certainly hope this guide provides an idea of dissertation, best practices as well as an idea of what you shouldnít do. Perhaps most importantly, itís important to transgress meaning, remember that your resume is just one facet of your job search. And while your resume is important, the single most important thing you can do to land that first job, or any job for that matter, is NETWORK! Estimates indicate 70% to 80% of all jobs are filled through networking. And itís always best to operate with the is barrier ď80-20 ruleĒ in mind. In other words, make sure that youíre focusing on networking as your main job-search activity because itís most often the determining factor in success. Thatís why we created BluePipes in the first placeÖto give healthcare professionals a professional networking platform capable of providing unique career management tools designed to help them solve their unique career challenges.

Join today, itís free and easy! 5 Things that New Grad RNs and Experienced RNs Should Know About the transgress Job Market A New Grad RN recently shared their frustration with us. How to Write an Effective Nursing Resume Summary Writing an effective nursing resume summary is easier said than. 8 Things Every Nurse Ought to Know About Online Nursing Job Applications Applying online is the Ontario‚Äôs Environmental Bill Essay norm for nursing jobs. Transgress Meaning. We provide. So my situation is undergraduate dissertation structure a little different. Iíve been a Dental Assistant most of my life and decided to transgress, change careers. I have now achieved my RN.

But it took me a lot longer than a traditional ADN program is supposed to take. I had an ďissueĒ at undergraduate structure, the first school I started the nursing program at and ended up needing to find another school to complete the program. Transgress. Is this something I should include in my resume (as I see it as a negative thing) or how do I incorporate it to benefit my appearance? I donít want to structure, leave out info that can hurt me but Iím wondering if the info can hurt me if included. I agree with Kyle. List out your clinicals. Meaning. Add a targeted bullet point under each one that relates to mrs faust poem, the job you are applying for. Learn about ATS.

Read the job posting. What words are on transgress meaning, there most? What qualifications MUST you have? What qualifications do they PREFER? All the mrs faust poem ones you have Ė write them down. Transgress Meaning. Yes, use their words. Also read their mission and values. Dissertation. Look through their website. Encorporate their values with yours. Transgress Meaning. A great place to do this is in your cover letter.

What do you recommend to someone like me whose 19 years old. Structure. Has no work experience, this is my first career.. my resume would be completely blank pretty much. Transgress. I know you said donít include high school education.. buts thatís pretty much the only thing Iíve ďaccomplishedĒ so far, I was an is barrier, honor student, GPA 3.9, Received an award for academic excellence all 4 years, advanced diploma. And currently my GPA is transgress meaning 3.5, I havenít graduated yet but will in OCT, 2016 with my associates degree in nursing. Iím applying to a new graduate residency program now, that will start in Reaction to a Rising Essay February. Please HELP! #128577; how can I make my resume better? Thanks for the inquiry Glenda. Meaning. Most of the what is barrier applicants to new graduate residency programs have similar circumstances.

To make your resume stand out, be sure to meaning, include the details described above regarding your various experiences including clinical rotations and education. Civil Thoreau. Youíre welcome to include your high school education. However, chances are it will not be considered. Transgress Meaning. Just remember that most candidates are going to be in the same boat, so making sure you provide all the details hospitals like to see (as described above) will help you stand out. I hope this helps! Great article!

Finally people are talking about Japan's Rising Essay, New Graduate Registered Nurses and the job search!! The Struggle is VERY real for meaning new, old, reentry, and RNís seeking a new specialty! Especially in oversaturated markets like California. I invite anybody who is seeking a job to of Frito-Lay Essay, join our Facebook Group RNInterview Tools. All are invited to transgress meaning, share what worked for them, post questions, and seek support from dissertation structure others who understand.

Members are landing job offers all over and we could not be more thrilled. I definitely shared this article and have shared others from Blue Pipes in the past. Thank you for assisting all of meaning, us Nurses in our quest. Glad to hear the article is civil thoreau useful and thanks for sharing, Melissa! Help! I just graduated in May 2016 and got hired as an RN in transgress meaning a hospital. Japan's Reaction Rising Essay. Unfortunately, I resigned after a month as I felt so overwhelmed in the unit I was assigned to. Should I include that one month experience in my resume? Thanks for sharing, Aleli and sorry to hear about the difficulties. This is a tough situation. I believe most career consultants would recommend leaving the meaning job off of your resume.

This is because youíll most certainly be required to explain the short duration in any interview. Moreover, the duration was so short that many employers wouldnít even require an explanation for the gap in employment. That said, you may want to consider the instructions on job applications. Some hospitals have very stringent rules for entering work history on their applications. For example, they might require every employer for dissertation the past 7 years to be entered on the application regardless of duration and transgress also require applicants to provide an explanation of of Frito-Lay Essay, any gaps in employment of greater than 1 month. Transgress Meaning. There will be a signing statement in the application indicating you attest the information is accurate and complete.

If they find out you left the job off the application, it could result in a rescinded job offer. Mrs Faust Poem. Although the chances of this happening are slim. I hope this information helps! Nursing is my second career. I taught elementary school before this. Should I include my education for that? Also, should I include teaching school in my work history?

I taught for meaning eight years in the same school, so itís a good example that I can hold a job long term. Thanks! Congratulations on your new career, Priscilla. Undergraduate Structure. Previous work history and education are both optional for your new-grad nursing resume. In your case, I highly recommend including them both as they are both excellent experiences to display. However, be sure to keep them brief in order to transgress meaning, highlight your nursing skills. I hope this helps! Hello, I was wondering how do I include my phlebotomy certification on my resume if it doesnít have an expiration date? If you are formatting your own resume, you can simply add the license without expiration dates.

However, Iím wondering if youíre using BluePipes to mrs faust poem, format your resume? Please let me know if so. Thanks! Hi iím just wondering do you have an transgress meaning, example resume with all the information you have listed here for preview? thank you! My apologies, but we donít have a sample. Mrs Faust Poem. Weíll work on creating though.

Thanks! How about information on building a new-grad RN Cover letter? When listing previous certifications and licenses, should you list the initial date of obtainment or expiration/ renewal date? Also, regarding Applicant Tracking System, what is the rule regarding parenthesis ()? I ask because in my certifications I have ACLS, PALS, and a bunch of other alphabet soup acronyms. Transgress Meaning. Should I use (ACLS) after Advanced Cardiac Life Support?

Good questions! There are no steadfast rules, but we recommend listing the expiration dates. On our resume builder, licenses are listed with both the nursing acronym and name. For example: ACLS Ė Advanced Cardiac Life Support. That said, most resume parsers are quite advanced these days, so they should be able to contextualize what is meant by transgress, ď(ACLS)Ē.

However, as illustrated above, itís not necessary to use the Essay parentheses if you donít want to. I hope this helps! Help! I work in a long term care nursing facility as an RN for transgress about a year and dissertation structure half now. This is transgress meaning my first nursing job and nursing is my second career.

What can you suggest in writing my resume? Are my clinical rotations still relevant? Thanks. There isnít a steadfast rule that applies to your question. I think itís fair to mrs faust poem, say that most recruiters and nursing career advisers would say that your clinical rotations shouldnít be added to your resume after a year and a half of working in an LYC facility.

That said, you might still list it in an effort to land a job in a new-grad training program.

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Writing Better University Essays/Referencing. By referencing the sources you use in transgress meaning your essay, you do a number of things. First of The Success all, you comply with an academic convention. Transgress! Secondly, you make your essay look more professional. In fact, it not only Reaction looks more professional, but its argument becomes more powerful. Thirdly, you allow others to meaning, check your sources. Japan's Reaction To A China! This is often only a hypothetical issue, but a look through the list of your references will allow others to transgress meaning, judge your argument quickly. Fourthly, you acknowledge your sources and thus admit that like everyone else, youíre a dwarf on the shoulders of the giants. The essential bits of referencing require you to provide enough information to others so that they can identify the source. What exactly is meant by enough is open to debate, and civil disobedience, this is also where conventions come in. Essential is transgress meaning, that you do provide references.

Ideally, you would do so properly. Itís not so difficult, and the sooner you get into the habit of referencing, the better. There are two forms to do the referencing: including them as footnotes, or use a variation of the Harvard system. Your institution may have a preference, or even a house style. The Success Essay! In most cases, your markers will be happy with a consistent and appropriate system. The Harvard system is also known as author/date, and will be described here in more detail. Within your essay, whenever you make a statement that is transgress, essentially based on somebody elseís work, you should attribute the source.

You do this by stating the author(s) and the year of the publication you consulted. Where the name of the of Frito-Lay Essay, author occurs naturally in the text, it does not need to meaning, be repeated. The references are usually included at the end of a sentence, or where inappropriate in a place where the text flow is not interrupted too much, such as in front of a comma. Japan's Reaction To A Essay! This may be necessary, for transgress meaning, example, if only the first half of civil thoreau your sentence is based on someone elseís work. Switzerland seems to be the ideal place for studying the effects of direct democracy, since no other country has gone as far in terms of implementing such means (Franklin, 2002). The name of the author is included in transgress brackets, together with the year of publication.

Some styles put a comma between the two, others just a space: (Franklin 2002). Where there are two authors, both names are included: (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994). Some styles prefer the word and , others prefer the mrs faust poem, ampersand ( symbol). Transgress Meaning! Where there are more than two authors, the name of the first author is given, followed by et al. The Success Of Frito-Lay! (which literally means and others ): (Almeder et al. , 2001). Some styles put et al. into transgress, italics, others donít. If you have two or more references for the same argument, you should separate the references with a semicolon (; symbol): (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994; Steinberg, 1999). If there are very many references to mrs faust poem, an argument, use your own judgement to select the most relevant ones. What should you reference? Basically references should be included to any argument made by someone else, including numbers you cite.

However, statements of general nature need not be attributed to anyone. A statement that the transgress meaning, sky is Japan's Reaction Rising, blue alone does not require a reference. However, if you state that the sky is blue because of a specific reason, then you should include a reference. If you use the transgress, exact words of an author (quotation), youíll need to give the number of the page where you copy from. This is needed so anyone can quickly check the original words, should he or she feel so. See the separate section on quotes. Itís not uncommon that you want to use the arguments of say Max Weber, even though you have not actually read this particular book. Strictly speaking, you should not reference Weberís work for civil thoreau, such a statement, because you have not actually read it. Transgress Meaning! Can you really be sure this is what Weber said or meant? The technically correct trick is to mrs faust poem, add cited in after the reference: (Weber, 1918, cited in Hamilton, 2002).

You should always reference the work you consulted, and this includes the year of publication. Many books are published in transgress their second and third editions, so giving the correct year can be helpful. Similarly, even if a book is merely a reprint by a different publisher, give the year of the edition you consulted. Dissertation Structure! The page numbers may differ. If itís just a second print of the transgress, exact same book, use the original date. Japan's Rising Essay! Some readers find this unsatisfactory, since Weber surely did not publish anything this year. The convention to circumvent this issue is to transgress, give both years: the Environmental, year of the original publication, together with the one of the work you consulted.

Sometimes slashes are used between the dates (/ sign), others prefer the meaning, used of square brackets ([ and The Success Essay, ] sign): Burke (2004/1774) or Burke (2004 [1774]). Another small issue occurs where an author published more than one book or article in a single year, and transgress, you want to cite more than one of them. The trick here is to add letters from the alphabet after the year to identify which of the works you refer to. Use the letter a for the first of your references, the letter b for the second and thoreau, so on: (McManus, 1994a) and (McManus, 1994b) are two different works. To sum it up, inside the text, you give the family name of the author, followed by transgress the year of the publication. Always cite the text you consulted, because in the end itís your responsibility that the civil thoreau, references are correct. At the end of your essay you should include a list of references. Transgress! Such a list of references provides more details than just the name of the author and mrs faust poem, the year of publication. Itís this list that allows identifying the work cited. Each work you cited in the essay is cited once, and listed in alphabetical order. Note that a bibliography and list of references is not technically the same.

A bibliography is a list of relevant sources that may or may not be cited in transgress the main text. Of Frito-Lay Essay! References are the sources you cited, even if they are rather trivial. Use the heading references for your references. For books, you put the family name of the author(s) and their initials, followed by the year of publication in meaning brackets, the mrs faust poem, title in italics, the place of publication, and finally the name of the publisher. Transgress Meaning! If there are editors, give their names instead of the authorsí. If there is a subtitle to the title, this is usually separated using colons (: sign). Where there are more than four authors, itís common to use et al. after the first three, but some styles insist on citing all authors.

Sometimes a book is co-published by two publishers, and this can be indicated by using a slash (/ sign). Where you give the editors rather than the actual authors, you indicate this by adding (eds) after their names, or (ed.) if there is only one. The title is capitalized. For example: Anderson, C. Zelle, C. (eds) (1998) Stability and Rising China, Change in German Elections: How Electorates Merge, Converge, or Collide , London, Praeger. Granovetter, M. (1974) Getting a Job: A Study of Contacts and Careers , Chicago, Chicago University Press. Grass, G. Transgress! (1963) Katz und Maus , Neuwied am Rhein, Rowolth/Hermann Leuchterhand. Hall, S. (ed.) (1997) Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices , London, Sage.

Halsey, A., Heath, A. Ridge, J. (1980) Origins and Destinations , Oxford, Clarendon Press. Chapters in a book are cited separately, especially if the book is edited. You give the family name of the author and his or her initial, the year, the name of the chapter in single speech marks (Ď and í sign; not capitalized), followed by the word in , and the name and year of the editor(s). If you cite only one chapter, you can give the whole reference at the end; otherwise itís enough to give the Environmental of Rights, name and year of the editor. In this case, however, the book itself needs to be included in the list of references, too. For example: Allen, J. Meaning! (1995) ĎGlobal worldsí in Allen, J. Massey, D. (eds) (1995). Hardin, R. (1990) ĎPublic choice versus democracyí in Chapman, J. Wertheimer, A. (eds) (1990). Leroy, P. Verhagen, K. (2003) ĎEnvironmental politics: Societyís capacity for political responseí in to a Rising China Blowers, A. Hinchliffe, S. (eds) (2003) Environmental Responses , Chichester, Wiley.

An entry in meaning a printed encyclopaedia or a dictionary can be cited if it was a chapter in The Success Essay a book. Transgress Meaning! The editors are often given on the front of the reference book. For example: Jackman, R. (2001) ĎSocial capitalí in Smelser, N. What Is Barrier Nursing! Baltes, P. (eds) (2004). Journal articles are cited in a way that is quite similar to chapters in a book. The main difference really is that details about the meaning, volume and page numbers are included, too. What Is Barrier Nursing! The reference starts with the name and initial of the author, the year in brackets, the title of the transgress meaning, article in what single speech marks (not capitalized), followed by the name of the journal in meaning italics (capitalized), and further details.

The details of journals are commonly abbreviated as follows: the volume number followed by a colon and the page numbers of the article. If there are different numbers to a volume, this is indicated by including it in brackets before the colon, if known. Structure! Online journals may not have page numbers. For example: Burt, R. (1987) ĎSocial contagion and innovation: Cohesion versus structural equivalenceí, American Journal of Sociology , 92:1287Ė335. Thoits, P. Hewitt, L. Transgress Meaning! (2001) ĎVolunteer work and well-beingí, Journal of Health and of Rights Essay, Social Behaviour , 42(2):115Ė31. Small, C. (1999) ĎFinding an invisible history: A computer simulation experiment (in virtual Polynesia)í, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation , 2(3). Transgress! Valente, T. (1996) ĎSocial network thresholds in the diffusion of informationí, Social Networks , 18(1):69Ė89. Pages on the internet should be cited where used. You should bear in mind the quality of the site before citing from it, but if you use a web site, reference it, too.

There are many internet sites that are perfectly acceptable as sources for your essays. The reference includes the name of the author and initial, the year in brackets, the mrs faust poem, title of the document in italics, the word online in square brackets, the place of publication, the publisher, the words available from : followed by the URL, and the date when the document was accessed in brackets. Meaning! The date is disobedience thoreau, important, because unlike printed works, web sites often change their content or even disappear. Many web sites include a copyright note at the bottom, giving you an indication when the content was written. For example:

Moser, P. (2005) Politik im Kanton Zurichóeine Synthese [online], Zurich, Statistisches Amt des Kantons Zurich, available from: [accessed 27th October 2005]. Chan, T. Goldthorpe, J. (2004) Social Status and Newspaper Readership [online], Oxford, Oxford University, available from: sfos0006/papers/news4.pdf [accessed 31st March 2005]. Newspaper articles are very similar to journal articles in meaning the way they are cited. The key difference is that rather than the volume, the date is given. The reference therefore includes the name and initial of the author, the year of publication in brackets, the title in single speech marks, the name of the newspaper in italics (capitalized), the date, and finally the page where the article was found. For one page itís customary to use the abbreviation p. , for articles running over undergraduate dissertation structure, two or more pages, the abbreviation pp. is common. For example: Cockburn, P. Usborne, D. (2004) ĎBurning with anger: Iraqis infuriated by new flag that was designed in transgress Londoní, The Independent , 28th April, pp.2Ė3. Handouts from a lecture can be referenced and should be referenced if they are used as the Reaction China, basis of what you write.

Itís normally a better idea not to use lecture notes, but try to find the original referred to in the lecture. Not only will you have more control over what was actually said, but also can your readers more easily access books and journal article than lecture handouts. The reference to a lecture handout includes the meaning, name and initial of the lecturer, the year in bracket, the title of the handout in single speech marks, the words lecture notes distributed in followed by the name of the course in italics, the word at and the name of your institution, the disobedience thoreau, place, and transgress, date of the lecture. For example: Burt, S. (2005) ĎSurvey sampling and administrationí, lecture notes distributed in Survey Research Methods at Japan's Reaction to a Rising China Essay Cambridge University, Cambridge, 9th February 2005. Personal conversations are not commonly considered good sources, but if they are what you use as the transgress, basis of your essay, you should include such conversations. What! Itís usually a good idea to have another reference to transgress meaning, a printed piece, but sometimes this is not an option.

In terms of Japan's Reaction to a giving the reference, personal conversations are very easy: the name of the person you spoke to, the year in brackets, the transgress, words conversation with the author and disobedience thoreau, the date of the conversation. For example: Smith, E. (2004) conversation with the transgress meaning, author 6th July 2004. The same format can also be used for personal e-mail, or instant messengers. Once again, bear in mind the credibility of your sources. Thoreau! With e-mail messages itís customary to meaning, include the e-mail address of the sender in brackets after the Essay, name, but itís essential that you obtain consent from the author.

The subject line of the e-mail is often included as the title. With all forms of transgress personal conversation, the issue of consent is important. Itís always a very good idea to civil thoreau, check with the author first. There are sometimes cases that are not so straightforward as the average book or journal article. For everything there is a solution in the academic conventions. Transgress! If you refer to musical works, television programmes, or pieces of art, check with your institution how this should be done. If everything else fails, remember the Bill of Rights, function of meaning referencing, and provide a reasonable amount of information for others to The Success, chase the work.

Common problems include the lack of authors, unpublished documents, or lack of transgress meaning publisher. Is Barrier! Where there is no author, often there is an organization. Put the name of the organization. Transgress! If there is no-one, itís customary to put the word ďAnonĒ instead of the authorís name. For example: IDEA (1998) Women in Parliament: Beyond Numbers [online], Stockholm, International IDEA, available from: [accessed 28th February 2006].

UN Statistics Division (2006) Social Indicators [online], New York, UN Statistics Division, available from: [accessed 20th February 2006]. Sometimes the year of a document is not known. Is Barrier! Where you have a rough idea, you can put a c before the date, such as in (c.1999). Where you just have no clue, there is no need to panic: simply put the word unknown instead of the year. Documents that are unpublished as such, for example a thesis or a draft article you were sent, should come with the indication that they are not published. This is easily done by including the word unpublished in brackets at the end of the transgress meaning, reference.

With articles sent to you, you should always ask permission to cite; just like you would with an ordinary e-mail. For theses itís common to The Success of Frito-Lay, include the kind of transgress meaning thesis after the title, such as PhD thesis or MA thesis . Where the name or place of the publisher is unknown a very simple solution is used: leave the information blank. This is particularly an issue with internet sites. Including the URL is in this case much more helpful than trying to Ontario‚Äôs of Rights Essay, guess the name of the meaning, publisher. Course materials provided to you are treated very similar to the lecture handouts.

Give the name of the is barrier nursing, author, the year in meaning brackets, the nursing, course code if there is meaning, one, the undergraduate dissertation, course title in transgress italics (capitalized), the kind of material and its title in single speech marks, place of Environmental of Rights publication, and publisher. For example: Peake, S. (2003) U216 Environment , Video 4 ĎShanghai Boomí, Milton Keynes, The Open University. Meaning! The Open University (2004) DD305 Personal Lives and Social Policy , CD-ROM 2 ĎInterviews and Interviewingí, Milton Keynes, The Open University. The capitalization of titles may seem a bit confusing, but it follows a simple logic: itís the main title that is capitalized.

In the case of a book, the main title is that of the book. Mrs Faust Poem! In the case of transgress journal articles, on the other hand, the main title is thought to be that of the journal itself. Environmental! It might be confusing that within the journal, the title of an article often is capitalized. Capitalization is not very hard to achieve. Put in capital letters are all nouns, proper names, the first word, verbs, and adjectives. This is in fact almost everything. Not put in capital letters are words like and , in , or , or with . Unfortunately most word processors donít capitalize properly when told to, and put every single word in transgress capital letters, including the ands and withins that should not come with capital letters.

Different publishers have different house styles, and dissertation, you might come across a title with a word you would normally spell differently. Meaning! This is common with British and American variants, but there are other words, too, such as post-modernity . No matter how strongly you might disagree with the structure, spelling, you should always use the original spelling in the references. Itís perfectly fine to transgress, change them in your essay itself, but not in the references. A good manual of style, such as the Oxford Style Manual (Ritter, 2003) will be able to give you further guidance. Many course providers have their own preferences or house styles, and itís advisable to follow these conventions. What Is Barrier Nursing! Where there are no house styles, using a system such as the one outlined in this guide in transgress meaning a consistent manner will be well received. Youíll find full references to every work mentioned in this book at the end. Itís difficult to write about referencing without mentioning plagiarism.

Plagiarism describes the act or result where you take the words or ideas of mrs faust poem somebody else and present them as your own. Plagiarism is considered serious academic misconduct and can be punished severely. Most importantly, however, your reputation is on the line. The origin of the transgress, word plagiarism gives you an idea what others will think of you when you plagiarize. The word goes back to the Latin plagiarius , a thief and kidnapperóin particular a child snatcher and somebody abducting slaves. The modern use in academia brands you a literary thief (OED, 2005). There are a number of civil disobedience reasons why plagiarism occurs.

The worst case is deliberate plagiarism (for whatever reason). Careless work may lead to plagiarism, but is not commonly considered as severe an transgress, offence as the deliberate case. Careless work is often a sign of students working too closely to the original, and this can be easily remedied. Without changing your habit, simply by including references to where you got the ideas from, and structure, putting speech marks where you quote, you technically are done. In practice, you still might rely too much on the original and not deliver as good an essay as you could. Deliberate plagiarism, often motivated by laziness, canít be remedied directly. At the time, it may seem a reasonable risk to copy from the internet, but is transgress, it really worth it? Bear in of Frito-Lay mind that there is something in for you, tooóthat is something in transgress meaning addition to the grades. The more you write, the easier it gets. If you work too closely to the original, there is a simple solution: donít write the essay with the books in front of you. Undergraduate Structure! By so doing, there is very little danger that you copy word by transgress meaning word.

In a way, you force yourself to make the material your own: and that is undergraduate dissertation, a good thingóit makes a better argument, your essay will be more original, and not least, youíll also get better grades. Rather than having the original works in front of you, try using your notes. As you still will need to transgress, put those references for the ideas you take from others, make a note whenever you do so. I use brackets with three X inside, to undergraduate dissertation, remind myself that I need to put a proper reference. Often I remember very well who said this, so I include, for example, (Granovetter XXX) inside the text.

When checking the essay, itís hard not to notice the triple X; and there is always the search facility in the word processor. By putting a place holder, I can get on with the job of transgress writing without interrupting my thoughts. Equally important, I leave some traces indicating to myself that there is some more work to be done: finding the proper reference, for example. If you think plagiarism is hard to detect by your marker, think again. There are a great number of signs that give plagiarized work away. Technology-wise, your markers are likely to have the same possibilities than you have if not more. If you can copy and paste something you found on the internet, itís equally easy for your marker to find it on a search engine, again. It would, of course, be possible, to change plagiarized work to the extent that the what is barrier, deed is no longer easy to spot.

Usually, however, this is just as much work as writing the essay yourself. Just to give you an idea, the markers of meaning your essay will not only have access to the same search engines than you have. There is software to scan essays for duplicates; and many institutes even have access to essay banks (sites on the internet where complete essays are sold). Japan's Reaction! The most successful tool, however, is transgress, probably the Bill, human brain with its incredible ability to remember. If you copy from a colleague, chances are that your marker has read this one, too.

If you copy from meaning a set reading, chances are that your marker has read this one, too. Knowing what is on the reading list helps spot essays that refer to Essay, other works a great deal, or donít refer to some of the core reading. Your marker can estimate how many readings you had time to read, or whether youíre likely to have read a great number of papers on meaning, the Belgian perspective of whatever issues is disobedience thoreau, set in the question. An even easier sign is having the meaning, same paragraph twice in the same essay, for example. There are more subtle signs, too, such as sudden changes in style or formatting.

Many people are unaware of how idiosyncratic oneís writing style is. They are in fact so individual that writing styles can be used to determine how many people wrote a document, such as the nursing, Christian Bible (Jakoblich, 2001). Transgress! Writing style includes the tenses we use, the level of formality, our own choice of The Success of Frito-Lay Essay words, the kinds of metaphors we put, whether we use American or British English, choices over transgress meaning, punctuation, the length of sentences, or the use of specialist terms. Typographic signs include font size, choices of where to break paragraphs, spaces in civil thoreau between lines, and things like proper m- and n-dashes (when copying from electronic articles). The presence or lack of references is often an easy sign: for meaning, example, where there are many references inside the text, but few at the end, or where the citation style changes within a single essay. A marker may get suspicious where there is suddenly a section with many references, or suddenly none. Mrs Faust Poem! Sometimes, students even include hyperlinks in references when copying from electronic journals; and transgress meaning, have them automatically underlined by mrs faust poem the word processor. Even where you take care of these issues, a paragraph copied from the internet will very unlikely link well with the rest of your essay. The style may be inappropriate, or just different. Essays from an essay bank may be internally consistent, but very rarely are they really relevant to the exact question you have been set.

In summary, you can avoid plagiarism easily. This is done by writing freely without having the books right in front of you. Transgress! Instead, work with your notes, and take care to put references where you use the ideas from civil thoreau others. Donít use the internet to copy from, no matter how tempting it is. It will hardly ever be worth it.

There is an important difference between citations and quotations. Unfortunately, confusion is commonplace; and the terms are frequently used incorrectly. Knowing your citations from your quotations is useful when writing essays. Itís essential, in transgress fact, if you want to reference properly. Citations are about mrs faust poem, ideas you take from others.

Quotations are about the exact words used by meaning others. This is really the whole distinction. So, when using your own words, you cite; when you use the The Success of Frito-Lay, words of someone else, you quote. ďWhy canít a man be more like a woman?Ē (Blankenhorn, 1995, p.117) is a quotation, because I use the exact same words Blankenhorn did. However, when stating that families in the US are increasingly defined by the absence of a father (Blankenhorn, 1995), I only use the idea, not the exact words. When putting a reference, the difference between a citation and a quotation is that for a quotation we always put a page number. This is done to enable the reader to check the words in the original context.

In the transgress meaning, list of references at the end of the text, there is no difference. Short quotations are included in the text, and enclosed by speech marks. Longer quotations are set apart from the main text by indenting the quotations, and usually putting in a slightly smaller font. Longer means about 3 to 4 lines or more. For example: It is true that many voters may be voting for what is barrier, reasons wholly unconnected with social inequalities in transgress any of the three dimensions. They may attach greater importance to some specific issue such as foreign affairs, or they may vote out of personal reasons or habits with which egalitarianism has nothing to do. (Runciman, 1966, p.136) When quoting someone else, you should take great care to copy the words exactly.

Sometimes, you might want to change a quote slightly in order to make it fit your essay. If these changes are substantial, you should use your own words and is barrier, cite the work instead. If the changes are small, use square brackets to transgress meaning, indicate that you have changed the text. For example, you might quote Rawls (1999, p.87) that intelligent people donít ď[deserve their] greater natural capacityĒ. I have included the words that I changed in square brackets, leaving the rest the mrs faust poem, same. This indicates to my readers that the words in square brackets are not the exact same as Rawls used. For reference, the original reads: ďNo one deserves his greater natural capacityĒ (p.87). I made the changes, because I wrote about intelligent people, and Rawls was talking in more general terms. Whilst quotations can lighten up an essay, you should not rely on them too much.

Your own writing is much more important, and often text you quote was written for transgress, a different purpose. The consequence is that the quotations may be relevant in content (what is disobedience, being said), but in terms of transgress style donít fit well with what you wrote. If you rely too much on quotations, you run the risk that your readers will think that you maybe donít really know what youíre writing about: that you have not understood the material well enough. When writing an essay, particularly when writing an extended essay, itís easiest to put the references whilst you write. This is the case, because you still know where you got the idea from. I keep a place holder to remind myself that a reference is needed if I canít remember the author right away. Often, I will know at Reaction least some of it, and write this down.

By putting a place holder rather than chasing the reference right away, I can stay focused on the writing. Transgress Meaning! However, I also indicate that the essay is not completed. Place holders like (Baudrillard, XXX) or (XXX last weekís reading) will help me find the full references once I completed the essay or section. References are needed whenever you write an academic piece of writing. Even where you can get away without referencing, by including references your essay will be taken more serious. Itís a good habit to put references all the civil disobedience thoreau, time, so when you really need toósuch as in your thesisóyouíll not struggle, or spend days trying to meaning, find out how to reference a chapter in a book.

There are a number of software packages such as Endnote , Refworks , Scholarís Aid Lite , or Bibus that help you putting references. These computer applications interact with your word processor, and automate much of the referencing process. They manage citations, and usually let you search libraries and journal databases. Useful and is barrier, flexible as they are, such software packages need some time to get used to. Itís thus a good idea to familiarize yourself with their working before the deadline is menacing. Meaning! For example, make sure you know how to put page numbers for quotations. Even if you donít use a dedicated computer program to manage your references, it might be useful to collect references in a separate file. So, after completing your essay, copy all the references to a separate file. The next time you cite the same paper, itíll be a simple case of copying and what is barrier nursing, pasting, without the work of formatting the transgress, reference.

Keeping the full references with your notes can safe a great deal of time, too.

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Free High School Student Resume Templates for Teens. If youíve never made a resume before, it can seem more difficult than the transgress job search itself. Fortunately, making a resume is undergraduate structure, as simple as following a format. With some key information in the right order, anyone can create one. Your First Job Resume: What It Is and meaning Why You Need It. A resume is a one-page document that summarizes your experience, skills, and other information . The purpose is to show youíre a perfect candidate for the position you are applying for. It should be formal, professional, and civil disobedience relevant. Resumes give potential employers a way to learn about applicants quickly and easily, and transgress meaning they are your first step toward new job opportunities.

An interview might also be needed to land the job, but a resume is necessary to start the civil process. Resumes let employers quickly screen out job seekers who donít have the right experience and qualifications. A well-crafted resume that highlights your experience will set you apart from the transgress competition. Even if you have little or no work experience yet, these guidelines will get you on undergraduate structure, track to having a great entry-level resume and all the opportunities that come with it. There are three basic resume formats to transgress meaning, choose from: chronological, functional, and combination.

It helps to familiarize yourself with these options before deciding on the right resume template for you. This is disobedience, one of the most common resume formats. It lists your work history in reverse chronological order, starting with the most recent position. It is often headed with a ďCareer ObjectiveĒ section. We will talk about meaning these sections in more detail later in this post. On a chronological resume youíll also want to Ontario‚Äôs of Rights, list your education in reverse chronological order, starting with the most recent school you attended or relevant course youíve taken.

This is a common resume format. Itís easy for employers to meaning, scan a chronological resume quickly and civil disobedience thoreau get an idea of your experience. This kind of resume highlights your work history, so itís great if youíve had impressive employment opportunities. If you donít have much work history, or your work history isnít relevant to the job you want, this type of resume may not be best for you. Prospective employers will throw your resume in the ďNoĒ pile if all they see is work thatís not related to the job they are looking to transgress meaning, fill, or if your resume looks empty because you didnít have much experience to list. A functional resume format highlights other sections, like skills and activities, over undergraduate work experience. Transgress Meaning? This type of resume focuses on what you know or what you can do, rather than what youíve done at specific jobs. It will probably still have some sort of work history section, but it will be placed at the bottom rather than at the top of the page. Your work history might not be listed in chronological order on this type of resume. In fact, it might not have dates at all, but be listed in order of relevance instead.

This type of resume can be great if you have little or no conventional work experience. Japan's To A Rising? It can hide long gaps in between jobs, and meaning can draw attention to your other skills or activities. Most employers will be accustomed to the chronological resume format. Disobedience? They will likely know that the reason you chose this format is because you have less work experience or less consistent job history than other job seekers. Transgress Meaning? But that doesnít necessarily mean youíre a less desirable candidate. Like a functional resume, a combination resume puts your skills and activities first and Ontario‚Äôs Bill Essay foremost. Meaning? However, this type of mrs faust poem, resume also lists your work experience in reverse chronological order. It just doesnít put it near the top like a chronological resume does.

This hybrid style gives a balance between promoting your skills and your work history. For teens with work experience thatís impressive but short, this kind of resume is ideal. You can show off your work history, but also fill in more space by talking about your skills and other knowledge you have. Itís also useful if the work history you have doesnít quite fit with the transgress meaning job youíre looking for. Japan's Reaction China Essay? With a combination resume, you can put the skills that are relevant to transgress meaning, your ideal job first, but still give details about your past work experience. Making a combination resume can feel overwhelming, since it uses so much information. Be careful to Ontario‚Äôs of Rights Essay, use only the most relevant information so it doesnít become cluttered or too wordy. How to transgress, Create a Good High School Student Resume. Your resume always needs to dissertation, include your name and contact information. List your name, phone number, email address, and meaning city at Japan's to a Rising China Essay, the top of your resume. You donít need to include your full street address, but you can if youíd like.

Everything else can be adjusted to transgress, fit your unique experience. Disobedience? For example, your resume could include any of the following: Work Experience or Work History Education Career Objective or Summary Professional Skills or Other Skills Activities Hobbies and Interests Achievements, Awards, and Honors References. Each of transgress, these sections will consist of a heading in bold or slightly larger font, followed by Environmental Bill Essay details about meaning that section. For example, under the ďEducationĒ heading, you might list the schools youíve attended and the subjects you focused on. Remember, you probably wonít use all of these headings. Just pick the ones that are most relevant to you and the job youíre seeking.

Every section requires a slightly different approach. Letís break it down and see how it works. This can be a difficult section to tackle on a teen resume, since you might not have any work experience yet. Donít worry though. Reaction To A Rising Essay? Everyone was in transgress meaning the same situation when they were looking for their first job! If you have no work experience, you can leave this section out and focus on the other sections. If you do have official work experience, itís important to mention it in this section, especially if it is is barrier, a job similar to the one you are applying for. Even if you werenít officially employed, you probably have more work experience to transgress, put on your resume than you think. What? Part-time work like babysitting, lawn mowing, tutoring, and meaning even volunteer experience or community service all count as good examples of work experience on The Success of Frito-Lay Essay, a teen resume. Under the transgress ďWork ExperienceĒ heading, list the Reaction Rising China name of the company you worked for, your job title, and dates of employment. You should also list your responsibilities, duties, and meaning accomplishments.

That way, itís clear what kind of mrs faust poem, experience you gained. Use two or three bullet points to list your responsibilities and transgress duties for each job. See our sample high school student resume templates below for real-world examples of mrs faust poem, work experience sections. In the ďEducationĒ section, state the meaning high school you attended or presently attend and the years you were there or the date you expect to graduate. For example: Crescent High School Ė Arlington, Virginia. Expected graduation date: May 2017.

If there are classes youíve taken that are relevant to the job you want, you can list that relevant coursework here. You can mention your future education plans too. Mrs Faust Poem? For example: I have been accepted to Chicago State University, and I am planning to major in business law I will be taking my AP classes next month to meaning, prepare for college I will begin attending Chicago State University this fall. The ďCareer ObjectiveĒ section shows what kind of is barrier nursing, job youíre looking for. It consists of meaning, one or two sentences near the top of your resume that describe your desired job. Environmental? For example: Offer excellent hostess service in a busy local restaurant Apply my computer skills to practical work Provide quality delivery for transgress local food business. You can also extend your objective statement into a summary.

A summary is a short paragraph that summarizes your experience and key skills. For example: I am an energetic, enthusiastic, and active individual with a strong knowledge of Reaction to a Rising China Essay, grocery items and transgress their use by people from Japan's China Essay different economic and social backgrounds. I have a business mindset and am willing to meaning, apply these skills as a grocery store employee. This section might seem unnecessary, but it can actually be very helpful to potential employers. It gives you a chance to describe yourself and of Frito-Lay your goals in your own words. It can also be useful when you donít have much concrete work experience, but do have skills that potential employers should know about. Make sure the meaning objective or summary is short, clear, and professional. Professional Skills or Other Skills. You likely have skills that could be relevant to a particular position you are applying for.

These can be listed under ďProfessional Skills.Ē Make sure the skills are relevant to the job you want. Disobedience Thoreau? If you are applying for meaning a gardener job, no need to mention ďAbility to Environmental Bill Essay, handle cash registerĒ, since that skill doesnít apply to that job. But you might mention, ďAbility to meaning, use lawn mower and dissertation gardening tools safely.Ē If you have no work experience, this section can help demonstrate whether you are a good fit for the position. You can also list skills that come from meaning your school or hobbies under ďOther Skills.Ē Make sure theyíre still related in some way to what potential employers are looking for. What are some key skills you might list?

Creativity Leadership Adaptability Flexibility Positivity Problem-solving Communication Independence Self-motivation Ability to work under pressure. This section gives an employer insight into your character and interests. Essay? It might even tie into the ďSkillsĒ section. Think of extracurricular activities, sports, and clubs you have participated in. Taking a lead role in a school play?

You are probably creative. Transgress Meaning? Playing football? You might be a good team player. These are qualities that employers are looking for. Some examples of school activities that could look good on a resume include: Sports : playing sports in disobedience thoreau a association or for fun, outdoor activities, fitness training, taking sport lessons, coaching. Transgress? Culture : creating art works, shows, plays, films, games, singing or dancing, DIY projects, creative workshops. Japan's Reaction To A? Community : raising donations for transgress various organizations or humanitarian causes, organizing events, helping kids, seniors, animals, or the is barrier nursing environment, promoting community enhancements. Just like with skills, only list relevant activities here. Write down the activity, dates, and your role/position.

For example: West River Hospital, volunteer, summer 2012 Crescent High School Soccer Team, captain, 2005 Ė 2013 Stage Drama Festival, lead role, summer 2011. If your resume is short on work experience, you can list more details about meaning your activities to show what you gained from them. You might use bullet points to Japan's Reaction Rising China Essay, write what your responsibilities were or what skills you used in these activities. This section is similar to meaning, activities, as it tells an employer more about your character. Mrs Faust Poem? Simply make a list of hobbies that might be of interest to potential employers. For example: Reading books Playing tennis Painting and sculpture. Itís great to mention major achievements and awards youíve earned at transgress meaning, school or in your activities. Prospective employers like to see accomplishments that show commitment and structure hard work. For example:

Student of the Month, March 2013 Perfect Attendance Award, September 2012 Honor Roll, fall 2012. A reference should be someone who can vouch for meaning your knowledge and skills, or who can confirm your work experience. Your teachers, coaches, or former employers can be good references. Listing your friends or family as references is not recommended, but can be acceptable if you worked for disobedience them. Remember that you must ask a person to serve as a reference before you can list them as one. Many people simply write ďReferences Available on meaning, RequestĒ at mrs faust poem, the bottom of their resumes. Meaning? If you do this, make sure you actually have those references available in case a prospective employer requests them. However, if you have limited experience to put on your resume, you might want to list the names and contact information of your references on your resume. Free High School Student Resume Examples. These teen resume samples will make getting started easy.

There are general purpose high school student resume templates, as well as resumes for specific work experience. These samples will guide you with a professional resume format and a basic idea of what to mrs faust poem, write. We also have High School Graduate Resumes and other professional resume templates. Creative babysitter resume sample with a summary, education, related and personal skills, hobbies, and references examples. Size: 183 B Downloads: 6267 Filename: babysitter-cv-template-sample.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:21:00 / 3136. Generic design with sample content (skills, knowledge) for a position in transgress meaning a fast food industry.

Size: 183 B Downloads: 7437 Filename: fast-food-employee-cv.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:34:00 / 3138. Basic design and civil common content for any type of position. Size: 183 B Downloads: 27350 Filename: geneal-purpose-high-school-resume.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:36:00 / 3140. Another multi-purpose sample, with blue header theme. Transgress? Includes customer work and Ontario’s Bill Essay volunteer experience. Size: 183 B Downloads: 18035 Filename: teenager-cv-sample.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:38:00 / 3142. Sample for position in meaning gardening or landscape. Creative design theme to attract attention.

Size: 183 B Downloads: 3046 Filename: lawn-care-gardening-job-application.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:39:00 / 3144. Resume sample for students who would like to disobedience thoreau, promote tutoring services to other students or student#039;s parents. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4214 Filename: student-tutor-cv-sample.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:41:00 / 3146. Generic resume sample for part-time grocery store job. Can be easily modified for similar positions in different stores.

Size: 183 B Downloads: 6589 Filename: grocery-store-application.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:42:00 / 3148. Elegant resume for server or host position in transgress meaning a restaurant. Can also be used for mrs faust poem kitchen help, cook help, busser, etc. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4310 Filename: waitress-or-hostess-job.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:44:00 / 3150. Sample teen resume for full-time or part-time volunteer job for a candidate with previous volunteer work. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4676 Filename: volunteer-position-application.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:45:00 / 3152.

Sample resume for meaning part-time position in warehouse. Size: 183 B Downloads: 5313 Filename: warehouse-position.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:47:00 / 3154. Sample resume for an apprentice welder and assisting in different welding projects. Size: 183 B Downloads: 3777 Filename: welder-helper-job.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:48:00 / 3156. Professional sample for Japan's Reaction to a Essay a food delivery position. Meaning? Can be easily modified for a different position in the food industry. Size: 183 B Downloads: 26441 Filename: food-industry-position.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:17:00 / 3134. 855.213.0348 | MON-FRI 8A-8P, SAT 8A-5P, SUN 10A-6P CST.

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