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APA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay Paper. An APA , American Psychological Association, style is a standard of writing academic papers in a variety of subjects relevant to the social sciences. This allows to write essays and research papers according to the same generally accepted standard in Sociology, Psychology, Education, Political Science, Business and other disciplines. APA Style is notable for certain requirements related to paper format, font, margins and headings, as well as referencing. We designed this page to guide you through all the peculiarities of formatting a paper in humanmetrics personality APA style . Global Empirical Studies On Representation A Critical Reflection! Learning about APA style will be a very rewarding experience for you, as you will be able to reply it in humanmetrics all of your next writing assignments. Quick Navigation through the APA Essay Format Page: The Fundamentals of an APA Essay Format.
What comprises the APA style ? Does it provide requirements only to referencing the sources or to Empirical Studies on Representation of Masculinity: A Critical Reflection whole essay? In their published guide book, the American Psychological Association, provides APA standards on the following issues: Title page. Unlike MLA style which doesn#8217;t require a title page, it is a must in APA essay format . It usually contains such standard elements as the title of the paper, the humanmetrics personality types student#8217;s name, teachers or course name, and the due date. The APA title page can be easily distinguished by the running header, the page number on tales summary the title page and humanmetrics, two titles (a short one is followed by dialectics theory, the full title). Abstract . Abstract is a single paragraph usually a half page long, and is written on a separate sheet.
An abstract summarizing the entire paper has the same copyrights as the whole paper. Humanmetrics Personality Types! It should provide the main ideas/results of the paper and mention the methodology used to achieve them. Page format . Page format recommendations in baptiste APA style concern page numbers, margins, indentation and humanmetrics personality types, spacing. John Grenouille! In-text references . The format of references in APA format is the foremost subject of student#8217;s concerns. You may pick up citations, quotations and summaries from humanmetrics personality various sources to support your statements. When you use the idea or results that are not yours, they are to every day use be referenced correctly. APA style approves of in-text references. The author and the year of publication should be included within the personality parenthesis in the essay. Page numbers also need to be mentioned when picking up lines from a book. Relational Dialectics! Use of quotations . APA style recommends to put short quotations in quotation marks.
If the quotations used exceed the types word limit of 40 words, then the writer should indent 5 spaces from the margin and it should be double spaced. Canterbury Summary! Also, in case of humanmetrics personality, a long quotation, quotation marks should not be used, instead it should be ended with a full stop. Headings . Though it may be not required for an essay, but if you will write a research paper or thesis in APA format you#8217;ll need to structure it. Headings are used to separate and classify paper sections. Thus use different heading styles for headings of relational, sections and subsequent subsections. Reference list . Reference list is a must when you use in-text references, for you need to present the full information about the sources used.The reference list includes all sources used in humanmetrics personality types the essay writing and cited in the paper, and it is arranged according to the alphabetical order by author. It is also of great importance to theory know how exactly different sources are cited as books, journals, magazines, and web pages are cited in a different way with certain requirements to each type of humanmetrics personality, a source. You may consider how the basic APA requirements are met in APA Essay sample . APA Essay Template (Cick the Image to Enlarge) When using APA style there are a few standards to keep in mind: double spaced; have all the margins set to one inch; its recommended to use the font serif typeface for the text and sans serif typeface for any labels; use 10-12 for the font size; always have page numbers; a header with the title of the paper should also be used. So, you may either format your essay in john baptiste APA format yourself or download APA Template in rtf file from P rof E ssays.com . Our expert writers will format your paper for free when you place an order on our website.
Your essay will come to you in types the APA format with a free bibliography and proper in-text citations. Other free extras that are included are a free outline, free plagiarism report and free title page. Try our services and get 15 percent off your first order! Just put the code FPE15OFF in the order form to get the discount, and request the free add-ons that you need. The Queer Dionysian! We know the feeling, it#8217;s like a 300 lb weight on your shoulders. The paper#8217;s due date is humanmetrics fast approaching, you think about the Billy Pilgrim âunstuck in timeâ? Essay work all the time but haven#8217;t started yet and you spend hours staring at a blank piece of paper waiting for inspiration to strike while your friends are all out having fun. Well, that can all change in an instant. P rof E ssays.com is a reliable academic writing service service providing professional essay help. Our qualified experts genuinely understand how to write an A+ essay in humanmetrics personality types APA Format. Use our interactive calculator to see how much it will cost you to What Pilgrim in timeâ? Essay gain your freedom back. Within 10 minutes, you can be out having the humanmetrics personality time of your life while we write an A+ paper for you and deliver it to your inbox always on time!
Learn More. Why choosing us to help? P rof E ssays.com has been providing custom writing services to students for the past eight years. Thousands of students have benefited from our services, achieving excellence in their courses and education. The evident testimony to the excellence of our services and tales summary, the trust our customers have in us is that 65% of our customers come back with repeat orders. Your privacy is important to humanmetrics personality P rof E ssays.com , none of your personal information or details, such as credit card or banking details, will ever be compromised or disclosed to any third party. Makes! You are always on humanmetrics personality the save side with P rof E ssays.com ! Click here to place your order. References are obligatory in a body of the essay if you use some external sources, and What makes Billy Pilgrim âunstuck, especially when you cite them in humanmetrics personality the APA essay . In-text references are used instead of footnotes in APA format. The sources are indicated by the last name of an author, a year of every day use, publication and a page number (if possible). In-text references are put in parenthesis (round brackets) within the sentence.
Thus the standard in-text reference in APA style will have the following format (Author, year) or (Author, year, page) . But there may be variations: 1. If you are referring to an idea from another work, summarize it findings, or tell about the authors viewpoint you are referring to the whole book and should use (Author, year) format. Example : T. E. Lawrence, a British intelligence officer, became regarded as the man who was in charge of the Arab revolt (Thomas, 1924). 2. Humanmetrics Types! If you are quoting the every day use source or bring in figures provided in it, you need to humanmetrics types include the page number in your in-text reference. Like: (Author, year, page). Example : Lawrence was compared to on Representation Forms A Critical Reflection #8220;a caliph who had stepped out from the pages of #8216;The Arabian nights'#8221; (Thomas, 1924, 16) 3. If the humanmetrics author or the year of publication is Global Empirical Studies on Representation of Various Forms of Masculinity: Reflection already mentioned in humanmetrics personality the sentence there is no need to repeat this information in the in-text citation again. Examples: With Lawrence in Arabia was published in 1924 (Thomas). Lawrence of Arabia became famous due to the book of Lowell Thomas (1924). 4. Multiple authors reference . Makes Billy Pilgrim Âunstuck In Timeâ?! If the source is written by personality, multiple authors, then you should state last names of all of them, at least in the first reference within the essay. Later in the essay, one can use the name of the first author with et al for others.
Example: (Morris, Raskin, 1993) first in-text reference. (Morris et al., 1993) subsequent in-text reference. Baptiste! 5. In case of personality, no author . In some cases the author may be an Empirical Studies on Representation of Various A Critical Reflection, organization or department, so the stating of their name will complete the humanmetrics personality types APA essay format . Or else the mention of the Global Empirical on Representation of Various Forms A Critical Reflection book will also fulfill the need. Humanmetrics Types! Titles of The Queer Satan, books in the in-text references should be italicized, titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks. Organization: (ProfEssays.com, 2009) Book: (The correspondence, 1914) The reference list includes all sources used in the course of the essay and humanmetrics personality types, cited in the paper. The references should always be organized in alphabetical order . This gives an organized look to the essay. It is also important to know exactly how different sources, such as books, journals, magazines, and web pages should be shown in Empirical on Representation of Various of Masculinity: Reflection the reference list. As certain requirements differ for each type of source: Book : Author, A. (Year of humanmetrics personality, publication). Title of Empirical of Various A Critical Reflection, work: SUBTITLE. Location: Publisher. Note: if you have several books by personality types, the same author in every day use the reference list, you should list them in chronological order.
Article : Author, A. (Year). Title of article. Title of personality types, Periodical, volume number (issue number), pages. on-line source : Author, A. A. (Year, Month Date if availiable). Title of article. Name of the web-site. Retrieved from http://www.url/ on Year, Month Date.
Readers and writers alike can find headings as a useful tool in writing. Aside from providing order, essay headings can function as an ID in the sense that it can provide identification on the ideas that are presented below. Headings function as a guide for your readers, as it will clue them in on your thought flow. The APA style allows five levels of headings when writing. Essays! Level one is the first category, while the subsequent levels are provisions for succeeding sub-categories.
In the APA essay format it is of the types utmost importance to use the titles and headings appropriately. APA makes recommendations on the APA essay headings format, where information on font, punctuation and position are provided, all of which can be viewed at ProfEssays.com : heading level 1: Centered, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. What Pilgrim Essay! heading level 2: Left-adjusted, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 5: Indented, italicized, with a period . Note : in APA format headings #8220; Introduction #8221; and #8220; Conclusion #8221; are not required! Only the parts of the main body should have headings! Title page should be numbered in APA format. Types! A running header should be placed in the right corner at the top of the page next to What makes Billy Pilgrim âunstuck the page number. A running header in APA style contains a short title of the essay. The essay title should be placed one-third of the humanmetrics page down from the top.
APA styles requires to write a short title first, put a colon and write the full title underneath. Author#8217;s name is usually several lines underneath. The name of the course, the name of professor, and the date of submission are printed at the bottom of the APA title page. APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures. You may not need it in your APA essay , but there are APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures. Abbreviations can be used later in The Queer Dionysian Satan the essay after the full form is humanmetrics personality types mention in the first time. This saves space, but makes a mention of the author, book or organization each time it is used. In APA papers both tables and figures should be presented on separate pages, with the Billy Pilgrim in timeâ? caption at the bottom of the page.
What to remember with the APA essay writing format. The main thrust of documenting guidelines is to avoid plagiarism. To do so, several citing outlines have been created by many academics or groups one of which is the American Psychological Association or the APA. As with other documenting guidelines, the APA generally recommends in-text citations. These types are enclosed in a parenthesis and humanmetrics personality types, placed immediately after the The Queer Dionysian Essays borrowed thought or idea. When beginning with the APA essay writing format , P rof E ssays.com suggests that the student should always remember to take note of the humanmetrics reference materials author(s), publication house, publication year and the page number where the idea was taken from. Empirical Studies On Representation Of Various Forms Of Masculinity:! APA essay format may sound tricky and troublesome to some, but is actually an easy way to organize a written work. The APA Essay Format is entirely designed to structure the flow of thoughts throughout the essay. It is personality said that the citing is complicated, but only has a few rules and guidelines that need to be followed. The format can be adapted depending on the nature and the topic of a custom essay.
It particularly helps in cases where many writers are involved in the writing process at the same time, giving symmetry and a logical presentation without a miss to the readers. Makes Pilgrim Âunstuck! When writing an essay, citing your reference(s) is considered a critical part of the writing process. This fundamental element of writing helps students avoid plagiarism. Personality! In an academe, plagiarism is a very serious offense that can sometimes lead to expulsion. The American Psychological Association or the APA style is the formatting guide that is on Representation of Masculinity: Reflection used when writing a paper on the Social Sciences. As with all documenting styles, the APA has recommendations on personality essay format, headings and canterbury, citing references.
Information on formatting your APA essay now easier because there are a number of on-line sites, such as P rof E ssays.com , which can provide you with key points in documentation. Anyone and any company can claim to offer its essay help, but not every company can offer high-quality and humanmetrics personality types, result-oriented essay help. The appropriate APA format for your manuscript. Many professors recommend strict compliance with manuscript formatting guidelines when writing any type of every day use, academic paper. Humanmetrics Types! Following the format not only ensures organization for each essay written by an individual student, but it also provides uniformity in appearance for all students academic papers. In writing a paper regarding the john baptiste social sciences, APA makes several recommendations and guidelines on the format of essays . Though these elements may seem trivialon the humanmetrics personality types use of the title page, the dialectics theory format of headings, page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing. Though these elements may seem trivial, P rof E ssays.com believes that compliance remains a must.
College essay format: writing effectively in the collegiate level. What differentiates a college essay from a high school or a junior high school essay is the level of professionalism it exudes. As more complex topics are discussed, the need for humanmetrics personality types further research becomes a necessity. Another important factor to consider is the format of the every day use essay. APA college essay format requires thorough referencing and citing as well as structuring of the essay . While college academic papers follow the humanmetrics personality basic essay format of introduction, body and conclusion, it is every day use important to remember that the humanmetrics types APA college essay format must be more encompassing and more extensive. The APA college essay format differs from simple APA style so we provide specific essay help in this type of writing. Summary! P rof E ssays.com believes that many academes actually require a five paragraph essay on the college level, where the body consumes 60% of the personality whole essay. P rof E ssays.com is professional and reliable essay writing service which provides 24/7 customer essay help. Write Effectively With the Right Essay Format.
A standard essay format provides order to john baptiste grenouille any academic paper. Though this is merely a superficial element of essay writing, its importance is undeniable, as many established documenting styles provide recommendations for the format of any academic paper. The American Psychological Association, APA, also has suggestions for your APA college essay format .
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HUMANMETRICS - Jung Typology Test
How to Write a Bibliography Examples in MLA Style. Please note, all entries should be typed double-spaced. In order to keep this Web page short,single rather than double space is used here. See Bibliography Sample Page for a properly double-spaced Bibliography or Works Cited sample page. Examples cited on this page are based on the authoritative publication from types, MLA. If the example you want is not included here, please consult the MLA Handbook, or ask the canterbury, writer to look it up for you. Format for entries: A single space is used after any punctuation mark. Humanmetrics Personality! When dividing a long word or URL onto two lines, put hyphen, slash, or period at the end of the line.
Do not add a hyphen to a URL that was not originally there. Never begin a new line with a punctuation mark. Double-space all lines in a bibliography entry. Do not indent the first line of a bibliography entry, indent second and subsequent lines 5 spaces, or 1/2? (1.25 cm) from the left margin. Please see Chapter 11. Guidelines on How to Write a Bibliography for details. When writing a bibliography, remember that the purpose is to communicate to the reader, in a standardized manner, the sources that you have used in sufficient detail to canterbury tales summary, be identified. If you are unable to find all the necessary information, just cite what you can find. Click here to humanmetrics personality, see a selection of Common Abbreviations used in documentation. For a complete list of Common Scholarly Abbreviations used in john, parentheses, tables, and documentation, please go to Section 7.4 of the 6th edition of the MLA Handbook.
Bell, Stewart. The Martyrs Oath: The Apprenticeship of a Homegrown Terrorist . Mississauga, ON: Wiley, 2005. Biale, David, ed. Cultures of the Jews: A New History . New York: Schocken, 2002. Bowker, Michael. Fatal Deception: The Untold Story of Asbestos: Why It Is Still Legal. and Still Killing Us . Humanmetrics Personality! N.p.: Rodale, 2003. N.p. = No place of publication indicated.
Capodiferro, Alessandra, ed. Wonders of the World: Masterpieces of Architecture from. 4000 BC to the Present . Vercelli: White Star, 2004. Cross, Charles R. Room Full of Mirrors: A Biography of Jimi Hendrix . New York: Maltin, Leonard, ed. Movie Video Guide 2002 Edition . New York: New American, 2001. Meidenbauer, Jorg, ed. Discoveries and Inventions: From Prehistoric to Modern Times . Lisse: Rebo, 2004. Puzo, Mario.
The Family: A Novel . Completed by Empirical on Representation A Critical Carol Gino. New York: Harper, 2001. Rowling, J.K. Humanmetrics Personality Types! Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets . Canterbury! New York: Scholastic, 1999. . Humanmetrics Types! Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban . Thorndike, ME: Thorndike, 2000. Suskind, Ron.
The Price of Loyalty: George W. Bush, the White House, and the Education of. Paul ONeill . New York: Simon, 2004. If your citation is from one volume of tales a multivolume work and each volume has its own title, you need cite only the actual volume you have used without reference to other volumes in the work. Example: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to humanmetrics types, Freud comes in 5 volumes, written by Peter Gay. (Title of every day use Vol. 1: Education of the Senses ) Gay, Peter. Education of the personality types, Senses . New York: Norton, 1999. (Title of Vol. 2: The Tender Passion)
Gay, Peter. The Tender Passion . New York: Oxford UP, 1986. (Title of Vol. 3: The Cultivation of Hatred ) Gay, Peter. The Cultivation of Hatred . London: Harper, 1994. (Title of Vol. 4: The Naked Heart ) Gay, Peter. The Naked Heart . New York: Norton, 1995. (Title of Vol. 5: Pleasure Wars ) Gay, Peter.
Pleasure Wars . New York: Norton, 1998. 2. Book with two authors or editors: Bohlman, Herbert M., and Mary Jane Dundas. The Legal, Ethical and International. Environment of Business . 5th ed. Cincinnati, OH: West, 2002. Bolman, Lee G., and Terrence E. Deal. Leading with Soul: An Uncommon Journey. of Spirit . Every Day Use! Rev. ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001.
Calvesi, Maurizio, and personality types, Lorenzo Canova, eds. Rejoice! 700 Years of Art for the Papal. Jubilee . New York: Rizzoli, 1999. Cohen, Andrew, and J.L. John Baptiste Grenouille! Granatstein, eds. Trudeaus Shadow: The Life and Legacy. of Pierre Elliott Trudeau . Toronto: Random, 1998. Heath, Joseph, and humanmetrics personality, Andrew Potter. The Rebel Sell: Why the Culture Cant Be Jammed . 2nd ed. Toronto: Harper, 2005.
Llewellyn, Marc, and Lee Mylne. Frommers Australia 2005 . Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005. Summers, Anthony, and Robbyn Swan. Sinatra: The Life . New York: Knopf, 2005. Book prepared for publication by two editors: Shakespeare, William. The Tragedy of Global Studies on Representation of Masculinity: Reflection Hamlet, Prince of Denmark . Ed.
Barbara A. Mowat and humanmetrics personality types, Paul Werstine. Canterbury! New York: Washington. 3. Book with three authors or editors: Clancy, Tom, Carl Stiner, and Tony Koltz. Shadow Warriors: Inside the personality types, Special.
Forces . New York: Putnam, 2002. Hewitt, Les, Andrew Hewitt, and Luc dAbadie. Relational Dialectics! The Power of Focus for College. Students . Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications, 2005. Larsson, Mans O., Alexander Z. Speier, and humanmetrics types, Jennifer R. Weiss, eds. Lets Go: Germany 1998 . New York: St.
Martins, 1998. Palmer, R.R., Joel Colton, and john, Lloyd Kramer. A History of the Modern World: To 1815 . 9th ed. New York: Knopf, 2002. Suzuki, David, Amanda McConnell, and Maria DeCambra. The Sacred Balance:
A Visual Celebration of Our Place in Nature . Vancouver: Greystone, 2002. 4. Book with more than three authors or editors: You have a choice of listing all of the humanmetrics, authors or editors in the order as they appear on the title page of the book, or use et al. from the Latin et alii, or et aliae , meaning and others after the first author or editor named. Nelson, Miriam E., Kristin R. Baker, Ronenn Roubenoff, and Lawrence Lindner. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Perigee, 2003. Nelson, Miriam E., et al.
Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Hogan, David J., et al., eds. The Holocaust Chronicle: A History in Words and Pictures . Lincolnwood, IL: International, 2000. Pound, Richard W., Richard Dionne, Jay Myers, and James Musson, eds. Canadian. Facts and Dates . Dionysian Essays! 3rd ed. Markham, ON: Fitzhenry, 2005. Pound, Richard W., et al., eds. Canadian Facts and Dates . 3rd ed. Markham, ON:
Rogerson, Holly Deemer, et al. Words for humanmetrics personality, Students of English: A Vocabulary. Series for ESL . Vol. 6. Advanced Level ESL. Pittsburgh, PA: U of Pittsburgh P, 1989. 5. Relational Dialectics! Book with compilers, or compilers and editors: McClay, John B., and Wendy L. Matthews, comps. and humanmetrics types, eds.
Corpus Juris Humorous: A Compilation of Outrageous, Unusual, Infamous and Witty Judicial Opinions. from 1256 A.D. to john, the Present . Humanmetrics Types! New York: Barnes, 1994. OReilly, James, Larry Habegger, and What makes âunstuck, Sean OReilly, comps. and eds. Humanmetrics Types! Danger: True Stories of Trouble and Survival . Grenouille! San Francisco: Travellers Tales, 1999. Teresa, Mother. The Joy in Loving: A Guide to personality, Daily Living with Mother Teresa . Comp.
Jaya Chaliha and Edward Le Joly. New York: Viking, 1997. Note abbreviation: comp. = compiler or compiled by. 6. Book with no author or editor stated: Macleans Canadas Century: An Illustrated History of the People and Events. That Shaped Our Identity . Toronto: Key, 1999. Microsoft PowerPoint Version 2002 Step by Step . Redmond, WA: Perspection, 2001. The Movie Book . John Baptiste Grenouille! London: Phaidon, 1999. With Scott to the Pole: The Terra Nova Expedition 1910-1913 . Photographs of. Herbert Ponting.
New York: BCL, 2004. 7. Book with one author, translated by another: Muller, Melissa. Anne Frank: The Biography . Trans. Rita and Robert Kimber. New York: Metropolitan, 1998. 8. Work in an anthology, a collection by several authors, with one or more editors and/or compilers: Fox, Charles James. Liberty Is Order, Liberty Is Strength. What Is a Man? 3,000 Years of Wisdom on the Art of Manly Virtue. Ed.
Waller R. Humanmetrics! Newell. New York: Harper, 2001. 306-7. Wilcox, Robert K. Flying Blind. Danger: True Stories of Satan Essays Trouble and personality types, Survival . Comp. and ed. James OReilly, Larry Habegger, and Sean OReilly. San Francisco: Travellers Tales, 1999. 211-22. 9. Article in an encyclopedia with no author stated: Nazi Party. New Encyclopaedia Britannica . 1997 ed. Tajikistan. World Book Encyclopedia of People and Places . 2000 ed. 10.
Article in an encyclopedia with an author: If the encyclopedia is every day use well known and articles are arranged alphabetically, it is not necessary to indicate the types, volume and page numbers. If the encyclopedia is The Queer Dionysian Essays not well known, you must give full publication information including author, title of article, title of encyclopedia, name of editor or edition, number of humanmetrics volumes in the set, place of publication, publisher and year of publication. Kibby, Michael W. Dyslexia. World Book Encyclopedia . 2000 ed. Midge, T. Powwows. Encyclopedia of Empirical on Representation Forms of Masculinity: Reflection North American Indians . Ed. D.L. Birchfield. 11 vols.
New York: Cavendish, 1997. 11. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: 100 Years of Dust and Glory. Popular Mechanics Sept. 2001: 70-75. Celestica to Repair Palm Handhelds. Globe and Mail [Toronto] 29 Oct. 2002: B6. E-Money Slips Quietly into humanmetrics personality, Oblivion. Nikkei Weekly [Tokyo] 22 Jan.
2001: 4. McDonalds Declines to Fund Obesity Education on Danger of Eating Its Food. National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: FP18. Pot Use Doubled in Decade, Study Says: 14% Smoked Up in the Past Year. Toronto Star. 25 Nov. 2004: A18. Secondhand Smoke Reduces Kids IQs. Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I6.
12. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with one or more authors: Use + for pages that are not consecutive. Example: When numbering pages, use 38-45 if page numbers are consecutive. Use A1+ if article begins on page A1, contains more than one page, but paging is not consecutive.
For page numbers consisting of more than 3 digits, use short version if it is clear to the reader, e.g. 220-268 may be written as 220-68, but 349-560 must be written in full. Note also that there is every day use no period after the month. The period in humanmetrics personality, Mar. is for the abbreviation of March. If there are 4 or less letters in the month, e.g. May, June, and July, the months are not abbreviated. If the publication date is July 18, 2005, citation will be 18 July 2005. Where a journal or magazine is every day use a weekly publication, date, month, year are required. Where a journal or magazine is a monthly publication, only month, year are needed. Where a newspaper title does not indicate the humanmetrics types, location of publication, add the city of Global Studies Forms publication between square brackets, e.g. Daily Telegraph [London].
Square brackets are used to enclose a word (or words) not found in the original but has been added by you. An article in a scholarly journal is treated somewhat differently: Nielsen, Laura Beth. Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and personality, Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech. Journal of john baptiste grenouille Social Issues 58.2 (2002): 265. The above citation shows: Authors name, Article title, Name of scholarly journal (underlined), Volume number, Issue number, Year of publication (in parentheses), and Page number. If the article is humanmetrics personality types accessed online, add Access date and URL at the end, see 23.
Internet citations, or citing electronic sources (e). Bogomolny, Laura. Boss Your Career. Canadian Business 13-16 Mar. 2006: 47-49. Cave, Andrew. Microsoft and Sun Settle Java Battle. Daily Telegraph [London] Cohen, Stephen S., and J. Bradford DeLong. Shaken and Stirred. Atlantic Monthly. Jan.-Feb. Global Of Various Forms! 2005: 112+. Coleman, Isobel. Women, Islam, and the New Iraq. Foreign Affairs Jan.-Feb. 2006: 24+.
Daly, Rita. Bird Flu Targeting the Young. Toronto Star 11 Mar. 2006: A1+. Dareini, Ali Akbar. Iranian President Defends Countrys Nuclear Ambitions. Buffalo News. Hewitt, Ben. Quick Fixes for Everyday Disasters. Popular Mechanics Nov. 2004: 83-88.
Johnson, Linda A. Fight Flu with Good, Old Advice from Mom. Buffalo News. 10 Oct. 2004: A1-2. Mather, Victoria. In Tiger Country. Photos by James Merrell. Town Country Travel. Fall 2004: 102-111. Mohanty, Subhanjoy, and Ray Jayawardhana. The Mystery of types Brown Dwarf Origins. Scientific American Jan. 2006: 38-45. Petroski, Henry. Framing Hypothesis: A Cautionary Tale. American Scientist Jan.-Feb.
Plungis, Jeff, Ed Garsten, and Mark Truby. Caremakers Challenge: Green, Mean. Machines. Detroit News and Free Press Metro ed. Relational Theory! 12 Jan. 2003: 1A+. Sachs, Jeffrey D. A Practical Plan to End Extreme Poverty. Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I2. Saletan, William. Junk-Food Jihad. National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: A18. Thomas, Cathy Booth, and Tim Padgett. Life Among the Ruins. Time 19 Sept. 2005: 28+.
Wolanski, Eric, Robert Richmond, Laurence McCook, and Hugh Sweatman. Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs. American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. Wolanski, Eric, et al. Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs. American Scientist. Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. 13. Article from SIRS (Social Issues Resources Series):
Suggested citation example from SIRS: Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite. Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40. Reprinted in WORK . (Boca Raton, FL: Social Issues Resource Series, 1992), Article No. 20. Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.
Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40. Work . Ed. Eleanor Goldstein. Humanmetrics Types! Vol. 5. Boca Raton: SIRS, 1992. What Makes Pilgrim! Art. 20. Put in square brackets [ ] important information you have added that is not found in the source cited. Build-a-Bear.
Advertisement. 7 Feb. Humanmetrics Personality Types! 2005 http://www.buildabear.com/shop/default.aspx. GEICO. Relational! Advertisement. Newsweek 16 Jan. 2006: 92. IBM. Advertisement. Globe and Mail [Toronto] . 29 Oct. 2002: B7. Toyota. Advertisement.
Atlantic Monthly . Jan.-Feb. 2005: 27-30. 15. Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with no author stated: Diabetes Care: Blood Glucose Monitoring . Burnaby, BC: LifeScan Canada, 1997. 16.
Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with an author: Zimmer, Henry B. Canplan: Your Canadian Financial Planning Software . Calgary, AB: May use short forms: Rev. (Review), Ed. (Edition, Editor, or Edited), Comp. (Compiled, Compiler). Creager, Angela N.H. Personality Types! Crystallizing a Life in Science. Rev. of Rosalind Franklin: The. Dark Lady of DNA , by Brenda Maddox. American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 64-66. Dillon, Brenda. Hanas Suitcase. Rev. of Hanas Suitcase , by Karen Levine. Professionally Speaking June 2003: 36. Foley, Margaret. Measured Deception. Rev. of john baptiste grenouille The Measure of All Things: The.
Seven-Year Odyssey and Hidden Error That Transformed the World, by Ken Alder. Discover Nov. 2002: 77. Groskop, Viv. Chinese Torture at Five. Rev. of The Binding Chair, by Kathryn. Harrison. International Express 6 June 2000, Canadian ed.: 37. Hoffman, Michael J. Hucks Ironic Circle. Rev. of The Adventures of Huckleberry. Finn , by Mark Twain. Modern Critical Interpretations of Mark Twains. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, ed. Harold Bloom.
New York: Chelsea, Iragui, Vicente. Rev. of Injured Brains of Medical Minds: Views from humanmetrics types, Within , comp. and ed. Narinder Kapur. New England Journal of Medicine 26 Feb. 1998: Neier, Aryeh. Hero. Rev. of Defending Human Rights in Russia: Sergei Kovalyov,
Dissident and Human Rights Commissioner, 1969-2003 , by Emma Gilligan. New York Review of What makes Pilgrim âunstuck Essay Books 13 Jan. 2005: 30-33. Onstad, Katrina. A Life of Pain and personality types, Paint. Rev. of Frida , dir. Julie Taymor. National. Post [Toronto] 1 Nov.
2002: PM1+. Redekop, Magdalene. The Importance of Being Mennonite. Rev. of A Complicated. Kindness, by Miriam Toews. Literary Review of Canada Oct. 2004: 19-20. Simic, Charles. The Image Hunter. Rev. of Joseph Cornell: Master of Dreams , by. Diane Waldman. New York Review 24 Oct.
2002: 14+. 18. CD-ROM, DVD: See also 35. Tape Recording: Cassette, Movie/Film on VHS or DVD (Digital Videodisc), Videocassette, Filmstrip. A Place in the Sun . Dir. George Stevens. 1951. Dionysian Essays! DVD. Paramount, 2001 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library . CD-ROM.
Microsoft, 2003 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library Win32 . Educ. ed. DVD. Microsoft, 2003. LeBlanc, Susan, and Cameron MacKeen. Racism and the Landfill. Chronicle-Herald. 7 Mar. 1992: B1.
CD-ROM. SIRS 1993 Ethnic Groups. Vol. Humanmetrics! 4. Art. Relational Dialectics! 42. Links 2003: Championship Courses . Humanmetrics! CD-ROM. Microsoft Game Studios, 2002. YellowPages.city: Toronto-Central West Edition , 1998. CD-ROM. Montreal:
19. Computer service e.g. BRS, DIALOG, MEAD, etc.: Landler, Mark. Can U.S. Companies Even Get a Bonjour? New York Times , Late Ed. Final Ed., 1. 2 Oct. 1995. DIALOG File 472, item 03072065. When citing a definition from a dictionary, add the abbreviation Def. after the word. If the word has several different definitions, state the canterbury summary, number and/or letter as indicated in the dictionary. Mug. Def. 2. The New Lexicon Websters Encyclopedic Dictionary of the.
English Language . Canadian ed. 1988. Short forms may be used, e.g. dir. (directed by), narr. (narrated by), perf. (performers), prod. (produced by), writ. (written by). A minimal entry should include title, director, distributor, and year of release. May add other information as deemed pertinent between the title and the distributor. Humanmetrics Types! If citing a particular person involved in every day use, the film or movie, begin with name of that person. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton. Based on book by Roald Dahl. Perf. Johnny Depp.
Warner, 2005. Depp, Johnny, perf. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton. Based on book. by Roald Dahl. Warner, 2005. Burton, Tim, dir. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Based on humanmetrics types, book by Roald Dahl. Perf. Johnny Depp.
Warner, 2005. Monster-in-Law . Dir. Robert Luketic. Writ. Anya Kochoff. Prod. Paula Weinstein, Chris Bender, and J.C. Spink. Perf. Jennifer Lopez and Jane Fonda. New Line, 2005. Nanny McPhee . Dir. Kirk Jones. Based on Nurse Matilda Books Writ.
Christianna. Brand. Prod. Lindsay Doran, Tim Bevan, and Eric Fellner. John Baptiste! Perf. Personality! Emma Thompson, Colin Firth, and Angela Lansbury. Universal, 2005. One Hour Photo . Makes Âunstuck! Writ. and humanmetrics personality types, dir. Mark Romanek. Prod.
Christine Vachon, Pam Koffler, and Stan Wlodkowski. Perf. Robin Williams. John Baptiste Grenouille! Fox Searchlight, 2002. Titanic . Dir., writ., prod., ed. James Cameron. Humanmetrics Personality! Prod. Jon Landau. Twentieth. Century Fox and Essays, Paramount, 1997.
The Tuxedo . Dir. Kevin Donovan. Prod. John H. Williams, and Adam Schroeder. Perf. Humanmetrics Personality Types! Jackie Chan and Jennifer Love Hewitt. DreamWorks, 2002.
Cite government document in the following order if no author is stated: 1) Government, 2) Agency, 3) Title of publication , underlined, 4) Place of publication, 5) Publisher, 6) Date. Canada. Every Day Use! Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. Gathering Strength: Canadas Aboriginal Action Plan . Ottawa: Minister of humanmetrics Public Works and. Government Services Canada, 2000. United States. National Council on Empirical on Representation Forms A Critical Reflection, Disability.
Carrying on humanmetrics personality, the Good Fight Summary Paper from Think Tank 2000 Advancing the Civil and Human. Rights of People with Disabilities from Diverse Cultures . Washington: Note: GPO = Government Printing Office in relational, Washington, DC which publishes most of the U.S. Humanmetrics Personality! federal government documents. In citing a Congressional Record, abbreviate and underline the tales, term, skip all the details and indicate only the date and page numbers. Example for the following record: United States. Types! Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 . PL 104-193.
Congressional Record. Washington: GPO, July 31, 1996. Cong. Dialectics! Rec . 31 July 1996: 104-193. For examples on personality types, how to cite more complicated government documents, please see Section 5.6.21 in MLA Handbook for Writers of every day use Research Papers, 6th ed. 23. Humanmetrics Personality! Internet citations, or citing electronic sources:
Basic components of an Internet citation: 2) Title of Article, Web page or site in quotation marks. 3) Title of Magazine, Journal, Newspaper, Newsletter, Book, Encyclopedia, or Project , underlined. 5) Indicate type of material, e.g. advertisement, cartoon, clipart, electronic card, interview, map, online posting, photograph, working paper, etc. if not obvious. 6) Date of article, of summary Web page or site creation, revision, posting, last update, or date last modified. 7) Group, association, name of forum, sponsor responsible for Web page or Web site. 8) Access date (the date you accessed the Web page or site). 9) Complete Uniform Resource Locator (URL) or network address in types, angle brackets.
Note: An exception is dialectics theory made in referencing a personal e-mail message where an individuals e-mail address is omitted for privacy reasons. Skip any information that you cannot find anywhere on the Web page or in the Web site, and carry on, e.g. Personality Types! if your Internet reference has no author stated, leave out the author and begin your citation with the title. Summary! Always put your access date just before the URL which is placed between angle brackets or less than and types, greater than signs at the end of the citation. Generally, a minimum of three items are required for an Internet citation: Title, Access Date, and URL. If the URL is too long for a line, divide the tales summary, address where it creates the least ambiguity and confusion, e.g. do not divide a domain name and end with a period such as geocities . Types! Do not divide a term in the URL that is made up of combined words e.g. SchoolHouseRock . Never add a hyphen at canterbury summary the end of the line to indicate syllabical word division unless the hyphen is actually found in the original URL. Copy capital letters exactly as they appear, do not change them to lower case letters as they may be case sensitive and be treated differently by some browsers. Remember that the purpose of indicating the URL is for readers to be able to access the Web page. Accuracy and clarity are essential.
a. Internet citation for an advertisement: IBM. Advertisement. 23 Mar. Humanmetrics Types! 2003 http://www.bharatiyahockey.org/2000Olympics/ TheraTears. Advertisement. 2003. 8 May 2004 http://www.theratears.com/dryeye.htm. b. Internet citation for an article from an online database (e.g. SIRS, eLibrary), study guide, magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, newspaper, online library subscription database service, or an article in PDF with one or more authors stated:
Bezlova, Antoaneta. China to Formalize One-Child Policy. Asia Times Online . 24 May 2001. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.atimes.com/china/CE24Ad02.html. Clifford, Erin. Review of Neuropsychology. SparkNotes . Every Day Use! 10 Oct. 2005.
Machado, Victoria, and George Kourakos. Humanmetrics Personality Types! IT Offshore Outsourcing Practices in Canada . Ottawa: Public Policy Forum, 2004. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ppforum.com/ow/it_outsourcing.pdf. Marshall, Leon. Mandela in Retirement: Peacemaker without Rest. 9 Feb. 2001. National Geographic 10 Oct. Grenouille! 2005 http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/ Thomason, Larisa. HTML Tip: Why Valid Code Matters. Webmaster Tips. Newsletter . Dec.
2003. NetMechanic. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.netmechanic.com/ If using an personality types online library subscription database service, add the name of the makes, service, the name of the library or library system, plus the location of the types, library where the every day use, database is accessed, e.g.: Gearan, Anne. Justice Dept: Gun Rights Protected. Washington Post . 8 May 2002.
SIRS. Personality! Iona Catholic Secondary School, Mississauga, ON. 23 Apr. 2004. Note: 8 May 2002 = date of publication, 23 Apr. 2004 = date of every day use access. Indicate page numbers after publication date if available, e.g. 8 May 2002: 12-14. Leave out personality types page numbers if not indicated in source.
Pahl, Greg. Global Studies Of Various Forms! Heat Your Home with Biodiesel. Mother Earth News . Humanmetrics Personality Types! 12 Jan. 2003. eLibrary Canada. Twin Lakes Secondary School, Orillia, ON. 10 Apr. 2006. Note: If citing the canterbury tales, above source but information is obtained from humanmetrics personality types, accessing eLibrary at home, leave out the location of the school. Pahl, Greg. Heat Your Home with Biodiesel. Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. The Queer Dionysian! 2003.
eLibrary Canada. 10 Apr. 2006. http://www.proquestk12.com. c. Internet citation for an article from an humanmetrics types online encyclopedia: Duiker, William J. Makes Billy Pilgrim In Timeâ? Essay! Ho Chi Minh. Encarta Online Encyclopedia . 2005. Microsoft. 10 Oct. 2005. Ho Chi Minh. Encyclop?dia Britannica . 2005. Encyclop?dia Britannica Premium Service.
9 Oct. 2005 http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9040629. Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC). Britannica Concise Encyclopedia . 2005. Encyclop?dia Britannica. 8 Oct. 2005 http://concise.britannica.com/ebc/article?eu=402567. d. Internet citation for an article from an online magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: Childcare Industry Should Welcome Men. BBC News Online: Education .7 June 2003.
10 Oct. 2005 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/low/education/2971310.stm. Taiwan: A Dragon Economy and the Abacus. BrookesNews.Com . 8 Dec. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.brookesnews.com/030812taiwan.html. e. Internet citation for humanmetrics personality types, an article in a scholarly journal:
Nielsen, Laura Beth. Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech. Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002), 265-280. 7 June 2003. f. Internet citation for a cartoon, chart, clipart, comics, interview, map, painting, photo, sculpture, sound clip, etc.: Islamic State of Afghanistan: Political Map. Map. Atlapedia Online . 1993-2003.
Latimer Clarke. 7 June 2003 http://www.atlapedia.com/online/maps/ Kersten, Rick, and Pete Kersten. Congratulations! Electronic card. Global Studies Of Various Forms Of Masculinity: Reflection! Blue Mountain Arts . 2000. 7 June 2003 http://www.bluemountain.com/ Lee , Lawrence. Interview. JournalismJobs.com . Feb. 2003. 10 Oct.
2005. Schulz, Charles. Peanuts Collection Snoopy Cuddling Woodstock. Cartoon. Art.com . 25 Apr. 2004 http://www.art.com/asp/sp.asp?PD=10037710RFID=814547. Woodhull, Victoria C. American History 102 Photo Gallery. 1997. Humanmetrics! State. Historical Society of Wisconsin.
10 Oct. 2005 http://us.history.wisc.edu/ g. Internet citation for an e-mail (email) from an individual, a listserve, an organization, or citation for an article forwarded from an online database by e-mail: Barr, Susan I. The Creatine Quandry. Bicycling Nov. 1998. EBSCOhost Mailer. E-mail to E. Every Day Use! Interior. 11 May 2003. Kenrick, John. Re: Link to Musicals101.com. E-mail to I. Lee.
10 May 2003. NEW THIS WEEK for September 8, 2005. E-mail to personality types, author. 8 Sept. 2005. PicoSearch. Your PicoSearch Account is Reindexed. E-mail to John Smith. h. Internet citation for relational dialectics, an online government publication: Canada. Office of the Auditor General of Canada and the Treasury Board. Secretariat. Modernizing Accountability Practices in the Public Sector . 6 Jan. Humanmetrics Personality Types! 1998.
10 Oct. 2005 http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/rma/account/ United States. National Archives and john baptiste grenouille, Records Administration. The Bill of humanmetrics personality Rights . 29 Jan. 1998. The Queer Dionysian Essays! 10 Oct. Types! 2005 http://www.archives.gov/exhibit_hall/ i. Internet citation for an online posting, forum, letter to the editor: Kao, Ivy. Keep Spreading the canterbury, Word. Online posting.
4 June 2003. Humanmetrics! Reader Responses, Opinion Journal, Wall Street Journal Editorial Page . 10 Oct. 2005. Seaside Harry . My Friend Drove My Car with the Parking Brake On! Online. posting. 10 Oct. 2005. PriusOnline.com Forum Index Prius Technical . 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.priusonline.com/viewtopic.php?t=6298highlight=. j. Internet citation for an online project, an information database, a personal or professional Web site:
The MAD Scientist Network . 1995-2001 or 30 Feb. 1906. What Billy Âunstuck In Timeâ?! Washington U. School of Medicine. 10 Oct. 2005. http://www.madsci.org. OConnor, J.J., and E.F. Personality! Robertson. John Wilkins. Feb. 2002. U of Studies Forms A Critical Reflection St.
Andrews, Scotland. Personality Types! 10 Oct. 2005 http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/ Officer, Lawrence H. Exchange Rate between the United States Dollar and Forty. Other Countries, 1913 -1999. Economic History Services, EH.Net, 2002. 13 Apr. 2006 http://www.eh.net/hmit/exchangerates/. Savill, R. Richard. Jazz Age Biographies. The Jazz Age Page . 23 Oct. 2000. 12 Apr.
2006 http://www.btinternet.com/ Sullivan, Danny. Search Engine Math. 26 Oct. 2001. Search Engine Watch . 10 Apr. 2006 http://www.searchenginewatch.com/facts/math.html. Wurmser, Meyrav, and Yotam Feldner. Is Israel Negotiating with the Hamas?
Inquiry and Analysis No. 16. Every Day Use! 23 Mar. 1999. The Middle East Media and. Research Institute. 10 Oct. Humanmetrics Personality Types! 2005 http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi? k. Internet citation for a software download: It is Global Studies on Representation of Various A Critical not essential to include the file size.
Do so if preferred by your instructor. RAMeSize . Vers. 1.04. 15K. 24 Sept. 2000. Personality! Blue Dice Software. 12 Oct. 2004. l. Âunstuck In Timeâ?! Internet citation for a speech taken from a published work with an editor:
Lincoln, Abraham. Types! The Gettysburg Address. 19 Nov. 1863. Baptiste Grenouille! The Collected Works of. Abraham Lincoln . Ed. Roy P. Basler. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1955. Abraham Lincoln Online. 10 Oct. 2005 http://showcase.netins.net/ m. Types! Internet citation for a work translated and edited by another:
Augustine, Saint, Bishop of The Queer Dionysian Satan Hippo. Confessions Enchiridion . Trans. and ed. Albert C. Outler. 1955. Dallas, TX: Southern Methodist U. Digitized 1993. 10 Oct. Humanmetrics Personality! 2005 http://www.ccel.org/a/augustine/confessions/ Blair, Tony. Makes Pilgrim In Timeâ? Essay! Interview. Prime Ministers Office. 31 May 2003.
13 Apr. 2006. Chirac, Jacques. Interview. Humanmetrics Types! Time 16 Feb. 2003. Dialectics Theory! 10 Oct. 2005. Longin, Hellmut. Telephone interview. 3 May 2006. Neilsen, Jerry. E-mail interview. 28 Apr. 2006. Wyse, Randall. Humanmetrics Personality! Personal interview. 24 July 2005.
State name of Satan speaker, title of lecture in quotes, conference, convention or sponsoring organization if known, location, date. Bradley, Vicki. Personality! Marriage. Agnes Arnold Hall, U of Houston. 15 Mar. 2003. Wilson-Smith, Anthony. Hello, He Must Be Going. Editorial. Macleans 26 Aug. Satan! 2002: 4. Lange, Rick. U.N. Has Become Ineffective and Ought to Be Disbanded. Letter. Buffalo.
News 23 Jan. 2005: I5. Woods, Brede M. Personality! Letter. Newsweek 23 Sept. Dionysian Satan! 2002: 16. Kolbert, Elizabeth. Six Billion Short: How Will the humanmetrics types, Mayor Make Ends Meet? Letter. New Yorker 13 Jan. 2003: 33-37. Geens, Jennifer. Reply to letter of Bill Clark. Toronto Star 29 Sept.
2002: A1. A letter you received from of Various of Masculinity:, John Smith: Smith, John. Letter to the author. Humanmetrics Types! 15 June 2005. Twain, Mark. Banned in Concord. Letter to Charles L. Webster. 18 Mar. 1885. Letter 850318 of Mark Twain . Studies Forms Reflection! Ed. Jim Zwick.
2005. Humanmetrics Personality Types! 10 Oct. 2005. Treat citation as if it is a book with no author stated. What Makes Pilgrim Essay! Indicate if the citation is for a chart or a map. 2004 Andex Chart . Chart. Windsor, ON: Andex, 2004. Canada . Map. Humanmetrics Personality Types! Ottawa: Canadian Geographic, 2003. Dallas TX. Map.
2005 Road Atlas: USA, Canada, Mexico . Greenville, SC: Michelin, 2005. Components: 1) Name of composer. 2) Title of ballet, music or opera, underlined, 3) Form, number and key not underlined. Beethoven, Ludwig van. Fur Elise. Strauss, Richard. Traumerei , op. 9, no. Relational Theory! 4. Components for a published score, similar to a book citation: 1) Name of humanmetrics personality composer. Canterbury Summary! 2) Underline title of ballet, music, opera, as well as no. and op., important words capitalized, prepositions and conjunctions in lower case.
3) Date composition written. 4) Place of publication: 5) Publisher, 6) Date of publication. Chopin, Frederic. Humanmetrics Types! Mazurka Op. John Grenouille! 7, No. 1 . New York: Fischer, 1918. Ledbetter, Huddie, and John Lomax. Goodnight, Irene . Humanmetrics Personality! 1936. New York: Spencer, 1950. Stier, Walter C. Sweet Bye and Bye . London: Paxton, 1953. Weber, Carl Maria von.
Invitation to the Dance Op. Tales! 65 . 1819. London: Harris, 1933. 29. Painting, photograph, sculpture, architecture, or other art form. Components for citing original artwork: 1) Name of personality types artist. 2) Title of artwork, underlined. Empirical On Representation Forms! 3) Date artwork created. 4) Museum, gallery, or collection where artwork is housed; indicate name of owner if private collection, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. Ashoona, Kiawak.
Smiling Family . 1966. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Brancusi, Constantin. The Kiss . 1909. Tomb of T. Rachevskaia, Montparnasse. The Great Sphinx . [c. Types! 2500 BC]. Giza. Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique. Odalisque . 1814. Louvre Museum, Paris.
Raphael. The School of Athens . 1510-11. Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rude, Francois. La Marseillaise . 1833-36. Arc de Triomphe, Paris. Components for artwork cited from a book: 1) Name of artist. Tales Summary! 2) Underline title of artwork.
3) Date artwork created (if date is uncertain use [c. 1503] meaning [circa 1503] or around the year 1503). 4) Museum, art gallery, or collection where artwork is house, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. 6) Title of book used. 7) Author or editor of book. 8) Place of publication: 9) Publisher, 10) Date of publication. 11) Other relevant information, e.g. figure, page, plate, or slide number. Abell, Sam. Japan . 1984. National Geographic Photographs: The Milestones . By Leah Bendavid-Val, et al.
Washington, DC: National Geographic, 1999. Carr, Emily. A Haida Village . [c. 1929]. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, ON. The McMichael Canadian Art Collection . By Jean Blodgett, et al.
Toronto: McGraw, 1989. 134. Kasebier, Gertrude. The Magic Crystal . Humanmetrics Types! [c. 1904]. Dionysian Satan! Royal Photographic Society, Bath. A Basic History of Art . By H.W. Janson and Anthony F. Janson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, 1991.
412. Leonardo, da Vinci. Mona Lisa (La Gioconda) . [c. 1503-5]. Louvre Museum, Paris. Favorite Old Master Paintings from the humanmetrics types, Louvre Museum . New York: Abbeville, 1979. 31. Michelangelo.
David . 1501-04. Accademia di Belle Arti, Florence. The Great. Masters . By Giorgio Vasari. Trans. Gaston Du C. de Vere. New York: Park Lane, 1986. Canterbury Summary! 226. Sullivan, Louis.
Wainright Building . 1890-91. St. Louis, MO. A Basic History of Art . By H.W. Janson and Anthony F. Janson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, Tohaku, Deme.
Ko-omote Female Mask . Edo period [1603-1867], Japan. Naprstek. Museum, Prague. The World of Masks . By Erich Herold, et al. Trans. Dusan. Zbavitel. London: Hamlyn, 1992. 207. Vanvitelli, Luigi, and Nicola Salvi. Chapel of St.
John the Baptist . 1742-51. Sao Roque, Lisbon. By Rolf Toman, ed. Baroque: Architecture, Sculpture, Painting . Cologne: Konemann, 1998. 118. Components for a personal photograph: 1) Subject (not underlined or put in quotes). 2) Name of person who took the photograph. 3) Date photograph taken.
War in Iraq: Operation Iraq Freedom on CNN. Personal photograph by humanmetrics personality author. Great Wall of China, Beijing, China. Personal photograph by Cassy Wyse. 28 July 2005. Components: 1) Patent inventor(s) or owner(s). 2) Title of patent. 3) Issuing country and patent number. 4) Date patent was issued. Arbter, Klaus, and Guo-Qing Wei. Verfahren zur Nachfuhrung eines Stereo-Laparoskope.
in der minimal invasiven Chirurgie. German Patent 3943917. July 1996. Conversion of Dionysian Calcium Compounds into Solid and Gaseous Compounds. US Patent 5078813. Kamen, Dean L., et al. Humanmetrics Personality Types! Transportation Vehicles and Methods. US Patent 5971091. 31. Performance: (ballet, concert, musical, opera, play, theatrical performance) Disneys The Lion King . By Roger Allers and Irene Mecchi. Dir.
Julie Taymor. Music and lyrics by Elton John and Tim Rice. Princess of Wales Theatre, Toronto. 9 June 2002. The Hobbit . By J.R.R. Tolkien. The Queer Dionysian! Dir. Kim Selody. Perf. Humanmetrics Personality Types! Herbie Barnes, Michael.
Simpson, and Chris Heyerdahl. Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. The Nutcracker . By Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Chor. and Libretto by James. Kudelka. Cond. Empirical Studies Forms A Critical Reflection! Ormsby Wilkins and Uri Mayer. National Ballet of. Canada.
Hummingbird Centre, Toronto. 30 Dec. 1999. Phantom of the Opera . By Andrew Lloyd Webber. Lyrics by Charles Hart. Dir. Harold Prince. Based on novel by Gaston Leroux. Pantages Theatre, Toronto.
20 Sept. 1998. The Shanghai Acrobats . By Incredible! Acrobats of China. Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. 4 Mar. 2005. Components: 1) Title of humanmetrics types episode, underlined; or in quotes if appropriate.
2) Title of program, underlined. 3) Title of series. 4) Name of network. 5) Radio station or TV channel call letters, 6) City of local station or channel. 6) Broadcast date. The CFRB Morning Show . By Ted Woloshyn. Dionysian Satan! CFRB Radio, Toronto. 12 Sept. 2003. Law and Order . Prod.
Wolf Film, Universal Television. NBC Television Network. WHEC, Rochester, NY. 16 Oct. 2002. New Threat from Osama? By Jim Stewart. CBS News . WBEN, Buffalo.
New York Museum Celebrates Life of Einstein. By Martha Graybow. Reuters, New York. WBFO, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002. The Nightmare Drug. By Bob McKeown, Linden MacIntyre, and Hana Gartner. The Fifth Estate . CBC, Toronto. Personality Types! 16 Oct. 2002.
U.S.: Tape Sounds Like Bin Laden. AP, Washington, DC. On Your Side . WGRZ-TV, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002. 33. Recording Music CD, LP, magnetic tape: 1) Name of author, composer, singer, or editor. 2) Title of john song (in quotation marks).
3) Title of recording (underlined). 4) Publication medium (LP, CD, magnetic tape, etc.). Types! 5) Edition, release, or version. 6) Place of publication: Publisher, Date of publication. If citing from Empirical on Representation A Critical Reflection, Internet, see Item 23. Backstreet Boys. Larger than Life . Millennium. CD. Exclusive Management by. The Firm, Los Angeles, CA. Mastered by Tom Coyne, Sterling Sound, NYC.
Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . CD. Writ., dir. and prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir. Don and Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, n.d. Burch, Marilyn Reesor.
Mosaic . CD. Humanmetrics Types! Writ., dir. and prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir. Every Day Use! Don and personality types, Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, [c. 1997].
Note: n.d. means no date available. [c. 1997] means circa 1997. McDonald, Michael. No Lookin Back . LP. Prod. Michael McDonald and. Ted Templeman. Engineered and mixed by R. ThinkPad ACP Patch for ThinkPad 600, 770, and 770E . Diskette. Vers. 1.0.
Tape Recording: Cassette, DVD (Digital Videodisc), Filmstrip, Videocassette. Covey, Stephen R. Living the every day use, 7 Habits: Applications and Insights . Cassette. tape recording read by author. New York: Simon, Audio Div., 1995. Ginger . Solid Ground.
Cassette tape recording from album Far Out . Vancouver: Harry Potter and the Prisoner of humanmetrics personality Azkaban . Dir. Alfonso Cuar o n. Based on novel. by J.K. Rowling. Perf. Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint, and Emma Watson. DVD. Warner, 2004. Jane Austens Emma . Videocassette. Meridian Broadcasting.
New York: New Video Group, 1996. Kicking Screaming . Dir. Jesse Dylan. Writ. Leo Benvenuti and tales, Steve Rudnick. Perf. Will Ferrell and Robert Duvall. DVD. Universal, 2005. The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants . Dir.
Ken Kwapis. Humanmetrics Types! Based on novel by. Ann Brashares.Perf. Amber Tamblyn, America Ferrera, Blake Lively, and Alexis Bledel. DVD. Relational Dialectics! Warner, Dungaree, 2005. Super Searching the Web . Videocassette. Personality! Lancaster, PA: Classroom Connect,
The Wizard of Oz . Dir. Canterbury Tales! Victor Fleming. Based on book by Lyman Frank Baum. Perf. Judy Garland, Frank Morgan, Ray Bolger, Bert Lahr, Jack Haley,
Billie Burke, Margaret Hamilton, Charley Grapewin, and the Munchkins. MGM, 1939. VHS. Warner, 1999. State author, title of personality types unpublished dissertation or thesis in quotes, label Diss. or MA thesis, name of university, and john baptiste grenouille, year. Elmendorf, James. The Military and humanmetrics personality, the Mall: Society and Pilgrim âunstuck, Culture in Long Beach, California. BA. thesis.
Hampshire College, 1995. Jackson, Marjorie. The Oboe: A Study of personality Its Development and What makes Pilgrim, Use. Diss. Columbia U, 1962.
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Personality Test and Types (Jungian
A Case Study: Existential Therapy Essay. After meeting with Anna and following her initial evaluation I have decided that it would be in her best interest to personality, draw upon the concepts of the Existential theory. Using the ideas behind Existential Therapy we will move towards creating a good therapist and client relationship. The Queer Dionysian Satan? We will then work together to bring Annas consciousness and unconsciousness to a place of psychological balance. Anna will explore herself from within her memories, thoughts, and perceptions to personality types, go beyond her limited self- awareness. Our focus will be on what her current issues are at this time find the possible causes explore thought patterns, reflect, and look at different ways to perceive situations changing thought patterns and behaviors thus resolving the current What or disturbance presently troubling Annas life. Anna will use exploration and Global Empirical Forms Reflection, client led talking techniques to reveal any reoccurring thoughts, behaviors, or emotions to signify a pattern and correlation of thought with her present. Personality? Although we are using methods that look at Empirical on Representation Forms Reflection past memories, emotions, and behaviors we are not focusing on the why of her current disturbances and humanmetrics personality, not even the current behaviors, emotions, or reactions that are hindering her choices and every day use, control in her life needed for her to have a more positive self-image. Anna then can create purpose for types life situations through good thoughts which will support a more meaningful and spiritual growth.
She will be asking herself questions such as Who am I? and What is the purpose of life? By exploring these questions, gaining a better understanding of self, then reflecting upon them we anticipate that she will find new perspective and awareness about herself, that can relieve her from the every day use psychological distress with which she is currently suffering from. Personality Types? (Murdock, 2012) How it will be used in the counseling process for client. Our objective is to get Anna to share information about her current life situations and also her past experiences, her recollections from her childhood, her memories. Makes In Timeâ? Essay? We will work together as therapist and client to types, explore all of Annas how does she view her relationships with others, her environment, and how she views herself. Anna will share information about both her past and present situations, and how she reacted to such incidences at the time, and how she is currently reacting to her present situations in tales life. Together we will work at finding patterns and repetitious behaviors, looking for the causes of any reoccurring behaviors or thoughts. Any anxieties she comes across will be explored for fears of isolation, loneliness, and humanmetrics personality types, death. Anna will learn to except life for what it is in healthier ways, and to take responsibility and control of her life by changing her self-perceptions and reactions to her environment and other peoples influence. Anna will be reflecting upon Essays, her memories, and about how these experiences made her feel along with how she is currently feeling about her present life situations. Anna and I, will discuss how she copes in stressful times. Humanmetrics Personality Types? (Sue 1987) All this technique of Forms Reflection talk, exploration, discovery, analysis, and reflection will work to get Anna to own her freedom without fear, as the humanmetrics one responsible and in control of her own development through her healthy thoughts and actions of her will.
She will find meaning of herself and life and develop new thoughts and behaviors that are encouraging, thus allowing her to be true to herself. Anna will find enrichment, and renewed energy that will enliven her to where she will find her moral and meaning and purpose in life. I chose the Existential and behaviorist theory and to Global Forms Reflection, use its methods of therapy in Annas case study over the other theories, because she was a good candidate for a successful outcome in treatment. This theory focuses on perception and changing distorted thought patterns that are the humanmetrics cause of current disturbances through reactive behaviors in ones life. What Pilgrim? I think this theory will prove a successful client outcome for Anna when treating her personality disorders of depression, and humanmetrics types, anxiety. (Murdock 2012) Counseling Goals and Interventions. The main goal of existential therapy is to enable Anna to start being more truthful with herself, and to gain a larger new perspective about how she views the world and canterbury, herself. The objective is for Anna to better understand and personality types, reflect upon the lessons she discovers in her past, and use them as a guide for the future.
I will aim to help facilitate Annas motivation to One of the counseling goals will be to work together as therapist and client to bring awareness to Annas consciousness so she can find wholeness and psychological balance. Once we bring together both the unconsciousness and the consciousness of Annas thoughts and behaviors Anna can have relief from her psychological suffering and actually find meaning to it. We also want to realign Annas conscious and The Queer Dionysian Satan Essays, unconscious aspects of her personality by discovering purpose and meaning for her behaviors, thoughts, and condition, and through her development of humanmetrics types new values. Jungian uses symbols that will suddenly appear in client dreams, daily lives, projects of creativity, and their fantasies. Many of these are similar to images in myths, religion and traditions. Concentration of these images makes energy that creates images that lead to impulses. Jungian Theory: A long Term Commitment for Counseling. This theory requires analysis which requires the therapy to be occurring on frequent basis and the counseling sessions are expected to be of high intensity. Sessions will be scheduled one to four times each week and it is possible for even five or more sessions per week to be decided. Both client and patient work to decide what would be most beneficial amount of time needed for the clients specific needs in counseling. Typically the counseling process aligned with this theory extends over several years and could go even longer if needed. Dionysian? (Murdock 2012) The counselor#8217;s and clients role in counseling?
The counselor and client roles in Annas counseling will be shared in many areas such as serious commitment to counseling since this type is one that requires long-term therapy over several years. The counselors role is to help the client focus on their experiences in humanmetrics personality their daily life, past memories, relationships, feelings and reactions to these experiences, reflection, and exploration of the clients dreams. Through the interaction and strength of the canterbury relationship between the client and personality types, the therapist decisions are made together about the counseling process. The client is every day use expected to share information the counselor is the analyst although the client shares in the analyzing of the information and decisions to humanmetrics personality, be made. Confidentiality is a must. Relational? The counselor has the hard role of analyst the difficulty of exploring the humanmetrics types psyche of the client. Global Empirical Studies Of Various Reflection? The client has the role of constantly needing to be conscious of their thoughts and behaviors. Commitment, relationship, and personality, focus on realigning the unconscious and conscious psyche in relationship, I think are the every day use most important roles in this type of counseling process. For what population(s) is personality this theory most appropriate? How does this theory address the social and cultural needs of the client? This analysis type does well for people who have emotional issues, have relationship problems want growth and seek meaning of life, those on spiritual exploration, people who suffer with depression, anxiety, and with the culturally diverse clients when modified to the client needs and because it focuses on a persons psyche so there is What makes Pilgrim âunstuck in timeâ? not a specific personality type or way of thinking that is required for humanmetrics types this analysis to be successful and effective (Addison.
1997). Here the focus on the entire psyche of a persons mind goes beyond the social identity of ones ego as long as the analyst is culturally aware of the clients diversity during the Billy âunstuck in timeâ? analytic process of exploring the humanmetrics clients information and findings, there shouldnt be any issues with the clients cultural needs being compromised. (Blass 2003) Other important information that client should disclose and possible risks of The Queer Dionysian Satan Essays Jungian analysis Other important information the client should disclose would be abuse, trauma, or any other memory or significant experience that had an emotional impact upon the client. Types? There is always the every day use risk of types developing a more severe anxiety when unconscious memories and/or emotions suddenly surface causing anxiety that could put a stop on this type of dialectics counseling process immediately due to potential harm for the client. Cherry, Kendra. Psychoanalytic Theories of Development, About Education (2015) psychology.about.com/od/developmentecourse/a/dev_psychoanaly.htm Addison, R. (1997): The racially different patient in individual and group psychotherapy. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapyt, 9, 1, 39-40. Blass, R.B. on Ethical Issues at the Foundation of the humanmetrics personality Debate over The Goals of Phychoanalysis. International Journal of Phychoanalysis 84 (August 2003): 929-943. Sue, S. Zane, N. (1987): The role of culture and cultural techniques in psychotherapy and counseling. American Psychologist, 53, 4, 440-448. Murdock, N. L. (2012). Theories of counseling and psychotherapy: A case approach (3rd ed.).
Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education. University/College: University of California. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 20 September 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Global of Various Forms of Masculinity: A Critical, A Case Study: Existential Therapy.
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essay on nature A subtle chain of countless rings. The next unto the farthest brings; The eye reads omens where it goes, And speaks all languages the rose; And, striving to be man, the worm. Mounts through all the spires of form. Introduction Our age is humanmetrics personality retrospective. It builds the sepulchres of the fathers. It writes biographies, histories, and criticism. The foregoing generations beheld God and nature face to makes âunstuck face; we, through their eyes.
Why should not we also enjoy an humanmetrics, original relation to the universe? Why should not we have a poetry and philosophy of insight and john, not of tradition, and a religion by revelation to us, and personality, not the history of Pilgrim theirs? Embosomed for a season in nature, whose floods of life stream around and through us, and invite us by humanmetrics, the powers they supply, to action proportioned to nature, why should we grope among the dry bones of the past, or put the living generation into masquerade out of every day use its faded wardrobe? The sun shines to-day also. There is personality more wool and flax in the fields.
There are new lands, new men, new thoughts. Every Day Use! Let us demand our own works and laws and worship. Undoubtedly we have no questions to ask which are unanswerable. Humanmetrics Personality! We must trust the baptiste perfection of the creation so far, as to believe that whatever curiosity the order of things has awakened in our minds, the order of things can satisfy. Every man's condition is a solution in hieroglyphic to those inquiries he would put. He acts it as life, before he apprehends it as truth.
In like manner, nature is already, in its forms and tendencies, describing its own design. Let us interrogate the great apparition, that shines so peacefully around us. Let us inquire, to what end is nature? All science has one aim, namely, to find a theory of nature. We have theories of races and of functions, but scarcely yet a remote approach to an idea of types creation. We are now so far from the road to truth, that religious teachers dispute and hate each other, and speculative men are esteemed unsound and frivolous.
But to every day use a sound judgment, the most abstract truth is the types most practical. John Baptiste! Whenever a true theory appears, it will be its own evidence. Its test is, that it will explain all phenomena. Now many are thought not only unexplained but inexplicable; as language, sleep, madness, dreams, beasts, sex. Philosophically considered, the universe is composed of Nature and the Soul. Strictly speaking, therefore, all that is separate from us, all which Philosophy distinguishes as the NOT ME, that is, both nature and art, all other men andmy own body, must be ranked under this name, NATURE. Humanmetrics Personality! In enumerating the values of nature and casting up their sum, I shall use the word in both senses; -- in its common and in its philosophical import. In inquiries so general as our present one, the inaccuracy is not material; no confusion of thought will occur. Nature, in the common sense, refers to dialectics essences unchanged by man; space, the humanmetrics personality air, the river, the leaf. Art is applied to makes Billy Pilgrim in timeâ? Essay the mixture of his will with the same things, as in a house, a canal, a statue, a picture. But his operations taken together are so insignificant, a little chipping, baking, patching, and washing, that in an impression so grand as that of the world on the human mind, they do not vary the result.
Chapter I NATURE To go into solitude, a man needs to retire as much from his chamber as from society. I am not solitary whilst I read and write, though nobody is types with me. But if a man would be alone, let him look at the stars. The rays that come from those heavenly worlds, will separate between him and every day use, what he touches. One might think the atmosphere was made transparent with this design, to give man, in the heavenly bodies, the perpetual presence of the sublime. Seen in the streets of cities, how great they are! If the stars should appear one night in a thousand years, how would men believe and personality, adore; and preserve for baptiste grenouille many generations the personality types remembrance of the city of The Queer Essays God which had been shown! But every night come out these envoys of beauty, and light the universe with their admonishing smile. The stars awaken a certain reverence, because though always present, they are inaccessible; but all natural objects make a kindred impression, when the mind is open to their influence. Humanmetrics! Nature never wears a mean appearance. Neither does the wisest man extort her secret, and lose his curiosity by finding out all her perfection.
Nature never became a toy to a wise spirit. The flowers, the animals, the Global Empirical on Representation of Various Forms of Masculinity: mountains, reflected the personality wisdom of his best hour, as much as they had delighted the simplicity of his childhood. When we speak of nature in every day use this manner, we have a distinct but most poetical sense in the mind. We mean the integrity of impression made by humanmetrics personality types, manifold natural objects. It is this which distinguishes the stick of timber of the wood-cutter, from the tree of the poet. The charming landscape which I saw this morning, is indubitably made up of some twenty or thirty farms. Miller owns this field, Locke that, and Manning the woodland beyond. But none of them owns the landscape. There is every day use a property in the horizon which no man has but he whose eye can integrate all the parts, that is, the poet. This is the best part of humanmetrics personality these men's farms, yet to this their warranty-deeds give no title.
To speak truly, few adult persons can see nature. Most persons do not see the sun. At least they have a very superficial seeing. What Billy Pilgrim Âunstuck! The sun illuminates only the eye of the man, but shines into humanmetrics personality, the eye and the heart of the Global Empirical A Critical Reflection child. The lover of humanmetrics personality types nature is relational theory he whose inward and outward senses are still truly adjusted to each other; who has retained the spirit of infancy even into humanmetrics, the era of manhood. His intercourse with heaven and earth, becomes part of his daily food. Relational! In the presence of nature, a wild delight runs through the types man, in spite of real sorrows. Nature says, -- he is my creature, and maugre all his impertinent griefs, he shall be glad with me.
Not the sun or the john summer alone, but every hour and season yields its tribute of humanmetrics personality delight; for every hour and change corresponds to and authorizes a different state of the mind, from breathless noon to grimmest midnight. Nature is a setting that fits equally well a comic or a mourning piece. In good health, the air is a cordial of incredible virtue. Crossing a bare common, in snow puddles, at twilight, under a clouded sky, without having in my thoughts any occurrence of special good fortune, I have enjoyed a perfect exhilaration. I am glad to the brink of fear. In the woods too, a man casts off his years, as the snake his slough, and at what period soever of life, is always a child. In the woods, is perpetual youth.
Within these plantations of God, a decorum and baptiste grenouille, sanctity reign, a perennial festival is dressed, and the guest sees not how he should tire of them in personality types a thousand years. In the woods, we return to reason and faith. There I feel that nothing can befall me in life, -- no disgrace, no calamity, (leaving me my eyes,) which nature cannot repair. Standing on the bare ground, -- my head bathed by the blithe air, and uplifted into infinite space, -- all mean egotism vanishes. I become a transparent eye-ball; I am nothing; I see all; the currents of the Universal Being circulate through me; I am part or particle of theory God. The name of the nearest friend sounds then foreign and accidental: to be brothers, to be acquaintances, -- master or servant, is then a trifle and humanmetrics types, a disturbance. I am the lover of uncontained and immortal beauty. In the wilderness, I find something more dear and connate than in streets or villages. In the tranquil landscape, and especially in the distant line of the horizon, man beholds somewhat as beautiful as his own nature. The greatest delight which the fields and woods minister, is the suggestion of an occult relation between man and the vegetable. I am not alone and unacknowledged.
They nod to me, and I to them. The waving of the boughs in The Queer Dionysian the storm, is new to me and old. It takes me by surprise, and humanmetrics, yet is not unknown. Its effect is Global Empirical on Representation of Various Reflection like that of a higher thought or a better emotion coming over me, when I deemed I was thinking justly or doing right. Yet it is certain that the power to produce this delight, does not reside in humanmetrics nature, but in man, or in a harmony of every day use both. It is necessary to use these pleasures with great temperance. For, nature is not always tricked in holiday attire, but the same scene which yesterday breathed perfume and glittered as for the frolic of the nymphs, is overspread with melancholy today.
Nature always wears the colors of the spirit. To a man laboring under calamity, the heat of his own fire hath sadness in it. Then, there is a kind of contempt of the landscape felt by him who has just lost by death a dear friend. The sky is less grand as it shuts down over less worth in the population. Chapter II COMMODITY Whoever considers the final cause of the world, will discern a multitude of usesthat result. Humanmetrics! They all admit of being thrown into one of the following classes; Commodity; Beauty; Language; and Discipline. Under the general name of Commodity, I rank all those advantages which our senses owe to every day use nature.
This, of course, is a benefit which is temporary and mediate, not ultimate, like its service to the soul. Yet although low, it is humanmetrics types perfect in its kind, and is the only use of nature which all men apprehend. Dialectics! The misery of man appears like childish petulance, when we explore the steady and prodigal provision that has been made for his support and delight on this green ball which floats him through the heavens. What angels invented these splendid ornaments, these rich conveniences, this ocean of air above, this ocean of water beneath, this firmament of earth between? this zodiac of lights, this tent of dropping clouds, this striped coat of climates, this fourfold year? Beasts, fire, water, stones, and corn serve him. The field is at once his floor, his work-yard, his play-ground, his garden, and his bed. More servants wait on humanmetrics personality, man. Than he 'll take notice of. ------ Nature, in its ministry to What makes Billy Pilgrim man, is not only the material, but is also the process and the result. Personality! All the parts incessantly work into each other's hands for the profit of man.
The wind sows the Studies on Representation Forms of Masculinity: Reflection seed; the sun evaporates the sea; the humanmetrics wind blows the vapor to the field; the ice, on the other side of the planet, condenses rain on this; the rain feeds the plant; the plant feeds the animal; and thus the endless circulations of the divine charity nourish man. The useful arts are reproductions or new combinations by the wit of man, of the same natural benefactors. He no longer waits for favoring gales, but by means of steam, he realizes the fable of Aeolus's bag, and of Various Forms of Masculinity: A Critical Reflection, carries the two and thirty winds in the boiler of types his boat. To diminish friction, he paves the relational dialectics road with iron bars, and, mounting a coach with a ship-load of men, animals, and merchandise behind him, he darts through the country, from town to town, like an eagle or a swallow through the air. By the aggregate of these aids, how is the face of the world changed, from the era of Noah to that of Napoleon!
The private poor man hath cities, ships, canals, bridges, built for him. He goes to the post-office, and the human race run on his errands; to the book-shop, and the human race read and write of all that happens, for him; to the court-house, and nations repair his wrongs. He sets his house upon the road, and the human race go forth every morning, and shovel out the snow, and cut a path for him. But there is no need of specifying particulars in this class of uses. The catalogue is endless, and the examples so obvious, that I shall leave them to the reader's reflection, with the humanmetrics general remark, that this mercenary benefit is summary one which has respect to a farther good. A man is fed, not that he may be fed, but that he may work. Chapter III BEAUTY A nobler want of man is served by nature, namely, the love of Beauty. The ancient Greeks called the world , beauty. Such is the types constitution of all things, or such the plastic power of the human eye, that the primary forms, as the sky, the mountain, the tree, the animal, give us a delight in and for themselves; a pleasure arising from summary outline, color, motion, and grouping.
This seems partly owing to the eye itself. The eye is the best of artists. By the mutual action of its structure and humanmetrics personality, of the laws of light, perspective is produced, which integrates every mass of objects, of what character soever, into a well colored and shaded globe, so that where the particular objects are mean and unaffecting, the landscape which they compose, is round and symmetrical. And as the relational dialectics eye is the best composer, so light is the personality types first of painters. There is no object so foul that intense light will not make beautiful. And the stimulus it affords to the sense, and a sort of infinitude which it hath, like space and time, make all matter gay. Even the corpse has its own beauty.
But besides this general grace diffused over nature, almost all the individual forms are agreeable to makes Billy âunstuck the eye, as is proved by our endless imitations of some of them, as the acorn, the grape, the pine-cone, the wheat-ear, the egg, the personality types wings and forms of most birds, the lion's claw, the serpent, the butterfly, sea-shells, flames, clouds, buds, leaves, and the forms of many trees, as the palm. For better consideration, we may distribute the aspects of Beauty in relational dialectics a threefold manner. 1. First, the simple perception of natural forms is a delight. Humanmetrics Types! The influence of the forms and tales, actions in nature, is so needful to man, that, in its lowest functions, it seems to lie on the confines of commodity and beauty. To the body and mind which have been cramped by noxious work or company, nature is medicinal and restores their tone.
The tradesman, the attorney comes out of the din and craft of the street, and sees the sky and the woods, and is a man again. In their eternal calm, he finds himself. Personality Types! The health of the eye seems to demand a horizon. We are never tired, so long as we can see far enough. But in other hours, Nature satisfies by its loveliness, and without any mixture of corporeal benefit. I see the spectacle of morning from the hill-top over against my house, from day-break to sun-rise, with emotions which an angel might share.
The long slender bars of cloud float like fishes in the sea of What âunstuck in timeâ? crimson light. From the earth, as a shore, I look out into that silent sea. Personality! I seem to partake its rapid transformations: the active enchantment reaches my dust, and I dilate and canterbury tales summary, conspire with the morning wind. How does Nature deify us with a few and cheap elements! Give me health and a day, and I will make the pomp of emperors ridiculous. The dawn is my Assyria; the sun-set and moon-rise my Paphos, and unimaginable realms of faerie; broad noon shall be my England of the senses and personality, the understanding; the night shall be my Germany of mystic philosophy and dreams. Not less excellent, except for our less susceptibility in the afternoon, was the charm, last evening, of a January sunset. The western clouds divided and subdivided themselves into pink flakes modulated with tints of unspeakable softness; and the air had so much life and sweetness, that it was a pain to come within doors. What was it that nature would say? Was there no meaning in the live repose of the Global Studies on Representation of Various of Masculinity: valley behind the personality mill, and which Homer or Shakspeare could not reform for me in words?
The leafless trees become spires of flame in the sunset, with the blue east for their back-ground, and the stars of the dead calices of flowers, and every withered stem and stubble rimed with frost, contribute something to the mute music. The inhabitants of cities suppose that the country landscape is pleasant only half the year. I please myself with the graces of the winter scenery, and believe that we are as much touched by it as by Global Forms of Masculinity: Reflection, the genial influences of summer. To the attentive eye, each moment of the types year has its own beauty, and in the same field, it beholds, every hour, a picture which was never seen before, and which shall never be seen again. The heavens change every moment, and reflect their glory or gloom on dialectics theory, the plains beneath. The state of the crop in the surrounding farms alters the expression of the earth from week to week. The succession of native plants in the pastures and roadsides, which makes the silent clock by which time tells the summer hours, will make even the divisions of the day sensible to a keen observer. Humanmetrics Types! The tribes of birds and insects, like the plants punctual to their time, follow each other, and the year has room for all. By water-courses, the variety is greater. In July, the blue pontederia or pickerel-weed blooms in large beds in the shallow parts of our pleasant river, and swarms with yellow butterflies in every day use continual motion.
Art cannot rival this pomp of types purple and gold. Indeed the river is a perpetual gala, and john baptiste grenouille, boasts each month a new ornament. But this beauty of Nature which is seen and personality, felt as beauty, is the least part. The shows of day, the dewy morning, the rainbow, mountains, orchards in blossom, stars, moonlight, shadows in still water, and the like, if too eagerly hunted, become shows merely, and mock us with their unreality. Go out What makes Billy âunstuck Essay of the house to see the moon, and 't is mere tinsel; it will not please as when its light shines upon your necessary journey.
The beauty that shimmers in the yellow afternoons of October, who ever could clutch it? Go forth to find it, and it is gone: 't is only a mirage as you look from the humanmetrics personality types windows of diligence. 2. The presence of a higher, namely, of the spiritual element is essential to What Billy Pilgrim âunstuck in timeâ? Essay its perfection. The high and divine beauty which can be loved without effeminacy, is that which is found in combination with the human will. Beauty is the mark God sets upon virtue. Every natural action is personality types graceful. Every heroic act is relational dialectics theory also decent, and causes the place and the bystanders to shine.
We are taught by types, great actions that the universe is the What makes Billy Pilgrim Essay property of every individual in personality it. Every rational creature has all nature for his dowry and estate. It is his, if he will. He may divest himself of it; he may creep into a corner, and abdicate his kingdom, as most men do, but he is entitled to the world by his constitution. In proportion to the energy of his thought and theory, will, he takes up the world into himself.
All those things for personality types which men plough, build, or sail, obey virtue; said Sallust. The winds and The Queer Satan, waves, said Gibbon, are always on the side of the ablest navigators. So are the sun and moon and all the stars of heaven. When a noble act is done, -- perchance in a scene of great natural beauty; when Leonidas and his three hundred martyrs consume one day in dying, and the sun and moon come each and look at them once in the steep defile of Thermopylae; when Arnold Winkelried, in the high Alps, under the shadow of the avalanche, gathers in his side a sheaf of Austrian spears to break the line for his comrades; are not these heroes entitled to add the beauty of the scene to the beauty of the deed? When the bark of Columbus nears the shore of America; -- before it, the beach lined with savages, fleeing out of all their huts of cane; the sea behind; and the purple mountains of the Indian Archipelago around, can we separate the man from the living picture?
Does not the New World clothe his form with her palm-groves and savannahs as fit drapery? Ever does natural beauty steal in like air, and personality, envelope great actions. When Sir Harry Vane was dragged up the Tower-hill, sitting on a sled, to suffer death, as the champion of the English laws, one of the multitude cried out to him, You never sate on so glorious a seat. Charles II., to intimidate the citizens of relational London, caused the patriot Lord Russel to be drawn in an open coach, through the principal streets of the city, on his way to the scaffold. But, his biographer says, the multitude imagined they saw liberty and virtue sitting by his side. In private places, among sordid objects, an act of truth or heroism seems at once to draw to itself the sky as its temple, the sun as its candle. Nature stretcheth out her arms to personality types embrace man, only let his thoughts be of What makes Billy Pilgrim Essay equal greatness. Willingly does she follow his steps with the rose and the violet, and bend her lines of grandeur and grace to the decoration of her darling child. Only let his thoughts be of equal scope, and the frame will suit the picture. A virtuous man is in humanmetrics types unison with her works, and makes the every day use central figure of the visible sphere. Homer, Pindar, Socrates, Phocion, associate themselves fitly in our memory with the geography and climate of Greece.
The visible heavens and earth sympathize with Jesus. And in common life, whosoever has seen a person of powerful character and happy genius, will have remarked how easily he took all things along with him, -- the personality types persons, the opinions, and the day, and nature became ancillary to a man. 3. There is still another aspect under which the beauty of the world may be viewed, namely, as it become s an object of the intellect. Beside the relation of every day use things to virtue, they have a relation to thought. The intellect searches out the absolute order of things as they stand in the mind of God, and without the colors of affection.
The intellectual and the active powers seem to succeed each other, and the exclusive activity of the one, generates the exclusive activity of the other. There is humanmetrics something unfriendly in each to the other, but they are like the alternate periods of feeding and working in animals; each prepares and will be followed by the other. Therefore does beauty, which, in relation to actions, as we have seen, comes unsought, and comes because it is unsought, remain for the apprehension and pursuit of the intellect; and then again, in every day use its turn, of the active power. Nothing divine dies. All good is eternally reproductive. The beauty of nature reforms itself in the mind, and not for barren contemplation, but for new creation. All men are in some degree impressed by types, the face of the world; some men even to delight. Canterbury Tales Summary! This love of beauty is Taste. Others have the same love in such excess, that, not content with admiring, they seek to embody it in humanmetrics new forms.
The creation of beauty is Art. The production of a work of art throws a light upon the mystery of humanity. A work of art is an every day use, abstract or epitome of the world. Humanmetrics Personality! It is the result or expression of nature, in miniature. For, although the works of The Queer Satan nature are innumerable and all different, the result or the expression of them all is similar and single. Nature is a sea of forms radically alike and even unique. A leaf, a sun-beam, a landscape, the ocean, make an types, analogous impression on the mind. What is common to every day use them all, -- that perfectness and harmony, is beauty. The standard of beauty is the entire circuit of natural forms, -- the totality of nature; which the Italians expressed by defining beauty il piu nell' uno.
Nothing is quite beautiful alone: nothing but is beautiful in the whole. A single object is only so far beautiful as it suggests this universal grace. The poet, the painter, the sculptor, the musician, the architect, seek each to concentrate this radiance of the world on one point, and each in his several work to satisfy the love of beauty which stimulates him to produce. Thus is Art, a nature passed through the alembic of man. Thus in art, does nature work through the will of a man filled with the beauty of her first works. The world thus exists to types the soul to satisfy the desire of beauty.
This element I call an ultimate end. No reason can be asked or given why the soul seeks beauty. Essays! Beauty, in its largest and types, profoundest sense, is baptiste grenouille one expression for the universe. God is the all-fair. Truth, and goodness, and beauty, are but different faces of the same All. But beauty in nature is humanmetrics personality types not ultimate.
It is the herald of inward and eternal beauty, and is not alone a solid and satisfactory good. It must stand as a part, and not as yet the makes Pilgrim in timeâ? last or highest expression of the final cause of Nature. Chapter IV LANGUAGE Language is humanmetrics personality types a third use which Nature subserves to man. Nature is the vehble, and threefold degree. 1. Words are signs of natural facts. 2. Particular natural facts are symbols of Global Empirical Studies of Masculinity: Reflection particular spiritual facts. 3. Nature is the symbol of spirit. 1. Words are signs of natural facts. The use of natural history is to give us aid in supernatural history: the use of the outer creation, to give us language for the beings and changes of the inward creation. Every word which is used to express a moral or intellectual fact, if traced to its root, is found to personality types be borrowed from some material appearance.
Right means straight ; wrong means twisted . Spirit primarily means wind ; transgression , the crossing of a line ; supercilious , the makes Pilgrim in timeâ? raising of the eyebrow . We say the heart to express emotion, the head to denote thought; and thought and emotion a re words borrowed from sensible things, and now appropriated to spiritual nature. Most of the process by which this transformation is made, is hidden from us in the remote time when language was framed; but the same tendency may be daily observed in children. Children and savages use only nouns or names of things, which they convert into verbs, and apply to analogous mental acts. 2. But this origin of personality types all words that convey a spiritual import, -- so conspicuous a fact in the history of language, -- is our least debt to nature. It is Global of Various A Critical not words only that are emblematic; it is things which are emblematic. Every natural fact is a symbol of some spiritual fact. Every appearance in nature corresponds to some state of the mind, and that state of the mind can only be described by types, presenting that natural appearance as its picture. An enraged man is a lion, a cunning man is a fox, a firm man is a rock, a learned man is a torch.
A lamb is innocence; a snake is subtle spite; flowers express to us the delicate affections. Light and darkness are our familiar expression for knowledge and ignorance; and heat for love. Visible distance behind and before us, is respectively our image of Dionysian Satan memory and hope. Who looks upon a river in a meditative hour, and is not reminded of the flux of personality all things? Throw a stone into the stream, and the circles that propagate themselves are the every day use beautiful type of all influence. Man is conscious of a universal soul within or behind his individual life, wherein, as in humanmetrics personality a firmament, the Global Empirical on Representation Forms of Masculinity: natures of Justice, Truth, Love, Freedom, arise and shine. This universal soul, he calls Reason: it is not mine, or thine, or his, but we are its; we are its property and men. And the blue sky in which the private earth is buried, the personality types sky with its eternal calm, and full of everlasting orbs, is the type of Reason. That which, intellectually considered, we call Reason, considered in relation to Global Studies on Representation of Various A Critical nature, we call Spirit. Types! Spirit is the Creator.
Spirit hath life in itself. And man in all ages and countries, embodies it in The Queer Satan his language, as the FATHER. It is easily seen that there is nothing lucky or capricious in these analogies, but that they are constant, and pervade nature. These are not the dreams of personality types a few poets, here and there, but man is an analogist, and studies relations in all objects. He is placed in the centre of beings, and a ray of relation passes from john baptiste grenouille every other being to him. And neither can man be understood without these objects, nor these objects without man. Humanmetrics Types! All the facts in natural history taken by themselves, have no value, but are barren, like a single sex.
But marry it to human history, and it is full of life. Whole Floras, all Linnaeus' and Buffon's volumes, are dry catalogues of facts; but the most trivial of these facts, the habit of a plant, the organs, or work, or noise of an insect, applied to the illustration of a fact in intellectual philosophy, or, in any way associated to human nature, affects us in the most lively and agreeable manner. The seed of a plant, -- to what affecting analogies in the nature of man, is that little fruit made use of, in The Queer Essays all discourse, up to the voice of Paul, who calls the human corpse a seed, -- It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. The motion of the earth round its axis, and personality types, round the sun, makes the day, and the year. These are certain amounts of brute light and heat. But is there no intent of an analogy between man's life and the seasons? And do the Dionysian seasons gain no grandeur or pathos from that analogy? The instincts of the ant are very unimportant, considered as the humanmetrics types ant's; but the moment a ray of summary relation is seen to humanmetrics personality types extend from it to man, and the little drudge is seen to be a monitor, a little body with a mighty heart, then all its habits, even that said to The Queer Essays be recently observed, that it never sleeps, become sublime.
Because of this radical correspondence between visible things and human thoughts, savages, who have only what is types necessary, converse in figures. As we go back in history, language becomes more picturesque, until its infancy, when it is all poetry; or all spiritual facts are represented by natural symbols. The same symbols are found to make the original elements of all languages. It has moreover been observed, that the idioms of all languages approach each other in passages of the greatest eloquence and power. And as this is the first language, so is it the last. This immediate dependence of language upon nature, this conversion of an outward phenomenon into a type of somewhat in human life, never loses its power to affect us. It is this which gives that piquancy to the conversation of a strong-natured farmer or back-woodsman, which all men relish. A man's power to connect his thought with its proper symbol, and so to utter it, depends on Empirical of Various A Critical, the simplicity of his character, that is, upon his love of truth, and his desire to communicate it without loss. The corruption of man is humanmetrics types followed by Global Empirical Studies on Representation Forms of Masculinity: Reflection, the corruption of language.
When simplicity of character and the sovereignty of ideas is broken up by the prevalence of secondary desires, the desire of riches, of pleasure, of power, and of praise, -- and duplicity and falsehood take place of simplicity and truth, the power over nature as an interpreter of the will, is in a degree lost; new imagery ceases to be created, and old words are perverted to stand for personality types things which are not; a paper currency is employed, when there is no bullion in the vaults. Billy Pilgrim Âunstuck! In due time, the humanmetrics personality types fraud is manifest, and dialectics, words lose all power to stimulate the understanding or the affections. Hundreds of writers may be found in every long-civilized nation, who for a short time believe, and personality types, make others believe, that they see and utter truths, who do not of themselves clothe one thought in The Queer Essays its natural garment, but who feed unconsciously on the language created by the primary writers of the country, those, namely, who hold primarily on nature. But wise men pierce this rotten diction and fasten words again to visible things; so that picturesque language is at once a commanding certificate that he who employs it, is personality types a man in alliance with truth and God. The moment our discourse rises above the ground line of familiar facts, and is inflamed with passion or exalted by thought, it clothes itself in images. A man conversing in earnest, if he watch his intellectual processes, will find that a material image, more or less luminous, arises in john baptiste his mind, cotemporaneous with every thought, which furnishes the vestment of the thought. Hence, good writing and brilliant discourse are perpetual allegories. This imagery is personality spontaneous. It is the blending of experience with the present action of the mind. It is proper creation.
It is the The Queer Satan working of the Original Cause through the humanmetrics instruments he has already made. These facts may suggest the advantage which the country-life possesses for a powerful mind, over the artificial and curtailed life of cities. We know more from Billy nature than we can at will communicate. Its light flows into the mind evermore, and we forget its presence. The poet, the orator, bred in the woods, whose senses have been nourished by their fair and types, appeasing changes, year after year, without design and without heed, -- shall not lose their lesson altogether, in the roar of cities or the broil of baptiste grenouille politics.
Long hereafter, amidst agitation and terror in national councils, -- in personality types the hour of revolution, -- these solemn images shall reappear in their morning lustre, as fit symbols and grenouille, words of the humanmetrics types thoughts which the passing events shall awaken. At the call of a noble sentiment, again the woods wave, the pines murmur, the river rolls and shines, and the cattle low upon the mountains, as he saw and heard them in his infancy. And with these forms, the spells of persuasion, the keys of power are put into canterbury tales summary, his hands. 3. Personality Types! We are thus assisted by natural objects in relational theory the expression of particular meanings. But how great a language to convey such pepper-corn informations! Did it need such noble races of types creatures, this profusion of forms, this host of orbs in heaven, to furnish man with the dictionary and grammar of his municipal speech? Whilst we use this grand cipher to What makes Essay expedite the affairs of our pot and kettle, we feel that we have not yet put it to its use, neither are able.
We are like travellers using the cinders of a volcano to roast their eggs. Whilst we see that it always stands ready to clothe what we would say, we cannot avoid the question, whether the characters are not significant of humanmetrics personality themselves. Have mountains, and waves, and skies, no significance but what we consciously give them, when we employ them as emblems of our thoughts? The world is emblematic. Parts of every day use speech are metaphors, because the whole of nature is a metaphor of the human mind. The laws of moral nature answer to types those of matter as face to face in a glass. The visible world and the relation of its parts, is the dial plate of the invisible. The axioms of physics translate the laws of ethics. Thus, the of Various Forms of Masculinity: Reflection whole is greater than its part; reaction is equal to personality types action; the smallest weight may be made to lift the grenouille greatest, the difference of weight being compensated by types, time; and many the like propositions, which have an ethical as well as physical sense. These propositions have a much more extensive and universal sense when applied to human life, than when confined to technical use.
In like manner, the memorable words of Essays history, and the proverbs of nations, consist usually of a natural fact, selected as a picture or parable of humanmetrics a moral truth. Thus; A rolling stone gathers no moss; A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush; A cripple in the right way, will beat a racer in the wrong; Make hay while the sun shines; 'T is hard to carry a full cup even; Vinegar is the son of wine; The last ounce broke the camel's back; Long-lived trees make roots first; -- and the like. In their primary sense these are trivial facts, but we repeat them for the value of their analogical import. What is every day use true of proverbs, is true of all fables, parables, and allegories. This relation between the mind and matter is not fancied by some poet, but stands in the will of God, and so is free to be known by all men. It appears to men, or it does not appear. When in fortunate hours we ponder this miracle, the wise man doubts, if, at all other times, he is not blind and humanmetrics personality, deaf; ------ Can these things be, And overcome us like a summer's cloud, Without our special wonder? for the universe becomes transparent, and the light of makes in timeâ? Essay higher laws than its own, shines through it. It is the humanmetrics personality standing problem which has exercised the wonder and the study of every fine genius since the world began; from the era of the Egyptians and the Brahmins, to that of Pythagoras, of Plato, of Bacon, of Leibnitz, of Swedenborg. There sits the Sphinx at the road-side, and from age to age, as each prophet comes by, he tries his fortune at reading her riddle.
There seems to Pilgrim in timeâ? be a necessity in spirit to manifest itself in material forms; and humanmetrics types, day and night, river and storm, beast and bird, acid and alkali, preexist in necessary Ideas in The Queer Satan Essays the mind of God, and personality types, are what they are by virtue of preceding affections, in the world of spirit. A Fact is the end or last issue of spirit. The visible creation is the Dionysian Essays terminus or the circumference of the invisible world. Material objects, said a French philosopher, are necessarily kinds of scoriae of the substantial thoughts of the Creator, which must always preserve an exact relation to their first origin; in other words, visible nature must have a spiritual and moral side. This doctrine is abstruse, and though the images of garment, scoriae, mirror, c., may stimulate the fancy, we must summon the aid of subtler and more vital expositors to make it plain. Every scripture is to be interpreted by the same spirit which gave it forth, -- is the fundamental law of criticism. A life in harmony with nature, the love of truth and of virtue, will purge the eyes to understand her text. Types! By degrees we may come to know the primitive sense of the permanent objects of nature, so that the world shall be to us an open book, and every form significant of its hidden life and final cause. A new interest surprises us, whilst, under the view now suggested, we contemplate the fearful extent and multitude of objects; since every object rightly seen, unlocks a new faculty of the soul. That which was unconscious truth, becomes, when interpreted and defined in baptiste grenouille an object, a part of the domain of personality knowledge, -- a new weapon in john grenouille the magazine of power. Chapter V DISCIPLINE In view of the significance of nature, we arrive at once at a new fact, that nature is a discipline.
This use of the world includes the preceding uses, as parts of itself. Space, time, society, labor, climate, food, locomotion, the animals, the mechanical forces, give us sincerest lessons, day by day, whose meaning is unlimited. Humanmetrics Types! They educate both the Understanding and the Reason. Every property of matter is a school for canterbury summary the understanding, -- its solidity or resistance, its inertia, its extension, its figure, its divisibility. Humanmetrics Personality! The understanding adds, divides, combines, measures, and finds nutriment and room for its activity in this worthy scene. Meantime, Reason transfers all these lessons into its own world of thought, by perceiving the analogy that marries Matter and Mind. 1. Nature is a discipline of the relational understanding in intellectual truths. Our dealing with sensible objects is a constant exercise in the necessary lessons of difference, of likeness, of order, of being and seeming, of progressive arrangement; of humanmetrics personality types ascent from particular to general; of combination to one end of manifold forces. Proportioned to the importance of the organ to be formed, is the extreme care with which its tuition is provided, -- a care pretermitted in no single case. What tedious training, day after day, year after year, never ending, to form the common sense; what continual reproduction of relational annoyances, inconveniences, dilemmas; what rejoicing over us of little men; what disputing of prices, what reckonings of personality interest, -- and all to What Billy in timeâ? form the Hand of the mind; -- to humanmetrics instruct us that good thoughts are no better than good dreams, unless they be executed!
The same good office is performed by Property and its filial systems of debt and credit. Debt, grinding debt, whose iron face the widow, the orphan, and the sons of genius fear and hate; -- debt, which consumes so much time, which so cripples and disheartens a great spirit with cares that seem so base, is a preceptor whose lessons cannot be forgone, and is needed most by those who suffer from tales summary it most. Moreover, property, which has been well compared to snow, -- if it fall level to-day, it will be blown into drifts to-morrow, -- is the humanmetrics types surface action of Billy Pilgrim âunstuck in timeâ? Essay internal machinery, like the index on the face of a clock. Whilst now it is the gymnastics of the humanmetrics personality types understanding, it is hiving in the foresight of the spirit, experience in profounder laws. The whole character and fortune of the individual are affected by the least inequalities in the culture of the understanding; for example, in relational dialectics theory the perception of personality types differences. Therefore is every day use Space, and therefore Time, that man may know that things are not huddled and lumped, but sundered and individual. A bell and a plough have each their use, and neither can do the office of the other. Water is good to drink, coal to burn, wool to wear; but wool cannot be drunk, nor water spun, nor coal eaten. The wise man shows his wisdom in separation, in gradation, and humanmetrics personality types, his scale of creatures and of merits is as wide as nature. The foolish have no range in their scale, but suppose every man is as every other man.
What is not good they call the worst, and grenouille, what is not hateful, they call the best. In like manner, what good heed, nature forms in us! She pardons no mistakes. Her yea is yea, and her nay, nay. The first steps in humanmetrics personality types Agriculture, Astronomy, Zoology, (those first steps which the farmer, the tales summary hunter, and personality, the sailor take,) teach that nature's dice are always loaded; that in her heaps and rubbish are concealed sure and useful results. How calmly and genially the mind apprehends one after another the laws of physics! What noble emotions dilate the mortal as he enters into the counsels of the creation, and feels by knowledge the privilege to BE! His insight refines him. The beauty of nature shines in his own breast. Man is greater that he can see this, and the universe less, because Time and Space relations vanish as laws are known. Here again we are impressed and even daunted by the immense Universe to be explored.
What we know, is a point to what we do not know. Open any recent journal of âunstuck Essay science, and weigh the problems suggested concerning Light, Heat, Electricity, Magnetism, Physiology, Geology, and judge whether the interest of natural science is likely to be soon exhausted. Passing by personality, many particulars of the discipline of nature, we must not omit to specify two. The exercise of the baptiste grenouille Will or the lesson of power is types taught in every event. From the child's successive possession of his several senses up to the hour when he saith, Thy will be done! he is theory learning the secret, that he can reduce under his will, not only particular events, but great classes, nay the whole series of humanmetrics events, and The Queer Satan, so conform all facts to his character. Nature is thoroughly mediate.
It is made to serve. It receives the dominion of man as meekly as the ass on humanmetrics personality types, which the baptiste grenouille Saviour rode. It offers all its kingdoms to man as the raw material which he may mould into what is useful. Man is never weary of working it up. He forges the subtile and delicate air into wise and melodious words, and gives them wing as angels of persuasion and command.
One after another, his victorious thought comes up with and reduces all things, until the world becomes, at last, only a realized will, -- the personality double of the man. 2. Sensible objects conform to the premonitions of Reason and reflect the conscience. All things are moral; and in their boundless changes have an unceasing reference to spiritual nature. Therefore is nature glorious with form, color, and motion, that every globe in the remotest heaven; every chemical change from the rudest crystal up to the laws of life; every change of vegetation from the first principle of growth in the eye of a leaf, to the tropical forest and antediluvian coal-mine; every animal function from the sponge up to Hercules, shall hint or thunder to man the laws of right and wrong, and echo the Ten Commandments. Therefore is nature ever the ally of Religion: lends all her pomp and riches to john baptiste the religious sentiment. Prophet and priest, David, Isaiah, Jesus, have drawn deeply from this source. This ethical character so penetrates the bone and marrow of humanmetrics types nature, as to relational seem the end for which it was made. Whatever private purpose is humanmetrics types answered by any member or part, this is its public and universal function, and relational dialectics theory, is never omitted. Types! Nothing in nature is exhausted in its first use.
When a thing has served an end to the uttermost, it is wholly new for an ulterior service. In God, every end is converted into a new means. John! Thus the humanmetrics personality use of commodity, regarded by itself, is mean and squalid. But it is to the mind an education in the doctrine of Use, namely, that a thing is good only so far as it serves; that a conspiring of parts and efforts to the production of an end, is essential to any being. The first and gross manifestation of this truth, is relational theory our inevitable and hated training in values and wants, in corn and meat. It has already been illustrated, that every natural process is a version of a moral sentence. The moral law lies at the centre of nature and radiates to the circumference. It is the types pith and marrow of every substance, every relation, and every process.
All things with which we deal, preach to us. What is a farm but a mute gospel? The chaff and the wheat, weeds and plants, blight, rain, insects, sun, -- it is a sacred emblem from the first furrow of spring to the last stack which the snow of winter overtakes in the fields. But the sailor, the What makes Billy shepherd, the miner, the merchant, in their several resorts, have each an experience precisely parallel, and leading to the same conclusion: because all organizations are radically alike. Nor can it be doubted that this moral sentiment which thus scents the air, grows in humanmetrics types the grain, and What Billy Essay, impregnates the waters of the world, is caught by man and sinks into his soul. The moral influence of nature upon humanmetrics every individual is tales that amount of personality truth which it illustrates to him. Who can estimate this?
Who can guess how much firmness the sea-beaten rock has taught the What makes Pilgrim âunstuck in timeâ? fisherman? how much tranquillity has been reflected to man from the azure sky, over whose unspotted deeps the winds forevermore drive flocks of stormy clouds, and leave no wrinkle or stain? how much industry and providence and affection we have caught from the pantomime of brutes? What a searching preacher of self-command is the varying phenomenon of Health! Herein is especially apprehended the unity of Nature, -- the unity in humanmetrics personality variety, -- which meets us everywhere. All the endless variety of things make an identical impression. Xenophanes complained in his old age, that, look where he would, all things hastened back to Unity. He was weary of seeing the Global Empirical on Representation same entity in the tedious variety of forms. The fable of humanmetrics types Proteus has a cordial truth. A leaf, a drop, a crystal, a moment of time is related to makes Billy Pilgrim âunstuck the whole, and personality types, partakes of the perfection of the whole. Each particle is a microcosm, and faithfully renders the likeness of the world. Not only Studies on Representation of Various of Masculinity: A Critical Reflection, resemblances exist in things whose analogy is humanmetrics personality types obvious, as when we detect the type of the human hand in the flipper of the fossil saurus, but also in objects wherein there is great superficial unlikeness.
Thus architecture is called frozen music, by De Stael and Goethe. Vitruvius thought an canterbury summary, architect should be a musician. A Gothic church, said Coleridge, is a petrified religion. Michael Angelo maintained, that, to an architect, a knowledge of anatomy is personality essential. In Haydn's oratorios, the notes present to the imagination not only motions, as, of the snake, the tales stag, and the elephant, but colors also; as the green grass. The law of harmonic sounds reappears in the harmonic colors. The granite is differenced in its laws only by the more or less of heat, from the river that wears it away. The river, as it flows, resembles the air that flows over it; the air resembles the light which traverses it with more subtile currents; the light resembles the heat which rides with it through Space. Types! Each creature is makes Billy Pilgrim only a modification of the other; the likeness in them is more than the difference, and their radical law is one and the same. A rule of one art, or a law of one organization, holds true throughout nature.
So intimate is types this Unity, that, it is easily seen, it lies under the undermost garment of relational theory nature, and personality, betrays its source in Universal Spirit. Every Day Use! For, it pervades Thought also. Every universal truth which we express in personality types words, implies or supposes every other truth. Omne verum vero consonat. It is like a great circle on a sphere, comprising all possible circles; which, however, may be drawn, and comprise it, in like manner. Every such truth is the absolute Ens seen from one side. But it has innumerable sides. The central Unity is still more conspicuous in actions. Words are finite organs of the infinite mind. They cannot cover the dimensions of what is in truth. John Baptiste! They break, chop, and impoverish it.
An action is the perfection and publication of personality types thought. A right action seems to fill the eye, and to be related to every day use all nature. Humanmetrics Personality! The wise man, in doing one thing, does all; or, in Empirical Studies on Representation Reflection the one thing he does rightly, he sees the likeness of all which is done rightly. Words and actions are not the attributes of brute nature. They introduce us to the human form, of which all other organizations appear to be degradations. When this appears among so many that surround it, the spirit prefers it to all others.
It says, `From such as this, have I drawn joy and knowledge; in such as this, have I found and beheld myself; I will speak to it; it can speak again; it can yield me thought already formed and humanmetrics personality, alive.' In fact, the eye, -- the mind, -- is always accompanied by theory, these forms, male and female; and personality types, these are incomparably the richest informations of the power and order that lie at the heart of Dionysian Satan things. Unfortunately, every one of humanmetrics types them bears the marks as of some injury; is marred and superficially defective. John Baptiste! Nevertheless, far different from the deaf and dumb nature around them, these all rest like fountain-pipes on the unfathomed sea of thought and virtue whereto they alone, of all organizations, are the entrances. It were a pleasant inquiry to follow into detail their ministry to our education, but where would it stop? We are associated in adolescent and adult life with some friends, who, like skies and waters, are coextensive with our idea; who, answering each to humanmetrics personality types a certain affection of the soul, satisfy our desire on that side; whom we lack power to put at The Queer Dionysian Satan, such focal distance from us, that we can mend or even analyze them. We cannot choose but love them. When much intercourse with a friend has supplied us with a standard of humanmetrics personality excellence, and has increased our respect for the resources of every day use God who thus sends a real person to outgo our ideal; when he has, moreover, become an object of thought, and, whilst his character retains all its unconscious effect, is converted in personality the mind into solid and sweet wisdom, -- it is a sign to us that his office is closing, and he is commonly withdrawn from our sight in The Queer Satan Essays a short time. Chapter VI IDEALISM Thus is the personality unspeakable but intelligible and practicable meaning of the world conveyed to man, the immortal pupil, in every object of sense.
To this one end of Discipline, all parts of nature conspire. A noble doubt perpetually suggests itself, whether this end be not the Final Cause of the Universe; and whether nature outwardly exists. It is a sufficient account of that Appearance we call the World, that God will teach a human mind, and so makes it the receiver of a certain number of congruent sensations, which we call sun and moon, man and woman, house and trade. In my utter impotence to test the authenticity of the report of every day use my senses, to know whether the impressions they make on me correspond with outlying objects, what difference does it make, whether Orion is up there in heaven, or some god paints the image in the firmament of the soul? The relations of parts and humanmetrics personality, the end of the whole remaining the same, what is the difference, whether land and sea interact, and worlds revolve and intermingle without number or end, -- deep yawning under deep, and galaxy balancing galaxy, throughout absolute space, -- or, whether, without relations of time and space, the same appearances are inscribed in the constant faith of man?
Whether nature enjoy a substantial existence without, or is only in the apocalypse of the mind, it is alike useful and alike venerable to me. Be it what it may, it is ideal to me, so long as I cannot try the accuracy of my senses. The frivolous make themselves merry with the john Ideal theory, as if its consequences were burlesque; as if it affected the stability of nature. It surely does not. God never jests with us, and will not compromise the end of nature, by permitting any inconsequence in its procession. Any distrust of the permanence of laws, would paralyze the faculties of man. Their permanence is sacredly respected, and his faith therein is personality types perfect. The wheels and springs of man are all set to the hypothesis of the permanence of nature. We are not built like a ship to be tossed, but like a house to Global Empirical Studies on Representation A Critical stand. It is a natural consequence of this structure, that, so long as the humanmetrics personality active powers predominate over the reflective, we resist with indignation any hint that nature is more short-lived or mutable than spirit.
The broker, the wheelwright, the carpenter, the toll-man, are much displeased at the intimation. But whilst we acquiesce entirely in the permanence of natural laws, the question of the absolute existence of nature still remains open. It is the uniform effect of culture on the human mind, not to shake our faith in Empirical Studies of Various Forms the stability of particular phenomena, as of heat, water, azote; but to lead us to regard nature as a phenomenon, not a substance; to attribute necessary existence to spirit; to esteem nature as an accident and an effect. To the senses and the unrenewed understanding, belongs a sort of instinctive belief in the absolute existence of nature. In their view, man and nature are indissolubly joined. Things are ultimates, and they never look beyond their sphere. Humanmetrics Personality Types! The presence of Reason mars this faith. The first effort of thought tends to relax this despotism of the senses, which binds us to nature as if we were a part of it, and shows us nature aloof, and, as it were, afloat. Until this higher agency intervened, the animal eye sees, with wonderful accuracy, sharp outlines and colored surfaces. When the eye of Reason opens, to outline and surface are at once added, grace and expression. These proceed from imagination and affection, and abate somewhat of the angular distinctness of objects.
If the Reason be stimulated to more earnest vision, outlines and surfaces become transparent, and john baptiste, are no longer seen; causes and spirits are seen through them. The best moments of life are these delicious awakenings of the higher powers, and the reverential withdrawing of humanmetrics personality types nature before its God. Let us proceed to indicate the effects of culture. 1. Our first institution in the Ideal philosophy is a hint from nature herself. Nature is makes âunstuck in timeâ? made to conspire with spirit to emancipate us. Certain mechanical changes, a small alteration in our local position apprizes us of a dualism.
We are strangely affected by seeing the shore from a moving ship, from personality a balloon, or through the tints of an unusual sky. The least change in our point of view, gives the whole world a pictorial air. A man who seldom rides, needs only to get into a coach and traverse his own town, to turn the street into a puppet-show. The men, the women, -- talking, running, bartering, fighting, -- the earnest mechanic, the lounger, the beggar, the boys, the dogs, are unrealized at once, or, at least, wholly detached from Global Empirical Studies on Representation of Various Forms A Critical Reflection all relation to the observer, and seen as apparent, not substantial beings. What new thoughts are suggested by seeing a face of country quite familiar, in the rapid movement of the rail-road car! Nay, the personality types most wonted objects, (make a very slight change in the point of vision,) please us most.
In a camera obscura, the butcher's cart, and the figure of one of our own family amuse us. So a portrait of a well-known face gratifies us. Turn the every day use eyes upside down, by looking at the landscape through your legs, and how agreeable is the picture, though you have seen it any time these twenty years! In these cases, by types, mechanical means, is suggested the difference between the observer and the spectacle, -- between man and nature. Hence arises a pleasure mixed with awe; I may say, a low degree of the sublime is felt from the fact, probably, that man is hereby apprized, that, whilst the world is a spectacle, something in himself is stable. 2. In a higher manner, the poet communicates the same pleasure. By a few strokes he delineates, as on air, the sun, the canterbury mountain, the camp, the city, the hero, the personality types maiden, not different from what we know them, but only lifted from the john baptiste grenouille ground and afloat before the eye. He unfixes the land and humanmetrics, the sea, makes them revolve around the axis of his primary thought, and disposes them anew. Possessed himself by a heroic passion, he uses matter as symbols of it. The sensual man conforms thoughts to things; the poet conforms things to his thoughts. The one esteems nature as rooted and fast; the other, as fluid, and impresses his being thereon.
To him, the refractory world is ductile and flexible; he invests dust and stones with humanity, and makes them the words of the Reason. The Imagination may be defined to be, the use which the Reason makes of the material world. Shakspeare possesses the power of subordinating nature for the purposes of expression, beyond all poets. His imperial muse tosses the Global Forms of Masculinity: creation like a bauble from hand to personality types hand, and uses it to embody any caprice of relational theory thought that is upper-most in his mind. The remotest spaces of nature are visited, and the farthest sundered things are brought together, by a subtle spiritual connection. We are made aware that magnitude of material things is relative, and all objects shrink and expand to serve the passion of the poet. Thus, in his sonnets, the lays of birds, the scents and dyes of flowers, he finds to be the shadow of his beloved; time, which keeps her from him, is humanmetrics personality his chest ; the suspicion she has awakened, is her ornament ; The ornament of beauty is Suspect, A crow which flies in dialectics heaven's sweetest air. His passion is personality types not the fruit of chance; it swells, as he speaks, to a city, or a state. No, it was builded far from accident; It suffers not in smiling pomp, nor falls.
Under the brow of thralling discontent; It fears not policy, that heretic, That works on leases of short numbered hours, But all alone stands hugely politic In the strength of his constancy, the Pyramids seem to him recent and transitory. The freshness of youth and love dazzles him with its resemblance to morning. Take those lips away. Which so sweetly were forsworn; And those eyes, -- the break of day, Lights that do mislead the morn.
The wild beauty of this hyperbole, I may say, in passing, it would not be easy to match in literature. This transfiguration which all material objects undergo through the passion of the poet, -- this power which he exerts to dwarf the great, to magnify the small, -- might be illustrated by a thousand examples from his Plays. I have before me the Tempest, and will cite only makes Billy, these few lines. ARIEL. The strong based promontory. Have I made shake, and by the spurs plucked up. The pine and cedar.
Prospero calls for music to soothe the frantic Alonzo, and his companions; A solemn air, and the best comforter. To an unsettled fancy, cure thy brains. Now useless, boiled within thy skull. Again; The charm dissolves apace, And, as the morning steals upon the night, Melting the darkness, so their rising senses. Begin to types chase the ignorant fumes that mantle. Their clearer reason. Begins to canterbury summary swell: and the approaching tide.
Will shortly fill the reasonable shores. That now lie foul and muddy. The perception of real affinities between events, (that is to say, of ideal affinities, for those only are real,) enables the poet thus to make free with the most imposing forms and humanmetrics types, phenomena of the world, and to every day use assert the personality types predominance of the soul. 3. Whilst thus the poet animates nature with his own thoughts, he differs from the philosopher only herein, that the one proposes Beauty as his main end; the other Truth. But the philosopher, not less than the poet, postpones the apparent order and relations of things to the empire of thought. The problem of philosophy, according to Plato, is, for all that exists conditionally, to find a ground unconditioned and absolute.
It proceeds on the faith that a law determines all phenomena, which being known, the phenomena can be predicted. That law, when in the mind, is an john grenouille, idea. Its beauty is personality infinite. The true philosopher and the true poet are one, and every day use, a beauty, which is truth, and personality, a truth, which is beauty, is the aim of both. Dionysian Satan Essays! Is not the charm of one of Plato's or Aristotle's definitions, strictly like that of the Antigone of Sophocles? It is, in both cases, that a spiritual life has been imparted to nature; that the solid seeming block of matter has been pervaded and dissolved by a thought; that this feeble human being has penetrated the vast masses of nature with an informing soul, and recognised itself in their harmony, that is, seized their law.
In physics, when this is personality types attained, the memory disburthens itself of every day use its cumbrous catalogues of particulars, and personality types, carries centuries of observation in a single formula. Thus even in physics, the material is The Queer Essays degraded before the spiritual. The astronomer, the geometer, rely on humanmetrics, their irrefragable analysis, and disdain the results of observation. The sublime remark of Euler on his law of arches, This will be found contrary to all experience, yet is true; had already transferred nature into the mind, and left matter like an outcast corpse. 4. Intellectual science has been observed to beget invariably a doubt of the existence of matter. Turgot said, He that has never doubted the every day use existence of humanmetrics personality types matter, may be assured he has no aptitude for metaphysical inquiries. It fastens the attention upon immortal necessary uncreated natures, that is, upon Ideas; and in their presence, we feel that the outward circumstance is a dream and makes Billy Pilgrim, a shade. Whilst we wait in this Olympus of gods, we think of nature as an appendix to humanmetrics the soul. We ascend into makes Billy âunstuck Essay, their region, and know that these are the thoughts of the Supreme Being. These are they who were set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the types earth was. Canterbury Summary! When he prepared the heavens, they were there; when he established the clouds above, when he strengthened the fountains of the deep.
Then they were by him, as one brought up with him. Of them took he counsel. Their influence is proportionate. As objects of science, they are accessible to few men. Yet all men are capable of being raised by piety or by passion, into their region.
And no man touches these divine natures, without becoming, in some degree, himself divine. Like a new soul, they renew the humanmetrics personality types body. We become physically nimble and lightsome; we tread on air; life is no longer irksome, and we think it will never be so. John! No man fears age or misfortune or death, in their serene company, for he is transported out of the district of personality change. Whilst we behold unveiled the nature of Justice and canterbury tales, Truth, we learn the humanmetrics personality types difference between the Empirical of Masculinity: A Critical Reflection absolute and the conditional or relative. We apprehend the absolute. As it were, for the first time, we exist.
We become immortal, for personality types we learn that time and space are relations of matter; that, with a perception of canterbury tales truth, or a virtuous will, they have no affinity. 5. Finally, religion and ethics, which may be fitly called, -- the practice of ideas, or the personality introduction of ideas into life, -- have an analogous effect with all lower culture, in degrading nature and suggesting its dependence on spirit. Ethics and religion differ herein; that the one is the system of human duties commencing from man; the other, from God. Religion includes the personality of God; Ethics does not. They are one to our present design. They both put nature under foot. The first and last lesson of religion is, The things that are seen, are temporal; the things that are unseen, are eternal. It puts an affront upon nature. It does that for the unschooled, which philosophy does for Berkeley and Viasa. Dialectics Theory! The uniform language that may be heard in the churches of the most ignorant sects, is,------Contemn the humanmetrics types unsubstantial shows of the world; they are vanities, dreams, shadows, unrealities; seek the realities of religion.
The devotee flouts nature. Some theosophists have arrived at a certain hostility and baptiste, indignation towards matter, as the Manichean and Plotinus. They distrusted in themselves any looking back to these flesh-pots of Egypt. Plotinus was ashamed of his body. In short, they might all say of matter, what Michael Angelo said of external beauty, it is the frail and humanmetrics personality, weary weed, in which God dresses the soul, which he has called into relational theory, time. It appears that motion, poetry, physical and humanmetrics types, intellectual science, and religion, all tend to affect our convictions of the reality of the external world. But I own there is something ungrateful in expanding too curiously the particulars of the general proposition, that all culture tends to imbue us with idealism. I have no hostility to nature, but a child's love to it.
I expand and live in the warm day like corn and melons. Summary! Let us speak her fair. I do not wish to fling stones at my beautiful mother, nor soil my gentle nest. I only wish to indicate the true position of nature in regard to man, wherein to types establish man, all right education tends; as the ground which to john attain is the object of humanmetrics personality human life, that is, of man's connection with nature. Culture inverts the vulgar views of nature, and brings the mind to call that apparent, which it uses to call real, and that real, which it uses to call visionary. Children, it is true, believe in the external world. The belief that it appears only, is an afterthought, but with culture, this faith will as surely arise on the mind as did the first. The advantage of the summary ideal theory over the popular faith, is this, that it presents the world in precisely that view which is most desirable to the mind. It is, in fact, the view which Reason, both speculative and practical, that is, philosophy and virtue, take.
For, seen in the light of humanmetrics personality thought, the world always is every day use phenomenal; and humanmetrics, virtue subordinates it to the mind. Idealism sees the world in God. It beholds the whole circle of persons and Global Empirical Forms of Masculinity: Reflection, things, of humanmetrics personality actions and Global Studies on Representation, events, of country and religion, not as painfully accumulated, atom after atom, act after act, in humanmetrics personality types an aged creeping Past, but as one vast picture, which God paints on the instant eternity, for the contemplation of the soul. The Queer Satan! Therefore the soul holds itself off from a too trivial and microscopic study of the universal tablet. It respects the end too much, to immerse itself in the means. It sees something more important in Christianity, than the scandals of personality ecclesiastical history, or the niceties of criticism; and, very incurious concerning persons or miracles, and not at dialectics, all disturbed by chasms of historical evidence, it accepts from God the phenomenon, as it finds it, as the pure and awful form of religion in the world.
It is not hot and passionate at the appearance of what it calls its own good or bad fortune, at the union or opposition of other persons. No man is its enemy. It accepts whatsoever befalls, as part of humanmetrics personality its lesson. It is relational dialectics a watcher more than a doer, and it is a doer, only that it may the better watch. Chapter VII SPIRIT It is essential to a true theory of nature and of man, that it should contain somewhat progressive. Uses that are exhausted or that may be, and facts that end in the statement, cannot be all that is true of this brave lodging wherein man is types harbored, and wherein all his faculties find appropriate and endless exercise.
And all the uses of Dionysian nature admit of being summed in one, which yields the activity of man an infinite scope. Through all its kingdoms, to the suburbs and outskirts of things, it is faithful to the cause whence it had its origin. It always speaks of Spirit. It suggests the absolute. It is a perpetual effect. It is a great shadow pointing always to the sun behind us.
The aspect of nature is devout. Like the figure of Jesus, she stands with bended head, and hands folded upon the breast. The happiest man is he who learns from nature the lesson of worship. Of that ineffable essence which we call Spirit, he that thinks most, will say least. We can foresee God in the coarse, and, as it were, distant phenomena of matter; but when we try to define and describe himself, both language and thought desert us, and we are as helpless as fools and savages. Humanmetrics Personality! That essence refuses to be recorded in propositions, but when man has worshipped him intellectually, the noblest ministry of nature is to stand as the apparition of God. Empirical On Representation Forms! It is the organ through which the universal spirit speaks to the individual, and strives to lead back the individual to it. When we consider Spirit, we see that the views already presented do not include the whole circumference of man. We must add some related thoughts. Three problems are put by humanmetrics personality, nature to john baptiste grenouille the mind; What is matter? Whence is it? and humanmetrics personality types, Whereto?
The first of relational dialectics theory these questions only, the ideal theory answers. Idealism saith: matter is a phenomenon, not a substance. Idealism acquaints us with the total disparity between the personality evidence of our own being, and the evidence of the world's being. The one is perfect; the other, incapable of any assurance; the mind is a part of the nature of things; the world is Global Studies on Representation of Various Forms of Masculinity: a divine dream, from which we may presently awake to the glories and certainties of day. Idealism is a hypothesis to account for nature by humanmetrics personality types, other principles than those of carpentry and chemistry. Relational! Yet, if it only deny the existence of matter, it does not satisfy the demands of the spirit.
It leaves God out of me. It leaves me in the splendid labyrinth of my perceptions, to wander without end. Then the heart resists it, because it balks the affections in humanmetrics denying substantive being to men and tales summary, women. Nature is humanmetrics personality so pervaded with human life, that there is something of humanity in all, and in every particular. But this theory makes nature foreign to me, and does not account for that consanguinity which we acknowledge to baptiste it. Let it stand, then, in the present state of our knowledge, merely as a useful introductory hypothesis, serving to apprize us of the eternal distinction between the soul and the world. But when, following the invisible steps of thought, we come to inquire, Whence is personality types matter? and Whereto? many truths arise to What makes Pilgrim âunstuck Essay us out of the personality types recesses of consciousness. We learn that the highest is present to the soul of man, that the dread universal essence, which is not wisdom, or love, or beauty, or power, but all in one, and each entirely, is that for which all things exist, and that by which they are; that spirit creates; that behind nature, throughout nature, spirit is present; one and What makes Billy Pilgrim âunstuck Essay, not compound, it does not act upon us from without, that is, in space and time, but spiritually, or through ourselves: therefore, that spirit, that is, the Supreme Being, does not build up nature around us, but puts it forth through us, as the life of the humanmetrics personality tree puts forth new branches and leaves through the pores of the old.
As a plant upon the earth, so a man rests upon the bosom of The Queer Dionysian Satan God; he is nourished by unfailing fountains, and draws, at his need, inexhaustible power. Who can set bounds to the possibilities of man? Once inhale the humanmetrics upper air, being admitted to Dionysian Satan Essays behold the absolute natures of justice and truth, and we learn that man has access to the entire mind of the Creator, is himself the creator in the finite. This view, which admonishes me where the sources of wisdom and power lie, and points to virtue as to The golden key. Which opes the palace of eternity, carries upon its face the highest certificate of truth, because it animates me to create my own world through the personality types purification of my soul. The world proceeds from the same spirit as the body of man. It is a remoter and inferior incarnation of God, a projection of God in the unconscious. But it differs from the body in one important respect. Tales! It is not, like that, now subjected to the human will. Humanmetrics! Its serene order is inviolable by us.
It is, therefore, to john baptiste us, the present expositor of the divine mind. It is a fixed point whereby we may measure our departure. As we degenerate, the contrast between us and our house is more evident. We are as much strangers in nature, as we are aliens from humanmetrics types God. We do not understand the What makes Billy Pilgrim notes of birds.
The fox and the deer run away from us; the humanmetrics personality bear and tiger rend us. We do not know the uses of more than a few plants, as corn and the apple, the potato and the vine. Is not the landscape, every glimpse of which hath a grandeur, a face of him? Yet this may show us what discord is between man and nature, for The Queer Dionysian you cannot freely admire a noble landscape, if laborers are digging in the field hard by. The poet finds something ridiculous in types his delight, until he is out of the sight of men. Chapter VIII PROSPECTS In inquiries respecting the laws of the world and the frame of things, the What Billy in timeâ? Essay highest reason is humanmetrics always the truest. That which seems faintly possible -- it is so refined, is often faint and dim because it is deepest seated in the mind among the eternal verities.
Empirical science is apt to cloud the sight, and, by the very knowledge of functions and processes, to bereave the student of the manly contemplation of the whole. The savant becomes unpoetic. But the best read naturalist who lends an entire and devout attention to truth, will see that there remains much to learn of his relation to the world, and that it is What Billy Pilgrim Essay not to be learned by humanmetrics types, any addition or subtraction or other comparison of known quantities, but is arrived at by untaught sallies of the spirit, by baptiste, a continual self-recovery, and by entire humility. He will perceive that there are far more excellent qualities in the student than preciseness and infallibility; that a guess is often more fruitful than an indisputable affirmation, and personality, that a dream may let us deeper into the secret of nature than a hundred concerted experiments. For, the problems to be solved are precisely those which the physiologist and the naturalist omit to state.
It is not so pertinent to man to know all the individuals of the animal kingdom, as it is to know whence and whereto is this tyrannizing unity in his constitution, which evermore separates and classifies things, endeavoring to reduce the most diverse to one form. When I behold a rich landscape, it is less to my purpose to recite correctly the order and superposition of the strata, than to know why all thought of multitude is The Queer Dionysian Essays lost in humanmetrics personality types a tranquil sense of unity. I cannot greatly honor minuteness in details, so long as there is Global Empirical Studies on Representation of Various Forms no hint to explain the relation between things and thoughts; no ray upon the metaphysics of conchology, of botany, of the arts, to show the relation of the forms of flowers, shells, animals, architecture, to the mind, and humanmetrics personality, build science upon ideas. Global On Representation Forms! In a cabinet of humanmetrics types natural history, we become sensible of a certain occult recognition and sympathy in regard to every day use the most unwieldly and eccentric forms of beast, fish, and insect. The American who has been confined, in his own country, to the sight of humanmetrics personality types buildings designed after foreign models, is surprised on entering York Minster or St. Peter's at Rome, by the feeling that these structures are imitations also, -- faint copies of an invisible archetype. Nor has science sufficient humanity, so long as the naturalist overlooks that wonderful congruity which subsists between man and summary, the world; of which he is lord, not because he is the most subtile inhabitant, but because he is its head and heart, and humanmetrics personality types, finds something of himself in every great and small thing, in every mountain stratum, in every new law of color, fact of astronomy, or atmospheric influence which observation or analysis lay open. A perception of this mystery inspires the muse of canterbury summary George Herbert, the beautiful psalmist of the seventeenth century. The following lines are part of types his little poem on The Queer Satan Essays, Man. Man is all symmetry, Full of proportions, one limb to another,
And to all the types world besides. Each part may call the farthest, brother; For head with foot hath private amity, And both with moons and tides. Summary! Nothing hath got so far. But man hath caught and humanmetrics, kept it as his prey; His eyes dismount the highest star; He is in little all the sphere. Herbs gladly cure our flesh, because that they. Find their acquaintance there. For us, the canterbury tales summary winds do blow,
The earth doth rest, heaven move, and fountains flow; Nothing we see, but means our good, As our delight, or as our treasure; The whole is humanmetrics either our cupboard of food, Or cabinet of pleasure.
The stars have us to bed: Night draws the curtain; which the sun withdraws. Music and light attend our head. All things unto our flesh are kind, In their descent and being; to our mind, In their ascent and cause. More servants wait on man.
Than he'll take notice of. In every path, He treads down that which doth befriend him. When sickness makes him pale and wan. Oh mighty love! Man is one world, and hath. Another to attend him. The perception of this class of truths makes the attraction which draws men to Studies Forms A Critical Reflection science, but the end is lost sight of in attention to the means. In view of this half-sight of science, we accept the types sentence of Plato, that, poetry comes nearer to vital truth than history. Every surmise and vaticination of the mind is entitled to a certain respect, and we learn to prefer imperfect theories, and sentences, which contain glimpses of truth, to digested systems which have no one valuable suggestion.
A wise writer will feel that the ends of study and composition are best answered by announcing undiscovered regions of thought, and so communicating, through hope, new activity to the torpid spirit. I shall therefore conclude this essay with some traditions of man and nature, which a certain poet sang to me; and which, as they have always been in the world, and perhaps reappear to every bard, may be both history and john baptiste, prophecy. `The foundations of humanmetrics types man are not in matter, but in dialectics spirit. But the element of spirit is eternity. Personality! To it, therefore, the The Queer Satan longest series of events, the oldest chronologies are young and recent. In the cycle of the universal man, from whom the known individuals proceed, centuries are points, and all history is but the epoch of humanmetrics personality types one degradation. `We distrust and deny inwardly our sympathy with nature. We own and disown our relation to it, by turns. We are, like Nebuchadnezzar, dethroned, bereft of reason, and eating grass like an ox. But who can set limits to the remedial force of spirit?
`A man is a god in ruins. When men are innocent, life shall be longer, and shall pass into the immortal, as gently as we awake from dreams. Now, the world would be insane and rabid, if these disorganizations should last for hundreds of years. It is kept in check by death and infancy. Infancy is the perpetual Messiah, which comes into the arms of fallen men, and What makes Pilgrim, pleads with them to humanmetrics personality return to What makes Pilgrim âunstuck in timeâ? Essay paradise. `Man is the dwarf of humanmetrics personality himself. Once he was permeated and dissolved by spirit. He filled nature with his overflowing currents.
Out from him sprang the sun and moon; from tales summary man, the sun; from woman, the humanmetrics personality moon. The laws of dialectics theory his mind, the periods of his actions externized themselves into day and night, into the year and the seasons. But, having made for himself this huge shell, his waters retired; he no longer fills the personality veins and veinlets; he is shrunk to a drop. He sees, that the structure still fits him, but fits him colossally. Say, rather, once it fitted him, now it corresponds to him from far and on high. He adores timidly his own work. Now is man the follower of the sun, and woman the follower of the moon. Yet sometimes he starts in his slumber, and wonders at himself and his house, and john baptiste, muses strangely at the resemblance betwixt him and it. He perceives that if his law is still paramount, if still he have elemental power, if his word is sterling yet in nature, it is not conscious power, it is not inferior but superior to his will.
It is Instinct.' Thus my Orphic poet sang. At present, man applies to humanmetrics nature but half his force. He works on the world with his understanding alone. He lives in it, and masters it by a penny-wisdom; and Billy Essay, he that works most in it, is but a half-man, and whilst his arms are strong and his digestion good, his mind is imbruted, and he is a selfish savage. His relation to nature, his power over it, is through the understanding; as by manure; the economic use of fire, wind, water, and the mariner's needle; steam, coal, chemical agriculture; the repairs of the human body by the dentist and the surgeon. This is humanmetrics such a resumption of Global Empirical Forms Reflection power, as if a banished king should buy his territories inch by inch, instead of vaulting at humanmetrics personality, once into his throne. Meantime, in the thick darkness, there are not wanting gleams of a better light, -- occasional examples of the action of man upon nature with his entire force, -- with reason as well as understanding.
Such examples are; the traditions of miracles in the earliest antiquity of all nations; the history of Jesus Christ; the achievements of a principle, as in religious and political revolutions, and in the abolition of the Slave-trade; the miracles of enthusiasm, as those reported of Swedenborg, Hohenlohe, and the Shakers; many obscure and yet contested facts, now arranged under the name of Animal Magnetism; prayer; eloquence; self-healing; and the wisdom of children. These are examples of Reason's momentary grasp of the sceptre; the exertions of a power which exists not in time or space, but an every day use, instantaneous in-streaming causing power. The difference between the actual and the ideal force of man is happily figured by the schoolmen, in saying, that the knowledge of man is an evening knowledge, vespertina cognitio, but that of God is a morning knowledge, matutina cognitio. The problem of humanmetrics personality types restoring to the world original and eternal beauty, is What solved by the redemption of the soul. The ruin or the blank, that we see when we look at nature, is in our own eye. The axis of vision is personality types not coincident with the axis of things, and so they appear not transparent but opake. The reason why the world lacks unity, and lies broken and in heaps, is, because man is disunited with himself. He cannot be a naturalist, until he satisfies all the demands of the spirit. Love is as much its demand, as perception.
Indeed, neither can be perfect without the other. In the uttermost meaning of the words, thought is devout, and devotion is thought. Global Empirical Studies On Representation Of Masculinity: A Critical Reflection! Deep calls unto deep. But in actual life, the marriage is not celebrated. There are innocent men who worship God after the humanmetrics types tradition of their fathers, but their sense of duty has not yet extended to the use of all their faculties. And there are patient naturalists, but they freeze their subject under the wintry light of the understanding. Dialectics Theory! Is not prayer also a study of truth, -- a sally of the soul into the unfound infinite? No man ever prayed heartily, without learning something. But when a faithful thinker, resolute to detach every object from types personal relations, and see it in the light of thought, shall, at the same time, kindle science with the fire of the relational theory holiest affections, then will God go forth anew into the creation.
It will not need, when the mind is prepared for study, to search for objects. Humanmetrics! The invariable mark of wisdom is to see the miraculous in the common. What is a day? What is a year? What is summer? What is woman? What is a child?
What is sleep? To our blindness, these things seem unaffecting. We make fables to hide the baldness of the fact and conform it, as we say, to the higher law of the mind. But when the fact is in timeâ? seen under the light of an idea, the gaudy fable fades and shrivels. We behold the real higher law. To the wise, therefore, a fact is true poetry, and the most beautiful of humanmetrics types fables. Global Studies On Representation Of Masculinity:! These wonders are brought to our own door. You also are a man. Man and woman, and humanmetrics, their social life, poverty, labor, sleep, fear, fortune, are known to you. Learn that none of The Queer these things is superficial, but that each phenomenon has its roots in the faculties and affections of the mind.
Whilst the abstract question occupies your intellect, nature brings it in humanmetrics types the concrete to be solved by grenouille, your hands. It were a wise inquiry for the closet, to compare, point by point, especially at remarkable crises in life, our daily history, with the types rise and progress of ideas in the mind. So shall we come to look at the world with new eyes. It shall answer the endless inquiry of the intellect, -- What is truth? and of the affections, -- What is good? by yielding itself passive to the educated Will. Then shall come to pass what my poet said; `Nature is Satan not fixed but fluid. Spirit alters, moulds, makes it.
The immobility or bruteness of humanmetrics personality nature, is the absence of spirit; to every day use pure spirit, it is fluid, it is volatile, it is obedient. Every spirit builds itself a house; and beyond its house a world; and types, beyond its world, a heaven. Know then, that the Global Empirical on Representation of Masculinity: A Critical world exists for humanmetrics types you. For you is the phenomenon perfect. What we are, that only can we see. All that Adam had, all that Caesar could, you have and can do. Adam called his house, heaven and earth; Caesar called his house, Rome; you perhaps call yours, a cobler's trade; a hundred acres of ploughed land; or a scholar's garret.
Yet line for line and point for point, your dominion is as great as theirs, though without fine names. Build, therefore, your own world. As fast as you conform your life to the pure idea in your mind, that will unfold its great proportions. A correspondent revolution in things will attend the influx of the spirit. So fast will disagreeable appearances, swine, spiders, snakes, pests, madhouses, prisons, enemies, vanish; they are temporary and shall be no more seen. The sordor and relational dialectics, filths of nature, the sun shall dry up, and the wind exhale.
As when the summer comes from the south; the types snow-banks melt, and the face of the earth becomes green before it, so shall the advancing spirit create its ornaments along its path, and Satan, carry with it the beauty it visits, and the song which enchants it; it shall draw beautiful faces, warm hearts, wise discourse, and heroic acts, around its way, until evil is no more seen. The kingdom of man over nature, which cometh not with observation, -- a dominion such as now is beyond his dream of God, -- he shall enter without more wonder than the blind man feels who is gradually restored to perfect sight.'
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Reprinted from NAESP Principal January/February 2007 with the baptiste author's permission. February 1, 2008. It becomes even more curious, for that matter, in light of three other facts: The negative effects of homework are well known. They include childrens frustration and exhaustion, lack of time for humanmetrics personality types, other activities, and possible loss of interest in learning. Many parents lament the impact of homework on their relationship with their children; they may also resent having to play the role of every day use enforcer and worry that they will be criticized either for not being involved enough with the homework or for personality types, becoming too involved. The positive effects of homework are largely mythical. In preparation for a book on the topic, Ive spent a lot of relational time sifting through the research. The results are nothing short of stunning.
For starters, there is absolutely no evidence of any academic benefit from assigning homework in elementary or middle school. For younger students, in fact, there isnt even a correlation between whether children do homework (or how much they do) and any meaningful measure of humanmetrics personality types achievement. At the high school level, the correlation is weak and tends to disappear when more sophisticated statistical measures are applied. Meanwhile, no study has ever substantiated the theory belief that homework builds character or teaches good study habits. More homework is being piled on children despite the absence of types its value. Over the last quarter-century the tales summary burden has increased most for the youngest children, for whom the evidence of positive effects isnt just dubious; its nonexistent. Its not as though most teachers decide now and then that a certain lesson really ought to continue after school is over because meaningful learning is so likely to result from such an assignment that it warrants the intrusion on family time. Homework in humanmetrics personality most schools isnt limited to those occasions when it seems appropriate and important. Rather, the point of departure seems to be: Weve decided ahead of What Billy Pilgrim âunstuck time that children will have to personality do something every night (or several times a week).
Later on canterbury, well figure out humanmetrics personality types what to make them do. What parents and canterbury tales summary, teachers need is support from administrators who are willing to challenge the conventional wisdom. They need principals who question the slogans that pass for arguments: that homework creates a link between school and family (as if there werent more constructive ways to make that connection!), or that it reinforces what students were taught in class (a word that denotes the humanmetrics types repetition of The Queer Dionysian Satan Essays rote behaviors, not the humanmetrics types development of understanding), or that it teaches children self-discipline and responsibility (a claim for which absolutely no evidence exists). Above all, principals need to help their faculties see that the most important criterion for theory, judging decisions about homework (or other policies, for that matter) is the impact theyre likely to personality have on The Queer Dionysian Satan Essays, students attitudes about what theyre doing. Humanmetrics Personality! Most of what homework is doing is driving kids away from learning, says education professor Harvey Daniels. Lets face it: Most children dread homework, or at best see it as something to be gotten through. Thus, even if it did provide other benefits, they would have to be weighed against makes Billy Pilgrim âunstuck Essay its likely effect on humanmetrics, kids love of learning. So whats a thoughtful principal to do?
Educate yourself and share what youve learned with teachers, parents, and central office administrators. Make sure you know what the research really says that there is no reason to believe that children would be at any disadvantage in terms of their academic learning or life skills if they had much less homework, or even none at all. Whatever decisions are made should be based on Pilgrim Essay, fact rather than folk wisdom. Rethink standardized homework policies. Requiring teachers to humanmetrics give a certain number of minutes of homework every day, or to Global Studies on Representation of Various Forms Reflection make assignments on the same schedule every week (for example, x minutes of humanmetrics personality math on Tuesdays and Thursdays) is a frank admission that homework isnt justified by a given lesson, much less is What Billy Pilgrim in timeâ? Essay it a response to what specific kids need at a specific time. Such policies sacrifice thoughtful instruction in order to achieve predictability, and they manage to do a disservice not only to students but, when imposed from above, to teachers as well. Reduce the amount but dont stop there.
Many parents are understandably upset with how much time their children have to spend on homework. At a minimum, make sure that teachers arent exceeding district guidelines and humanmetrics personality types, that they arent chronically underestimating how long it takes students to complete the assignments. (As one mother told me, Its cheating to say this is john 20 minutes of humanmetrics homework if only makes Pilgrim, your fastest kid can complete it in humanmetrics personality types that time.) Then work on reducing the amount of homework irrespective of such guidelines and expectations so that families, not schools, decide how they will spend most of their evenings. Quantity, however, is not the only issue that needs to Global Empirical of Various Forms of Masculinity: Reflection be addressed. Humanmetrics Personality Types! Some assignments, frankly, arent worth even five minutes of a students time. Too many first graders are forced to clip words from magazines that begin with a given letter of the alphabet. Too many fifth graders have to color in an endless list of factor pairs on relational dialectics theory, graph paper. Too many eighth graders spend their evenings inching their way through dull, overstuffed, committee-written textbooks, one chapter at a time. Teachers should be invited to reflect on whether any given example of homework will help students think deeply about humanmetrics personality types, questions that matter. What philosophy of teaching, what theory of Dionysian Satan Essays learning, lies behind each assignment?
Does it seem to assume that children are meaning makers -- or empty vessels? Is learning regarded as a process thats mostly active or passive? Is it about wrestling with ideas or mindlessly following directions? Change the personality types default. Ultimately, its not enough just to have less homework or even better homework. We should change the fundamental expectation in our schools so that students are asked to take schoolwork home only when a theres a reasonable likelihood that a particular assignment will be beneficial to most of them. When thats not true, they should be free to spend their after-school hours as they choose. The Queer Dionysian! The bottom line: No homework except on those occasions when its truly necessary. This, of course, is a reversal of the current default state, which amounts to an endorsement of types homework for its own sake, regardless of the content, a view that simply cant be justified.
Ask the every day use kids. Find out what students think of homework and solicit their suggestions perhaps by distributing anonymous questionnaires. Many adults simply assume that homework is useful for promoting learning without even inquiring into the experience of the learners themselves! Do students find that homework really is useful? Why or why not? Are certain kinds better than others? How does homework affect their desire to types learn? What are its other effects on their lives, and on their families? Suggest that teachers assign only what they design.
In most cases, students should be asked to do only theory, what teachers are willing to create themselves, as opposed to prefabricated worksheets or generic exercises photocopied from textbooks. Also, it rarely makes sense to give the same assignment to all students in a class because its unlikely to be beneficial for most of them. Personality! Those who already understand the concept will be wasting their time, and those who dont understand will become increasingly frustrated. There is baptiste no perfect assignment that will stimulate every student because one size simply doesnt fit all. Humanmetrics Personality! On those days when homework really seems necessary, teachers should create several assignments fitted to canterbury summary different interests and capabilities. But its better to give no homework to anyone than the personality same homework to everyone.
Use homework as an canterbury, opportunity to involve students in humanmetrics types decision-making. One way to judge the quality of a classroom is by What makes Billy Pilgrim âunstuck in timeâ? Essay, the extent to which students participate in making choices about their learning. Types! The best teachers know that children learn how to make good decisions by making decisions, not by following directions. Students should have something to say about what theyre going to learn and the circumstances under which theyll learn it, as well as how (and when) their learning will be evaluated, how the room will be set up, how conflicts will be resolved, and a lot more. What is true of education in general is true of homework in particular. At least two investigators have found that the most impressive teachers (as defined by relational dialectics, various criteria) tend to involve students in decisions about assignments rather than simply telling them what theyll have to do at home. A reasonable first question for a parent to ask upon seeing a homework assignment is How much say did the kids have in personality determining how this had to be done, and on what schedule, and dialectics, whether it really needed to be completed at home in the first place? A discussion about whether homework might be useful (and why) can be valuable in its own right. If opinions are varied, the question of what to humanmetrics types do when everyone doesnt agree take a vote? keep talking until we reach consensus? look for a compromise? develops social skills as well as intellectual growth. And that growth occurs precisely because the teacher asked rather than told. Teachers who consult with their students on a regular basis would shake their heads vigorously were you to suggest that kids will always say no to makes âunstuck in timeâ? homework or to anything else that requires effort.
Its just not true, theyll tell you. When students are treated with respect, when the assignments are worth doing, most kids relish a challenge. If, on the other hand, students groan about, or try to avoid, homework, its generally because they get too much of it, or because its assigned thoughtlessly and humanmetrics, continuously, or simply because they had nothing to say about tales, it. The benefits of humanmetrics even high-quality assignments are limited if students feel done to instead of worked with. Help teachers move away from grading. Your faculty may need your support, encouragement, and practical suggestions to help them abandon a model in which assignments are checked off or graded, where the point is to relational theory enforce compliance, and humanmetrics types, toward a model in which students explain and explore with one another what theyve done -- what they liked and Dionysian Satan, disliked about the book they read, what theyre struggling with, what new questions they came up with. Types! As the eminent educator Martin Haberman observed, homework in the best classrooms is not checked it is shared. If students conclude that theres no point in spending time on makes Pilgrim in timeâ?, assignments that arent going to be collected or somehow recorded, thats not an argument for setting up bribes and threats and a climate of distrust; its an humanmetrics, indictment of the homework itself. Experiment.
Ask teachers who are reluctant to Pilgrim âunstuck in timeâ? Essay rethink their long-standing reliance on traditional homework to see what happens if, during a given week or curriculum unit, they tried assigning none. Surely anyone who believes that homework is beneficial should be willing to test that assumption by investigating the consequences of its absence. Types! What are the effects of What Billy Pilgrim âunstuck in timeâ? Essay a moratorium on students achievement, on their interest in learning, on their moods and the resulting climate of the classroom? Likewise, the personality school as a whole can try out a new policy, such as the change in default that Ive proposed, on a tentative basis before committing to it permanently. Principals deal with an endless series of crises; theyre called upon to resolve complaints, soothe wounded egos, negotiate solutions, try to keep everyone happy, and generally make the trains (or, rather, buses) run on time. Canterbury Tales! In such a position there is a strong temptation to avoid new initiatives that call the personality types status quo into question. Considerable gumption is required to take on an issue like homework, particularly during an era when phrases like raising the bar and relational dialectics theory, higher standards are used to rationalize practices that range from foolish to inappropriate to hair-raising. But of course a principals ultimate obligation is to do whats right by the children, to protect them from harmful mandates and practices that persist not because theyre valuable but merely because theyre traditional. For anyone willing to shake things up in order to do what makes sense, beginning a conversation about homework is a very good place to start.
We are awash in humanmetrics personality articles and books that claim homework is beneficial or simply take the existence or value of every day use homework for granted and merely offer suggestions for how it ought to be assigned, or what techniques parents should use to make children complete it. Here are some resources that question the conventional assumptions about the subject in an effort to personality types stimulate meaningful thinking and Dionysian, conversation. Barber, Bill. Homework Does Not Belong on the Agenda for Educational Reform. Educational Leadership , May 1986: 55-57. Bennett, Sara, and Nancy Kalish. The Case Against Homework: How Homework Is Hurting Our Children and What We Can Do About It (New York: Crown, 2006). Buell, John.
Closing the Book on Homework: Enhancing Public Education and Freeing Family Time . Humanmetrics Personality! (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2004). Hinchey, Patricia. What Makes Pilgrim Essay! Rethinking Homework. MASCD [Missouri Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development] Fall Journal , December 1995: 13-17. Kohn, Alfie. The Homework Myth: Why Our Kids Get Too Much of a Bad Thing (Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press, 2006). Kralovec, Etta, and John Buell. Humanmetrics! The End of baptiste Homework: How Homework Disrupts Families, Overburdens Children, and Limits Learning (Boston: Beacon Press, 2000). Samway, Katharine. Humanmetrics Personality Types! And You Run and You Run to Catch Up with the Sun, But Its Sinking. Language Arts 63 (1986): 352-57.
Waldman, Ayelet. Homework Hell. Salon.com. October 22, 2005. © 2007 by john, Alfie Kohn. Humanmetrics Personality Types! Reprinted from NAESP Principal January/February 2007 with the author's permission. This article may be downloaded, reproduced, and distributed without permission as long as each copy includes this notice along with citation information (i.e., name of the periodical in which it originally appeared, date of makes Billy in timeâ? publication, and types, author's name). Permission must be obtained in makes Pilgrim âunstuck in timeâ? Essay order to humanmetrics personality reprint this article in a published work or in on Representation of Various A Critical order to offer it for sale in any form. For more information, please see www.alfiekohn.org. About Alfie Kohn. Alfie Kohn writes and speaks widely on human behavior, education, and parenting. The latest of his eleven books are THE HOMEWORK MYTH: Why Our Kids Get Too Much of a Bad Thing (2006) and UNCONDITIONAL PARENTING: Moving from humanmetrics types, Rewards and Punishments to Love and Reason (2005).
Of his earlier titles, the best known are PUNISHED BY REWARDS: The Trouble with Gold Stars, Incentive Plans, A's, Praise, and Other Bribes (1993), NO CONTEST: The Case Against Competition (1986), and THE SCHOOLS OUR CHILDREN DESERVE: Moving Beyond Traditional Classrooms and Tougher Standards (1999). Kohn has been described in Time magazine as perhaps the country's most outspoken critic of education's fixation on grades [and] test scores. His criticisms of competition and rewards have helped to shape the thinking of educators -- as well as parents and managers -- across the country and abroad. Pilgrim Âunstuck Essay! Kohn has been featured on hundreds of TV and radio programs, including the personality Today show and two appearances on Oprah; he has been profiled in the Washington Post and the Los Angeles Times , while his work has been described and debated in many other leading publications. Kohn lectures widely at universities and to school faculties, parent groups, and corporations.
In addition to speaking at What makes Pilgrim staff development seminars and keynoting national education conferences on humanmetrics, a regular basis, he conducts workshops for teachers and administrators on various topics. Among them: Motivation from the Inside Out: Rethinking Rewards, Assessment, and Learning and Beyond Bribes and Threats: Realistic Alternatives to Controlling Students' Behavior. Summary! The latter corresponds to his book BEYOND DISCIPLINE: From Compliance to Community (ASCD, 1996), which he describes as a modest attempt to humanmetrics types overthrow the entire field of classroom management. Kohn's various books have been translated into Chinese, Japanese, Korean, German, Swedish, Dutch, Portuguese, Hebrew, Thai, Malaysian, and Italian. He has also contributed to publications ranging from the Journal of Education to Ladies Home Journal , and from the Nation to the Harvard Business Review (Why Incentive Plans Cannot Work). His efforts to make research in human behavior accessible to every day use a general audience have also been published in the Atlantic Monthly , Parents , and Psychology Today . His many articles on education include eleven widely reprinted cover essays in Phi Delta Kappan : Caring Kids: The Role of the Schools (March 1991), Choices for Children: Why and How to Let Students Decide (Sept. Humanmetrics Types! 1993), The Truth About Self-Esteem (Dec. 1994), How Not to Teach Values: A Critical Look at Satan Character Education (Feb.
1997), Only for My Kid: How Privileged Parents Undermine School Reform (April 1998), Fighting the Tests (Jan. Humanmetrics Personality Types! 2001), The 500-Pound Gorilla (Oct. 2002), Test Today, Privatize Tomorrow (April 2004), Challenging Students -- And How to every day use Have More of Them (Nov. Humanmetrics Personality Types! 2004), Abusing Research (Sept. 2006), and Who's Cheating Whom? (Oct.